This paper sets out some historical background on South Sudan and the Sudan, gives a sketch of the changing style of international aid efforts over the last fifty years and then looks at diplomacy and development in South Sudan since 1989, when Operation Lifeline Sudan started.
It then suggests that the UK’s aid effort has not taken sufficient account of the political and diplomatic challenges presented by South Sudan’s particular circumstances and repeats past warnings of the possibility of the aid cart driving the diplomatic and political horses. It notes the declining influence of the west and its development prescriptions but goes on nonetheless to outline key areas for any future aid intervention, such as public security, agriculture, education, roads and river transport, should the situation allow a renewed international aid effort, as opposed to a mostly humanitarian response.
It concludes with a brief examination of the role of the UN Mission, the part played by China and a plea for more humility on all sides, with, on the part of the donor and aid community, a greater effort to understand the nature of the place in which they operate....
Via Robin Landis