Piracy in Somalia
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A Captain's Duty

A Captain's Duty | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
"I share the country's admiration for the bravery of Captain Phillips and his selfless concern for his crew. His courage is a model for a...
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The book A Captain’s Duty is a very intense novel. It all started when Richard Phillips became a Merchant Mariner. He lives in a small town in Vermont with his wife, Andrea, and his 2 kids, his son Dan and his daughter Mariah. As a merchant marine Rich works 3 months on then gets to take 3 months off to get to spend time with his family. His ship for this job is the Maersk Alabama. Its loading dock was in the Arabian Peninsula. To get to their final destination they have to sail through the waters of Somalia, which is filled with pirates that hijack ships. Once aboard the ship he went to check everything to make sure it would be a nice safe trip. But he noticed doors that were supposed to be locked were unlocked. He wanted to see how well the crew acted in an emergency situation and called for a drill. During the drill he spotted a few suspicious boats on the radar. They were pirates. He called to his Chief Mate, Shane Murphy on the radio to make him aware of what was going on. He didn’t make a seen about it just in case it was a false alarm. In this case it was. But later that night Captain Phillips was asleep in his bunker when Shane radioed him. He saw the boats again. But this time it was a real pirate attack. This is where it all started. There were 4 pirates total. They climb aboard and held Captain Phillips and Collin (the AB) hostage, along with a crewmember wondering the ship and finding him in the bridge, where the pirates held them hostage. Shane went to get the crew in the safe room. After hours of being held, the Leader of the other 3 pirates asked Rich to take him around the ship to see if he can find the crew. The pirates continuously asked him where they were and the Captain had no idea. They went on a tour of the ship, returned to the bridge, and then the pirate insisted on 3 or 4 more searches. Finally the Captain had enough and said take one of the other guys being held hostage, not me this time, hoping he would escape. The pirate took the lost crewmember. He did escape. That only left 2 hostages. But the third hostage, who was the lost crewmember, lead the leader to the crew and crew captured him. They offered to trade. Their leader for the Captain. Everyone agreed. They went to the escape boat and the only way they can get off is if Captain gets in the boat to release it, and then jump out. But the Pirates wouldn’t let him. They got their leader back, but the crew lost their Captain. The exchange was off. They spent 2 days in the lifeboat before the Navy came to help free the Captain. They sent in food, water, and clothes to keep the pirates happy. An interpreter came to the boat and wanted to talk to the leader. They took him aboard the Navy ship (Bainbridge) to talk about the ransom. So now there are only 3 pirates on the lifeboat and the Captain. On the 4th day the Navy got the right angle on the pirates and opened fire. They killed all 3 pirates in one chance. A Seal jumped down into the lifeboat, checked if the pirates were dead, and got Captain Phillips out of the boat all in under a minute. When he arrived on board of the Bainbridge, everyone congratulated him. Then he was taken to the ships hospital to be taken care of. He stayed on the Bainbridge for 4 days and then finally took the long flight home, which took 18 hours. When he returned home his family ran up and hugged him. When he was driving home, everyone on the road was holding signs and banners welcoming him back. His family became famous. Talking the President in this office, attending black tie events, and being on television. But he didn’t let the fame get to his head. He still is the same Captain and father and husband he was prior to the attack. After a few months of returning home things began to be normal again. Even after such a terrifying event in his life, he can get right back into the swing of things.

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UNICEF - Somalia

UNICEF - Somalia | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
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UNICEF is a foundation that helps over 190 countries, which are in need, with food, water, supplies, medication, education, protection, and help whenever there is an emergency. UNICEF was made so people can work together to overcome issues in poverty, violence, diseases and discrimination that are put into a child’s path in life. UNICEF helps to make sure every child reaches a primary education level. It helps the children get ready for the lives ahead of them. They also make sure the children are immunized. It’s not okay for a child to die due to the failure of medication that could have prevented the illness. They work to also make everyone equal. Girls, Boys, Men, Women, everyone deserves to be treated exactly, no matter what. UNICEF is completely funded voluntarily. A lot of countries raise funds for UNICEF to help out the less fortunate countries. UNICEF is an organization that brings everyone closer as a nation.

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Somalia (Religion)

Somalia (Religion) | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
Student Resources in Context
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This article is about religion in Somalia. Somalis are very religious. 99% of the population practices Sunni Muslim. Islam is Somalia’s official religion. Christianity is a small part of Somalia’s religion. This article also talks about how women in Somalia dress. They don’t wear veils head to toe and they don’t separate themselves from the males. But they do wear a headscarf. The Muslims practice rituals also. One example is when they come in contact with unclean substances, for example a dead body. They have to maintain purity. They also follow dietary restrictions. They don’t eat pork, and when they’re in Ramadan they stay away from tobacco, alcohol, and relations that are considered sexual from dawn to sunset. Christians are viewed as outsiders. Today, in Somalia, there are only a few thousand Christians remaining. If you don’t practice Sunni Muslim, you’re an outsider.

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'No military solution to piracy'.

'No military solution to piracy'. | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
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This Article talks about how poverty in Somalia leads to piracy. Somalia is a very poor country and most villages are “Unspeakably poor”. The young men in Somalia have no other choice but to be involved in piracy attacks. They can kill and lock the pirates up in jail, but what will that do? Nothing. There will always be the issue of piracy. Locking them up or killing them won’t solve the problem. It will just minimize it. Millions of miles are being affected by piracy due to poverty. The ships owners need to know what to do in case they are the ones getting attacked. Some ships speed away to try and lose the pirates, and other just stop and give up right then and there. There are a few families, or clans, in Somalia who are the main reason piracy is going on. This article says that if we can find the clans and target them, we can stop them from taking the ships, damaging the ships and hurting or killing people that are innocent in Somalia.

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Fault Lines - Horn of Africa Crisis Somalias Famine

Have US counter-terrorism policies contributed to the deadly crisis in the Horn of Africa? The worst drought in 60 years has thrown some 13 million people ac...
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This Documentary is about how death has strongly increased due to poverty. Hundreds of people struggle to stay alive. There is a refugee camp that has existed for 2 decades. They tried to fix the broken country. People are getting very sick. 25 people have died in the just a few short weeks in this camp. There is nothing anyone can do. No one helps them. One man tells the reporter that people come to country just to take pictures and that’s it. Not to help them. This was once the most beautiful Capital in Africa. 20 years of civil wars and no government has ruined that. Al Shaba is linked to Al Qaeda. They wont let Western Aid organizations work in their territories. The most sever drought, they have ever seen, has caused 4 million Somalis to face starvation. The problem is so bad they aren’t sure how many people have died exactly. But they do know tens of thousands have died, mostly children. The drought is so bad, organizations out of the country, are having trouble getting there to help them. Only small organizations can help. Some neighborhood organizations feed the starving everyday. Even in those districts that are controlled by the Al Shaba. Aid organizations have restrictions. They have to make sure each sack of food weighs the same as the other so no food is getting wasted. They have to make sure no food is going to Al Shaba. Counting the food is very important. Regulations have changed to fit the most recent situation. By the time this changed 29 thousand children, less than 5 years old, have died because of starvation. In the end of 2010 U.S. Humanitarian Aid in Somalia has increased 90% since the drought started. Al Shaba is a problem because the people are afraid they will take the food and cause more death due to starvation than they already have. There hasn’t been a U.S. mission there in years. In the early 1990s, Warlords blocked aid delivery to south causing 300,000 people to die due to starvation. 18 American soldiers were killed. There hasn’t been a permanent U.S. mission there in many years due to the Blackhawk down situation. There are Troops there today from Uganda and Berindei. Washington provided support by supplying weapons, equipment and funds for private military contracting. 6 weeks before fault line got there, Al Shaba fighters withdrew from the city. But they come in and out still killing people in suicide attacks. A member of the Islamic Courts questions if the United States has supported their government and the Somali people as much as they were required to do. A warlord was once involved in Al Shaba and Al Qaeda but he changed sides and is now Allies with America. He says he is a friend with the Americans. He was a leader and founder of the terrorist groups. The problem in the south continues. 2 decades of failed international policy makes it difficult to respond. Islamic Aid Organizations are filling in where Western and UN groups wont or can’t go. They rush to saves lives. But there is only so much you can do to help a broken country.

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Pirate Alley: Commanding Task Force 151 Off Somalia

Pirate Alley: Commanding Task Force 151 Off Somalia

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Pirate Alley: Commanding Task Force 151 Off Somalia [RADM Terry McKnight USN (Ret.), Michael Hirsh] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Caitlyn Temesvary's insight:

I would read this as my next book because this book is about piracy but it goes more in detail about how to stop piracy. It talks about the problem piracy causes and how much money piracy costs. its differnt than a book talking about how pirates hijacked a ship and then getting rescued.

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Map of Somalia (Piracy Attack)

Map of Somalia (Piracy Attack) | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
Caitlyn Temesvary's insight:

Somalia is a very dangerous place. Somalia is a hot spot for Pirate Attacks. They are also very poor. Which leads to the attacks.

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Poverty

Poverty | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
Caitlyn Temesvary's insight:

This photo is showing how poverty in Somalia is worse than anyone thinks. Poverty is the main reason priacy is such a big problem. Pirates hijack ships, take money, and kill people just to be able to get money to get food. To me, having to go so far as to kill people just to get some food is very upsetting. This photo does an amazing job in showing how bad poverty is in Somalia.

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United Nations Department of Political Affairs- Piracy off the coast of Somalia.

United Nations Department of Political Affairs- Piracy off the coast of Somalia. | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
Caitlyn Temesvary's insight:

The Department of Political Affairs (DPA for short) is an organization that fights against piracy. The DPA is an active member of a lot of other organizations that all tie together. The DPA is a member of the International Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS for short), which also includes a Trust Fund that helps them fight against piracy. Also they manage a mission called The United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS) that was made to encourage the Political stability and law in Somalia. The CGPCS was made in January 2009. Today 60 international organization and nations are involved in the CGPCS. In January 2010 is when the Trust Fund was started. The reason for it was to support the prosecution of pirates and other related activities. The DPA is the Trust Funds secretariat. In the most recent years, piracy in Somalia is becoming a huge problem. Pirates demand ransoms up to millions of dollars. The economy in East Africa witnessed the fallout of the ransoms. Piracy makes trade very hard. International Trade routes are affected by the threat of the attacks. Hostages aren’t the only ones affected.

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Fighting piracy in Somalia.(Opinion International Herald Tribune

Fighting piracy in Somalia.(Opinion International Herald Tribune | Piracy in Somalia | Scoop.it
Caitlyn Temesvary's insight:

This Article from the International Herald Tribune, “Fighting Piracy in Somalia” is about Somali pirates hijacking ships and taking crewmembers hostage. This article doesn’t only talk about the Maersk Alabama being taken and rescued, but it also talks about a French family sailing in their yacht when pirates stormed aboard taking The owner of this yacht, his wife, his child and two family friends, hostage. Him, along with 2 pirates died, but his family was fortune enough to be rescued by the French navy. But piracy isn’t all about hijacking ships. It has a lot to do with the governments. The United States and French government have all rights to use deadly force when it comes to pirates. Usually the pirates are only looking for money, but along with getting money, they take the ships, and all their weapons and even some lives. President Obama has been working with other countries to fix the problem of piracy. To make this happen everyone has to work together and increase patrols, their coordination and their cooperation. Somalia has the biggest coastline in Africa so it’s very hard to patrol it. They can’t let the pirate’s just get a way with all the hijackings. But we can only stop it if the government of Somalia gets involved, which is very hard, seeing as they have been a “free for all” country for some time now. The article says that the United States can’t do it alone. It’s going to take teamwork. If we can partner with the Western Allies and East African Governments, we’ll be fine.

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