Speech Therapy
1 view | +0 today
Follow
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by SpeechTherapyTalk from Amazing Science
Scoop.it!

Learning new language during childhood alters brain development

Learning new language during childhood alters brain development | Speech Therapy | Scoop.it
The age at which children learn a second language can have a significant bearing on the structure of their adult brain, according to a new study.

 

Researchers from the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital - The Neuro at McGill University and Oxford University examined Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 66 bilingual and 22 monolingual men and women living in Montreal. They used a software programme developed at The Neuro to study the brain scans.

 

They found that the pattern of brain development is similar if you learn one or two language from birth. However, learning a second language later on in childhood after gaining proficiency in the first (native) language does in fact modify the brain's structure, specifically the brain's inferior frontal cortex.

 

The left inferior frontal cortex becomes thicker and the right inferior frontal cortex becomes thinner. The cortex is a multi-layered mass of neurons that plays a major role in cognitive functions such as thought, language, consciousness and memory.

 

The study suggests that the task of acquiring a second language after infancy stimulates new neural growth and connections among neurons in ways seen in acquiring complex motor skills such as juggling.

 

The authors speculate that the difficulty that some people have in learning a second language later in life could be explained at the structural level.

 

"The later in childhood that the second language is acquired, the greater are the changes in the inferior frontal cortex," said Dr Denise Klein, researcher in The Neuro's Cognitive Neuroscience Unit and a lead author on the paper published in the journal Brain and Language.

 

"Our results provide structural evidence that ageof acquisition is crucial in laying down the structure for language learning," Klein said.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by SpeechTherapyTalk
Scoop.it!

Bilingual Books For Children

Bilingual Books For Children | Speech Therapy | Scoop.it
Bilingual books for children are a great way to teach another language to your child or practice your primary language.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by SpeechTherapyTalk from World Environment Nature News
Scoop.it!

Primate calls, like human speech, can help infants form categories

Primate calls, like human speech, can help infants form categories | Speech Therapy | Scoop.it
Human infants' responses to the vocalizations of non-human primates shed light on the developmental origin of a crucial link between human language and core cognitive capacities, a new study reports.

Via Maria Nunzia @Varvera
more...
No comment yet.