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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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Study: Expressing love can improve your health

Study: Expressing love can improve your health | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
After giving a talk at a university in Texas, Kory Floyd received an unusual request from an audience member.
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Clinical Ethics: Compassion in healthcare

Clinical Ethics: Compassion in healthcare | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Welcome to this themed edition of Clinical Ethics following a multidisciplinary conference, entitled Compassion in Healthcare, held in November 2012 at the Royal Society of Medicine, London, and hosted by the Open Section and the Human Values in Healthcare Forum. The conference was sold out early on, no doubt reflecting a mounting concern and a moral motivation to address the lack of compassion and basic human decency as described in several disturbing reports on the care of patients in clinical settings and of residents in care homes.

 

The collection of articles in this journal offers distinct and thoughtful perspectives on the concept of compassion and its role in healthcare. All of them question the sustainability of compassion in an unsupportive environment, divorced from socio-political context and unmoored from a sound philosophical grounding.

 

 Next SectionWhat do we mean by compassion?

 

‘Compassion’ is very much the catchword in current healthcare discourse. The government’s preliminary response to the Mid Staffordshire Public Inquiry contains the words ‘compassion’ or ‘compassionate’ 59 times in less than 70 pages of text.1 Of late, numerous articles, public statements and conferences reinforce the necessity for compassion in healthcare, offering strategies for its promotion or for preventing ‘compassion fatigue’ or ‘compassion deficit’


Via Edwin Rutsch
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A novel look at how stories may change the brain

A novel look at how stories may change the brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Many people can recall reading at least one cherished story that they say changed their life.
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Researchers find ECT can rid the mind of selected memory

Researchers find ECT can rid the mind of selected memory | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—A team of researchers working in the Netherlands has found that partial selective memory deletion can be achieved using Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT).
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8 Ways Using Humor Will Make You a Better Leader

8 Ways Using Humor Will Make You a Better Leader | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Looking for a powerful tool to improve your leadership skills? Headlining comedian George Wallace shares how to help people laugh you all the way to the top. (Looking for another powerful tool for your #changemaker toolkit?

Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge, Sandeep Gautam
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Garth Sanginiti's curator insight, December 20, 2013 6:38 PM

A merry heart doeth good like medicine...learn to have fun at your own expense!

Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, December 24, 2013 1:45 AM

:"We don't stop laughing because we grow old. We grow old because we stop laughing."

Training in Business's curator insight, December 31, 2013 7:07 AM

8 Ways Using Humor Will Make You a Better Leader

 

#management #leadership #business 

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The psychopathic spectrum

The psychopathic spectrum | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
  The psychopathic spectrum Paola Giannetakis, University of North Dakota   In the XIX century, Philippe Pinel (1745-1826), considered the founder of modern psychiatry, and Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926) that echoed the thoughts of Pinel, use, for the...
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Brains On Purpose™: Reading each other's minds: Some videos on Theory of Mind (ToM)

Brains On Purpose™: Reading each other's minds: Some videos on Theory of Mind (ToM) | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Click on over to the University of California Television site to watch some videos from a conference titled "Mind Reading: Human Origins and Theory of Mind." Click to read the Wikipedia page on Theory of Mind.
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Manipulative and empathetic people both adept at reading emotions -

Manipulative and empathetic people both adept at reading emotions - | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

People shouldn’t assume that someone who can easily read their feelings always has their best interests at heart.

 

Although good emotion-recognition skills might seem like concern and empathy, some people might use these skills to manipulate others, new University of Michigan research suggests.

 

Both manipulative and empathetic people are equally capable of reading others’ emotions, according to U-M researchers, who conducted two studies examining the relationship between narcissism, empathy and emotion recognition.


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Giving grief a voice

Giving grief a voice | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
When my best friend's five-year-old son died suddenly, it left a hole so enormous I couldn’t believe it wasn’t leading the 6 o’clock news.

Via GrahamForeverInMyHeart
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10 Remarkable Ways Meditation Helps Your Mind

10 Remarkable Ways Meditation Helps Your Mind | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Studies find meditation provides lasting emotional control, cultivates compassion, reduces pain sensitivity, boosts multitasking and more...

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Mapping Objects in the Brain

Mapping Objects in the Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researcher report a brain region which responds to a particular category of objects consists of a small cluster of neurons which encodes the visual features of these objects.
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The Logistics of Learning

The Logistics of Learning | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Two new studies provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms that underlie the learning process.
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Love to Win or Hate to Lose? Asymmetry of Dopamine D2 Receptor Binding Predicts Sensitivity to Reward versus Punishment.

Humans show consistent differences in the extent to which their behavior reflects a bias toward appetitive approach-related behavior or avoidance of aversive stimuli [Elliot, A. J. Approach and avoidance motivation. In A. J. Elliot (Ed.), Handbook of approach and avoidance motivation (pp. 3-14). New York: Psychology Press, 2008]. We examined the hypothesis that in healthy participants this motivational bias (assessed by self-report and by a probabilistic learning task that allows direct comparison of the relative sensitivity to reward and punishment) reflects lateralization of dopamine signaling. Using [F-18]fallypride to measure D2/D3 binding, we found that self-reported motivational bias was predicted by the asymmetry of frontal D2 binding. Similarly, striatal and frontal asymmetries in D2 dopamine receptor binding, rather than absolute binding levels, predicted individual differences in learning from reward versus punishment. These results suggest that normal variation in asymmetry of dopamine signaling may, in part, underlie human personality and cognition.
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Researchers identify gene that influences the ability to remember faces

Researchers identify gene that influences the ability to remember faces | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
New findings suggest the oxytocin receptor, a gene known to influence mother-infant bonding and pair bonding in monogamous species, also plays a special role in the ability to remember faces.
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Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain, 1st Edition | Michael Petrides

Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain, 1st Edition | Michael Petrides | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Elsevier Store: Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain, 1st Edition from Michael Petrides. ISBN-9780124055148, Printbook , Release Date: 2013


Many studies of the neural bases of language processes are now conducted with functional and structural neuroimaging. Research is often compromised because of difficulties in identifying the core structures in the face of the complex morphology of these regions of the brain. Although there are many books on the cognitive aspects of language and also on neurolinguistics and aphasiology, Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain is the first anatomical atlas that focuses on the core regions of the cerebral cortex involved in language processing. This atlas is a richly illustrated guide for scientists interested in the gross morphology of the sulci and gyri of the core language regions, in the cytoarchitecture of the relevant cortical areas, and in the connectivity of these areas.

Data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity are integrated iwth critical experimental anatomical data about homologous areas in the macaque monkey to provide the latest information on the connectivity of the language-relevant cortical areas of the brain. Although the anatomical connectivity data from studies on the macaque monkey provide the most detailed information, they are often neglected because of difficulties in interpreting the terminology used and in making the monkey-to-human comparison. This atlas helps investigators interpret this important source of information.Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain will assist investigators of the neural bases of language in increasing the anatomical sophistication of their research adn in evaluating studies of language and the brain.


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Alzheimer's prevention initiative marks milestone

Alzheimer's prevention initiative marks milestone | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The Alzheimer's Prevention Initiative (API) trial in cognitively healthy individuals has reached a significant milestone with the first participants in Colombia receiving doses of an experimental anti-amyloid antibody, crenezumab designed to delay...
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Gene that influences the ability to remember faces found

Gene that influences the ability to remember faces found | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
New findings suggest the oxytocin receptor, a gene known to influence mother-infant bonding and pair bonding in monogamous species, also plays a special role in the ability to remember faces.
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Why Having Bad Body Odor May Lead To People Being Nice: Bad Smells Trigger Concern, Pity From Others

Why Having Bad Body Odor May Lead To People Being Nice: Bad Smells Trigger Concern, Pity From Others | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Individuals who have bad body odor experience people being generous and supportive to them.
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Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience — Portal

Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience — Portal | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience (SI) advances the cognitive neurosciences by training the next generation of researchers in emerging information, methods and theoretical perspectives in mind-brain science, including how this...
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High-resolution scans pinpoint the exact part of the brain where Alzheimer's begins - and trace its spread

High-resolution scans pinpoint the exact part of the brain where Alzheimer's begins - and trace its spread | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers at Columbia University in New York found that the first sign of the disease is reduced metabolic activity in the lateral entorhinal cortex.
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Does Social Learning Need to be Social? Insights from Bumble Bees

This might seem perplexing to some, but I’ve just spent two days listening to talks and meeting with people who all work on social insects. And it was great. I was at Royal Holloway, University of London, where the IUSSI meeting was taking place.
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Touch Me… Please!

Touch Me… Please! | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
We're built to thrive on love... but I wonder how many people go through adult life without real intimate touch? Why do we shy away from touching others and being touched?
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Emotional Intelligence Predicts Job Success: Do You Have It?

Emotional Intelligence Predicts Job Success: Do You Have It? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The best salespeople and leaders have a high EQ. Daniel Goleman the man who coined the term pulls apart the aspects of emotional intelligence.

Via Sandeep Gautam
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John Michel's curator insight, December 21, 2013 12:14 PM

A great article about the "other kind of smarts." 

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New Study Reveals Insight into How the Brain Processes Shape and Color

New Study Reveals Insight into How the Brain Processes Shape and Color | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers discover color and shape are represented independently. A new study reports on how the brain's inferior temporal cortex processes visual information.
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Social neuroscience

Social neuroscience | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Social psychologist Mahzarin Banaji on how consciousness works, functional MRI and how different people perceive the same things (Will cog/social neuroscience end up taking over psychology?
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