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Key target responsible for triggering detrimental effects in brain trauma identified

Key target responsible for triggering detrimental effects in brain trauma identified | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers studying a type of cell found in the trillions in our brain have made an important discovery as to how it responds to brain injury and disease such as stroke.
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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First glimpse of brain circuit that helps experience to shape perception

First glimpse of brain circuit that helps experience to shape perception | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
How do our memories shape the way sensory information is collected? For the first time, scientists have demonstrated a way to observe how our experiences shape sensory information in awake animals. The team was able to measure the activity of a group of inhibitory neurons that links the odor-sensing area of the brain with brain areas responsible for thought and cognition. This connection provides feedback so that memories and experiences can alter the way smells are interpreted.
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Artists have unique brain structure

Artists have unique brain structure | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Artists have structurally different brains compared with non-artists, a study has found.

Participants' brain scans revealed that artists had increased neural matter in areas relating to fine motor movements and visual imagery.

The research, published in NeuroImage, suggests that an artist's talent could be innate.

But training and environmental upbringing also play crucial roles in their ability, the authors report.

As in many areas of science, the exact interplay of nature and nurture remains unclear.

Lead author Rebecca Chamberlain from KU Leuven, Belgium, said she was interested in finding out how artists saw the world differently.

...

No 'right' side

Ellen Winner of Boston College, US, who was not involved with the study, commented that it was very interesting research.

She said it should help "put to rest the facile claims that artists use 'the right side of their brain' given that increased grey and white matter were found in the art group in both left and right structures of the brain".

"Only a prospective study could get at the question of innate structural brain differences that predispose people to become visual artists, and this kind of study has not been done as it would be very difficult and very expensive to carry out."


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The oxytocin made me do it - Waterbury Republican American

The oxytocin made me do it - Waterbury Republican American | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
The oxytocin made me do it
Waterbury Republican American
LOS ANGELES — Researchers have found that after a squirt of the brain hormone ocytocin, volunteers lied more readily about their results in a game in order to benefit their team.
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People Need People - Huffington Post (blog)

People Need People - Huffington Post (blog) | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
People Need People
Huffington Post (blog)
Chicago University's Center for Cognitive and Neuroscience came out recently with a study outlining the negatives of loneliness among older adults.
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Making Your Mind: Molecules, Motion, and Memory | HHMI's BioInteractive

Making Your Mind: Molecules, Motion, and Memory | HHMI's BioInteractive | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
What is mind? Can molecular biology help us understand mental function?
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Effects of Fibromyalgia on Brain Function | Health Matters Today


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Dual Nerve Stimulation Helps Chronic Migraine

Dual Nerve Stimulation Helps Chronic Migraine | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A new study shows that stimulating both the occipital and supraorbital nerves provides better relief of migraine than occipital stimulation alone.
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Society for Neuroscience - NIH Opens John Edward Porter Neuroscience Research Center

Society for Neuroscience - NIH Opens John Edward Porter Neuroscience Research Center | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
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Brain activity may mark the beginning of memories

Brain activity may mark the beginning of memories | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
By tracking brain activity when an animal stops to look around its environment, neuroscientists at the Johns Hopkins University believe they can mark the birth of a memory.
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Gene variant puts women at higher risk of Alzheimer's than it does men, study finds

Gene variant puts women at higher risk of Alzheimer's than it does men, study finds | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Carrying a copy of a gene variant called ApoE4 confers a substantially greater risk for Alzheimer's disease on women than it does on men, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
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Sperm can pass trauma symptoms through generations, study finds

Sperm can pass trauma symptoms through generations, study finds | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers have put ample effort into identifying genes that help explain why cancer or heart disease run in some families. But scientists still don't know if some genes can explain why the...

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Ziggi Ivan Santini's curator insight, April 15, 3:19 AM

This may explain why some people can be prone to mental illness, even when they don't share important environmental risk-factors.

 

It's an interesting study. It certainly complicates the nature/nurture debate. The findings here imply that environmental conditions and experiences can influence our biology, and in turn, the genetics we pass on. It is then no longer possible to argue that some factors are strictly genetic, and some are strictly environmental. It only makes sense that this dichotomic reasoning is too simplistic to explain human behavior.

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Bet you can't watch this without smiling

Smile! March 20, 2014 is the United Nation's International Day of Happiness.

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The hidden power of smiling

The hidden power of smiling | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Ron Gutman reviews a raft of studies about smiling, and reveals some surprising results. Did you know your smile can be a predictor of how long you'll live -- and that a simple smile has a measurable effect on your overall well-being? Prepare to flex a few facial muscles as you learn more about this evolutionarily contagious behavior.

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Witnessing Seizures: 4 Types Of Specific Convulsions [VIDEOS]

Witnessing Seizures: 4 Types Of Specific Convulsions [VIDEOS] | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A seizure is an expression of abnormal electrical discharges in the brain, with symptoms that may include muscle spasms, loss of consciousness, and collapse.
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For resetting circadian rhythms, neural cooperation is key

For resetting circadian rhythms, neural cooperation is key | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Fruit flies are pretty predictable when it comes to scheduling their days, with peaks of activity at dawn and dusk and rest times in between.
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Neurons in the brain tune into different frequencies for different spatial ... - Medical Xpress

Neurons in the brain tune into different frequencies for different spatial ... - Medical Xpress | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Medical Xpress
Neurons in the brain tune into different frequencies for different spatial ...
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Science Shows at What Age You're Smartest, and Chances Are You've Already Peaked

Science Shows at What Age You're Smartest, and Chances Are You've Already Peaked | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers have an answer to who is really the smartest generation.
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Scientists explain how memories stick together

Scientists explain how memories stick together | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Scientists at the Salk Institute have created a new model of memory that explains how neurons retain select memories a few hours after an event.

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Cognitive Enhancers for Mild Cognitive Impairment

What does the research say about using cholinesterase inhibitors or memantine to improve cognition or function?


This is the Medscape Psychiatry Minute. I'm Dr. Peter Yellowlees. Cognitive enhancers, including cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine, are used to treat dementia, but their effectiveness for mild cognitive impairment is unclear. Now a team of investigators[1] from Toronto, Canada, have conducted a systematic review to examine the efficacy and safety of cognitive enhancers for mild cognitive impairment. The investigators screened 15,554 titles and abstracts and 1384 full-text articles for studies of the effects of donepezil, rivastigmine, galantamine, or memantine on mild cognitive impairment. From this extensive literature, only 8 randomized clinical trials and 3 companion reports met inclusion criteria. In these studies, the investigators found no significant effects of cognitive enhancers on cognition or function. Cognitive enhancers were associated with higher risks for nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting than placebo. Although much more research is needed into the overall value of cognitive enhancers, the findings from this study do not support their use in patients with mild cognitive impairment. This article is selected from Medscape Best Evidence. I'm Dr. Peter Yellowlees.

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Consciousness as Social Perception (BSP 108)

Consciousness as Social Perception (BSP 108) | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Michal Graziano and Kevin (click image to play interview)

In his latest book Consciousness and the Social Brain  Princeton
neuroscientist Michael Graziano proposes a unique and compelling theory of
consciousness.
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Transplanting interneurons: Getting the right mix

Transplanting interneurons: Getting the right mix | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—Despite early optimistic studies, the promise of curing neurological conditions using transplants remains unfulfilled.
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A single switch dictates severity of epileptic seizures, researchers find

A single switch dictates severity of epileptic seizures, researchers find | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
A switch in the brain of people with epilepsy dictates whether their seizures will be relatively mild or lead to a dangerous and debilitating loss of consciousness, Yale researchers have found.
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MRI pinpoints region of brain injury in some concussion patients

MRI pinpoints region of brain injury in some concussion patients | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Researchers using information provided by a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique have identified regional white matter damage in the brains of people who experience chronic dizziness and other symptoms after concussion.
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Trait mindfulness and catastrophizing as mediators of the association between pain severity and pain-related impairment

Publication date: August 2014
Source:Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 66
Author(s): Chung Jung Mun , Morris A.

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Protein researches closing in on the mystery of schizophrenia

Protein researches closing in on the mystery of schizophrenia | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress)—Schizophrenia is a severe disease for which there is still no effective medical treatment. In an attempt to understand exactly what happens in the brain of a schizophrenic person, researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have analyzed proteins in the brains of rats that ...
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