Social Neuroscience Advances
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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Learning languages is a workout for brains, both young and old | Penn State University

Learning languages is a workout for brains, both young and old | Penn State University | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Such changes, Li and colleagues suggested while reviewing a number of related studies, are consistent with anatomical changes that can occur in the brain as a result of learning a second language, no matter the age of the learner, as they reported in a recent issue of Cortex.

Via Nik Peachey, Dean J. Fusto, Lynnette Van Dyke
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Lisa Gorman's curator insight, February 9, 2015 11:39 PM

I really love languages but I have only ever really mastered one.  Here's proof that one of my future goals really needs to be to decide and commit to Spanish, French or Indonesian... 

Dr. Helen Teague's curator insight, February 13, 2015 7:00 PM

very useful article and I like the multigenerational emphasis

Pamela Hills's curator insight, February 22, 2015 8:28 AM

There are parts of our brain laying dormant. Wake them up and learn a language . You are never to young or old to learn.

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Superager brains yield new clues to their remarkable memories

Superager brains yield new clues to their remarkable memories | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
SuperAgers, aged 80 and above, have distinctly different looking brains than those of normal older people, according to new Northwestern Medicine research that is beginning to reveal why the memories of these cognitively elite elders don't suffer the usual ravages of time.
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Brain Scans Show OCD And Schizophrenia Share Common Loss Of Gray Matter

Brain Scans Show OCD And Schizophrenia Share Common Loss Of Gray Matter | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Neuroscientists identified a similar pattern — a loss of gray matter in three brain structures — across a spectrum of mental disorders commonly believed to be distinct.
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TSRI Scientists Find More DNA and Extra Copies of Disease Gene in Alzheimer’s Brain Cells

TSRI Scientists Find More DNA and Extra Copies of Disease Gene in Alzheimer’s Brain Cells | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found diverse genomic changes in single neurons from the brains of Alzheimer’s patients, pointing to an unexpected factor that may underpin the most common form of the disease. 


Via Integrated DNA Technologies
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The Music And Neuroimaging Lab | Welcome

The human brain has the remarkable ability to adapt in response to changes in the environment over the course of a lifetime. This is the mechanism for learning, growth, and normal development. Similar changes or adaptations can also occur in response to focal brain injuries, e.g., partially-adapted neighboring brain regions or functionally-related brain systems can either substitute for some of the lost function or develop alternative strategies to overcome a disability.

Through ongoing research, the Music and Neuroimaging Laboratory's mission is to:

    • Reveal the perceptual and cognitive aspects of music processing including the perception and memory for pitch, rhythmic, harmonic, and melodic stimuli.
    • Investigate the use of music and musical stimuli as an interventional tool for educational and therapeutic purposes.
    • Reveal the behavioral and neural correlates of learning, skill acquisition, and brain adaptation in response to changes in the environment or brain injury in the developing and adult brain.
    • Reveal the determinants and facilitators for recovery from brain injury.


To take the tone-deafness test, click here.To listen to an NPR story about us, click here.
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Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease With Non-Invasive MRI Approach

Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease With Non-Invasive MRI Approach | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Detecting Alzheimer's disease in its early stages could now be possible with a recently developed non-invasive MRI method.
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Cognition and behavior: Brain maps direct our attention —

Cognition and behavior: Brain maps direct our attention — | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Selective senses: Different regions of the brain are responsible for processing sounds (red), sight (green) and touch (blue).
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Get the gist? Tool provides unique insight for those with traumatic brain injury

Get the gist? Tool provides unique insight for those with traumatic brain injury | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Individuals with traumatic brain injury have significantly more difficulty with gist reasoning than traditional cognitive tests, research shows.
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'The Compass Of Pleasure': Why Some Things Feel So Good

In his new book, The Compass of Pleasure, neuroscientist David Linden maps out the brain's relationship with pleasure and addiction. From junk food to sex to gambling, Linden explains that addictions are actually rooted in the brain's inability to feel pleasure.
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The joys — and benefits — of the caress

The joys — and benefits — of the caress | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
David J. Linden shows why touching is good for babies, apes and athletes.
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Study finds first genes associated with general cognitive function

Study finds first genes associated with general cognitive function | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Scientists have identified genes associated with people’s general cognitive function – how we process information.


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Brain Network Adaptability across Task States

Brain Network Adaptability across Task States | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Activity in the human brain moves between diverse functional states to meet the demands of our dynamic environment, but fundamental principles guiding these transitions remain poorly understood. Here, we capitalize on recent advances in network science to analyze patterns of functional interactions between brain regions. We use dynamic network representations to probe the landscape of brain reconfigurations that accompany task performance both within and between four cognitive states: a task-free resting state, an attention-demanding state, and two memory-demanding states. Using the formalism of hypergraphs, we identify the presence of groups of functional interactions that fluctuate coherently in strength over time both within (task-specific) and across (task-general) brain states. In contrast to prior emphases on the complexity of many dyadic (region-to-region) relationships, these results demonstrate that brain adaptability can be described by common processes that drive the dynamic integration of cognitive systems. Moreover, our results establish the hypergraph as an effective measure for understanding functional brain dynamics, which may also prove useful in examining cross-task, cross-age, and cross-cohort functional change.

Via Ashish Umre
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Evolution of Integrated Causal Structures in Animats Exposed to Environments of Increasing Complexity

Evolution of Integrated Causal Structures in Animats Exposed to Environments of Increasing Complexity | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Natural selection favors the evolution of brains that can capture fitness-relevant features of the environment's causal structure. We investigated the evolution of small, adaptive logic-gate networks (“animats”) in task environments where falling blocks of different sizes have to be caught or avoided in a ‘Tetris-like’ game. Solving these tasks requires the integration of sensor inputs and memory. Evolved networks were evaluated using measures of information integration, including the number of evolved concepts and the total amount of integrated conceptual information. The results show that, over the course of the animats' adaptation, i) the number of concepts grows; ii) integrated conceptual information increases; iii) this increase depends on the complexity of the environment, especially on the requirement for sequential memory. These results suggest that the need to capture the causal structure of a rich environment, given limited sensors and internal mechanisms, is an important driving force for organisms to develop highly integrated networks (“brains”) with many concepts, leading to an increase in their internal complexity.

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Pain: A call for contributions

Pain: A call for contributions | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Over the course of March 2015 we will be sharing a collection of insights that situate pain as an element of study and lived experience in the medical humanities. We are eager to receive contributi...

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Trying to Be Less Stupid: The Hard Work of Brain Science

Trying to Be Less Stupid: The Hard Work of Brain Science | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A renowned neuroscientist discusses where the next big breakthroughs in understanding the brain will come from.
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Researchers identify key mechanisms underlying HIV-associated cognitive disorders

Researchers identify key mechanisms underlying HIV-associated cognitive disorders | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
While antiretroviral therapies have significantly improved and extended the lives of many HIV patients, another insidious and little discussed threat looms for aging sufferers - HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND).
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33rd Square | Brain Imaging Study Reveals Deeper Understanding of Schizophrenia

33rd Square | Brain Imaging Study Reveals Deeper Understanding of Schizophrenia | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers combined two types of brain imaging to characterize abnormalities in the white matter in schizophrenia. They found evidence for abnormalities in both myelin and axons among patients with schizophrenia, when compared with healthy individuals who underwent the same testing.
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Researchers find different pathways responsible for sugar addiction and healthy eating

Researchers find different pathways responsible for sugar addiction and healthy eating | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Many who have tried to kick the sweet white crystals will tell you that "sugar addiction" is very real, and there are indeed neurological underpinnings that back them up.
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BIBA Lab | University of Arizona

The Brain Imaging, Behavior & Aging Lab is located in the Psychology Department of the University of Arizona and is part of the Neuroscience and Physiological Sciences Graduate Interdisciplinary programs and Evelyn F. McKnight Brain Institute.  The lab studies brain-behavior relationships in the context of aging. We use neuroimaging techniques, including structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), in combination with measures of cognition and behavior to address research questions on cognitive aging and age-related, neurodegenerative disease.
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Neurologists Find Movement Tracking Device Helps Assess Severity of Parkinson's Disease

Neurologists Find Movement Tracking Device Helps Assess Severity of Parkinson's Disease | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A device that measures movement and balance can effectively help assess and track the progression of Parkinson’s disease, even when medications are used to reduce Parkinson’s symptoms, researchers report.
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Fingertips To Hair Follicles: Why 'Touch' Triggers Pleasure And Pain

Fingertips To Hair Follicles: Why 'Touch' Triggers Pleasure And Pain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
In his latest book, neuroscientist David Linden explains the science of touch. He tells Fresh Air how pain protects, why fingertips are so sensitive and why you can't read Braille with your genitals.
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Language study offers new twist on mind-body connection

Language study offers new twist on mind-body connection | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
New research from Northeastern professor of psychology Iris Berent and her colleagues indicates that language and motor systems are intricately linked—though not in the way that has been widely believed.
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Scientists hit upon new reset button for biological clocks

Scientists hit upon new reset button for biological clocks | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Those working through the night or regularly falling victim to jet lag may be familiar with the physical toll of disrupting our biological clocks.
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