Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future.
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Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future.
Oil is the enemy of Mankind. Our destiny lies in space.
Curated by Khannea Suntzu
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The Next Space Race: Farming Solar Power in the Cosmos

The Next Space Race: Farming Solar Power in the Cosmos | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Scientists are making the big push to send electricity to Earthlings from the final frontier.
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Indonesia: 18 die from fatigue, accidents during day-long ‘horror’ traffic jam

Indonesia: 18 die from fatigue, accidents during day-long ‘horror’ traffic jam | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
POLICE in the Brebes regency in the northwest of Central Java have confirmed that as many as 18 people died during a "horror" traffic jam that lasted over 20 hours on Tuesday.

Road users travelling from Jakarta to Tegal on the East Brebes toll road had to endure hours in traffic. Reports varied on the amount of time people waited as traffic came to a standstill, with some saying the jam lasted for 35 hours.

Brebes chief medical officer Sri Gunadi Parwoko said that 12 of the victims died from fatigue, while five died during an accident at a road crossing, and another of undisclosed reasons.

According to Lensa Indonesia, some of those who died from fatigue had congenital diseases made worse from the stress and heat of being stuck in the traffic.

Sri also said that it was difficult to reach those who were suffering, as ambulances and motorbikes were impeded by the slow-moving vehicles and could not locate the victims in time.

https://twitter.com/kirey_sajah/status/750203528346497024

Many, if not all, of those travelling yesterday were attempting to reach their hometowns in time to celebrate Eid, which marks the end of Ramadan.

Severe traffic jams have made travelling through the East Brebes toll road a nightmare on frequent occasions. President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo said on Monday that the government will "hopefully" be able to address the issue within the next two years, reports Tempo.

https://twitter.com/Cahnom_Moslem/status/750307242155515904

However, Jokowi added that traffic jams at toll gates were to be expected because vehicles must wait in line to pay the toll fee.
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Did Exxon Lie About Global Warming?

Did Exxon Lie About Global Warming? | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
For decades, the oil giant knew the dangers of climate change and did everything in its power to deny the threat of a warming planet. Will the company
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Art Berman: The Coming Moonshot In Oil Prices

Full Description and comments at: http://www.peakprosperity.com/podcast/99333/art-berman-coming-moonshot-oil-prices In spite of the recent low prices fo
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Do Rig Count Increases Mean Oil is Finally Turning Around? -- The Motley Fool

Land rig counts that drill for oil & gas have risen three weeks in a row; is this the first sign of a turnaround in the sector?
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Humans will be soon mining asteroids for minerals. And that's only ten years away.

Humans will be soon mining asteroids for minerals. And that's only ten years away. | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
In 1998, Micheal Bay directed a science fiction disaster thriller film called Armageddon in which a group of deep-core drillers was sent by NASA  to stop a gigantic asteroid on a collision course with Earth. Well, in ten years from now, drilling in space is going to be a reality.

As Earth’s popul
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Book Review: The Oracle of Oil

Book Review: The Oracle of Oil | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
A review of Mason Inman's timely new book, The Oracle of Oil: A Maverick Geologist's Quest for a Sustainable Future
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A degree by degree explanation of what will happen when the earth warms

A degree by degree explanation of what will happen when the earth warms | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Because of global warming our future looks sober. This is what is will look like.
Khannea Suntzu's insight:
BETWEEN FIVE AND SIX DEGREES OF WARMING

Although warming on this scale lies within the IPCC’s officially endorsed range of 21st-century possibilities, climate models have little to say about what Lynas, echoing Dante, describes as “the Sixth Circle of Hell”. 

To see the most recent climatic lookalike, we have to turn the geological clock back between 144m and 65m years, to the Cretaceous, which ended with the extinction of the dinosaurs. There was an even closer fit at the end of the Permian, 251m years ago, when global temperatures rose by – yes – six degrees, and 95% of species were wiped out.

 That episode was the worst ever endured by life on Earth, the closest the planet has come to ending up a dead and desolate rock in space.” On land, the only winners were fungi that flourished on dying trees and shrubs. At sea there were only losers. Warm water is a killer. Less oxygen can dissolve, so conditions become stagnant and anoxic.

Oxygen-breathing water-dwellers – all the higher forms of life from plankton to sharks – face suffocation. Warm water also expands, and sea levels rose by 20 metres.” The resulting “super-hurricanes” hitting the coasts would have triggered flash floods that no living thing could have survived. There are aspects of the so-called “end-Permian extinction” that are unlikely to recur – most importantly, the vast volcanic eruption in Siberia that spread magma hundreds of metres thick over an area bigger than western Europe and shot billions of tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere. That is small comfort, however, for beneath the oceans, another monster stirred – the same that would bring a devastating end to the Palaeocene nearly 200m years later, and that still lies in wait today.

Methane hydrate. What happens when warming water releases pent-up gas from the sea bed: First, a small disturbance drives a gas-saturated parcel of water upwards. As it rises, bubbles begin to appear, as dissolved gas fizzles out with reducing pressure – just as a bottle of lemonade overflows if the top is taken off too quickly. These bubbles make the parcel of water still more buoyant, accelerating its rise through the water. As it surges upwards, reaching explosive force, it drags surrounding water up with it. At the surface, water is shot hundreds of metres into the air as the released gas blasts into the atmosphere. Shockwaves propagate outwards in all directions, triggering more eruptions nearby. The eruption is more than just another positive feedback in the quickening process of global warming.

Unlike CO2, methane is flammable. Even in air-methane concentrations as low as 5%, the mixture could ignite from lightning or some other spark and send fireballs tearing across the sky. The effect would be much like that of the fuel-air explosives used by the US and Russian armies – so-called “vacuum bombs” that ignite fuel droplets above a target. According to the CIA, those near the ignition point are obliterated. Those at the fringes are likely to suffer many internal injuries, including burst eardrums, severe concussion, ruptured lungs and internal organs, and possibly blindness.” Such tactical weapons, however, are squibs when set against methane-air clouds from oceanic eruptions.

Scientists calculate that they could “destroy terrestrial life almost entirely (251m years ago, only one large land animal, the pig-like lystrosaurus, survived). It has been estimated that a large eruption in future could release energy equivalent to 108 megatonnes of TNT – 100,000 times more than the world’s entire stockpile of nuclear weapons. Not even Lynas, for all his scientific propriety, can avoid the Hollywood ending. “It is not too difficult to imagine the ultimate nightmare, with oceanic methane eruptions near large population centres wiping out billions of people – perhaps in days. Imagine a ‘fuel-air explosive’ fireball racing towards a city – London, say, or Tokyo – the blast wave spreading out from the explosive centre with the speed and force of an atomic bomb. Buildings are flattened, people are incinerated where they stand, or left blind and deaf by the force of the explosion. Mix Hiroshima with post-Katrina New Orleans to get some idea of what such a catastrophe might look like: burnt survivors battling over food, wandering far and wide from empty cities.

Then would come hydrogen sulphide from the stagnant oceans. “It would be a silent killer: imagine the scene at Bhopal following the Union Carbide gas release in 1984, replayed first at coastal settlements, then continental interiors across the world. At the same time, as the ozone layer came under assault, we would feel the sun’s rays burning into our skin, and the first cell mutations would be triggering outbreaks of cancer among anyone who survived. Dante’s hell was a place of judgment, where humanity was for ever punished for its sins. With all the remaining forests burning, and the corpses of people, livestock and wildlife piling up in every continent, the six-degree world would be a harsh penalty indeed for the mundane crime of burning fossil energy.
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What Are The World's Most 'Miserable Economies'?

Why Is Venezuela In Crisis? http://bit.ly/1WFHzzF What Are The Biggest Threats To The World Economy? http://bit.ly/23YV7FE Subscribe
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World Sets Record For Fossil Fuel Consumption

World Sets Record For Fossil Fuel Consumption | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Despite a record increase in renewable energy use in 2015, and a drop in coal consumption, a rise in oil demand drove overall fossil fuel consumption up by 0.6%, and global carbon dioxide emissions once again set a new all-time record high.
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Off-Earth Mining Plan Includes Transforming Asteroids into Spaceships

Off-Earth Mining Plan Includes Transforming Asteroids into Spaceships | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
In just a matter of decades, asteroids may be flying into mining outposts throughout space. At least that’s what a California company known as Made in Space would like to see. They were recently funded by NASA in order to investigate how to begin turning asteroids into massive, autonomous spacecrafts. The project is called RAMA, …
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Renewable Energy Is Now Inevitable, Energy Secretary Says, Citing Price

Renewable Energy Is Now Inevitable, Energy Secretary Says, Citing Price | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Climate change may have inspired the clean-energy revolution, but price has made it inevitable, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz said Thursday, citing plunging prices in solar, wind and efficient innovations like LED lighting.
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$5.3 trillion a year. Fossil fuel subsidies are huge.

$5.3 trillion a year. Fossil fuel subsidies are huge. | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
It is profound just how little effort the political leaders of the world are putting into addressing climate change. Normally, I attribute this lack of effort to the vast, dark power of the
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Big solar is leaving rooftop systems in the dust

Big solar is leaving rooftop systems in the dust | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Solar power is on pace for the first time this year to contribute more new electricity to the grid than will any other form of energy – a feat driven more by economics than green mandates.
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Paris climate agreement plans don’t match Paris agreement goals

Paris climate agreement plans don’t match Paris agreement goals | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Paris Agreement aims for under 2°C warming, but we’re headed north of that.
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Richest nations fail to agree on deadline to phase out fossil fuel subsidies

Richest nations fail to agree on deadline to phase out fossil fuel subsidies | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Campaigners say hundreds of billions of dollars in subsidies for fossil fuels are undermining efforts to tackle climate change. A target date for their removal remains elusive.
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Stem CTO: Lithium-Ion Battery Prices Fell 70% in the Last 18 Months

Stem CTO: Lithium-Ion Battery Prices Fell 70% in the Last 18 Months | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
“There are new markets opening up because of what we’ve seen in battery pricing.”
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Saudis lose US clout over oil price war

Saudis lose US clout over oil price war | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Saudi Arabia wanted to choke US shale oil producers out of business but its plan has backfired. Now facing low oil prices, Saudi Arabia is losing friends in Washington even faster than its credit rating.
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Experts says a 'space base' halfway between the Moon and Earth could be built in 10 years

Experts says a 'space base' halfway between the Moon and Earth could be built in 10 years | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
We can't wait.
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US Carbon Tax “Close To Inevitable,” Conservative Leader Proclaims — Moral Disgrace Of Ignoring Global Warming Too Strong

US Carbon Tax “Close To Inevitable,” Conservative Leader Proclaims — Moral Disgrace Of Ignoring Global Warming Too Strong | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
Not working to stop global warming is one of the most disgraceful, horrible things a policymaker can do. It demonstrates a complete lack of morals — unless the policymaker is simply ignorant,…
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New solution to carbon pollution?

Researchers working in Iceland say they have discovered a new way to trap the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) deep underground: by changing it into rock. Results published this week in Science show that injecting CO2 into volcanic rocks known as basalt triggers a reaction that rapidly forms new carbonate minerals—potentially locking up the gas forever. Most other tests of carbon capture and storage (CCS) have taken place in sandstone formations. But sandstone is too chemically inert to foster CO2-trapping reactions, and scientists worry that gas injected into it could leak back into the atmosphere. Scientists say the new results could help solve some of the technical problems that have kept CCS projects from being commercially successful. But they say the main obstacle—high cost—is one that only changes in policy can overcome.
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Luxembourg is the first country to invest heavily in space mining

Luxembourg is the first country to invest heavily in space mining | Carbohydrates are of the past, Space Solar the future. | Scoop.it
We could live comfortably on resources just from space. But is it economical?
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2015: a year to remember | Jonathon Porritt | TEDxWoking

Why is 2015 the year for sustainable development? Hear Jonathon Porritt talk about what we can come to expect in 2015 and why after 40 years in the world o
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