Social Neuroscience Advances
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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A new target for alcoholism treatment: Kappa opioid receptors

A new target for alcoholism treatment: Kappa opioid receptors | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The list of brain receptor targets for opiates reads like a fraternity: Mu Delta Kappa. The mu opioid receptor is the primary target for morphine and endogenous opioids like endorphin, whereas the delta opioid receptor shows the highest affinity for endogenous enkephalins. The kappa opioid receptor ...

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Functional nerve cells from skin cells

Functional nerve cells from skin cells | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Research will make the study of diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's easier, and could lead to personalized therapies for a variety of neurodegenerative disorders.
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Compound reverses symptoms of Alzheimer's disease in mice

Compound reverses symptoms of Alzheimer's disease in mice | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Research in an animal model supports the potential therapeutic value of an antisense compound to treat Alzheimer's disease. The molecule also reduced inflammation in the part of the brain responsible for learning and memory. The article is the second mouse study that supports the potential therapeutic value of an antisense compound in treating Alzheimer's disease in humans.
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Dr. Dan Siegel - Mirror Neurons: 'The Discovery' - YouTube


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It's official: drummers are smarter than you (and everybody else)

It's official: drummers are smarter than you (and everybody else) | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Research proves the rhythm section is more intelligent than the rest of us.

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Kv7 channels as targets for anti-epileptic and psychiatric drug-development

Kv7 channels as targets for anti-epileptic and psychiatric drug-development | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

The Kv7 channels, a family of voltage-dependent K+ channels (Kv7.1–Kv7.5), have gained much attention in drug discovery especially because four members are genetically linked to diseases. For disorders of the CNS focus was originally on epilepsy and pain, but it is becoming increasingly evident that Kv7 channels can also be valid targets for psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and mania. The common denominator is probably neuronal hyperexcitability in different brain areas, which can be successfully attenuated by pharmacological increment of Kv7 channel activity. This perspective attempts to review the current status and challenges for CNS drug discovery based on Kv7 channels as targets for neurological and psychiatric indications with special focus on selectivity and mode-of-actions. - by Grunnet M. et al., European Journal of Pharmacology, Volume 726, 5 March 2014, Pages 133–137


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Watch "The Social Brain And Its Superpowers : Matthew Lieberman, Ph.D. at TEDxStLouis" Video at TEDxTalks

Watch "The Social Brain And Its Superpowers : Matthew Lieberman, Ph.D. at TEDxStLouis" Video at TEDxTalks | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Neuroscientist Matthew Lieberman explains that through his studies he's learned that our kryptonite is ignoring the importance of our social superpowers and ...

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Weston foundation creates $50M institute to fast-track brain disease research | ALS•Parkinsons•Alzheimers

Weston foundation creates $50M institute to fast-track brain disease research | ALS•Parkinsons•Alzheimers | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A charitable foundation created by one of Canada's wealthiest families has dedicated $50 million for a research institute aimed at finding treatments for such incurable brain diseases as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

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First Human Trials With Cannabis For Brain Cancer Are Beginning

First Human Trials With Cannabis For Brain Cancer Are Beginning | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A study on the medical effects of cannabis on cancer cells is underway... in Europe. How long will the US continue to deny even research into this native plant?
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Antidepressant May Slow Alzheimer’s Disease

Antidepressant May Slow Alzheimer’s Disease | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A commonly prescribed antidepressant can reduce production of the main ingredient in Alzheimer’s brain plaques, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Pennsylvania.

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How to Ask for a Favor: A Case Study on the Success of Altruistic Requests

Requests are at the core of many social media systems such as question & answer sites and online philanthropy communities. While the success of such requests is critical to the success of the community, the factors that lead community members to satisfy a request are largely unknown. Success of a request depends on factors like who is asking, how they are asking, when are they asking, and most critically what is being requested, ranging from small favors to substantial monetary donations. We present a case study of altruistic requests in an online community where all requests ask for the very same contribution and do not offer anything tangible in return, allowing us to disentangle what is requested from textual and social factors. Drawing from social psychology literature, we extract high-level social features from text that operationalize social relations between recipient and donor and demonstrate that these extracted relations are predictive of success. More specifically, we find that clearly communicating need through the narrative is essential and that that linguistic indications of gratitude, evidentiality, and generalized reciprocity, as well as high status of the asker further increase the likelihood of success. Building on this understanding, we develop a model that can predict the success of unseen requests, significantly improving over several baselines. We link these findings to research in psychology on helping behavior, providing a basis for further analysis of success in social media systems.


How to Ask for a Favor: A Case Study on the Success of Altruistic Requests
Tim Althoff, Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil, Dan Jurafsky

http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.3282


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june holley's curator insight, May 19, 2014 10:07 AM

Important information about micro processes that make networks work well!

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Long-Term Stimulant Treatment Affects Brain Dopamine Transporter Level in Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

Long-Term Stimulant Treatment Affects Brain Dopamine Transporter Level in Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.

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Donald J Bolger's curator insight, May 14, 2014 11:03 AM

Here's that long overdue investigation of the long-term impacts of Ritalin on the brain!

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Researchers identify genetic marker linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder

Researchers identify genetic marker linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A group of researchers led by Johns Hopkins scientists say they have identified a genetic marker that may be associated with the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), whose causes and mechanisms are among the least understood among...
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Training brain patterns of empathy using functional brain imaging

Training brain patterns of empathy using functional brain imaging | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
An unprecedented research conducted by a group of neuroscientists has demonstrated that it is possible to train brain patterns associated with empathic feelings.
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Device for stopping uncontrolled seizures implanted in patient

Device for stopping uncontrolled seizures implanted in patient | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Last month the first hospital outside of a clinical trial site implanted a pacemaker-like device in the brain of a patient. This may be a game-changer for patients with epilepsy.
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For the best retirement, build a ‘social portfolio’ Elizabeth O'Brien's Retire Well

For the best retirement, build a ‘social portfolio’ Elizabeth O'Brien's Retire Well | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Research shows that having a broad network of friends can increase your odds of a healthy retirement; it can even benefit you financially in times of need. Elizabeth O’Brien explains how to build a diversified ‘social portfolio.’
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Translational Psychiatry - Genetic risk prediction and neurobiological understanding of alcoholism

Translational Psychiatry - Genetic risk prediction and neurobiological understanding of alcoholism | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Translational Psychiatry explores the more translational area between the research in neuroscience and conceptually novel treatments
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Optical Brain Scanner Goes Where Other Brain Scanners Can’t

Optical Brain Scanner Goes Where Other Brain Scanners Can’t | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Scientists have advanced a brain-scanning technology that tracks what the brain is doing by shining dozens of tiny LED lights on the head. This avoids the radiation exposure and bulky magnets the others require.

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The Social Brain: Ralph Adolphs at TEDxCaltech - YouTube

Ralph Adolphs obtained his Ph.D. at Caltech in 1993, subsequently conducted postdoctoral work with Antonio Damasio in lesion patients, and has been on the fa...

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Working the Night Shift Disrupts Brain Clock

Working the Night Shift Disrupts Brain Clock | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
It is already known that working the graveyard shift can negatively impact health, and the body of evidence continues to grow.
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Neurosurgeon Uses Depth Electrodes for Speech Mapping

Neurosurgeon Uses Depth Electrodes for Speech Mapping | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A neurosurgeon tests if deep brain stimulation electrodes can be used as an alternative to traditional WADA test for identifying brain hemisphere for speech dominance.

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Never seen a neuron without being in contact to an ion reservoir

We have a new paper out: N. Hübel, E. Schöll, and M.A. Dahlem, Bistable Dynamics Underlying Excitability of Ion Homeostasis in Neuron Models, PLOS Comp. Biol. 10, e1003551, 2014.
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What Neuroscience Can Teach Us About Compassion

What Neuroscience Can Teach Us About Compassion | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Being mindful can help us become more compassionate.


Research done by Siegel and others has shown that mindfulness meditation stimulates the growth of integrative fibers in the brain. But can compassion have the same effect?


"What we know for sure is that through lovingkindness meditation, woven in with mindfulness meditation, you stabilize the attention and then you open it up," said Siegel.


"You can build the gateway of empathy
and compassion through
mindfulness meditation."


Carolyn Gregoire


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Learning brakes in the brain

Learning brakes in the brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A brain capable of learning is important for survival: only those who learn can endure in the natural world. When it learns, the brain stores new information by changing the strength of the junctions that connect its nerve cells.
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