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Social Rejection Triggers Release of Natural Painkillers in the Brain

Social Rejection Triggers Release of Natural Painkillers in the Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
New study demonstrates that the brain treats social pain in a similar way to physical pain.
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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A New Understanding of Compassionate Empathy

A New Understanding of Compassionate Empathy | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A User's Guide To Compassionate Empathy


Sharing our deep feelings is the way out of the isolation of loneliness. It creates a doorway into the practice of what we call compassionat eempathy.


Compassionate empathy is the key to getting out of an irrelationship.

While empathy can be all-absorbing[consuming] and leave one totally empty and burned-out, to the point that one loses a sense of one’s own boundaries, compassionate empathy allows behaviors that allow profound feelings of connection to another person, without danger to one’s own emotional balance because the compassion applies to oneself and others. 


Empathy alone, on the other hand, can become very lopsided when compulsive caregiving is involved. Compassionate empathy is built on the skill of sharing honestly with another person. It makes isolation difficult to maintain because it undermines self-obsession.  Compassion is the antidote to compulsion.


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Neuroscientists watch imagination happening in the brain | neuroscientistnews.com

Neuroscientists watch imagination happening in the brain | neuroscientistnews.com | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
"You may say I'm a dreamer, but I'm not the only one," sang John Lennon in his 1971 song Imagine. And thanks to the dreams of a Brigham Young University (BYU) student, we now know more about where and how imagination happens in our brains. Stefania Ashby and her faculty mentor devised experiments using MRI technology that would help them distinguish pure imagination from related processes like remembering. "I was thinking a lot about planning for my own future and imagining myself in the future, and I started wondering how memory and imagination work together," Ashby said. "I wondered if they were separate or if imagination is just taking past memories and combining them in different ways to form something I've never experienced before." There's a bit of scientific debate over whether memory and imagination truly are distinct processes. So Ashby and her faculty mentor devised MRI experiments to put it to the test. - See more at: http://www.neuroscientistnews.com/research-news/neuroscientists-watch-imagination-happening-brain#sthash.Bv6SlA1Y.dpuf

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Why your favourite song takes you down memory lane

Why your favourite song takes you down memory lane | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Music triggers different functions of the brain, which helps explain why listening to a song you like might be enjoyable but a favourite song may plunge you into nostalgia, scientists said on Thursday.
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Magnetic brain stimulation treatment shown to boost memory

Magnetic brain stimulation treatment shown to boost memory | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Non-invasive transcranial technique leads to 24-hour-long improvement in memory function and could lead to new treatments for Alzheimer's and other conditions

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Changing the Emotional Association of Memories

Changing the Emotional Association of Memories | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new study reports researchers have been able to alter the emotional association of specific memories by manipulating neural circuits in mouse brains.

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Structural States of a Brain Receptor Revealed

Structural States of a Brain Receptor Revealed | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers have determined the detailed structure and movement of the glutamate receptor.
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Off-line consolidation of motor sequence learning results in greater integration within a cortico-striatal functional network

Off-line consolidation of motor sequence learning results in greater integration within a cortico-striatal functional network | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

According to researchers at the University of Montreal, the regions of the brain below the cortex play an important role as we train our bodies' movements and, critically, they interact more effectively after a night of sleep. While researchers knew that sleep helped us the learn sequences of movements (motor learning), it was not known why. "The subcortical regions are important in information consolidation, especially information linked to a motor memory trace. When consolidation level is measured after a period of sleep, the brain network of these areas functions with greater synchrony, that is, we observe that communication between the various regions of this network is better optimized. The opposite is true when there has been no period of sleep," said Karen Debas, neuropsychologist at the University of Montreal and leader author of the study. A network refers to multiple brain areas that are activated simultaneously. To achieve these results, the researchers, led by Dr. Julien Doyon, Scientific Director of the Functional Neuroimaging Unit of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal Research Centre, taught a group of subjects a new sequence of piano-type finger movements on a box. The brains of the subjects were observed using functional magnetic resonance imaging during their performance of the task before and after a period of sleep. Meanwhile, the same test was performed by a control group at the beginning and end of the day, without a period of sleep. - See more at: http://www.neuroscientistnews.com/research-news/learning-play-piano-sleep-it#sthash.GPViQAZq.dpuf


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Responsive Neurological Stimulation and the Neuropace RNS System

Responsive Neurological Stimulation and the Neuropace RNS System | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Jose Cavazos, MD, Professor of Medicine – Neurology & Physiology, Associate Professor of Pharmacology at University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, discusses responsive neurological stimulation (RNS) and how it works.
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The Golden Age of Neuroscience Has Arrived - Wall Street Journal

The Golden Age of Neuroscience Has Arrived - Wall Street Journal | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it


So the promise of this new revolution in neuroscience is profound, holding out the ability to someday alleviate suffering and enhance our true mental potential.

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Walking in Your Shoes

Walking in Your Shoes | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

To walk in the other person's shoes is perhaps the most important first step we can do to develop our emotional intelligence. This is called "empathy," and it is defined as the capacity to experience another person's point of view.


British philosopher Roman Krznaric who studied the topic in depth, observes that empathy includes also understanding the other's feelings, and using that understanding to guide our actions.


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Good neighbors and friendly local community may curb heart attack risk

Good neighbors and friendly local community may curb heart attack risk | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Having good neighbors and feeling connected to others in the local community may help to curb an individual's heart attack risk, concludes research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
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Targeted Brain Stimulation Aids Stroke Recovery in Mice

Targeted Brain Stimulation Aids Stroke Recovery in Mice | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Using optogenetics to stimulate mice brains five days after a stroke helped improve motor control and brain chemistry, researchers report.
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The role of lactate in boosting memory

The role of lactate in boosting memory | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—EPFL researchers have decoded the mechanism by which a glucose derivative activates receptors involved in memorization.
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DARPA’s tiny implants will hook directly into your nervous system, treat diseases and depression without medication | ExtremeTech

DARPA’s tiny implants will hook directly into your nervous system, treat diseases and depression without medication | ExtremeTech | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

DARPA, on the back of the US government's BRAIN program, has begun the development of tiny electronic implants that interface directly with your nervous system and can directly control and regulate many different diseases and chronic conditions,...


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Love is all you need! Happy relationships help people thrive

Love is all you need! Happy relationships help people thrive | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Scientists from Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh and University of California, said ‘thriving’ involves five components of wellbeing, including learning new skills (stock image pictured).

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Memories may be rewired in the brain

Memories may be rewired in the brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Memories might feel like they're forever, but two new studies on rodents suggest that it's possible to physically rewire or erase memories in the brain.

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Changing Memories to Treat PTSD

Changing Memories to Treat PTSD | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A controversial area of brain research suggests it may be possible—but is it ethical?

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Increased risk of stroke in people with cognitive impairment

Increased risk of stroke in people with cognitive impairment | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
People with cognitive impairment are significantly more likely to have a stroke, with a 39% increased risk, than people with normal cognitive function, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
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How Things Work: Neuroscience studies explain why humans experience empathy

How Things Work: Neuroscience studies explain why humans experience empathy | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

By understanding the neurological basis for empathy, better interventions can be constructed to treat patients who suffer from psychopathy.


Studies have shown that almost a quarter of prison populations are psychopathic, compared to only one percent of the general population. Improved treatments and understanding could help bring down crime and violence.


Our understanding of the brain and its functions are very primitive, but much has been learned about the unique complexity that allows our brain to experience our own lives as well as the lives of those around us.


Raghunandan Avula


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The Neuroscience of Fairness and Injustice

The Neuroscience of Fairness and Injustice | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
How Our Brains Are Wired to Resist Unfair Treatment

Humans are inherently social beings. We care not only about material and financial rewards, but also about social status, belonging, and respect. Research studies show that our brains automatically evaluate the fairness of how financial rewards are distributed. We seem to have a happiness response to fair treatment and a disgust or protest response to unfairness. Thisbrain wiring has implications for life happiness, relationship satisfaction, raising kids, and organizational leadership.  This article will examine how we define fairness, how your brain processes experiences of fairness and unfairness, and how to cope with life’s unfair moments..

 


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Eli Levine's curator insight, August 23, 9:37 AM

An addendum to this should be that we resist what we each and all define as injustice, unfairness, and tyranny.  The definition of these things are objectively subjective, which is how we get differences of opinion and belief.  However, there are some things that are common to us all, and one has to wonder at the definitions of some other people, as to whether or not their definitions match up with what the collective actually is feeling.

 

For example, conservatives and Libertarians can be living in absolute poverty, and think it unfair that richer people be taxed more to help raise them out of poverty.  Economically, it's impossible to lift oneself up by your own bootstraps alone, without someone providing you boots to do so.  You can't get something from nothing, and that's what some conservatives and Libertarians have.  So, not only are they incorrect about how the economy works, but they're also advocating policy that many more of us would find unjust and unfair when phrased explicitly and honestly to the public.  You can change people's stated opinions through manipulation of the question phrases.  However, you usually can't and don't change the deep, complicated sentiments that most people have without having some kind of "aha" moment that is endogenous to themselves.  Enlightenment is not a gift that can be given.  It has to be produced from within you based on your actions, attitudes, behaviors, and experiences.

 

Therefore, it is primarily through this confusion of fact and manipulation of phrasing, ignorance, and plain callousness that we get differing opinions as to what fair is in many cases.  Some variety is ok.  However, the extremes of difference that we're experiencing do not reflect the common reality in which we are living.  The actual consequences that are realized from the conservative and Libertarian approach would not be supported by the majority opinion (when asked honestly and explicitly) because most of us have a different and more accurate understanding of fairness.  Quite frankly, I don't know how it is that we spend so much time caught up with individuals who don't know, don't care to know, and refuse to accept the common reality around them for the sake of a presupposed, manufactured and highly inaccurate perception of the world, with the unworkable and unjust opinions and conclusions that follow from their distorted view of the world.  It's time that we ideologically ditch all ideologies, ideologues, and people whose opinions don't match the common reality; people who refuse to accept the common reality, even when it is clearly presented to them.  They will get us killed, in the long term, because they are like bats who do not have properly functioning echo location senses.  They will fly us all into trees, into water, into the ground, or into some hungry predator's mouth, because they've presupposed the reality and are dug into those presuppositions, rather than attentive to the reality itself that is around them.

 

I don't want to die because of these people.  Do you?

M. Philip Oliver's curator insight, August 25, 7:30 PM

Thanks to Alessandro

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Maturing Brain Flips Function of Amygdala in Regulating Stress Hormones

Maturing Brain Flips Function of Amygdala in Regulating Stress Hormones | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
According to a new study, the amygdala has an inhibitory effect on cortisol during early development of nonhuman primates.
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How Self-Compassion Beats Rumination

How Self-Compassion Beats Rumination | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
“I can’t do this right,” says my patient Carla. “I know I’m going to fail. I can never do anything right.”  The most innocent wish—to walk in the park, to meet a friend for lunch, to meditate— would trigger this relentlessly harsh inner voice, 24/7.
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Stuck in neutral: Brain defect traps schizophrenics in twilight zone

Stuck in neutral: Brain defect traps schizophrenics in twilight zone | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
People with schizophrenia struggle to turn goals into actions because brain structures governing desire and emotion are less active and fail to pass goal-directed messages to cortical regions affecting human decision-making, new research reveals.
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Researchers Obtain Key Insights into How the Internal Body Clock is Tuned

Researchers Obtain Key Insights into How the Internal Body Clock is Tuned | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers discover a new way that circadian rhythm is regulated by long non-coding RNA.
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An MRI-guided brain surgery technology goes global

An MRI-guided brain surgery technology goes global | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

An MRI-guided laser system that allows surgeons to perform brain surgery on tumors and epileptic lesions in the brain is expected to become widely available to patients in need now that the technology has been acquired from Visualase Inc. by the global medical device company Medtronic, Inc., says a biomedical engineering professor from Texas A&M University who co-founded the company responsible for the technology.


The technology, says Gerard Coté, professor in the university’s Department of Biomedical Engineering and director of the Center for Remote Healthcare Technology, enables surgeons to pinpoint and destroy brain tumors and lesions with extreme precision and is a much less-invasive alternative to conventional surgery.


The advantage of this approach over other approaches for brain surgery, Coté explains, is that it can be performed while the patient is awake, requires no radiation and no skull flap (the large opening in traditional craniotomies), and is often performed in otherwise inoperable areas of the brain.


Traditional brain surgery, he explains, is usually a daylong operation that involves removing part of the skull, cutting through healthy brain matter and physically removing the problematic tissue. That procedure, he adds, can be followed by a weeklong hospital stay and prolonged recovery period. 


The technology developed by former Texas A&M students Ashok Gowda and the late Roger McNichols, conversely, can be completed in about four hours, and most patients can return home the following day, Coté says. 


Known as “Visualase,” the technology is already used in more than 45 hospitals, nationwide, including 15 pediatric hospitals. Before the surgical procedure, computer software first helps identify the targeted tissue so that it may be treated and the surrounding healthy tissue can be avoided, Coté explains. During the procedure, a small entry is made in the skull that allows a laser applicator (about the size of a pencil lead) to be inserted into the tissue. The patient is placed in the MRI, and a physician receives and reviews images to verify proper positioning of the laser applicator in the skull. The clinician then uses a laser to heat and destroy the problematic tissue while imaging the tissue being damaged in real time to ensure destruction of the problematic tissue and to avoid damaging healthy tissue. The laser applicator is then removed, and the scalp is closed with one stitch, Coté notes.



Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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