Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador
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Gran Colombia -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia (4/4 additional topics)

Gran Colombia -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia (4/4 additional topics) | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Ecuador was a part of Gran Colombia until 1830. Gran Colombia is the name for a republic that controlled most of the northern parts of South American in the early 1800s. All of the countries that were once a part of it share smiliar flags, similar governments, and are similar in general. This is, of course, due to their close ties throughout those years. Revolutionaries helped to spread independance to the countries that were once a part of it. 

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Quechua Language (2/4 additional topics)

The Quechua language is spoken widely across South America, including the country of Ecuador. Linguists say that there is no single language, however, there is a dialect chain of many dialects across the continent. A native speaker from Ecuador may be able to understand a speaker from Peru, but not from Argentina or Boliva. Experts estimate that there are around 40 different dialects. This is also the language of the Incan empire.

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Ecuador's Tourist Attraction

The Galapagos Islands are a series of small islands in the Pacific owned by Ecuador. These islands have world-renowned prestige among the science community. Unique ecosystems, endangered animals, and untouched wilderness are all reasons that these islands have became one of the top tourist attractions in the world. Strict rules prevent the tourists from damaging the fragile ecosystems.

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Natalicio de El Libertador Simón Bolívar (The birthday of Simón Bolívar)

Simón Bolívar's birthday is celebrated on July 24th. He led independance campaigns in many South American countries including Ecuador. Well known, and well loved, many see him as a visionary, and a main player in the game of independance throughout the years. Without him, many countries wouldn't be independant, and thus is celebrated rightfully among many countries.

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Ecuador's Industry

Ecuador's Industry | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Ecuador's main industries include: oil, mining, textile, and metal works. It is heavily dependant on all of these industries, as a lot of them are needed for every day life. Even though the country exports a lot, industry growth is hindered. Government control, unfriendly environment regulations, and labor laws have all contributed to the lack of foreign investment thus dampening the industry as a whole.

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Ecuadorian cuisine

Ecuadorian cuisine varies tremendously at the different altitudes through the country. The mountain regions had to adapt and eat what they could, ex: Cuy. However, throughout the many other regions of Ecuador, they eat pork, beef, fish, vegetables, and anything you can think of. A lot of traditional meals are still present even today. Their cuisine is as diverse as their people.

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Ecuador's Government

Ecuador's Government | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Politically unstable, Ecuador has had 186 governments and 17 constitutions to date. Currently, Ecuador is a democratic republic. In then 80s, it was ruled by a military dictator. Very few politicians actually successfully complete a term. "Ecuador is a hard country to govern".

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Ecuador Currency

After their economy's crash in 1999, the government officially adpoted the US Dollar as their currency. Before the USD, they used the sucre. In 1990, the exchange rate was 800 sucres for a dollar. When the economy crashed, that rate spiked to 3000. After the dollar was adopted, the exchange rate had become 25,000 for just a single dollar. The change in currency caused many to lose their lives' savings. 

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Ecuador's Population.

Ecuador is an ethnically diverse region in South America. The first largest group is Mestizo, making up 55% of their population. The second largest group are a collection of different indigenous groups of people; they make up 25% of the population. And their total population is 12,090,804 as of 2001.

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President of Ecuador, Rafael Correa

Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (born 6 April 1963),[1]M.A., M.Sc., Ph.D. [2] is the President of the Republic of Ecuador and the former president pro tempore of the Union of South American Nations. An economist educated in Ecuador, Belgium and the United States, he was elected President in late 2006 and took office in January 2007. In December 2008, he declared Ecuador's national debt illegitimate, based on the argument that it was odious debt contracted by corrupt and despotic prior regimes. He announced that the country would default on over $3 billion worth of bonds; he then pledged to fight creditors in international courts and succeeded in reducing the price of outstanding bonds by more than 60%.[3] He brought Ecuador into the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas in June 2009. To date, Correa’s administration has succeeded in reducing the high levels of poverty, indigence, and unemployment in Ecuador.[4][5][6][7]

Correa's first term in office had been due to end on 15 January 2011, but the new approved constitution written by the new National Assembly mandated general elections for 26 April 2009. In that election, Rafael Correa won in the first round with 51.9%[8] of votes counted. It was the first time since 1979 in which a representative was elected without having to face a second round. Consequently, Correa began a new term in office due to end on 24 May 2013, which could be extended by reelection until 2017.[5][6][9]

Correa's policies towards the media have been controversial. These have included lawsuits against journalists and media directors, government expropriation of private media outlets and promotion of new government-owned media. Critics charge Correa with running a campaign against the independence of the media.[10][11][12] Among other actions, Correa brought a libel case against the newspaper El Universo and won damages of $40 million, confirmed by the National Court of Justice (Ecuador's highest court) as of 16 February 2012. The court also confirmed three-year prison sentences against a journalist and three executives of the newspaper.[13] Correa announced on 27 February 2012 that he would pardon the four individuals involved. He also waived the damages. Correa said he would drop a separate case against two other journalists who produced a book which claimed to expose government contracts given to Correa's brother.[14] In September 2012 an independent survey found that he has 80% of approval rate among Ecuadorians, significantly the highest rate in the Americas.[15]

Correa's administration has successfully benefitted Ecuador greatly. He has reduced the national debt, lowered poverty, and lowered the unemployment rates. However, his policies towards the media have been known to be controversial. Despite the latter, his approval rating is at an extremely high 80% based on a survey conducted in 2012. 

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Tell The President of Ecuador: No New Oil Development in the Amazon (1/4 additional topics)

Tell The President of Ecuador: No New Oil Development in the Amazon (1/4 additional topics) | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Oil is a main export of Ecuador, and with a higher demand, the government has allocated 10 million acres of rainforest to be drilled on for oil. This has been met with many protests and opposition by the environmentalists of the country. It may be beneficial to the economy, but it is destroying the amazon rainforest. The protests have postponed the official allocation of land, but it hasn't stopped it yet. "20% of the world's oxygen is produced in the amazon rainforest" even then, nothing is stopping the drilling.

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Cotopaxi (volcano, Ecuador) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia (3/4 additional topics)

Cotopaxi (volcano, Ecuador) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia (3/4 additional topics) | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Cotopaxi is the world's highest continually active volcano. It his a long history of violent erruptions and is never dormant for more than 15 years at a time. The crater is almost perfectly symmetrical, intrrupted only by a smaller crater named "Incan's head". The first non native to discover the Cotopaxi was a European in 1802.

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5 Day Weather Forecast for Quito

5 Day Weather Forecast for Quito | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Quito is located in the upper middle of Ecuador. This leads to a mild climate compared to the other regions of the country. Generally speaking, the temperature stays the same throughout the entire year. A cool 66 as a year round high, and a chilly 49 as a year round low. 

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Famous People from Ecuador

Many people have had a chance to leave a mark upon the history of Ecuador, and many have taken the chance. The country's history leaves it open to great reform, even today. The current president, Rafael Correa, has made extraordinary progress toward the removal of poverty. Eduardo Kingman and Luis Miranda are both famous painters that originated from Ecuador. Eugenio Espejo was the first journalist of Ecuador, and is highly respected by the people.

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Ecuador timeline

Ecuador timeline | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Throughout history, the region that is now Ecuador has had many important events take place. First ruled by the Incan people, the region was a pure rainforest. After the Spanish conquest, it began to be colonized. 1809 was the first real push for independance, but it was unsuccessful. Eventually in 1830, Ecuador left Gran Colombia and achieved it. 

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Ecuador's Crops

The varrying climates within Ecuador produce a region filled with a diverse group of tropical and temperate crops. The banana is extremely important to both the economy and the culture. Containing part of the rainforest, Ecuador is one of the few banana producers of the world. They are the country's number one exported crop. Internationally, they are the biggest banana exporters.

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Ecuador's Religion

Ecuador's Religion | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Ecuador is mostly Roman Catholic, 95% of the population. The other 5% is a mix of many different religions. Anything from Christianity to Islam. Ecuador recognizes religious freedom among there people, and doesn't suppress any form of it. This is typical of a South American country.

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Literacy Rates

Literacy Rates | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

According to the 2001 census, 91% of the total population is literate. That breaks down to 92% men and 89.9% women. The rate has improved over the 20th century, and is at an all time high. The age at which most people are literate is 15. It may be relatively high compared to some countries, but it is low for Ecuador. 

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General Information

General Information | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Until the Spanish Conquest, Ecuador formed the northern part of the Inca Empire in South America. Once larger, throughout the years Ecuador has lost small territories and borders. Recently a border war with Peru flared up, but diminshed within 4 years. Its capital city is Quito, and is on the pacific coast. 

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Ecuador's Flag

The current flag design was approved and finalized in 1900. It features the coat of arms in the center, and was the last addition to it. Their flag is similar to all the former countries of Gran Colombia. The colors were all chosen to represent some feeling the country would bring. For example, yellow represents nobility and warmth. 

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Map of Ecuador

Map of Ecuador | Spanish speaking countries: Ecuador | Scoop.it

Ecuador is located in the north western part of South America. It borders the pacific ocean, with its capital Quito being located in the upper middle of the country. Due to its location it as a temperate to hot climate throughout the year. Ecuador's total land area is 283, 581 square kilometers. It is the 74th largest country in the world.

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