On January 18, 1803 U.S. President Thomas Jefferson sent a message to congress asking for 2,500 dollars, to send an officer and a dozen soldiers to explore the Missouri River, make contact with Indians, expand fur trade and locate the northwest passage. Over their trip from May 14, 1804 to September 23, 1806 from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean and back. They had 4 dozen men that covered 10 to 20 miles a day. Pushing and pulling their 10 ton keelboat and to dugout boats up the Missouri River. They arrived in a little village near present day North Dakota. On June 2, 1805 the expedition party arrived at a part of the river. Arriving back at the Missouri River.
William Penn (14 October 1644 - 30 July 1718) was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early champion of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Indians.
William Penn was an early quaker, and the founder of Pennsylvania. He was also know for having a good relationship with the Lenape Indians. Under his directions, he planned the city of Philidelphia, and developed it. In 1669 Penn traveled to Ireland to deal with his fathers estates, and stayed with leading Quaker families. Between 1671 and 1677 William Penn made trips to Germany on behalf of the Quaker faith. In 1684 Penn returned to England to see his family and try to dispute with Lord Baltimore. In 1685 King Charles died, the new king dispute in Penns favor. Penn faced serious problems in the colony due to his sloppy business. William Penn died penniless in 1718, and was buried by his unmarked first wife.
John Smith was an English explorer, and one of the founders of Jamestown, Virgina. John Smith was one of the 105 settlers who sailed from England in1606 and landed in Virgina in1607. He started to settle with France who were fighting with the Dutch independence from Spain. Two years later he set of to the Mediterranean Sea, in 1600 he joined Austrian force to fight with the Turks in the ‘long war’. He was promoted to Captain while fighting in Hungary. He fought in Transylvania 2 years later and was wounded in his battle. In December 1607, He was accidently injured by a gunpowder burn and had to return to England for treatment in 1609, and was never to return to Virgina. After his treatment he returned to the new world and spent the rest of his life writing and died in 1631 at the age of 51.
Magellens first sea voyage was in 1505, they sent him to Portugel to help another explorer install the Portugese viceroy. Magellen also had his first battle in 1509 when one of the kings rejected of paying tribute to the new viceroy. He lost the viceroy and left without permission, he was accused with illegally leaving with the Moors. Magellen lost all offers of employment from the Portugese after 1514. Magellen had to avoid Portugese since he was sailing for Spain. They moved down the coast of South America. The weather got worse so they stayed in Patagoina for the winter. When the weather calmed down in spring Magellen sent his explorers through the Pacific Ocean, in May his ship was wrecked. Ferdinand Magellen was the first to cross the Pacific. He did not complete the voyage he was killed in the Battle of Mactan in the Phillippines.
John Winthrop was born on 12 January 1587/8 to Adam and Anne (née Browne) Winthrop in Edwardstone, Suffolk, England. His birth was recorded in the parish register at Groton. His father's family had been successful in the textile business, and his father was a lawyer and prosperous landowner with several properties in Suffolk.
John Winthrop was a English Puritan Lawyer. And one of the founders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Winthrop led the first large ship of settlers from England in 1630, and was the governor for 12 of the Colonies, for the first 20 years. On April 8, 1630 four ships left the Isle of Wight, carrying Winthrop and other leaders through the colony. And in 1634 and 1635 Winthrop served as an assistant, while the other leaders brought John Haynes and Henry Vane to the governorship. John Winthrop was a respected political leader in the 1600s. He led English Puritans to the New World and served as there governor, on and off for 12 years.
John Rolfe was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited because he was the first successful export of tobacco, in the Colony of Virgina. He is also known as Pocahontas husband. In 1616. Rolfe took his wife and infant son to England. Pocahontas died 7 months later just before returning to Virgina. He became a counvelor and and sat as a member of the House of Burgesses. He then married Jane Pierce a daughter of one of the colonists. He continued his effort of improving tobacco. In 1617 tobacco exports to England totaled 20,000 pounds. The next year shipment doubled. The first great American enterprise had been established. John Rolfe died in 1622. Although a third of the colony was killed in the Indian uprising that year
What did Columbus want to do? Why did he want to sail west? And what exactly did he find?
Sheila Ahyakak-Yazzie's insight:
Christopher Columbus was born in Italy, he was an explorer and a navigator. His first voyage to the Atlantic Ocean was in 1476 it nearly killed him. He participated in many voyages in Africa. Christopher Columbus left Spain and sailed with the Pinta and Nina. He has been credited for opening up the America to the European colonization. They say Christopher Columbus died from a strange illness. It was May 20, 1506, he was 54 and died in Spain.
John Cabot sailed to England and settled there. He thought he was sailing to Asia, to get gold, gems and spices, to get a share of profits. John sailed north of the Atlantic Ocean, when he saw land on June 24, 1497 it was not Asia. He actually sailed to NewFoundland (now part of Canada.) John and his crew sailed back home and the following years he again with 5 ships to Japan. He was never seen again.
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