"Ils sont une sorte de fusion de la fonctionalité et de la fictionnalité des objets techniques. Ils s’expriment dans la conception, les représentations, les pratiques et les usages que nous avons des TIC.
More than a few people maintain that if we all knew everything about each other, the world would be a better place. The total transparency argument takes many forms, and shades of it can be seen in the surveillance policy and discourse that holds that “more information is always better [...]
Interesting, must read. Excerpts.
"Social biases don’t just influence how people respond to what they see. They also influence how people think. And this brings us to the second point of Dyer’s that needs to be rejected.
Dyer claims: ‟In a world without privacy, we’ll recognize that people drink and people like to have fun and those people aren’t bad people. We’ll just accept people for who they are.”
Dyer thus believes transparency will lead to relaxed expectations of how others should behave and ultimately create an atmosphere of tolerance. This is another causal argument. Let’s call it the “See Imperfection Become Tolerant” thesis.
As with the “See It/Stop It” thesis, it reposes on an overly idealized view of human behavior. In reality, we process all information through a number of well-known and studied cognitive biases. "
"The concept of virtuality is deeply embedded in Peirce's doctrine of signs and hence in his semiotic doctrine of mind. In this Peircean doctrine, which has been more recently echoed in the writings of Wittgenstein and Popper, we find the most promising philosophical framework available for the understanding and advancement of the project of augmenting human intellect through the development and use of virtual technologies."
The sort of posting that I do not know whether to put it in the sociology or society scoop... Well, whatever. For the archives. Note that I do not agree with the author, but it is hard to define exactly why. Will have to read more.
Interesting article about the integrity of people claiming more than one personality, as put by the writer as a comment on a statement by Zuckerberg.
I fully understand the authors point of view, all but one : Zuckerberg never said you had to publish everything visible to everybody. Facebook's structure allows you to swift from one context to another, displaying different personal and corporate information to different sets of people. Basically it comes down to one person, different contexts, differents information flows. Correct me if I am wrong!
"There are many different definitions of identity, not all of which make sense. I prefer the view that an identity is a set of assertions about yourself that you may lay claim to. So in a sense everyone only has one identity and has only ever had one ‘identity’. But in practice we expose different sets of claims depending on the circumstances. Nobody puts their membership in Alcoholics Anonymous on their CV."
Ca vuAu sein de la firme de Mark Zuckerberg, il existe un département appelé "Facebook Data Science". Des chercheurs y broient les statistiques des comportements des 1,2 milliard d'utilisateurs du réseau.Dans un article rédigé par l'un d'entre eux, Carlos Diuk -- et opportunément publié le jour de la Saint-Valentin -- on apprend ainsi qu'il est possible de prédire la vie sentimentale des inscrits, en fonction de la fréquence des messages échangés. Ce qui fait un peu peur quand même.Quand la "période...
Ca vaut ce que ça vaut, mais c'est intéressant quand-même :-). A lire. Extrait.
"A quoi servent ces recherches, se demanderont les plus candides. Le modèle de Facebook repose sur la publicité, et donc le ciblage, répondront les autres."
"The term 'humanities' includes, but is not limited to, the study and interpretation of the following: language, both modern and classical; linguistics; literature; history; jurisprudence; philosophy; archaeology; comparative religion; ethics; the history, criticism and theory of the arts; those aspects of social sciences which have humanistic content and employ humanistic methods; and the study and application of the humanities to the human environment with particular attention to reflecting our diverse heritage, traditions, and history and to the relevance of the humanities to the current conditions of national life." --National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act, 1965, as amended
OHow many people do you know? How many friends do you have? You may have tried to count your contacts on Facebook or other social networking websites. You may even have felt a bit weird realizing th...
Overview of current insights of sociologist on size, meaning and impact of social networks on people's lives.
Interesting research about lifelogging. The target group is, once again, constituted of young people at a university. It would be interesting to extend the study to multi-generation groups, and go beyond the students to find out how society is dealing with these questions.
A well-intentioned grandmother accidentally hurt her grandkids’ feelings. She took screenshots of their delightful Instagram photos and proudly uploaded them to Facebook for all of her social network friends to see. If the younger generation didn’t set their accounts to private, could Grandma possibly have committed a faux pas? All she [...]
Ok, ok, I am definitely reading along stories on Forbes. Anyway, this one is a nice explication of what everyone already knows, no? Excerpt.
"Vernon argues that the answer is simple. Grandma misinterpreted her grandkids’ intentions. “Maybe there’s a reason they didn’t post them on Facebook,” Vernon writes. Indeed, “maybe they want their friends and perfect strangers to see the photos, but didn’t want family to.”
When it comes to conducting research within online communities, some might substitute “exploitation” for the word research. Researchers certainly have an ethical, if not legal, obligation to adhere...
Is contacting members of online communities for research ethical? Excerpt.
"Even if researcher activity is accepted, other ethical considerations come into play. The internet has the capability to dehumanize. Markham et al., 2012, raise the question, “Is this a text or a person?” The authors mentioned protection of vulnerable populations. Though this issue is not unique to online communities, the “distance” between researcher and subject in the online environment makes it difficult for researchers to gauge subjects’ mental/emotional stability. Authenticity is also a factor. Is the subject who she/he says he is? Does he/she really have the characteristics/experiences the researcher requires?"
Excellent paper on context collapse - with extensive bibliographic resources. A must read. Excerpts.
boyd (2008) refers to the new interaction structure resulting from an increasingly mediated form of sociality as “networked publics,” with the key interaction media being social network sites. Social network sites are defined as ‘‘web-based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulates a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system” (boyd and Ellison 2007). The content generated within network publics hold particular affordances and interconnected dynamics. In particular, content produced and consumed through social media and within networked publics is persistent, replicable, scalable, and searchable. With these affordances, actors within a networked public must manage invisible audiences, context collapse, and the blurring of private and public (boyd 2010). *** With this in mind, we further expound upon the literature surrounding context collapse, and its affects upon interaction and identity processes. Social actors hold many roles throughout the life course and simultaneously at any given moment within the life course. For instance, one may be a mother, sister, athlete, student, and exotic dancer. For each role, the social actor maintains particular identity meanings guiding who s/he is, and a network of others who (typically) share these expectations. Although the expectations across roles may coincide neatly, it is most often the case that each role bears slightly different meanings, and in some cases, highly contradictory ones. *** Similarly, Goffman (1959) demonstrates the skillful ways in which social actors reveal and conceal aspects of themselves for varying audiences, maintaining separate faces within distinct social arenas, while Leary (1995) discusses playing to each audience, their values, and their perceived positive opinion of the actor. *** Indeed, social network sites are first and foremost social, and each profile is a co-construction through public wall posts and tagged status updates, pictures, and comments (Marwick and Ellison 2012; Vitak 2012). That is, profiled content is both self-generated and other generated. Through the warranting principle (Walther, Van Der Heide, Hamel, and Shulman 2009), audiences give greater credence to other-generated content (OGC), granting the tagged picture greater weight than the image posted intentionally by the actor her/himself. *** Moreover, efforts to limit the network, and in particular, explicit efforts to curate the profiled content, run counter to expectations of accurate representation and threaten authenticity (Davis 2012)."
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life is a seminal sociology book by Erving Goffman. It uses the imagery of the theatre in order to portray the importance of human social interaction. Published in 1959, it was Goffman's first and most famous book, for which he received the American Sociological Association's MacIver award in 1961.
In a rather small survey conducted by a young psychologist, Facebook was shown to have some interesting correlations with self-esteem and narcissism in young adults. In a survey...
More studies about the link between narcissism and increased social media use. For you archives. Excerpt.
"The researcher notes that this study is intended to be a preliminary look at nonynous social networking, a fairly new field for academic scrutiny. As we abandon the fake avatars and cryptic usernames of years past and begin associating our online identities with our real-world lives, our online activities begin to have more relevance to our true personality traits."
At least, according to a new study from the University of Michigan
Exploring the link between narcissism and increased social media use, not concluding there is definite proof :-). Excerpt.
"Young people may over-evaluate the importance of their own opinions," communication studies doctorate and researcher Panek said in the statement. "Through Twitter, they're trying to broaden their social circles and broadcast their views about a wide range of topics and issues."
As far as middle-aged adult narcissists; the study determined this group posted frequent Facebook status updates as a way to garner approval. "It's about curating your own image, how you are seen, and also checking on how others respond to this image," Panek said. "It's about curating your own image, how you are seen, and also checking on how others respond to this image," Panek said. "Middle-aged adults usually have already formed their social selves, and they use social media to gain approval from those who are already in their social circles.""
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