Social Neuroscience Advances
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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Self-compassion Matters More Than Self-Esteem: Studio 5 Video

Self-compassion Matters More Than Self-Esteem: Studio 5 Video | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
We talk a lot about developing good self-esteem: an inner confidence rooted in how you evaluate yourself. Studio 5 Contributor Julie Hanks, LCSW, owner of Wasatch Family Therapy, says self-compassion matters more. Additional Self-Compassion Re [...]

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Photochemical imprinting of neuronal activity: A flash memory for spikes

Photochemical imprinting of neuronal activity: A flash memory for spikes | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—Animals experiments primarily serve two main functions. They give us insight into how biological systems might work, and they also act as test beds for treatments and devices we want to use on ourselves.
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New Molecule Protects the Brain from Detrimental Effects Associated with ... - Bioscience Technology

New Molecule Protects the Brain from Detrimental Effects Associated with ... - Bioscience Technology | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
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New Molecule Protects the Brain from Detrimental Effects Associated with ...
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Head first: Reshaping how traumatic brain injury is treated

Head first: Reshaping how traumatic brain injury is treated | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—Traumatic brain injury affects 10 million people a year worldwide and is the leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults.
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Stressed by work-life balance? Just exercise

Stressed by work-life balance?  Just exercise | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(HealthDay)—Feeling conflicted by the push-pull of work and family life? New research suggests that regular exercise can help balance out those feelings.
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Social: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect, by Matthew D. Lieberman

Social: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect, by Matthew D. Lieberman | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Tristan Bekinschtein welcomes a work showing that research into who we are can be based on science
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Brain responds to tiniest speech details

Brain responds to tiniest speech details | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Scientists begin to unravel how neurons recognize specific language sounds.


The sounds that make up speech, built from slight variations in vowels and consonants, trigger specific responses in the part of the brain responsible for speech processing, researchers report today in SciencePhonemes — such as the 'buh' sound in 'bad' or the 'duh' in 'dad' — are thought to be the smallest linguistic elements that change a word's meaning. But the study suggests that the brain's superior temporal gyrus can recognize even smaller bits of speech, called features, that may be common across languages.


“We’ve known for a pretty long time now what area of the brain is really important for processing speech sounds,” says lead author Edward Chang, a neuroscientist at the University of California in San Francisco. “What we haven’t known is the details about how individual sounds are processed.”


Chang's team made the discovery by working with six patients who were preparing to undergo brain surgery to treat epilepsy. An array of electrodes was implanted in the brain of each person as part of pre-surgical testing. Each volunteer then listened to speech samples comprising 500 sentences spoken by 400 people that covered the entire inventory of phonetic American English sounds.


When researchers compared the electrode data to the different phonemes heard by the volunteers, they found that phonemes with similar features seemed to elicit characteristic electric responses in neurons located within each patient's superior temporal gyrus.


Chang sees this as the starting point for understanding the mechanism that underlies the brain's seemingly effortless decoding of a stream of speech. “One of the things that happens in speech and language is that we transform sounds into meaning,” he says. A set of feature units in some combination gives rise to a phoneme; those combine to create a word, and together, groups of words create meaning.


Josef Rauschecker, a neuroscientist at Georgetown University in Washington DC, notes that monkeys are known to have neurons that respond to phonetic features. The discovery of a similar capability in the human brain opens the door to studying the evolution of speech recognition, he says.


Identifying the neural mechanisms that make up normal phonetic coding in the brain can lead to a better understanding of abnormalities, says Mitchell Steinschneider, a neuroscientist at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University in New York. For people with hearing loss, for instance, this might mean the development of more sophisticated processors to aid artificial hearing, he adds.


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Laura Perez's curator insight, January 31, 2014 5:48 AM

Parece que nuestro cerebro detecta fragmentos más pequeños que el fonema... Uou!

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CARTA: Mind Reading: Human Origins and Theory of Mind: Welcome: Ajit Varki

Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) CARTA Co-Director Ajit Varki welcomes the public and researchers to the CARTA symposium on Mind Reading: Human Origins and Theor...
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Meditation Effects:Meditation Experience Is Associated With Increased Cortical Thickness

Click here: http://linktoclick.waystomakemoneyonlinez.com/Omharmonics Meditation Effects:Meditation Experience Is Associated With Increased Cortical Thicknes...
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BishopBlog: What is educational neuroscience?

BishopBlog: What is educational neuroscience? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
I'm all in favour of cognitive neuroscience and basic research that discovers more about the neural underpinnings of typical and atypical development. By all means, let's do such studies, but let's do them because we want to ...

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Paul Gagnon's curator insight, January 29, 2014 8:16 PM

highlights how we may need to focus on what is really applicable to educatIonal learning practices.

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Music As Religious Experience: The Neuroscience Of A Song

Music As Religious Experience: The Neuroscience Of A Song | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Must everything come directly from the divine, or can religious belief actually be predicated not on a god, but instead on human emotions?

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Neuroscientists use lightwaves to improve brain tumor surgery

Neuroscientists use lightwaves to improve brain tumor surgery | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
First-of-its-kind research by the Innovation Institute at Henry Ford Hospital shows promise for developing a method of clearly identifying cancerous tissue during surgery on one of the most common and deadliest types of brain tumor.
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Six Habits of Highly Empathic People

Six Habits of Highly Empathic People | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
We can cultivate empathy throughout our lives, says Roman Krznaric—and use it as a radical force for social transformation.
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Post-Coma Consciousness

Post-Coma Consciousness | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Dr. Nicholas Schiff studies neurological disorders of consciousness. He shares the story of an injured firefighter named Donald Herbert. After being in a minimally-conscious state for nearly a decade, something miraculous happened. Watch the excerpt above, or check out the full program of The Whispering Mind: The Enduring Conundrum of Consciousness.




This program is part of the Big Ideas series.
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Altruistic acts more common in states with high well-being

Altruistic acts more common in states with high well-being | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
People are much more likely to decide to donate a kidney to a stranger—an extraordinarily altruistic act—in areas of the United States where levels of well-being are high, according to a new study.
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Switching brain development on and off

Switching brain development on and off | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—The possibility of nerve cell regeneration is a step closer after neuroscientists identified the genetic signals that play a crucial role in normal development - driving stem cells to produce neurons that are correctly positioned...
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Parkinson gene: Nerve growth factor halts mitochondrial degeneration

Parkinson gene: Nerve growth factor halts mitochondrial degeneration | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—Neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease involve the death of thousands of neurons in the brain.
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Aging brains need 'chaperone' proteins

Aging brains need 'chaperone' proteins | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—The word "chaperone" refers to an adult who keeps teenagers from acting up at a dance or overnight trip.
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How stories develop moral imagination

How stories develop moral imagination | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
John Paul Lederach  is a practitioner and educator for peace.  His book The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace positively glitters.  He writes that to overcome violence (and that includes everything from war-like violence to...

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Emotions: Cerebral Hemispheres and Prefrontal Cortex

Did you know that the left and right side of your brain are associated with different emotions? Learn the association as well as how the prefrontal cortex pl...
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The Neuroscience of Music, Mindset, and Motivation

The Neuroscience of Music, Mindset, and Motivation | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Simple ways you can use music to create changes in mindset and behavior.
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» The Neuroscience of ‘Genuine’ Love – And What Love Quotes Say! - Neuroscience and Relationships

» The Neuroscience of ‘Genuine’ Love – And What Love Quotes Say! - Neuroscience and Relationships | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Genuine love nurtures an empathic connection to self and other that allows both partners in a couple relationship... http://t.co/9C6rdZEgw7

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New target explored for psychiatric drug development

New target explored for psychiatric drug development | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—In a surprising discovery, neuroscientists have found that a breakdown product of cholesterol in the brain may be a target for developing new drugs to treat schizophrenia and other mental illnesses.
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Why Leaders Need a Triple Focus

Why Leaders Need a Triple Focus | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Leaders guide attention. But a single-minded focus on goals can run roughshod over human concerns, says Daniel Goleman.
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