Social Neuroscience Advances
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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Adults Can Have ADHD, Too

Adults Can Have ADHD, Too | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Newly recognized, adult ADHD threatens the success and well-being of 4 percent of adults. A combination of treatments can help the afflicted lead a more productive life
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Vitamin-mineral treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial

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Psychoanalysts claim long-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy more effective than shorter therapies.

Psychoanalysts claim long-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy more effective than shorter therapies. | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Is longer psychotherapy better? Discusses claims in JAMA that psychoanalytic psychotherapy is more effective than shorter therapies. Well-documented.
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Effect of lowering blood pressure on risk for cognitive decline in patients with diabetes

Effect of lowering blood pressure on risk for cognitive decline in patients with diabetes | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Intensive blood pressure and cholesterol lowering was not associated with reduced risk for diabetes-related cognitive decline in older patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a study in JAMA Internal Medicine by Jeff D.
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Study finds high Rx burden for bipolar patients

Study finds high Rx burden for bipolar patients | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A study of 230 patients with bipolar I disorder whose symptoms were severe enough to warrant admission to a Rhode Island psychiatric hospital in 2010 reveals that more than a third were there despite taking four or more psychiatric medications.
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New Research Says There Are Only Four Emotions

New Research Says There Are Only Four Emotions | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Conventional scientific understanding is that there are six, but new research suggests there may only happy, sad, afraid/surprised, and angry/disgusted.
Jocelyn Stoller's insight:

misleading.


There may be some "basic" states, but emotions do not stand alone. They have endless associations with other brain processes: somatic, sensory, cognitive, esthetic,  imaginative, etc.


Our range of emotional states is vast, filled with endless nuance and "shades" of individual meaning. 

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Video series emphasizes 'body compassion'

Video series emphasizes 'body compassion' | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Jean Fain of Concord says the secret to overcoming food and body image issues isn’t depriving yourself at the dinner table or killing yourself at the gym. It’s about cultivating self-compassion wherever you are.In her new "Body Compassion" video series, the Harvard Medical School-affiliated psychotherapist prescribes loving-kindness with support from cognitive-behavioral therapy and other proven strategies for changing how you feel about your body—a shift that, paradoxically, makes it easier to change your body for good.author’s website, http://www.jeanfain.com, and her YouTube channel,http://www.youtube.com/user/jeanfain


Via Edwin Rutsch, Emre Erdogan
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A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain

A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Embodied cognition, the idea that the mind is not only connected to the body but that the body influences the mind, is one of the more counter-intuitive ideas in cognitive science. In sharp contrast is dualism, a theory of mind famously put forth by Rene Descartes in the 17th century when he claimed that “there is a great difference between mind and body, inasmuch as body is by nature always divisible, and the mind is entirely indivisible… the mind or soul of man is entirely different from the body.” In the proceeding centuries, the notion of the disembodied mind flourished. From it, western thought developed two basic ideas: reason is disembodied because the mind is disembodied and reason is transcendent and universal. However, as George Lakoff and Rafeal Núñez explain:

 

Cognitive science calls this entire philosophical worldview into serious question on empirical grounds… [the mind] arises from the nature of our brains, bodies, and bodily experiences. This is not just the innocuous and obvious claim that we need a body to reason; rather, it is the striking claim that the very structure of reason itself comes from the details of our embodiment… Thus, to understand reason we must understand the details of our visual system, our motor system, and the general mechanism of neural binding.

 

What exactly does this mean? It means that our cognition isn’t confined to our cortices. That is, our cognition is influenced, perhaps determined by, our experiences in the physical world. This is why we say that something is “over our heads” to express the idea that we do not understand; we are drawing upon the physical inability to not see something over our heads and the mental feeling of uncertainty. Or why we understand warmth with affection; as infants and children the subjective judgment of affection almost always corresponded with the sensation of warmth, thus giving way to metaphors such as “I’m warming up to her.”


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Claudia M. Reder's comment, May 19, 2013 8:28 PM
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2011/11/04/a-brief-guide-to-embodied-cognition-why-you-are-not-your-brain/
Alexander Vorobiev-Char's curator insight, February 4, 2014 2:14 AM

Соответствуют ли Ваши мысли возможностям Вашего тела? Что из них первично?

Eli Levine's comment, February 4, 2014 9:35 AM
This sounds like an analogy to a government sitting within a society. For example, while a government does technically control the body society through the production of laws (to a limited extent), the body society also influences and effects the government (brain) to produce different results. This is how government can be working independently of (and sometimes, contrary to) the rest of society, just as the society can also work independently of (and, sometimes, when the government isn't being cooperative with society's needs) contrary to the government.<br><br>Thanks for this! :)
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Supercooperators: The mathematics of evolution, altruism and human behaviour

"Evolutionary biologist Martin Nowak and author Roger Highfield explain how cooperation and altruism fit into the larger evolutionary puzzle."

 

shared by Gideon Rosenblatt


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Pruning Synapses Improves Brain Connections - Scientist

Pruning Synapses Improves Brain Connections Scientist “The finding of a microglial role in synaptic pruning, and ultimately the emergence of efficient distributed networks, is very interesting,” said Ralph-Axel Müller from San Diego State...
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13 Things You Need To Know About Concussions

13 Things You Need To Know About Concussions | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Ahead of the Super Bowl, here’s the lowdown on brain damage in sports.
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Neural networks underlying contributions from semantics in reading aloud | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Reading is an essential part of modern society, yet much is still unknown about the physiological underpinnings of its information processing components. Two influential cognitive models of reading, the connectionist and dual-route cascaded models, offer very different accounts, yet evidence for one or the other remains equivocal. These models differ in several ways, including the role of semantics (word meaning) in mapping spelling to sound. We used a new effective connectivity algorithm, IMaGES, to provide a network-level perspective on these network-level models. Left hemisphere regions of interest were defined based on main effects in functional magnetic resonance imaging and included two regions linked with semantic processing – angular gyrus (AG) and inferior temporal sulcus (ITS) – and two regions linked with phonological processing – posterior superior temporal gyrus (pSTG) and posterior middle temporal gyrus (pMTG). Participants read aloud words of high or low spelling-sound consistency, word frequency, and imageability. Only the connectionist model predicted increased contributions from semantic areas with those computing phonology for low-consistency words. Effective connectivity analyses revealed that areas supporting semantic processing (e.g., the ITS) interacted with phonological areas (e.g., the pSTG), with the pattern changing as a function of word properties. Connectivity from semantic to phonological areas emerged for high- compared to low-imageability words, and a similar pattern emerged for low-consistency words, though only under certain conditions. Analyses of individual differences also showed that variation in the strength of modulation of ITS by AG was associated with reading aloud performance. Overall, these results suggest that connections with semantic processing areas are not only associated with reading aloud, but that these connections are also associated with optimal reading performance.
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Practitioners need to build empathy | Orthotics Prosthetics

Practitioners need to build empathy | Orthotics Prosthetics | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Patients may leave a practice for any number of reasons, but learning to communicate with empathy can help build trust,making it less likely they will leave. Patients do not like to feel judged, so instead, judge the condition or behavior, O’Connell said.



The practitioner should not call the patient “fat” or “lazy” but should ask him if he understands the connection between exercise or smoking, for example, to poor health. If patient think their practitioners are judgmental, they will not want to continue going to them, O’Connell said, so it is important to normalize patients’ ambivalence to change in behavior or reluctance to continue as a patient. Normalizing simply tells patients that it is ok to feel uncertain, he said.



Patients may leave a practice for any
number of reasons, but learning to
communicate with empathy
can help build trust...



Appropriate self-disclosure helps to build empathy, O’Connell said, but this does not include telling a patient ‘I understand how you feel,’ because in all likelihood, the practitioner does not.


Appropriate self-disclosure helps to

build empathy... 




image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physician



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Unravelling the brain’s memory networks - Research Highlights - RIKEN RESEARCH

Unravelling the brain’s memory networks - Research Highlights - RIKEN RESEARCH | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
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Brain Science Podcast: BSP 105 Brain Plasticity with Michael Merzenich


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David McGavock's curator insight, February 5, 2014 7:32 PM

"there came a period in the middle of the century where the predominant belief was that the brain could only change—was only capable of changing physically and functionally—when you were a small child (a baby or very early in childhood), and then it froze in its connections, it froze in its operations, and you were pretty much defined with respect to your capabilities, what you would amount to in life, by the time you entered the schoolhouse door."

 

"In fact, it's constructed to continuously change itself. And those changes account for our abilities. And because we can acquire or improve our abilities at any point in life, we know that our brain is continuously plastic, subject to change; and if we control that change, for change for the better."

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15 Things That Emotionally Strong People Don't Do | Elite Daily

15 Things That Emotionally Strong People Don't Do | Elite Daily | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Emotionally strong individuals do what they do because they love doing it.

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Rob Duke's curator insight, February 4, 2014 4:04 PM

See #6: fundamental misunderstanding of ADR.  Weaponization of ADR leads to this perception.

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Change in brain anatomy shown in women with multiple sclerosis, depression

Change in brain anatomy shown in women with multiple sclerosis, depression | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A multicenter research team led by Cedars-Sinai neurologist Nancy Sicotte, MD, an expert in multiple sclerosis and state-of-the-art imaging techniques, used a new, automated technique to...
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The Brain And Behavior Research Foundation: Making A Difference In Mental ... - Forbes

The Brain And Behavior Research Foundation: Making A Difference In Mental ... - Forbes | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Forbes
The Brain And Behavior Research Foundation: Making A Difference In Mental ...
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Blazing Trails in Brain Science

Blazing Trails in Brain Science | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Dr. Thomas R. Insel’s twisted path to his role as director of the National Institute of Mental Health is a tour of where psychiatric science has been, where it’s going and why.

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Musician Performs Duet with Her Own Brain | TIME.com

Musician Performs Duet with Her Own Brain | TIME.com | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The cello/brainwave duet explored the relationship a performer has to the music she's playing.

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Cellist Katinka Kleijn performed both halves of a duet Sunday night. Her hands played the cello, and her brain, hooked up to a headset that detects cerebral electrical signals, played itself. Kleijn has been playing the cello for 35 years. Her brain was a little less experienced.


“Intelligence in the Human Machine,” the cello/brain duet, explored the relationship a performer has to the music she’s playing. During the performance, at Chicago’s Cultural Center, Kleijn wore an Emotiv EPOC, a neuroheadset with 14 sensors that attach to the scalp and detect brainwaves. In front of her, a laptop flashed a word and a few measures of music. She then played the music on her cello, interpreting the word onscreen. At the same time, her brainwaves, translated to audio, changed sounds as she reacted to the word.


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Alistair Parker's curator insight, January 31, 2013 3:27 AM

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Embodied identity--a deeper understanding of body awareness.

A key point was the fact that bodily experiences always exists in the present moment. The experience of the body, the balance, and stability of the physical self were basic experiences that were connected to the conception of well-being and control. To understand one's emotions and needs through the awareness of the body were understood as the base for self-confidence, trust in one-self, and the ability to take care of oneself and one's needs physically and mentally. The subcategory "living in relation to others and in society" was conceived as an important aspect for the embodied self to interact with others and for societal participation. Working with the body in physiotherapy practice should include an understanding that body awareness is inseparable from the identity and may have an impact on the health of the individual.

 

full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.


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Burgaliere Corinne's curator insight, December 3, 2013 6:42 AM

Body , mind and soul!...

Le corps et ses experiences  sont les racines de l'equilibre!

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The 100 most followed psychologists and neuroscientists on Twitter

The 100 most followed psychologists and neuroscientists on Twitter | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

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Divorce rate cut in half for newlyweds who discussed five relationship movies

Divorce rate cut in half for newlyweds who discussed five relationship movies | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Discussing five movies about relationships over a month could cut the three-year divorce rate for newlyweds in half, researchers report. The study, involving 174 couples, is the first long-term investigation to compare different types of early marriage intervention programs.
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Behold: The Happiest Relationship Ever, According To Science

Behold: The Happiest Relationship Ever, According To Science | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Decades' worth of research has attempted to pinpoint what, exactly, makes a couple happy. Scientists have followed relationships over the course of years, administered surveys and studied pre-existing data to give the rest of us insightful nuggets of information.
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