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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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Sleep Disorders Widely Undiagnosed in Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

Sleep Disorders Widely Undiagnosed in Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Fatigue associated with MS could be the result of widely undiagnosed sleep disorders, a new study reports.

 

In what may be the largest study of sleep problems among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), researchers at UC Davis have found that widely undiagnosed sleep disorders may be at the root of the most common and disabling symptom of the disease: fatigue.


Conducted in over 2,300 individuals in Northern California with multiple sclerosis, the large, population-based study found that, overall, more than 70 percent of participants screened positive for one or more sleep disorders.

The research highlights the importance of diagnosing the root causes of fatigue among individuals with MS, as sleep disorders may affect the course of the disease as well as the overall health and well-being of sufferers, the authors said.


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Not enough vitamin B1 can cause brain damage

Not enough vitamin B1 can cause brain damage | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A deficiency of a single vitamin, B1 (thiamine), can cause a potentially fatal brain disorder called Wernicke encephalopathy.
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Team discovers neurochemical imbalance in schizophrenia

Team discovers neurochemical imbalance in schizophrenia | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Using human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California, San Diego have discovered that neurons from patients with schizophrenia secrete higher amounts of...
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Few mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease patients suffer from malnutrition, yet almost one-third are at risk

Few mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease patients suffer from malnutrition, yet almost one-third are at risk | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) can experience difficulties with food preparation and ingestion, which could contribute to poor nutrition and place them at risk for malnourishment.
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Is the pattern of brain folding A 'fingerprint' for schizophrenia?

Is the pattern of brain folding A 'fingerprint' for schizophrenia? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Anyone who has seen pictures or models of the human brain is aware that the outside layer, or cortex, of the brain is folded in an intricate pattern of "hills", called gyri, and "valleys", called sulci.
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Study provides more evidence that sleep apnea is hurting your brain

Study provides more evidence that sleep apnea is hurting your brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Employing a measure rarely used in sleep apnea studies, researchers at the UCLA School of Nursing have uncovered evidence of what may be damaging the brain in people with the sleep disorder—weaker brain blood flow.
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David DeSteno

David DeSteno | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Curriculum vitae (pdf)
DeSteno Lab Website

Research

Dr. DeSteno’s research centers on the role of emotion in social cognition and social behavior. His lab takes a multilevel and multiprocess approach to examining the psychological functions, phenomenologies, and sequelae that are associated with discrete emotional states. Current projects focus on the effects of emotions on several types of social judgment (e.g., moral decision making, risk assessment, prejudice) as well as on behaviors fundamental to social living (e.g., trust and cooperation, prosocial action, organizational behavior, altruism, aggression).

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social and affective neuroscience laboratory

social and affective neuroscience laboratory | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Director:
Naomi Eisenberger
Department of Psychology, UCLA


Why is it that our social relationships have such a profound impact on our emotional and physical well-being? Why does feeling connected to those we love feel so good, whereas feeling estranged from them cause so much pain? In my laboratory, we use behavioral, physiological, and neuroimaging techniques to understand how our need for social connection has left its mark on our minds, brains, and bodies.

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Neuroscientists decode brain maps to discover how we take aim

Neuroscientists decode brain maps to discover how we take aim | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Serena Williams won her third consecutive US Open title a few days ago, thanks to reasons including obvious ones like physical strength and endurance.
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Psychiatrists Embrace Deep-Brain Stimulation

Psychiatrists Embrace Deep-Brain Stimulation | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Brain-stimulation procedures for psychiatric disorders are on the rise. Should we be concerned?
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Your Fingertips Perform Brain-like Calculations

Your Fingertips Perform Brain-like Calculations | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Your brain has a lot to think about, so if there’s a way to outsource a few mental tasks to save bandwidth, it’s going to do it.
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Two-Day Workshop on Mindful Self-Compassion | Center for Mind Body Health

Two-Day Workshop on Mindful Self-Compassion | Center for Mind Body Health | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Join us for this two-day workshop to learn the core skills of the 8-week Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) training, an empirically-supported program designed to cultivate self-compassion using meditation, daily life practices, lecture, group exercises and discussion.


Self-compassion is an emotional skill that can be learned by anyone. Recent research has shown that self-compassion greatly enhances emotional wellbeing, reduces anxiety and depression, enhances coping, promotes health behaviors, and increases motivation. This workshop is open to anyone wanting to learn essential tools for treating yourself in a respectful, compassionate way whenever you suffer, fail, or feel inadequate. This is a great way to overcome pleasing others and practicing more self-care.


 You’ll learn:

  • What self-compassion is and isn’t
  • Self-compassion practices for daily life
  • How to motivate yourself with kindness rather than criticism
  • The art of loving-kindness meditation
  • How to handle difficult emotions with greater ease
  • How to transform challenging relationships
  • How to use self-compassion in caregiving situations
  • How to enjoy your life more fully

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The neuroscience of leadership

The neuroscience of leadership | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Time for a new science of leadership? (Neuroscience shows how emotional regulation and cognitive discipline empower #decisions and #leadership.
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Promising Canadian stroke drug receives large research grant

Promising Canadian stroke drug receives large research grant | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
NA-1 drug, which aims to prevent harmful toxins in recent stroke victims, gets $6.6-million from Brain Canada

 

A Phase III trial involving a promising stroke drug will receive a $6.6-million injection from Brain Canada – yet another endorsement for a Canadian medication that takes aim at the country’s third leading cause of death.

The intravenous medication, called NA-1, is the $30-million, private venture of a company called NoNO Inc. Its development, nearly 20 years in the making, is unusual: It is neither in bed with a large pharmaceutical company nor has it relied on the largesse of the public purse. The brainchild of neurosurgeon Mike Tymianski of Toronto Western Hospital, the drug will be administered by paramedics to 518 stroke patients in a field program called FRONTIER, which rolls out in ambulances in the GTA, Peel Region and Vancouver next January.


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Compound protects brain cells after traumatic brain injury

Compound protects brain cells after traumatic brain injury | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new class of compounds has now been shown to protect brain cells from the type of damage caused by blast-mediated traumatic brain injury (TBI).
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Scientists map white matter connections within the human brain

Scientists map white matter connections within the human brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—To see, think or feel, the 100 billion neurons in our brain must exchange messages.
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When spikes collide: Shaking the foundation of neuroscience

(Medical Xpress)—What happens when pulses on axons collide? Fortunately for neuroscience, that usually only happens when neuroscientists artificially create counter-propagating pulses to study connections. In real brains however, collision is not only an integral reality of every kind neurite, we ...
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Neuroscientist explores mechanism that can cause deficit in working memory

Neuroscientist explores mechanism that can cause deficit in working memory | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Amy Griffin, associate professor of psychological and brain sciences at the University of Delaware, has received a five-year, $1.78 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to support her research into the brain mechanisms of...
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National dementia research intitiative gets $31.5M federal funding - CBC.ca

National dementia research intitiative gets $31.5M federal funding - CBC.ca | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
 
The federal government has announced funding for a national research program to look into dementia and other neurodegenerative diseases.
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Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory -- University of Colorado at Boulder. Tor D. Wager, Ph.D.

The mission of our lab is to investigate the brain pathways that underlie the generation and regulation of pain and emotion. One line of work concerns how cognitive and motivational factors influence the way in which painful stimuli and other aversive events are processed in the brain and body. Two other, related lines of work involve developing biomarkers for pain and emotion, and studying the roles of conceptual knowledge and learning in pain perception and avoidance behavior. A fourth line of work investigates the cortical-subcortical circuits involved in social evaluative threat. The common thread linking these lines of research is the study of relationships between brain processes, affective responses, and physiology using interventions and outcomes relevant for emotional health.


Recent and ongoing studies combine measurements of emotional behavior and self-report, brain activity (measured with fMRI, or, less frequently, PET or EEG), and peripheral physiology, including measures of autonomic and endocrine activity. Our lab has a particular emphasis on developing and using new analysis methods to gain a clearer picture systems-level interactions among of brain regions. Techniques that we have developed and employed include multilevel mediation, multivariate brain connectivity approaches, statistical learning based approaches to predicting outcomes from brain activity.


A specific approach that we are particularly excited about is the use of statistical learning (i.e., machine learning) to develop fMRI-based biomarkers for clinically relevant outcomes (e.g., pain) and subsequently test how psychological factors influence these biomarkers. In the area of pain, this approach could a) establish that a particular pattern of brain activity is diagnostic of physical pain, b) test whether the biomarker is specific to physical pain and/or particular types of pain, and c) test whether psychological manipulations such as placebo treatments and other clinical interventions influence the biomarker. Developing such biomarkers could thus advance pain research by providing objective, physiological correlates of pain in those who are unable to provide subjective reports, and could advance research in psychology by providing tests of psychological influences on the physical representation of pain at multiple levels of the neuraxis.


Our lab is also engaged in collaborative, translational research incorporating brain systems-level analyses into the study of clinical disorders, including PTSD, depression, schizophrenia, and chronic pain.

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USC Neuroscience: Lisa Sarah Aziz-Zadeh

USC Neuroscience: Lisa Sarah Aziz-Zadeh | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Research Topics

  1. non-verbal social communication
  2. embodied representations
  3. human mirror neuron system
  4. symbolic processing
  5. language
  6. fMRI
  7. TMS

Research Overview

I study embodied representations, creativity and language from a cognitive neuroscience perspective, using techniques including functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS).

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MRI Shows Gray Matter Myelin Loss Strongly Related to MS Disability

MRI Shows Gray Matter Myelin Loss Strongly Related to MS Disability | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new MRI study finds myelin loss in the gray matter of people's brains with MS is closely correlated with the severity of the disease.

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Brain structure could predict risky behavior

Brain structure could predict risky behavior | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, health, and safety at risk without a thought.
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Xenon could provide protection for the brain after a blow to the head

Xenon could provide protection for the brain after a blow to the head | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Injuries from a blow to the head are a two-stage affair, with the primary injury caused by the initial impact being followed by a secondary injury that develops in the subsequent hours and days.
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EmpathyWorks: Against Empathy?

EmpathyWorks: Against Empathy? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Paul Bloom, Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Science at Yale University, recently wrote a thought provoking (and emotion provoking) post on Boston Review, entitled, Against Empathy?.


He writes about the downside of relying on empathy, particularly "emotional empathy", as a guide to action. Emotional empathy, he argues, is biased, clouds our thinking, and promotes moral errors, which may have dire consequences. He writes:


"Empathy is biased; we are more prone to feel empathy for attractive people and for those who look like us or share our ethnic or national background. And empathy is narrow; it connects us to particular individuals, real or imagined, but is insensitive to numerical differences and statistical data.


by Michael Goldstein


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