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Neuroscientists determine how treatment for anxiety disorders silences fear neurons

Neuroscientists determine how treatment for anxiety disorders silences fear neurons | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—Excessive fear can develop after a traumatic experience, leading to anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder and phobias.
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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Major Depression In Women May Stem From Too Many Overactive Genes In The Brain

Major Depression In Women May Stem From Too Many Overactive Genes In The Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Depression and suicide in women could be linked to abnormalities in an important gene in the brain.
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Imaging tool lets scientists look inside brain at nanoscale resolution

Imaging tool lets scientists look inside brain at nanoscale resolution | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The human brain contains more synapses than there are galaxies in the observable universe (to put a number on it, there are perhaps 100 trillion synapses versus 100 billion galaxies), and now scientists can see them all – individually.
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Autism Supports
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Scientists show a link between intestinal bacteria and depression

Scientists show a link between intestinal bacteria and depression | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Exploring the role of intestinal microbiota in the altered behavior that is a consequence of early life stress

Via Dave Wood, Mark E. Deschaine, PhD
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Empathy and Compassion
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Different Kinds of Compassion

Different Kinds of Compassion


 1. a concept,  emotions

  • a reciprocal care
  • do good or I will be criticized
2. an unbiased compassion 
  • comes from realization

Via Edwin Rutsch
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Coffee habits linked to memory, brain health in seniors

Coffee habits linked to memory, brain health in seniors | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
New study finds a sudden increase in coffee consumption may have negative impact
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Irregular Sleep-Wake Pattern Improves Long-Term Memory in Mice

Irregular Sleep-Wake Pattern Improves Long-Term Memory in Mice | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new study reports researchers have decoupled the production of IGF2 from the sleep-wake cycle and discovered this improved long-term memory in mice.
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Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Alzheimer's Disease R&D Review
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Data suggest that new Alzheimer's drug solanezumab has disease-modifying ... - The Pharmaceutical Journal

Data suggest that new Alzheimer's drug solanezumab has disease-modifying ... - The Pharmaceutical Journal | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A monoclonal antibody in development for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) may have disease-modifying properties, according to new research.

Via Krishan Maggon
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Eat For Pleasure Rather Than Hunger? You May Have a Hormone Deficiency

Eat For Pleasure Rather Than Hunger? You May Have a Hormone Deficiency | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Do you prefer the taste of fatty food? Are you someone who eats for pleasure rather than for hunger's sake? According to a new study, the tendency to overeat could be due to a hormone deficiency.
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Mind-blowing Advance? Direct Brain-to-Brain Communication Between Humans Demonstrated

Mind-blowing Advance? Direct Brain-to-Brain Communication Between Humans Demonstrated | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers demonstrate brain-to-brain communication between humans by integrating existing technologies

Via CineversityTV
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Monkey See, Monkey Do: Emotions Are Contagious Because Of Mirror Neurons In Brain - Medical Daily

Monkey See, Monkey Do: Emotions Are Contagious Because Of Mirror Neurons In Brain - Medical Daily | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The mirror neurons theory may hold the key as to why we smile when other people smile.
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Microbes Effect on the Brain

Microbes Effect on the Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Hundreds of trillions of microbes live in the human gut, with 300 times the total DNA as humans.
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Chemotherapy-related decline in cognitive function correlated with biomarkers ... - Oncology Nurse Advisor

Chemotherapy-related decline in cognitive function correlated with biomarkers ... - Oncology Nurse Advisor | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Research indicates a connection between chemorelated cognitive function decline and molecular immune biomarkers, genetic aging, and neurotransmitter markers.
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Does concussion impact men and women differently?

Does concussion impact men and women differently? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
New research suggests concussion may not significantly impair symptoms or cognitive skills for one gender over another, however, women may still experience greater symptoms and poorer cognitive performance at preseason testing.
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Problem Solving Foraging Ants, Spiking Neural Networks and Double Pheromones

Problem Solving Foraging Ants, Spiking Neural Networks and Double Pheromones | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Abstract: A model of an Ant System where ants are controlled by a spiking neural circuit and a second order pheromone mechanism in a foraging task is presented. A neural circuit is trained for individual ants and subsequently the ants are exposed to a virtual environment where a swarm of ants performed a resource foraging task. The model comprises an associative and unsupervised learning strategy for the neural circuit of the ant. The neural circuit adapts to the environment by means of classical conditioning. The initially unknown environment includes different types of stimuli representing food (rewarding) and obstacles (harmful) which, when they come in direct contact with the ant, elicit a reflex response in the motor neural system of the ant: moving towards or away from the source of the stimulus. The spiking neural circuits of the ant is trained to identify food and obstacles and move towards the former and avoid the latter. The ants are released on a landscape with multiple food sources where one ant alone would have difficulty harvesting the landscape to maximum efficiency. In this case the introduction of a double pheromone mechanism (positive and negative reinforcement feedback) yields better results than traditional ant colony optimization strategies. Traditional ant systems include mainly a positive reinforcement pheromone. This approach uses a second pheromone that acts as a marker for forbidden paths (negative feedback). This blockade is not permanent and is controlled by the evaporation rate of the pheromones. The combined action of both pheromones acts as a collective stigmergic memory of the swarm, which reduces the search space of the problem. This paper explores how the adaptation and learning abilities observed in biologically inspired cognitive architectures is synergistically enhanced by swarm optimization strategies. The model portraits two forms of artificial intelligent behaviour: at the individual level the spiking neural network is the main controller and at the collective level the pheromone distribution is a map towards the solution emerged by the colony. The presented model is an important pedagogical tool as it is also an easy to use library that allows access to the spiking neural network paradigm from inside a Netlogo—a language used mostly in agent based modelling and experimentation with complex systems.

Via Alessandro Cerboni
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The Trait of Empathy in Compliance

The Trait of Empathy in Compliance | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Can you empathize with those who work for you, around you and those you report to?


While many leaders, particularly those who might be labeled the ‘command and control’ type seem to think that empathy is a negative; I think that it is an important habit for any Chief Compliance Officer (CCO) or compliance practitioner to not only practice but also master.


Recently there were a couple of articles in the New York Times (NYT) that discussed this character trait and I found them useful to consider for the leadership toolkit of the CCO or compliance profession.



Via Edwin Rutsch
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Empathy and Fairness

Empathy and Fairness (Novartis Foundation Symposia)

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Empathy is the process that allows us to share the feelings and emotions of others, in the absence of any direct emotional stimulation to the self.


Humans can feel empathy for other people in a wide array of contexts: for basic emotions and sensation such as anger, fear, sadness, joy, pain and lust as well as for more complex emotions such as guilt, embarrassment and love.


It has been proposed that, for most people, empathy is the process that prevents us doing harm to others.


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Taking a Trip Through the Brain

Taking a Trip Through the Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers have developed a new imaging tool that is able to generate images of the brain of an adult mouse at a scale previously thought unachievable.
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How Intelligence Shifts With Age | Seniors

How Intelligence Shifts With Age | Seniors | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
“Your physical ability changes over your lifetime. At first you can’t do much,” said Joshua Hartshorne, a postdoctoral fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the study’s lead author. From infancy on, we get better at walking, jumping, climbing and running. But in our early 20s our physical abilities begin to decline, he said. Is such waxing and waning also true for mental ability? “There are two competing ideas,” he added. “As you get older you’re slowing down, and as you get older you’re getting wiser.

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Gust MEES's curator insight, July 29, 8:20 PM

Your physical ability changes over your lifetime. At first you can’t do much,” said Joshua Hartshorne, a postdoctoral fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the study’s lead author. From infancy on, we get better at walking, jumping, climbing and running. But in our early 20s our physical abilities begin to decline, he said. Is such waxing and waning also true for mental ability? “There are two competing ideas,” he added. “As you get older you’re slowing down, and as you get older you’re getting wiser.


Javier Marrero Acosta's curator insight, July 31, 5:41 AM

Your physical ability changes over your lifetime. At first you can’t do much,” said Joshua Hartshorne, a postdoctoral fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the study’s lead author. From infancy on, we get better at walking, jumping, climbing and running. But in our early 20s our physical abilities begin to decline, he said. Is such waxing and waning also true for mental ability? “There are two competing ideas,” he added. “As you get older you’re slowing down, and as you get older you’re getting wiser.”


Andres Garcia Alvarez's curator insight, August 1, 6:19 PM

Your physical ability changes over your lifetime. At first you can’t do much,” said Joshua Hartshorne, a postdoctoral fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the study’s lead author. From infancy on, we get better at walking, jumping, climbing and running. But in our early 20s our physical abilities begin to decline, he said. Is such waxing and waning also true for mental ability? “There are two competing ideas,” he added. “As you get older you’re slowing down, and as you get older you’re getting wiser.”


Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from With My Right Brain
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Encoding and Retrieving Memories: Understanding Hippcampal Function at the Cellular Level

Encoding and Retrieving Memories: Understanding Hippcampal Function at the Cellular Level | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Researchers report the successful memory encoding and retrieval occurs in the dorsal area of the rat hippocampus.


Via Emre Erdogan
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Specific protein as missing link for earliest known change in Alzheimer’s pathology

Specific protein as missing link for earliest known change in Alzheimer’s pathology | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A recent study conducted at Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research (NKI) and NYU Langone Medical Center implicates a new culprit in Alzheimer’s disease development.
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A Healthy Social Life In Your 20s May Be A Key To Longevity - Huffington Post - Huffington Post

A Healthy Social Life In Your 20s May Be A Key To Longevity - Huffington Post - Huffington Post | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
  How busy your social life is at age 20 -- and how solid the relationships are that you make when you're 30 -- are factors in your well-being later in life, according to research from the University of...
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Memory for emotional music is strong at all ages

Memory for emotional music is strong at all ages | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Hello Dear Reader,
Today you find me on a train to lively Glasgow from my hometown of York: A long journey, nearly 4 hours in total. Plenty of time to get out of my work head and think about my lovely blog.
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Altered Insula Activity during Visceral Interoception in Weight-Restored Patients with Anorexia Nervosa

Altered Insula Activity during Visceral Interoception in Weight-Restored Patients with Anorexia Nervosa | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Authors: Kara L Kerr, Scott E Moseman, Jason A Avery, Jerzy Bodurka, Nancy L Zucker & W Kyle Simmons Keywords: (Source: Neuropsychopharmacology)
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Placebos Can Work Even When Users Knows They're Fake - Laboratory Equipment

Placebos Can Work Even When Users Knows They're Fake - Laboratory Equipment | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A grad student has conducted an intriguing piece of research to advance knowledge about how and when the placebo effect works— or doesn't.
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