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Rescooped by Dr Zuleyka Zevallos from Psychology, Sociology & Neuroscience
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Steven Pinker on Metaphor and the Mind


“I think that metaphor really is a key to explaining thought and language. The human mind comes equipped with an ability to...

Steven Pinker on Metaphor and the Mind<br/><br/><br/>“I think that metaphor really is a key to explaining thought and language. The human mind comes equipped with an ability to... | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
Steven Pinker, Canadian-American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist and linguist, cited in Mariana Soffer, Metaphor and the Mind, Sing your own lullaby

Via Tiago
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:
Full quote: “I think that metaphor really is a key to explaining thought and language. The human mind comes equipped with an ability to penetrate the cladding of sensory appearance and discern the abstract construction underneath - not always on demand, and not infallibly, but often enough and insightfully enough to shape the human condition. 

Our powers of analogy allow us to apply ancient neural structures to newfound subject matter, to discover hidden laws and systems in nature, and not least, to amplify the expressive power of language itself.” “— Steven Pinker, Canadian-American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist and linguist, cited in Mariana Soffer, Metaphor and the Mind, Sing your own lullaby
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On bell, Beyonce', and Bullshit

On bell, Beyonce', and Bullshit | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
Out of respect for elders, I haven’t been pressed to weigh in on why the venerable bell hooks might find it reasonable to refer to Beyoncé as a terrorist. Yet, I felt compelled to respond this morn...
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:

"bell hooks knows Beyoncé isn’t a terrorist. She was being provocative. And I imagine that the provocation has to do with asking us to think about what kind of work or harm Beyoncé's image does under a neoliberal system. And if that was the question, then ask that question. But conflating the potential discursive and psychic violence that Beyoncé's image does with Beyoncé herself is irresponsible feminist theorising...


"Regardless of whether you agree with my reading of the image [Beyoncé on the cover of Time] or not, what we should be able to agree on is that how one chooses to appear on the cover of a magazine does not a terrorist one make. And calling a black woman a terrorist when nothing could be farther from the truth is an act of discursive violence. It is not mere hyperbole. It is not metaphor. It is an act of violence. And what we can’t have going down in Black feminism is Black women being violent with other Black women in the name of being radical."

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Dig Deep: Beyond Lean In

Dig Deep: Beyond Lean In | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
A feminist, anti-racist analysis of Sheryl Sandberg and Lean In, Dig Deep
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:

bell hooks on why powerful, White corporate culture embraced Sheryl Sandberg's Lean In as "feminism" even as Sandberg distanced herself from the feminist movement. Lean In speaks to a small sub-group of elite, White women who are already high in corporate culture. The book does not address structural inequality nor does it offer concrete steps to address social change.

 

hooks writes: "Sandberg’s definition of feminism begins and ends with the notion that it’s all about gender equality within the existing social system. From this perspective, the structures of imperialist white supremacist capitalist patriarchy need not be challenged. And she makes it seem that privileged white men will eagerly choose to extend the benefits of corporate capitalism to white women who have the courage to ‘lean in.’ It almost seems as if Sandberg sees women’s lack of perseverance as more the problem than systemic inequality. Sandberg effectively uses her race and class power and privilege to promote a narrow definition of feminism that obscures and undermines visionary feminist concerns."

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We need to talk about Samantha Armytage and the 'naked prank'

We need to talk about Samantha Armytage and the 'naked prank' | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
Looks like men can still treat women as they please so long as it can be passed off as a joke.
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:

Clementine Ford covers the recent "prank" by Australian DJs "Fitzy and Wippa" who tricked newsreader Samantha Armytage to walk into a darkened room, where she inadvertently groped around to find "Fitzy" standing naked. Armytage has apparently been "a good sport" about this event. This is gendered language that suggests women are expected to laugh along with sexism if they want to be seen as "one of the boys."


Ford writes: "These are not lighthearted pranks but part of the cultural understanding that gives men licence to treat women as they please if it can be passed off as a joke. Because while it’s true that their male colleagues and peers are also the targets of Fitzy and Wippa’s juvenile tricks, they aren’t targeted in quite the same way."

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Comment: Should Joe Hockey sue Fairfax?

Comment: Should Joe Hockey sue Fairfax? | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
Joe Hockey is determined to pursue his defamation action against Fairfax Media publications, according to statements from his office. Around the traps, the word is that he is very angry indeed. The stories over which he is taking action, published on 5 May, were headlined "Treasurer for Sale". They claimed a secretive fundraising vehicle for the Liberal Party charged annual membership fees of up to $22,000 for perks including meetings with Mr Hockey.
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:

As the Australian Government  seeks to change the Racial Discrimination law to remove racial vilification, Treasurer Joe Hockey is threatening to sue Fairfax. While male politicians have been highly litigious, Julia Gillard endured ongoing sexual harassment and  abuse. "Julia Gillard was called a pathological liar. The integrity of her relationship with partner Tim Mathieson was repeatedly questioned, including in mainstream media and the nether regions of the World Wide Web. Stories in both Fairfax Media and News Corporation papers implied that she had behaved improperly and perhaps corruptly as a lawyer. She never sued."

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Who is still a slave

Who is still a slave | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
An analysis of slave metaphors to describe black women
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:

This is one of the best reads of the month: Janell Hobson addresses bell hooks' critique of Beyoncé as being "enslaved" by her sexualised public image as an artist. Much attention and criticism followed when hooks referred to Beyoncé as a "terrorist" for being complicit in White capitalist patriarchy, but less on the "Are you still a slave?" component of the talk. Hobson argues that there is a discord between the way in which slavery is talked about and how it is understood in contemporary United States, versus its historical reality. She writes:

 

"If slavery cannot be joked about, even in comedy, should it serve as metaphor for the lives of people who are living comfortably in “imperialist white supremacist capitalist patriarchy,” in comparison to our ancestors?


"More than anything, I think we as black women are still struggling with what Lorraine O’Grady once said: “So long unmirrored, we may have forgotten how we look.”  Both images of enslaved and free black women have been distorted for so long, we are apt to misrecognize a black woman’s victimization just as much as we might misrecognize her power.  Where does the sexualized image of Beyoncé fit in this dynamic since, admittedly, her persona does not connote “liberation” for some, nor does it represent “slavery” for others?

By the same token, we immediately dismiss the power, agency, and choices – however limited – of those ensnared in actual slavery, even though the histories of Harriet Tubman and other enslaved black women demonstrate acts of resistance and subversions. What does it mean to ask “Are you still a slave?” when some of us never accepted that status in the first place?"

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The privilege of being “invisible”: As a brown Muslim woman, my visibility comes with my Otherness

The privilege of being “invisible”: As a brown Muslim woman, my visibility comes with my Otherness | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
When I think of white privilege, I think of the ability to be seen as more than a tired symbol in a culture war
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:

A gorgeous piece by Maria Khwaja, about how being Muslim makes it impossible for her to be "invisible" - that is, to melt into the middle class and be accepted as a full human being. Instead, her skin colour, her religion, her birthplace mark her as "Other" - as someone who does not belong. She notes that feminists want to "save" or condemn Muslim women (Khwaja describes herself as a "devout Muslim). She writes:

"Everyone demands my story but no one believes it. My cover is made of caramel skin and a double-x chromosome. This is what everyone judges; there is no other cover to hide behind. We are banned books, coveted and hated, defiled or held up as symbols of grand ideals that we may or may not represent. It means I do not know enough to speak for myself. It means that my content, my beliefs, for so many people on both sides, are obviously imbalanced and in need of some editing. It means that no one wants to hear my story but everyone wants to have an opinion about me. ...


"The truth is, we are not the books. We are not symbols or tokens or empty covers. We are the teachers. We can’t be shoved into obscurity or banned because we are the voices telling our own stories. We can’t be muffled in the pages of history anymore or classified into the token Other that represents your inclusion. We are not made invisible or burned through willful ignorance."

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Does the Science of Human Behavior Only Show Us What We Want to See?

Does the Science of Human Behavior Only Show Us What We Want to See? | Social Science Insights | Scoop.it
The behavioral sciences have become a popular oracle like never before. But they are suffering a crisis of credibility. Can psychology repair itself?
Dr Zuleyka Zevallos's insight:

"Most of these studies will ultimately end up in the dustbin of history... not because of misconduct, but because that’s how the scientific process works. The problem isn’t that many studies fail to replicate. It’s that we believe in them before they’ve been thoroughly vetted.” - Nina Strohminger, Duke University post-doc, on the issues facing psychology studies that have been falsified or miscalculated. This article focuses on #socialscience specifically but the issues apply to other fields.

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