Science, Space, and news from 'out there'
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Science, Space, and news from 'out there'
Scientific curiosities - developments in space and on planet earth
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The Ancestral Myth of the Hollow Earth and Underground Civilizations

The Ancestral Myth of the Hollow Earth and Underground Civilizations | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

The Hollow Earth theory states that the Earth is a hollow planet with ancient entrances to the subterranean world scattered throughout it, including near both polar caps. This theory has been reported since ancient times and scientists such as Edmund Halley have defended it throughout history. 


From 1818-1826, the American John C. Symmes passionately supported the theory as well. According to him, there was a subterranean world inside our planet illuminated by a tiny sun, and that included mountains, forests, and lakes. Symmes launched a national campaign aiming to raise the necessary funds to send an expedition to the Arctic to search for an entrance to the subterranean world. 


Meanwhile, the first man to fly over the poles, Richard E. Byrd, in his report said he “inspected about 26,000 km (16,155.7 miles) around and beyond the Pole.” This simple sentence with the words "beyond the Pole" are the foundation on which many advocates of the hollow earth theory accuse the US government (who funded Byrd’s flight) of a cover-up, saying that Byrd went into the Inner Earth.


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Stories and rumours about the earth being hollow and habitable 'on the inside' have been around throughout history... Why have we stopped looking? 

"Edmund Halley (1656 - 1742), the English scientist who studied the comet that bears his name, may have been the first to develop a scientific hypothesis about the Hollow Earth. After a series of observations of the Earth's magnetic field, Halley concluded that the anomalies observed could only be explained if the Earth was composed of two spheres: an external solid one and an internal hollow one, each with its own magnetic axis." 

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Forget water on Mars: Fossilised dinosaur 'found on the Red Planet'

Forget water on Mars: Fossilised dinosaur 'found on the Red Planet' | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

AS NASA made its historic announcement of finding signs of water on the surface of Mars, alien hunters celebrated their own discovery amid claims these pictures shows a fossilised dinosaur in rocks on the Red Planet.


"This appears to show the of remains of a possibly prehistoric monster. 


"If we look closer we can see a large skull with a defined small bone, we can also see a large eye socket and a large curved spine. 


"As we rebuild the artefact using enhancement techniques and colourisation, we can begin to see that this artefact is the remains of a long-dead Martian creature.


"It is quite clear this is indeed the petrified remains of a Martian creature, possibly prehistoric in nature."


But Nasa explains these are just unusually eroded rocks and the alien hunters are the victims of pareidolia - an optical illusion that is caused after the brain tricks the eyes into seeing familiar objects or shapes in textured surfaces or patterns.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Don't worry, NASA says that seeing unusual shapes in their photos of Mars indicates we're all suffering from an illness they call pareidolia...

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Electrostatic Seed Enhancement Scuttled for Profit

Electrostatic Seed Enhancement Scuttled for Profit | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

In laboratory experiments the researchers, Dr. Guido Ebner and Heinz Schurch, exposed cereal seeds and fish eggs to an "electrostatic field" -- in other words, to a field of static voltage, in which no current (or hardly any) flows. Typically a high voltage but low amperage DC current is used to charge two metal plates, separated by air. The plates create an electrostatic field and this influences the changes they observed. 


The seeds and eggs they tested were placed between the charged plates for many hours to many days. They were then allowed to germinate and continue growing under normal conditions. 


Unexpectedly, primeval organisms grew out of these seeds and eggs: a fern that no longer exists; primeval corn with up to twelve ears per stalk; wheat that was ready to be harvested in just four to six weeks and giant rainbow trout, extinct in Europe for 130 years, with so-called salmon hooks.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

It is apparently possible to reverse genetic modifications - by simply exposing seeds to a static electric field for some time before germination and growth. The recently added genetic traits will vanish, giving way to a plant or animal close to its origins...

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Sepp Hasslberger's curator insight, September 30, 2015 9:23 AM

It is apparently possible to reverse genetic modifications - by simply exposing seeds to a static electric field for some time before germination and growth. The recently added genetic traits will vanish, giving way to a plant or animal close to its origins...

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Electric Plasma Universe Arrives

Electric Plasma Universe Arrives | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it
Plasmas are low density electrically charged particles that respond collectively to electromagnetic forces. The charged particles are usually clouds or beams of electrons or ions, or mixture of electrons and ions or charged dust particles [2]. Plasmas in their quiescent state are invisible in the visual spectrum and make up more than 99.9 % of the matter in the universe. Plasmas are the ultimate stardust from which the visible universe of stars and planets (and their living inhabitants), galaxies and supergalaxies (clusters, walls, and networks of galaxies) are created. The creation of stars and galaxies are often highly energetic, sometimes explosive events associated with massive electrical discharges, releasing the energy stored in stellar, galactic, and supergalactic electric plasma circuits. Hence plasmas are also the main engine of creation in the Plasma Universe.

Plasmas are responsible for both the accretion and the redistribution of matter in forming galaxies, stars and planets through electromagnetic forces. They are also prodigious producers of electromagnetic radiation in the entire spectrum from radio waves through visible to X-rays and γ-rays; all subject to real time observations through huge arrays of powerful telescopes and dedicated space missions (see [5]).  Gravity follows only when matter is sufficiently condensed from its plasma state; and even then, electromagnetic plasmas continue to play a pivotal role in shaping and reshaping the heavenly bodies, and especially in the origin and evolution of life. Without Earth’s magnetic field, our atmosphere would be stripped away by the solar wind, and life on Earth would have been impossible [6].   
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

On the way to acceptance - an electromagnetic, rather than relativistic, view of the universe. 

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How Old is The Water On Earth?

How Old is The Water On Earth? | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

New research reveals that a big portion of the Earth’s water is older than previously thought, and actually predates the age of the Sun. 


Moreover, the findings of the study suggest that water – and life – could exist on exoplanets throughout our galaxy and beyond.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Some evidence is emerging that water may be more common than thought. It's not an earth exclusive by any means, and since water provides the conditions for organic life to develop, we should be finding life out there ... soon ...

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The Influence Of Vedic Philosophy On Nikola Tesla’s Idea Of Free Energy

The Influence Of Vedic Philosophy On Nikola Tesla’s Idea Of Free Energy | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

Science now knows that a material universe as the foundation of what we perceive to be our physical material world isn’t quite the case.


Today, physicists recognize that physical atoms are actually made up of vortices of energy that are constantly spinning and vibrating. At its smallest observable level, matter is energy, and this energy that exists all around us can be tapped into and possibly used to generate power. 


“Get over it, and accept the inarguable conclusion. The universe is immaterial-mental and spiritual.” – R.C. Henry, Professor of physics and Astronomy at Johns Hopkins


“All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena.”Nikola Tesla
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Only a deeply spiritual man like Nikola Tesla could have gone as far ahead in technological achievement as he did.

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The magnetic mystery at the center of the Earth

The magnetic mystery at the center of the Earth | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it
Earth’s depths are a hellish place. More than 5,000 kilometers belowground, the iron-rich core scorches at temperatures comparable to the sun’s surface and crushes at pressures akin to the weight of 20 blue whales balanced on a postage stamp.
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

That molten iron core at the centre of the earth is pure speculation - an attempt to explain why the earth has a magnetic field. Apparently no one dares think that rotation of a mass in space is sufficient to create such a field, without any significant presence of iron. 

But then - our whole conception of earth as a gravitationally accumulated ball of matter is way off the mark. 

My view on this - take it as an opinion - is here...

http://blog.hasslberger.com/2015/04/spin_rotation_gravity_magnetism_star_formation.html ;

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The Need for Venture Science

The Need for Venture Science | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

Over the last few years, a growing chorus of insider critics have been exposing serious flaws in the ways that scientific research is funded and published, leading some to go so far as to say,

"Science is broken." 

The dysfunctions they describe include: 


- Deliberate, unconscious, and systemic fraud 


- Irreproducibility of results and lack of incentive to attempt replication 


- Misuse of statistics, such as "P-hacking" - the mining of research data to extract a post-hoc "hypothesis" for publication 


- Severe flaws in the system of peer review, its propensity to enforce existing paradigms, to be hostile to anything that challenges the views of the reviewers whose careers are invested in those views. 


- Difficulty in obtaining funding for creative and unorthodox research hypotheses ...


The system encourages the endless elaboration of existing theories about which there is consensus, but if one of these is wrong, there are nearly insuperable barriers to it ever being overturned.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Science needs an overhaul. Research is not free, if it challenges mainstream theories. There is no money for it and no publication, so it just isn't done, except on the very fringes.

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Black phosphorus surges ahead of graphene: A Korean team of scientists tune BP's band gap to form a superior conductor

Black phosphorus surges ahead of graphene: A Korean team of scientists tune BP's band gap to form a superior conductor | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

The research team operating out of Pohang University of Science and Technology, reported a tunable band gap in black phosphorus (BP), effectively modifying the semiconducting material into a unique state of matter with anisotropic dispersion. This research outcome potentially allows for great flexibility in the design and optimization of electronic and optoelectronic devices like solar panels and telecommunication lasers. 


Birth of a Revolution...

Phosphorus is the fifteenth element in the periodic table and lends its name to an entire class of compounds. Indeed it could be considered an archetype of chemistry itself.


Black phosphorus is the stable form of white phosphorus and gets its name from its distinctive color. Like graphene, BP is a semiconductor and also cheap to mass produce.


The one big difference between the two is BP's natural band gap, allowing the material to switch its electrical current on and off.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Another advance in materials science.


You have no doubt heard of graphene, but what about black phosphorus?

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Spin and rotation: gravity, magnetism and star formation - Sepp Hasslberger

Spin and rotation: gravity, magnetism and star formation - Sepp Hasslberger | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

There is a very common illustration of a ball pulling a flat sheet out of shape to represent Einstein's curvature of space but that concept is not really accurate.

We do not live in a two-dimensional world of sheets of flat space-time and gravity isn't just a bending, but a twisting curvature. Imagine the ball rotating and thus distorting that matrix of space-time to create a kind of space-time vortex, and you'd have a good analogy. 


We should really think of a 3-dimensional matrix of potential particles filling space. That matrix seeks to arrange itself in orthogonal patterns, but it can also be twisted out of shape by a rotating mass sitting in that spatial matrix. The distortion would be a twist in the space matrix.


Gravitation is a consequence of spin-induced curvature (actually a twisting out of shape) of the space-time matrix...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

In this article, the cause of gravitation is modeled as a result of particle spin and macroscopic rotation. Vortices distort the space-time matrix, inducing attraction between masses as the matrix seeks to un-distort.

Gravity from rotation of a larger mass adds to the gravity produced by particle spin.

Angular momentum is a pre-condition for the existence of particles as well as cosmic bodies.

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Physicists create first ever room temperature maser (from Wired UK)

Physicists create first ever room temperature maser (from Wired UK) | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

A team of physicists has published a paper detailing how it developed the first ever maser to work at room temperature with the help of a home-baked crystal and a laser bought on eBay. 


Masers (Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) have a similar functionality to lasers but work by emitting concentrated microwave beams instead of light.


Although the process was first used 60 years ago it is considered notoriously inconvenient, functioning at low power only in high magnetic fields, a vacuum or at temperatures close to absolute zero (the ruby crystals used to amplify the microwaves have to be kept at low temperatures)...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

a significant advance in microwave emission technology...

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Look Inside the International Space Station With This Interactive Tour

Look Inside the International Space Station With This Interactive Tour | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

Have you ever wondered what the International Space Station (ISS) looks like inside?

Samantha Cristoforetti, the Italian astronaut, was in space for 199 days and 16 hours until she came back to Earth last month. This makes her the record holder for the longest single space flight by a woman, as well as the longest uninterrupted space flight of a European astronaut.


But before Cristoforetti left the ISS, she took 15 photographs of the inside of each module...


The photos have now been stitched together, giving us a highly detailed interactive tour; you can see it in full screen here.

Apart from the Russian modules of the ISS, you can see every part of the Space Station in detail.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Images of the inside of the International Space Station ... the "western" part at least. Courtesy Samantha Cristoforetti, the Italian astronaut.

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Julius Bercasio Boysillo's curator insight, August 7, 2015 8:20 PM

Ever wonder what an International Space Station looks like? Well you better check this one out!

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Dark Matter was Invented to Save Bad Gravity Theory

Dark Matter was Invented to Save Bad Gravity Theory | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

Continuing the theme that 20th century physics is all-knowing, all-seeing, and all-describing, when scientists saw their gravity equations could not describe the speed of stars on the edge of galaxies, instead of looking at their own equations they did what they always do: change the facts. 


They invented something invisible and impossible to detect because it must be really really hard to detect if the physicists can find it. Heaven forbid their equations are wrong! In fact, one of the more famous “physics evangelists” Michio Kaku says there is a Nobel Prize waiting for the answer to dark energy. That is the interest of course: the Nobel Prize. They don’t care if Dark Energy or Dark Matter is real or not. 


So basically, physicists invented a magical thing they called “dark” and say it is the reason stars are going faster than their equations predict.


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

I believe what's wrong is that we never developed a theory of how gravity actually works and why. We have equations, but they are based somewhat in mid air, because we have no working description of the cause of gravity that would permit us to test our understanding.

My view is that gravity is caused by spin/rotation. Any particle spinning, any mass rotating, distorts space to some degree. Since the space matrix is highly rigid, those distortions (the space matrix is slightly twisted) involve comparatively great distances, and changes in intensity translate almost instantly through the matrix. 

The stressed regions of space attract each other, in an effort to "untwist". The result of that attraction is gravity. We have equations to describe it, but our equations are based on an incomplete understanding. 

We calculate gravity as emanating exclusively from mass, i.e. from the particles that make up a mass. What we are not realising is that when a mass rotates (think of planet, star, black hole at galaxy centre, an additional and rather strong gravitational field is added to that produced by the mere mass of particles.  

So all of our calculations, which are based on the mass of a solid ball the size of the earth, are essentially wrong in cosmic terms. We do not distinguish the microscopic (particles) gravity from the macroscopic (rotating large objects) gravity and until we do so, our calculations will be WAY off, requiring such strange concepts as dark matter to explain why we can't make proper predictions with our calculations.

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Here's why an 11-year search couldn't find Einstein's gravitational waves

Here's why an 11-year search couldn't find Einstein's gravitational waves | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

Gravitational waves are tiny ripples in the fabric of spacetime, and are a direct consequence of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity. We celebrate its 100th birthday in November this year. When any two black holes are spiralling around one another, they ought to emit gravitational waves. 


But we want to be very clear that our lack of a detection does not imply that Einstein’s theory of relativity is wrong, nor does it imply that gravitational waves don’t exist. While we don’t know the real solution, we have a number of ideas...


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

They are looking for gravitational "waves", similar to electromagnetic waves (light, radio, etc) but Einstein never said there were waves. He merely said that gravitation is caused by a distortion of the space matrix. 

The matrix of space connects every object in space. Spin of particles and rotation of a mass of particles cause distortion (a slight twist) in the space matrix. There is no need for "waves" to make that distortion felt at a distance. 


There are no gravitational "waves", only gravitational stress of space matrix. That is why they can't find the waves. They are looking for the wrong thing. 

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Elon Musk Is Right: Colonizing the Solar System Is Humankind's Insurance Policy Against Extinction

Elon Musk Is Right: Colonizing the Solar System Is Humankind's Insurance Policy Against Extinction | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

Why blow billions of dollars on space exploration when lots of people are living in poverty here on Earth? You've likely heard the justifications. 


The space program brings us useful innovations and inventions. Space exploration delivers perspective, inspiration, and understanding. It's the final frontier. 


SpaceX founder Elon Musk, in a fascinating interview with Ross Andersen, skipped all the usual arguments in favor of something else entirely. Space exploration, he says, is as urgent as easing poverty or disease—it’s our insurance policy against extinction.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Space exploration might distract us enough to forget about all the in-fighting here on earth...

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Giant "Light Bulbs" in Space? | YouTube (Video 9min) - from Thunderbolts Project

Giant "Light Bulbs" in Space? | YouTube (Video 9min) - from Thunderbolts Project | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

For more than four years, NASA scientists have puzzled over mysterious structures in the Milky Way galaxy called Fermi Bubbles.


The so-called bubbles reach for ten of thousands of light years above and below the galaxy. Both the structures enormous size and their emissions are presenting huge theoretical puzzles for astrophysicists.


Dr. Tom Wilson discusses what plasma cosmology and the Electric Universe tell us about these phenomena.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Trying to look at the universe - our galaxy in this case - with a different kind of perspective - electric flows, magnetic fields, radio emissions...

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The Mystery of Consciousness | Thunderbolts Project - Dr. Michael Clarage - YouTube (11min)

Perhaps the greatest mystery of human experience is consciousness itself.


Today, the fields of neuroscience and neurotechnology provide astounding insights into the electrical and chemical processes of the brain. Consequently, institutional science proposes with confidence that the brain alone creates conscious experience.


Yet despite all that science has learned, the very source and essence of consciousness remains a puzzle. Thunderbolts colleague Dr. Michael Clarage shares with us his thoughts on the enduring mysteries of consciousness.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

The current struggle of science - physics and neuroscience - to find out what is consciousness and what gives rise to our physical world...

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Some Whales may breathe easier — Natural Resources Defense Council wins settlement with US Navy — it's a first step

A Whale of a Win - Natural Resources Defense Council - Medium

After decades of advocacy and action, a campaign to protect marine mammals from harmful underwater sonar finally pays off — in an appropriately big way.


Earlier today, in the U.S. District Court’s District of Hawaii, a hugely important settlement was ratified between environmental groups and the federal government to remind us that whales, along with other marine mammals, are still at risk.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

It shouldn't really be necessary to sue government and military to stop harassing and killing whales for war games and oil exploration, should it?

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Latest New Horizons images of Pluto and Charon delight and amaze | Astronomy Now

Latest New Horizons images of Pluto and Charon delight and amaze | Astronomy Now | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

New close-up images of Pluto from NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft reveal a bewildering variety of surface features that have scientists reeling because of their range and complexity.


“Pluto is showing us a diversity of landforms and complexity of processes that rival anything we’ve seen in the solar system,” said New Horizons Principal Investigator Alan Stern, of the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), Boulder, Colorado. “If an artist had painted this Pluto before our flyby, I probably would have called it over the top — but that’s what is actually there.”

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

It took a while to download those images, but it was worth waiting. I wonder if those astronomists who voted to demote Pluto from planet status to "dwarf planet" are biting their tongues yet...

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Researchers shoot lasers to de-spin tiny 'asteroids'

Researchers shoot lasers to de-spin tiny 'asteroids' | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

A team of researchers from the University of California in Santa Barbara has figured out how to deflect asteroids and stop them from spinning—using lasers. Yes! 


They used basalt to simulate an asteroid (basalt and known asteroids have similar composition) and directed a laser at the small rock until it was white hot. 


As the laser eroded material from the rock, in a process called laser ablation, the rock sample’s mass changed and in effect produced a “rocket engine” where the asteroid uses itself as a propellant—in space, this could alter the asteroid’s trajectory.


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

So a strong laser could actually change an asteroid's direction... we might need that technology at some point.

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Secret X-37B space plane spotted in orbit by amateur astronomers

Secret X-37B space plane spotted in orbit by amateur astronomers | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

The US Air Force's top secret X-37B space plane has been caught on camera surveying the same region of the ground every two days at a much lower orbit and inclination than expected.


Like a shuttle, X-37B is blasted into orbit by a rocket. However, it lands using a runway like a normal aircraft. The X-37B is too small to carry people onboard, but does have a cargo bay similar to that of a pickup truck, which is just large enough to carry a small satellite

According to X-37B manufacturer Boeing, the space plane operates in low-earth orbit, between 110 (177km) and 500 miles (800km) above earth. 


By comparison, the International Space Station orbits at about 220 miles (350km).



Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

The Americans seem to be rather tight-lipped about their "mysterious" space plane...

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Spectacular Discovery Reveals Power Grid in Muscle Cells; Design Implications Are Profound

Spectacular Discovery Reveals Power Grid in Muscle Cells; Design Implications Are Profound | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

A new study overturns longstanding scientific ideas regarding how energy is distributed within muscles for powering movement.


Scientists are reporting the first clear evidence that muscle cells distribute energy primarily by the rapid conduction of electrical charges through a vast, interconnected network of mitochondria -- the cell's "powerhouse" -- in a way that resembles the wire grid that distributes power throughout a city.


The study offers an unprecedented, detailed look at the distribution system that rapidly provides energy throughout the cell where it is needed for muscle contraction.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

What an interesting study - our muscles are 'energized' by a network of mitochondria using electrical impulses... 

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Sepp Hasslberger's curator insight, August 9, 2015 7:12 PM

Research finds that our muscles are 'energized' by a network of mitochondria using electrical impulses... 

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Meet the electric life forms that live on pure energy - bacteria eat and breathe electrons

Meet the electric life forms that live on pure energy - bacteria eat and breathe electrons | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

Unlike any other life on Earth, these extraordinary bacteria use energy in its purest form – they eat and breathe electrons – and they are everywhere. 


Nealson is particularly excited that Rowe has found so many types of electric bacteria, all very different to one another, and none of them anything like Shewanella or Geobacter.


“This is huge. What it means is that there’s a whole part of the microbial world that we don’t know about.”

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Bacteria that eat and breathe electricity. Wonder what their function is deep in the earth's crust...

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NASA Unveils Most Amazing View of Jupiter's Watery Moon Europa (Video 4min)

NASA Unveils Most Amazing View of Jupiter's Watery Moon Europa (Video 4min) | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

An incredible, reprocessed picture of Jupiter's moon Europa shows the mysterious natural satellite's amazing colors as they have never been seen before. 


"Hidden beneath Europa's icy surface is perhaps the most promising place in our solar system beyond Earth to look for present-day environments that are suitable for life," NASA officials wrote in a statement.


"The Galileo mission found strong evidence that a subsurface ocean of salty water is in contact with a rocky seafloor. The cycling of material between the ocean and ice shell could potentially provide sources of chemical energy that could sustain simple life forms."

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:
Any liquid water ocean that has been there "for most of the duration of the solar system" is bound to produce biological entities, and probably some of them fairly complex, like fish or even more advanced life forms that can live in the water. So, to find out more, just send a capsule there with recording equipment and capability to communicate (perhaps via an orbiter) the data it finds.

Now in the video, it says that the water stays liquid because of tidal forces. The general assumption is that Europa is a solid ball of rock or metal that also has water, and that the water is warmed up by forces of friction. We assume the same of the earth - solid ball with some water - but that may not be quite correct.

We should look at the possibility that Europa has, like very probably all planets and stars, a hollow configuration with a central "sun" that's doing the warming.

That would mean that the "Goldilocks zone" is not so much depending on the distance from the central sun, but on the existence of a central point that provides energy in the form of heat and light, as well as the impetus for rotation.

Hollow rotating bodies generally have a shell, more or less thick, which makes for two planetary (or lunar) surfaces, one on the outside of the shell, which is the one we generally see, and one adhering on the inside of the shell, which has the advantage of being bathed in light and heat from the central "sun" that is the heart of the planet/moon.

We should look for an understanding of the insides of planets and moons that does not start out from a solid, rocky ball configuration...

A whole new world (and a whole new view on where life might generally originate) could come to view.
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T. Blank's curator insight, August 8, 2015 2:06 PM
Any liquid water ocean that has been there "for most of the duration of the solar system" is bound to produce biological entities, and probably some of them fairly complex, like fish or even more advanced life forms that can live in the water. So, to find out more, just send a capsule there with recording equipment and capability to communicate (perhaps via an orbiter) the data it finds.
Now in the video, it says that the water stays liquid because of tidal forces. The general assumption is that Europa is a solid ball of rock or metal that also has water, and that the water is warmed up by forces of friction. We assume the same of the earth - solid ball with some water - but that may not be quite correct.
We should look at the possibility that Europa has, like very probably all planets and stars, a hollow configuration with a central "sun" that's doing the warming.
That would mean that the "Goldilocks zone" is not so much depending on the distance from the central sun, but on the existence of a central point that provides energy in the form of heat and light, as well as the impetus for rotation.
Hollow rotating bodies generally have a shell, more or less thick, which makes for two planetary (or lunar) surfaces, one on the outside of the shell, which is the one we generally see, and one adhering on the inside of the shell, which has the advantage of being bathed in light and heat from the central "sun" that is the heart of the planet/moon.
We should look for an understanding of the insides of planets and moons that does not start out from a solid, rocky ball configuration...
A whole new world (and a whole new view on where life might generally originate) could come to view.
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Philae Lander's Data Reveal Surprising Details About Comet

Philae Lander's Data Reveal Surprising Details About Comet | Science, Space, and news from 'out there' | Scoop.it

The comet lander Philae may be uncommunicative at the moment, but the pictures and measurements it took after it touched down on the comet in November have shown scientists that the comet is covered with coarse material, rather than dust, and is harder than expected. 


As it landed, Philae bounced and ended up in shadow, where its batteries soon ran out. But it still gathered unprecedented data, some of which the DLR German Aerospace Center said "amazed" scientists. 


A report on its findings will be published on Friday in a special edition of the journal Science. 


"The experiments conducted on site have led to new and, at times, unexpected insights into the nature of the comet," Ekkehard Kuehrt, a planetary researcher at the DLR, said in a statement


For example, pictures taken by Philae as it came in to land showed the surface of the comet was covered with coarse debris, rocks and pebbles, measuring up to five meters across, rather than the dusty deposits expected. 


According to the DLR, Philae's systems found a total of 16 organic molecular species, including four never before encountered in comets.


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

First findings of the Philae lander of the Rosetta mission to study comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko to be published in a special edition of the journal Science.

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