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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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Missing Brain Enzyme Leads to Abnormal Levels of Fear in Mice

Missing Brain Enzyme Leads to Abnormal Levels of Fear in Mice | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new study shows a missing brain protein could lead to abnormal levels of fear.
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Brain Discovery Could Help Schizophrenics

Brain Discovery Could Help Schizophrenics | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers discover a link between the orbitofrontal cortex and learning and behavioral deficits in mice with a gene associated with mental illness.
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The Benefits of Emotional Intelligence and Empathy to Entrepreneurship

The Benefits of Emotional Intelligence and Empathy to Entrepreneurship | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

This paper reviews the literature on emotional intelligence/competencies and relates it to entrepreneurship. Emotional intelligence/competencies are positively related to job performance, leadership, and physical and mental health. This paper also reviews the research on another emotion-related trait, empathy. Empathy is related to leadership emergence and effectiveness, and empathic leaders have followers who experience less stress and physical symptoms. This paper generates nine propositions that relate emotional intelligence/competencies and empathy to entrepreneurship.

 

Entrepreneurs high on emotional intelligence/competencies will

 

(1) be more emotionally resilient when facing obstacles,

 

(2) be more successful at handling intense emotions when working with family members, and

 

(3) they will work more effectively with their employees, customers, and other stakeholders and they will be rated higher on leadership by their employees. High emotional intelligence will give entrepreneurs

 

(4) an advantage in developing new products and services, and

 

(5) in negotiating with financial backers, vendors and suppliers, distributors and retailers, and with their employees. Entrepreneurs high on empathy will be more successful at

 

(6) motivating and leading their employees, and

 

(7) helping their employees cope with workplace stresses. They will be

 

(8) more attuned to their customers’ wants and have higher customer satisfaction, and

 

(9) be more innovative.

 

Ronald H. Humphrey


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Coffee and appetite: an interview with Matt Schubert and Associate Professor Ben Desbrow, Griffith University

Coffee and appetite: an interview with Matt Schubert and Associate Professor Ben Desbrow, Griffith University | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
We wanted to do something a bit different than the “typical” work on caffeine and exercise, and I have considerable interest in appetite regulation, so we built up from there.
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Global Empathy Experiment: Are we scientifically wired for Empathy?

Global Empathy Experiment: Are we scientifically wired for Empathy? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
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SPIEGEL: die Macht des Mitgefühls - The Power of Compassion -  Neuroscientists Research the Secrets of Empathy

SPIEGEL: die Macht des Mitgefühls - The Power of Compassion -  Neuroscientists Research the Secrets of Empathy | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Hirnforscher erkunden das Geheimnis der Empathie -   Neuroscientist Research the Secrets of Empathy

 

Das Mitgefühl wird oft unterschätzt: eine liebenswerte, leicht sentimentale Schwäche. Die Forschung weiß es heute besser. Neue Studien zeigen, wie tief die Fähigkeit, am Erleben anderer Menschen teilzunehmen, in unserem Gehirn verankert ist - eine entscheidende Voraussetzung, wie es scheint, sogar für das Entstehen von Sprache und Bewusstsein. Für unsere Titelgeschichte besuchte mein Kollege Manfred Dworschak vom SPIEGEL-Wissenschaftsressort den Hirnforscher Christian Keysers in seinem Amsterdamer Labor.

 

Keysers ergründet dort die speziellen Neuronen, die das Gehirn zu einem sozialen Organ machen - teilweise mit ungewöhnlichen Methoden: Über Jahre hinweg schob Keysers immer wieder Psychopathen in den Hirnscanner; er wollte wissen, warum diese scheinbar gefühllosen Gewalttäter zugleich oft auch Meister der Einfühlung und der Manipulation sind, wenn es ihnen nützt. "Die neuen Befunde der Hirnforschung", sagt Dworschak, "dürften unser Menschenbild gründlich verändern."


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Play a Game to Help Map the Brain | Big Think TV | Big Think

Play a Game to Help Map the Brain | Big Think TV | Big Think | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Scientists at MIT are hoping to map the 86 billion connected neurons in your brain, and have developed a browser game for you to help them accomplish this. 
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» Study Finds Key Brain Region That Ties Memory, Emotion - Psych Central News

» Study Finds Key Brain Region That Ties Memory, Emotion   - Psych Central News | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers at Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA) have discovered that the region of the brain called the orbitofrontal cortex plays a key role in linking
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Social interaction and the role of empathy in information and knowledge management: A literature review

Social interaction and the role of empathy in information and knowledge management: A literature review | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

This article provides a general review of the literature on the nature and role of empathyin social interaction for information professionals working in a variety of informationand knowledge environments. Relational agency theory (Edwards, 2005) is used asa framework to re-conceptualize education for empathic social interaction betweeninformation professionals and their clients. Past, present and future issues relevant toempathic interaction in information and knowledge management are discussed inthe context of three shifts identified from the literature:

(a) the continued increase incommunication channels, both physical and virtual, for reference, information and re-search services,

(b) the transition from the information age to the conceptual age and

(c) the growing need for understanding of the affective paradigm in the informationand knowledge professions. 


Faye Miller and Jake Wallis


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Dan Kirsch's curator insight, July 14, 2013 7:16 AM

Studies identified "empathy as the main trustenabler to facilitate communication within the knowledge network."


Social empathy as a means to build collaborative relationships, promote social inclusion, stimulate creativity, and manage tacit knowledge to build social capital.

Mindy M Walker's curator insight, July 18, 2013 1:00 PM

Empathy - can't be stressed enough. Key to leadership, understanding others, finding appropriate solutions...

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Anatomically distinct dopamine release during anticipation and experience of peak emotion to music

Music, an abstract stimulus, can arouse feelings of euphoria and craving, similar to tangible rewards that involve the striatal dopaminergic system. Using the neurochemical specificity of [11C]raclopride positron emission tomography scanning, combined with psychophysiological measures of autonomic nervous system activity, we found endogenous dopamine release in the striatum at peak emotional arousal during music listening. To examine the time course of dopamine release, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging with the same stimuli and listeners, and found a functional dissociation: the caudate was more involved during the anticipation and the nucleus accumbens was more involved during the experience of peak emotional responses to music.


These results indicate that intense pleasure in response to music can lead to dopamine release in the striatal system. Notably, the anticipation of an abstract reward can result in dopamine release in an anatomical pathway distinct from that associated with the peak pleasure itself. Our results help to explain why music is of such high value across all human societies.

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Why People Enjoy Listening To Sad Music

Why People Enjoy Listening To Sad Music | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Sociology might actually have an explanation for the odd popularity of Tori Amos songs - depressing music might evoke positive emotions, according to a new paper.
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Are you holding your breath? - Structures of arousal and calm - Deric Bownds

2012 talk/web-lecture
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Microcircuits for Hierarchical Elaboration of Object Coding Across Primate Temporal Areas


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Foraging for Thought: New Insights into Our Working Memory

Foraging for Thought: New Insights into Our Working Memory | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new study pinpoints an effect which makes people turn their attention to something new, rather than dwell on their most recent thoughts. The findings could have implications for studying disorders such as ADHD and autism.
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Path of Plaque Buildup in Brain Shows Promise as Early Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease

Path of Plaque Buildup in Brain Shows Promise as Early Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers discover early accumulation of amyloid plaques in the temporal lobe is associated with cognitive decline. The finding could serve as a new biomarker for the early detection of Alzheimer's disease.
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EEG signals used to detect regional brain activities and artifact suppression

Electroencephalography is a test to measure the electrical activity of the brain generated by scalp surface after being picked up by metal electrodes and conductive media.
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What our Brain Tells Us About Our Ability to Empathize

What our Brain Tells Us About Our Ability to Empathize | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
You're hard-wired for empathy, whether you like it or not.

More than two decades ago now, scientists made a discovery that fundamentally altered our understanding of empathy. While observing monkeys, they noticed that certain brain cells activated both when a monkey performed an action and when that monkey watched another monkey perform the same action.

It’s a scenario we’ve all probably experienced before: If we’ve seen someone stub her toe, or cut her finger, or fall off a bike, and winced because we could feel the pain ourselves. That wincing – that unconscious reaction – is caused by “mirror neurons” firing in our brains. And these same neurons fire whether the action happens to us or to someone we’re watching.


Via Edwin Rutsch
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John Michel's curator insight, July 15, 2013 9:19 AM

More than two decades ago now, scientists made a discovery that fundamentally altered our understanding of empathy. While observing monkeys, they noticed that certain brain cells activated both when a monkey performed an action and when that monkey watched another monkey perform the same action.

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The brain processes complex stimuli more cumulatively than we thought

The brain processes complex stimuli more cumulatively than we thought | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new study reveals that the representation of complex features in the brain may begin earlier—and play out in a more cumulative manner—than previously thought.
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5 Ways to Make It Easier for Men to Channel Empathy and Compassion

5 Ways to Make It Easier for Men to Channel Empathy and Compassion | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Boys and men commit the vast majority of violent acts, from domestic violence to murder. We've got to get at the root causes.
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Daydreaming simulated by computer model | Newsroom | Washington University in St. Louis

Daydreaming simulated by computer model | Newsroom | Washington University in St. Louis | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
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» Cannabis Not the Only Drug Linked to Schizophrenia - Psych Central News

» Cannabis Not the Only Drug Linked to Schizophrenia - Psych Central News | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Psychosis that results from the use of several types of illegal drugs is strongly associated with a future clinical diagnosis of schizophrenia, new research
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A fundamental problem for brain mapping | think:blog

A fundamental problem for brain mapping | think:blog | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Blog for Case Western Reserve University research magazine, Think
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Visualizing A Memory Trace

Visualizing A Memory Trace | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Whole brain neuroimaging study reveals the neural networks involved in retrieving long-term memories during decision making.
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Deric Bownds' MindBlog: The pianist in the mirror - human mirror neuron systems for motor learning

Deric Bownds' MindBlog: The pianist in the mirror - human mirror neuron systems for motor learning | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
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