Socialization
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Reflection

I chose to employ an assortment of texts for my unit on Socialization in a high school Sociology class.  The sources include textbooks, tables, empirical studies, articles, and videos.  By employing a variety of material with differing levels of complexity, I hope that students will not only be more engaged in the material, but will learn how to read and comprehend several forms of text.  Literacy in the social sciences requires that one be a critical thinker.  In sociology, students must be willing to critically analyze theories and ideas, looking at both strengths and weaknesses. Students should be able to relate their own life experiences to the text. I will spend time in class teaching students how to engage in active reading, to ensure that students fully comprehend the text.  This is especially important considering that much of the unit on socialization contains abstract ideas and theories.  I will teach students various comprehension strategies and learning practices, such as QARs and reciprocal teaching.  Guided reading will be particularly useful with the more complex text, such as Cooley's "The Looking-Glass Self." This text is difficult to read, but with some practice, I hope that students will be able to comprehend and analyze the content.  I will also use class discussions relating to the texts as a method to foster critical thinking skills. These texts do not only promote literacy in my content area, but will help students with general literacy skills that flow into other disciplines.  For instance, the empircal study in my annotated bibliography includes statistical data, which promotes student literacy in math courses.  The text on gender socialization includes descriptions of biological processes, which will be useful in science classes.  Thus, I hope to spend time helping students understand a variety of texts, to promote overall comprehension.

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10117_ftp.pdf?sequence=1

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Xu, J., Shim, S., Lotz, S., & Almeida, D. (2004). Ethnic identity, socialization factors, and culture-specific consumption behavior. Psychology & Marketing,21(2), 93-112.


This is an empircal study evaluating the whether socialization factors influence the consumption behavior of Asian American college students.  The study concluded that those with a stronger sense of ethnic identity were more likely to consume ethnic food and engage in ethnic activities.  In turn, these behaviors reinforce ethnic identity.  The researchers also concluded that Asian Americans had a tendency to engage in more culture-specific behaviors when with friends of the same ethnicity than when they were with friends of different ethnicities.


Students may struggle with comprehension of this reading due to its statistical data and psychological jargon.



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Media's Influence on Social Norms and Identity Development of Youth - Applied Social Psychology

Media's Influence on Social Norms and Identity Development of Youth - Applied Social Psychology | Socialization | Scoop.it
Amber Gresch's insight:

Worsham, S. L. (2011). Media's influence on social identity and development of youth. Retrieved from http://www.personal.psu.edu/bfr3/blogs/applied_social_psychology/2011/11/medias-influence-on-social-norms-and-identity-development-of-youth.html



This article discusses how the media affects identity formation in young people today.  The author defines identity as a socially constructed phenomenon that is influenced by internal and external factors.  The author then gives examples of how media plays a role in individuals' perception of themselves.  For instance, studies indicate that by viewing models in advertisments, womens' satisfaction with their own body decreases.


One feature of this article that provides support for adolescent readers is that it is concise and easy to read.  This is not a long article, but provides a good starting point for discussion about the influence of media in individuals' lives.

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39367_4.pdf

Amber Gresch's insight:

http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/39367_4.pdf

 

This textbook chapter explores how society defines gender and gender roles.  The author provides detailed accounts of theories on gender socialization and how it affects individuals throughout their lives.  The chapter also gives details on the genetic components of gender, and the challenges faced by intersex individuals.

 

One weakness of this article is that is includes "big questions" at the end of the 43 page chapter.  Adolescent readers may instead benefit from questions being presented at the end of each section of the chapter, allowing them to reflect and analyze a smaller amount of information.

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Genie (BBC Horizon)

A BBC documentary about the case study of Genie. Perfect for Psychology students studying child development (privation).
Amber Gresch's insight:

Genie [Television series episode]. (1994). In BBC Horizon. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7qcJfkfRWVM


This documentary explores the case of Genie, a girl who spent the first thirteen years of her life in isolation.  Researchers discovered that Genie was unable to gain the ability to speak or use fine motor skills upon her escape from captivity.  Genie's situation highlights the importance of social interactions on human development.


This video represents a source of support for highs school students.  Videos are generally better able to hold the attention of adolescents, as it provides simultaneous images and commentary on the issue.


I would use a Before, During, and After exercise for this documentary to enhance students' critical thinking skills.  Before showing the documentary, I would ask students to discuss their thoughts on nature vs. nurture in the role of human development.  During the showing of the film, I would have students think of two discussion questions relating to the video.  After viewing, I will divide students into several small groups where each student will share his or her questions, and have other group members discuss and compare answers. We will then revisit the issue of nature vs. nurture as a class, to determine if the documentary changed any of the students' perspectives on the role that social interactions play in a person's identity formation.  I hope that this exercise will encourage students to analyze the role of social interactions in human development.  This activity will provide a strong foundation into our later explorations regarding the roles of culture and society on the formation of identity.

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Traditional%20Native%20American%20Cultures%20and%20Contemporary%20US%20Society%20-%20A%20Comparison.pdf

Amber Gresch's insight:

Horejski, C., & Pablo, J. (n.d.). Traditional native american cultures and contemporary u.s. society: A comparison . Retrieved from http://www.publiccounsel.net/Training/CAFL/pdf/ICWA/Traditional Native American Cultures and Contemporary US Society - A Comparison.pdf


This article provides a table comparing the values and behaviors of traditional Native American culture with the contemporary U.S. culture.  The authors provide details on several key differences among the socieities, including perception of time, definition of self, and social interactions.  The authors make sure to note that these are generalizations, but they do provide insight into some major differences between cultures and the individuals within those cultures.


One feature of this text that provides support to adolescent readers is the use of a table, which is a great organizational tool to help in the comparing and contrasting of information.

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Socialization and Culture

Amber Gresch's insight:

Kasper, L. F. (n.d.). Socialization and culture. Retrieved from    http://kccesl.tripod.com/hypertextstudy/printtext.html

 

 

This article defines sociology and role socialization plays in human development.  The author discusses the role of several factors in the socialization process, including family, school, peers, and the mass media.  The article also defines culture and the role it plays in individuals' lives.

 

The author includes twenty-seven vocabulary words and ten comprehension questions, both of which offer support for adolescent readers.


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Chap04.pdf

Amber Gresch's insight:

http://cyfair3.schoolwires.net/195120511192812997/lib/195120511192812997/_files/Chap04.pdf

 

This textbook chapter includes a thorough discussion of the socialization process.  It defines socialization and provides several theoretical perspectives.  It includes case studies, photos, and examples of factors that play a role in socialization.

 

One strength of this textbook is that it provides critical thinking questions at the conclusion of every section.  This will be a useful tool in helping adolescents comprehend and analyze the material.

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Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking-Glass Self - DJJR Sociology

Amber Gresch's insight:

Cooley, C. H. (1902). Human nature and the social order. Retrieved from http://mills-soc116.wikidot.com/text:cooley-looking-glass-self

 

This is an excerpt from Charles Horton Cooley's theory on "The Looking-Glass Self."  Cooley suggests that a person's notion of his or herself grows out of social interactions.  Thus, a person cannot exist without the society in which he or she lives. Furthermore, people shape their own identity based on how they believe others to perceive them.

 

Adolescent readers may struggle with this text, as it was written over a century ago and deals with a rather abstract theory.

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