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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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The Morality of Meditation

The Morality of Meditation | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Focusing the mind makes us more likely to help others in pain.
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Neuroscience and the Law

Neuroscience and the Law | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The Initiative on Neuroscience and the Law at Baylor College of Medicine, directed by David Eagleman, PhD.
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Advances in Cultural Neuroscience | Neuroanthropology

Advances in Cultural Neuroscience | Neuroanthropology | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
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When Does Stress Help or Harm? The Effects of Stress Controllability and Subjective Stress Response on Stroop Performance

When Does Stress Help or Harm? The Effects of Stress Controllability and Subjective Stress Response on Stroop Performance | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Frontiers | When Does Stress Help or Harm?
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Skype therapy? It's working for veterans

Skype therapy? It's working for veterans | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Ruben Moreno Garcia, who served three combat tours in Iraq, now lives with his family in this Imperial Valley community and works as a mechanic in Yuma, Ariz.
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Violent video games don't always reduce subsequent helpfulness

Violent video games don't always reduce subsequent helpfulness | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Violent or antisocial video games like Call of Duty or Grand Theft Auto do not reliably reduce helpful behaviors in players shortly after playing, according to research published July 3 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Morgan Tear and Mark...
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Social modulation of decision-making: a cross-species review | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Social modulation of decision-making: a cross-species review | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Taking decisions plays a pivotal role in daily life and comprises a complex process of assessing and weighing short-term and long-term costs and benefits of competing actions.
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The Moral Brain

The Moral Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Scientists don’t claim to know how people determine right from wrong. However, they can study how the brain responds when an individual judges another’s actions.

Via Sakis Koukouvis
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New Mechanism for Human Gene Expression Discovered

New Mechanism for Human Gene Expression Discovered | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers find a single gene which encodes two separate proteins from the same sequence of messenger RNA. The finding could provide new strategies for treating SCA6.
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Talking to Others: How to Be Empathetic & Effective - World of Psychology

Talking to Others: How to Be Empathetic & Effective - World of Psychology | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Interpersonal communication — you know, talking with others — can be a tough nut to crack sometimes. Whether it be between family, colleagues or just plain socially, there is a delicate balance to strike between empathy and effectiveness.

 

Empathy begins with listening, of course, so it’s no wonder that many of us prefer talking! It extends to finding the right way to “connect back” with what a person said, especially if you disagree or are even offended. 

Reaction is so much easier than reflection and response. On the spot, who even has time for reflection?

 

Effectiveness is about getting your message across such that you feel empowered (but not cocky). You want the receiver to listen and respond favorably (such as listening further or providing feedback or help).

Some powerful empathetic and effective messages might be to say “I am just not sure about [our child’s] withdrawal behavior of late,” or “I would like the opportunity to have my ideas discussed at the next team meeting” or “I am sorry, but I am just not going to be able to loan you our garden tools, but I do have an old pair of clippers that you are welcome to have.”

 

Note the above three expressions. They could have been said in very different ways. But they are good examples of likely some forethought about difficult situations, ones in which you want to be sure to convey sensitivity to the other person. Instead of jamming a message across, they convey strength and thoughtfulness.

 

When you find yourself having to conjure up this tricky blend without warning, the situation is different, certainly.  Sometimes the best advice is to defer until you can reflect appropriately and then reengage.  (Walking away and saying that you need some time to think on something; saying that you’ll need to call someone back a little later; simply expressing that you do not know how to, or care to, respond to what was said.)

 

Some barriers?  (Despite the obvious, that emotions and ego jump in the way):

-Lack of interest on our parts to hearing what others want and need to sayInsecurity, fears, prejudices

-Thinking on the pastFocusing on the person and not the content (message)Inflexibility and resistance to viewpoints different from your ownLack of gratitude

-Focusing only on your own pain and difficulty

 

Some things that might help?

-Reflect on your feelings about the message.  Are they getting in the way of your thoughts?Ask for a clarification when needed

-Ask the other person what it is that they would like from you

-Focus on points of connection

 

For the best talk possible, keep in mind: you don’t have to forego integrity to have empathy, and you don’t have to be aggressive to get your words heard and respected.


Via Jim Manske, Rob Duke
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High resolution mapping uncovers brain circuit architecture

High resolution mapping uncovers brain circuit architecture | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
http://www.salk.edu/news/pressrelease_details.php?press_id=623 Salk and Gladstone Institute scientists have found a way to untangle neural networks by enhancing a brain mapping technique that they ...

Via Donald J Bolger
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Cognitive Science and Writing | Learnist

Cognitive Science and Writing | Learnist | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Explores the connections between writers and the brain.

Via Jim Lerman, juandoming
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Jim Lerman's curator insight, July 3, 2013 2:00 PM

A growing collection of 57 Learnist boards (as of July 3, 2013), each concerned with some aspect of writing and the mind, the brain, and/or neuroscience. Fascinating. A great spot to while away tons of time.

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Late to bed, early to rise leads to weight gain, study shows

Late to bed, early to rise leads to weight gain, study shows | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new study confirms staying up late makes us gain weight. The finding that comes from Sleep and Chronobiology Laboratory scientists at the Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania shows sleep and obesity are linked.
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Drug Addiction Treatment For Opioid Dependence, Zubsolv, Approved By FDA

Drug Addiction Treatment For Opioid Dependence, Zubsolv, Approved By FDA | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A smaller, mint-flavored pill that dissolves under the tongue quickly, Zubsolv is set to help the millions in the US that suffer from addiction to pain killers and other opioid-derived drugs.
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Refining Concepts and Uncovering Biological Mechanisms for Cultural Neuroscience

Refining Concepts and Uncovering Biological Mechanisms for Cultural Neuroscience | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(2013). Refining Concepts and Uncovering Biological Mechanisms for Cultural Neuroscience. Psychological Inquiry: Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 31-36. doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2013.765338
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The effect of moderate acute psychological stress on working memory-related neural activity is modulated by a genetic variation in catecholaminergic function in humans

The effect of moderate acute psychological stress on working memory-related neural activity is modulated by a genetic variation in catecholaminergic function in humans | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Acute stress has an important impact on higher-order cognitive functions supported by the prefrontal cortex (PFC) such as working memory (WM). In rodents, such effects are mediated by stress-induced alterations in catecholaminergic signaling, but human data in support of this notion is lacking. A common variation in the gene encoding Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is known to affect basal catecholaminergic availability and PFC functions.
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Exercise rescues mutated neural stem cells

Exercise rescues mutated neural stem cells | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
CHARGE syndrome is a severe developmental disorder affecting multiple organs. It affects 1 in 8500 newborns worldwide. The majority of patients carry a mutation in a gene called CHD7.
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Researchers Studying Neuroeconomics Reveal That The Brain Sets Prices With Emotional Value - What are the Symptoms of ...

Researchers Studying Neuroeconomics Reveal That The Brain Sets Prices With Emotional Value - What are the Symptoms of ... | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers Studying Neuroeconomics Reveal That The Brain Sets Prices With Emotional Value You might be falling in love with that new car, but you probably wouldn't pay as much for it if you could resist the feeling. Researchers at Duke University who study how the brain values things - a field called neuroeconomics - have found that your feelings about something and the value you put on it are calculated similarly in a specific area of the brain
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School Work Prevents Senile Dementia - Scientific American (blog)

School Work Prevents Senile Dementia - Scientific American (blog) | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Scientific American (blog)
School Work Prevents Senile Dementia
Scientific American (blog)
R.
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The Biology of Kindness: How It Makes Us Happier and Healthier | TIME.com

The Biology of Kindness: How It Makes Us Happier and Healthier | TIME.com | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
There's a reason why being kind to others is good for you — and it can now be traced to a specific nerve.
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Trying to be happier works when listening to upbeat music

Trying to be happier works when listening to upbeat music | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Recent research discovered that an individual can indeed successfully try to be happier, especially when cheery music aids the process. This research points to ways that people can actively improve their moods and corroborates earlier research.

Via Sakis Koukouvis
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Pot Users' 'Slacker' Reputation Backed By Science

Pot Users' 'Slacker' Reputation Backed By Science | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
By Denise Chow, Staff Writer Published: 07/02/2013 06:47 AM EDT on LiveScience The stereotype of pot smokers as lackadaisical loafers is supported by new research: People who smoke marijuana regularly over long periods of time tend to produce...
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Exercise Reorganizes the Brain to Be More Resilient to Stress

Exercise Reorganizes the Brain to Be More Resilient to Stress | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
New study may resolve a discrepancy in research related to the effect of exercise on the brain, explaining why exercise reduces anxiety.

Via Gina Stepp
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Neuronal correlates of a visual “sense of number” in primate parietal and prefrontal cortices


Via Donald J Bolger
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What Is Dopamine for, Anyway? Love, Lust, Pleasure, Addiction?

What Is Dopamine for, Anyway? Love, Lust, Pleasure, Addiction? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
In a brain that people love to describe as “awash with chemicals,” one chemical always seems to stand out. Dopamine: the molecule behind all our most sinful behaviors and secret cravings. Dopamine is love.
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