Social Neuroscien...
Follow
Find
3.0K views | +1 today
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
onto Social Neuroscience Advances
Scoop.it!

Evolution of the 'Social Brain' in Humans: What Are the Benefits and Costs of Belonging to a Social Species?

Evolution of the 'Social Brain' in Humans: What Are the Benefits and Costs of Belonging to a Social Species? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Because the human brain has become so large and sophisticated in terms of the social computations it supports, it takes a very long time for it to develop fully.
more...
No comment yet.
Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Center for Cognitive and Neurobiological Imaging

Center for Cognitive and Neurobiological Imaging | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Mission Statement

Discoveries about the brain have implications for fields ranging across Business, Law, Psychology, and Education. The Stanford Center for Cognitive and Neurobiological Imaging supports scientific investigations into the brain that make rigorous connections between neuroscience and society. Our Mission is to:

  • Support neuroscience discovery for enhancing society
  • Develop and disseminate cognitive and neurobiological imaging methods
  • Create a structured, safe, and innovative environment for human neuroscience research

 

The Facility

The CNI facility has been designed to reflect experimental needs in the social sciences disciplines. Visit ourWiki for the latest details on the facility and all research equipment.

The core instrumentation provided by the CNI is a research-dedicated 3T MRI scanner, a GE Discovery MR750. Technical information is available at GE Healthcare.

The CNI has an array of MRI Coils, including Nova Medical 32-channel and 16-channel head coils and a GE 8-channel head coil.

For stimulus delivery we provide a custom large-screen flat-panel display as well as a goggle system with eye tracker and audio from Resonance Technology, Inc.

Other Equipment includes an MR-compatible 256-channel EEG system, made by EGI, a Polhemus 3D digitizer used for EEG electrode localization, Fiber Optic Response Devices (FORP), by Current Designs, as well as a MRI Simulator (Mock Scanner), provided by Psychology Software Tools, Inc.
 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Temperament may contribute to cardiac complications in high blood pressure

Temperament may contribute to cardiac complications in high blood pressure | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Temperament has been traditionally associated with high blood pressure. A new study has substantiated this issue. Major depression and coronary heart disease have a strong, bidirectional relationship.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

What's So Funny?: The Science of Humor

What's So Funny?: The Science of Humor | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Cognitive neuroscientist Scott Weems talks about his book HA!: The Science of When We Laugh and Why.  
-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Where’s Waldo? How perceptual, cognitive, and emotional brain processes cooperate during learning to categorize and find desired objects in a cluttered scene | Frontiers in Integrative ...

The Where’s Waldo problem concerns how individuals can rapidly learn to search a scene to detect, attend, recognize, and look at a valued target object in it. This article develops the ARTSCAN Search neural model to clarify how brain mechanisms across the What and Where cortical streams are coordinated to solve the Where's Waldo problem. The What stream learns positionally-invariant object representations, whereas the Where stream controls positionally-selective spatial and action representations. The model overcomes deficiencies of these computationally complementary properties through What and Where stream interactions. Where stream processes of spatial attention and predictive eye movement control modulate What stream processes whereby multiple view- and positionally-specific object categories are learned and associatively linked to view- and positionally-invariant object categories through bottom-up and attentive top-down interactions. Gain fields control the coordinate transformations that enable spatial attention and predictive eye movements to carry out this role. What stream cognitive-emotional learning processes enable the focusing of motivated attention upon the invariant object categories of desired objects. What stream cognitive names or motivational drives can prime a view- and positionally-invariant object category of a desired target object. A volitional signal can convert these primes into top-down activations that can, in turn, prime What stream view- and positionally-specific categories. When it also receives bottom-up activation from a target, such a positionally-specific category can cause an attentional shift in the Where stream to the positional representation of the target, and an eye movement can then be elicited to foveate it. These processes describe interactions among brain regions that include visual cortex, parietal cortex inferotemporal cortex, prefrontal cortex, amygdala, basal ganglia, and superior colliculus.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Integrating intention and context: assessing social cognition in adults with Asperger syndrome | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Deficits in social cognition are an evident clinical feature of the Asperger syndrome (AS). Although many daily life problems of adults with AS are related to social cognition impairments, few studies have conducted comprehensive research in this area. The current study examined multiple domains of social cognition in adults with AS assessing the executive functions (EF) and exploring the intra and inter-individual variability. Fifteen adults diagnosed with AS and 15 matched healthy controls completed a battery of social cognition tasks. This battery included measures of emotion recognition, theory of mind, empathy, moral judgment, social norms knowledge and self-monitoring behavior in social settings. We controlled for the effect of EF and explored the individual variability. The results indicated that adults with AS had a fundamental deficit in several domains of social cognition. We also found high variability in the social cognition tasks. In these tasks, AS participants obtained mostly subnormal performance. Executive functions did not seem to play a major role in the social cognition impairments. Our results suggest that adults with AS present a pattern of social cognition deficits characterized by the decreased ability to implicitly encode and integrate contextual information in order to access to the social meaning. Nevertheless, when social information is explicitly presented or the situation can be navigated with abstract rules, performance is improved. Our findings have implications for the diagnosis and treatment of individuals with AS as well as for the neurocognitive models of this syndrome.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Situated affective and social neuroscience | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

This Research Topic features several papers tapping the situated nature of emotion and social cognition processes. The volume covers a broad scope of methodologies (behavioral assessment, functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI], structural neuroimaging, event related potentials [ERPs], brain connectivity, and peripheral measures), populations (non-human animals, neurotypical participants, developmental studies, and neuropsychiatric and pathological conditions), and article types (original research, review papers, and opinion articles). Through this wide-ranging proposal, we introduce a fresh approach to the study of contextual effects in emotion and social cognition domains. We report four levels of evidence. First, we present studies examining how cognitive and neural functions are influenced by basic affective processes (interoception, motivation and reward, emotional impulsiveness, and appraisal of violent stimuli). 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Glitch in brain’s garbage removal enhances risk of neurodegenerative diseases

Glitch in brain’s garbage removal enhances risk of neurodegenerative diseases | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
An international team of researchers identified a pathogenic mechanism that is common to several neurodegenerative diseases. The findings suggest that it may be possible to slow the progression of dementia even after the onset of symptoms.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Cleveland Clinic researchers identify urgent need for Alzheimer’s drug development

Cleveland Clinic researchers identify urgent need for Alzheimer’s drug development | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers at the Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health have conducted the first-ever analysis of clinical trials for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), revealing an urgent need to increase the number of agents entering the AD drug development...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Compounded outcomes associated with comorbid Alzheimer's disease, cerebrovascular disease

Compounded outcomes associated with comorbid Alzheimer's disease, cerebrovascular disease | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Anecdotal information on patients with both Alzheimer's disease and cerebrovascular disease have been confirmed by researchers using mouse models in two different studies.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Empathy and Compassion
Scoop.it!

How empathic are you?

How empathic are you? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

How empathic are you? 


They are:


Cognitive Empathy – this is about really understanding others, how they see the world, what their ‘model’ of the world is. Knowing how to talk and communicate with those others in such a way that leads to better performance.


Emotional Empathy – where an immediate sense of what is going on for others is felt.


Empathic Concern – knowing how others are thinking and feeling AND is predisposed and prepared to help. 



Via Edwin Rutsch
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Does Rejection Hurt? An fMRI Study of Social Exclusion

Does Rejection Hurt? An fMRI Study of Social Exclusion | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Delgado Lab for Social and Affective Neuroscience

Delgado Lab for Social and Affective Neuroscience | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

The Delgado Lab for Social and Affective Neuroscience investigates the interaction of emotion and cognition in the human brain during learning and decision making.


We use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in conjunction with physiological and behavioral measures to investigate how behavior can be shaped by rewards and punishments.


Studies range from simple processes that can be mapped on to current animal studies (e.g., learning that a stimulus predicts a reward), to more complex processes displayed during social interaction in everyday behavior (e.g., learning to trust someone during an economic exchange).

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Brain Scans Link Concern for Justice with Reason Not Emotion

Brain Scans Link Concern for Justice with Reason Not Emotion | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new neuroimaging study finds those who care about justice are swayed more by reason than emotion.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Stanford Center for Mind, Brain and Computation

Stanford Center for Mind, Brain and Computation | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Stanford has launched a new interdisciplinary center for the integration of research on Mind, Brain and Computation (MBC). The Center is dedicated to understanding how mental functions such as perceiving, understanding, thinking, feeling, and decision-making arise from neural processes in the brain. Research in the Center will address the processes and mechanisms that underlie the development of these abilities as well as disorders and diseases that affect them. MBC will foster the integration of theoretical, computational and experimental approaches to these issues, in hopes of increasing understanding and fostering improved methods for enhancement of human potential and life satisfaction. The Center will develop integrative research and educational programs and will promote interdisciplinary links between faculty and research trainees throughout the university.

The Center began operations during 2007. It is led by Jay McClelland, Professor of Psychology, with a steering committee currently consisting of representatives of the Departments of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Linguistics, Neurobiology and Psychology, and of the Neurosciences Institute at Stanford. Initial goals include:

  • Fostering research at the interface between mind, brain, and computation, with a focus on the integration of computational, statistical, and theoretical methods into functional brain imaging and other investigations of mental and neural processes.
  • Facilitating faculty appointments relevant to the agenda of the Center.
  • Developing a graduate training program aimed at increasing the involvement of individuals with backgrounds in quantitative, computational, and theoretical disciplines in the scientific investigation of mental and neural processes.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

New treatment for borderline personality disorder

New treatment for borderline personality disorder | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A group of Swiss investigators reports on a new type of psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Blood test breakthrough in search for Alzheimer's cure

Blood test breakthrough in search for Alzheimer's cure | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Test for 10 proteins predicts onset of disease over 12 months in those with mild memory loss with 87% accuracy. A blood test to detect which people with failing memories will go on to develop Alzheimer's disease has been developed by British...

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Research Topics

Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Research Topics | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
What determines social behavior? Investigating the role of emotions, self-centered motives, and social norms.

Topic Editors:

Corrado Corradi-Dell'AcquaUniversity of Geneva, Switzerland 
Susanne LeibergUniversity of Zurich, Switzerland 
Leonie KobanUniversity of Colorado Boulder, USA 
Patrik VuilleumierUniversity Medical Center and University Hospital Geneva, Switzerland 
Ernst FehrUniversity of Zurich, Switzerland 

Human behavior and decision making is subject to social and motivational influences such as emotions, norms and self/other regarding preferences. The identification of the neural and psychological mechanisms underlying these factors is a central issue in psychology, behavioral economics and social neuroscience, with important clinical, social, and even political implications. However, despite a continuously growing interest from the scientific community, the processes underlying these factors, as well as their ontogenetic and phylogenetic development, have so far remained elusive. In this Research Topic we call for articles that will provide challenging insights and stimulate a fruitful controversy on the question of “what determines social behavior.” 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Comedy vs. anti-science: 10 amazing videos that show how humor can make a difference

Comedy vs. anti-science: 10 amazing videos that show how humor can make a difference | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
From Colbert and Oliver to Sarah Silverman and Louis CK, comedians are torching anti-science activists with aplomb VIDEO
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Neuroscience - Memory - Learning - Mindfulness - Motivation
Scoop.it!

Something doesn’t smell right

Something doesn’t smell right | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Harvard scientists say they’re closer to unraveling one of the most basic questions in neuroscience — how the brain encodes likes and dislikes — with the discovery of the first receptors in any species evolved to detect cadaverine and putrescine,...

Via David McGavock
more...
David McGavock's curator insight, January 28, 11:47 AM

I'm curious about attraction  and aversion. This study investigates aversion at a very basic level. Important steps in understanding what turns us on and off.


“We don’t understand, as a field, how aversive and attractive odors are differentially processed … but identifying the receptor gives us a handle on the neural circuits that are involved. Now that we have the receptor, we can ask basic questions about aversion and attraction circuitry in general."

Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Low brain protein levels associated with neurodegeneration

Low brain protein levels associated with neurodegeneration | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Persons with reduced levels of the TREM2 protein could be at greater risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease or frontotemporal dementia, according to an international study which included the participation of the...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

New strategy could uncover genes at the root of psychiatric illnesses

New strategy could uncover genes at the root of psychiatric illnesses | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Understanding the basis of psychiatric disorders has been extremely challenging because there are many genetic variants that may increase risk but are insufficient to cause disease.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

A dominant hemisphere for handedness and language?

A dominant hemisphere for handedness and language? | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Through an innovative approach using a large psychometric and brain imaging database, researchers in the Groupe d'Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle (CNRS/CEA/Université de Bordeaux) have demonstrated that the location of language areas in the brain is...
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Jocelyn Stoller from Neuroscience_topics
Scoop.it!

GABA actions and ionic plasticity in epilepsy

GABA actions and ionic plasticity in epilepsy | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

[Review] Highlights:- Ionic plasticity of GABA signaling relies on short-term and long term changes in EGABA-  Cl− transport and carboanhydrases play a key role in ionic plasticity and epilepsy.

- GABAergic transmission has both seizure-suppressing and seizure-promoting effects.

- TrkB and calpain act on GABA signaling to coordinate the process of epileptogenesis.

- GABA signaling has context-specific and age-specific effects in health and disease.

- by Kaila Kai et al., Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Volume 26, June 2014, Pages 34–41


Via Julien Hering, PhD
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Psychiatric Neuroimaging Division - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

Psychiatric Neuroimaging Division - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Neuroimaging methods are a core component of psychiatric research. They provide a means to assay differences in brain systems that underlie psychiatric illness, treatment response, and properties of brain function that convey risk for disease.

Neuroimaging techniques used by a large percentage of clinical researchers in psychiatry include structural and functional methods based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), molecular assays using Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and electrophysiological approaches.

The psychiatric neuroimaging research program comprises a diverse group of laboratories and affiliated initiatives that seek to understand psychiatric illness using neuroimaging approaches. A strength of the program is its broad focus on a range of psychiatric disorders across laboratories, including developmental and adult-onset illnesses. A further strength of the program is that it serves as a nexus linking traditional academic departments with MGH, especially for the areas of psychology and neuroscience, which have a long-standing focus on psychiatric illness.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Jocelyn Stoller
Scoop.it!

Cal BRAIN Kickstarts California Efforts to Map the Brain

Cal BRAIN Kickstarts California Efforts to Map the Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
California governor allocates an initial grant of $2 million to the Cal-BRAIN initiative to help map the brain.
more...
No comment yet.