Social Neuroscience Advances
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Social Neuroscience Advances
Understanding ourselves and how we interact
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A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain

A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Embodied cognition, the idea that the mind is not only connected to the body but that the body influences the mind, is one of the more counter-intuitive ideas in cognitive science. In sharp contrast is dualism, a theory of mind famously put forth by Rene Descartes in the 17th century when he claimed that “there is a great difference between mind and body, inasmuch as body is by nature always divisible, and the mind is entirely indivisible… the mind or soul of man is entirely different from the body.” In the proceeding centuries, the notion of the disembodied mind flourished. From it, western thought developed two basic ideas: reason is disembodied because the mind is disembodied and reason is transcendent and universal. However, as George Lakoff and Rafeal Núñez explain:

 

Cognitive science calls this entire philosophical worldview into serious question on empirical grounds… [the mind] arises from the nature of our brains, bodies, and bodily experiences. This is not just the innocuous and obvious claim that we need a body to reason; rather, it is the striking claim that the very structure of reason itself comes from the details of our embodiment… Thus, to understand reason we must understand the details of our visual system, our motor system, and the general mechanism of neural binding.

 

What exactly does this mean? It means that our cognition isn’t confined to our cortices. That is, our cognition is influenced, perhaps determined by, our experiences in the physical world. This is why we say that something is “over our heads” to express the idea that we do not understand; we are drawing upon the physical inability to not see something over our heads and the mental feeling of uncertainty. Or why we understand warmth with affection; as infants and children the subjective judgment of affection almost always corresponded with the sensation of warmth, thus giving way to metaphors such as “I’m warming up to her.”


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Claudia M. Reder's comment, May 19, 2013 8:28 PM
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2011/11/04/a-brief-guide-to-embodied-cognition-why-you-are-not-your-brain/
Alexander Vorobiev-Char's curator insight, February 4, 2014 2:14 AM

Соответствуют ли Ваши мысли возможностям Вашего тела? Что из них первично?

Eli Levine's comment, February 4, 2014 9:35 AM
This sounds like an analogy to a government sitting within a society. For example, while a government does technically control the body society through the production of laws (to a limited extent), the body society also influences and effects the government (brain) to produce different results. This is how government can be working independently of (and sometimes, contrary to) the rest of society, just as the society can also work independently of (and, sometimes, when the government isn't being cooperative with society's needs) contrary to the government.<br><br>Thanks for this! :)
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The aging brain is more malleable than previously believed

The aging brain is more malleable than previously believed | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Neuroscientists are finding that, as we get older, our aging brains are proving surprisingly malleable, and in ways not previously anticipated. But there are limitations.

 

 

 

Read more:

http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-08-aging-brain-malleable-previously-believed.html

 


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Web addicts 'have brain changes'

Web addicts 'have brain changes' | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Brain scans show changes in the brain of internet addicts similar to those found in drug and alcohol addicts, preliminary research suggests.

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The Power of Swarms Can Help Us Fight Cancer, Understand the Brain, and Predict the Future

The Power of Swarms Can Help Us Fight Cancer, Understand the Brain, and Predict the Future | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it

Aristotle first posited that the whole could be more than the sum of its parts. Ever since, philosophers, physicists, chemists, and biologists have periodically rediscovered the idea. But it was only in the computer age—with the ability to iterate simple rule sets millions of times over—that this hazy concept came into sharp focus.


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Joe Stafura's comment, May 14, 2013 11:09 AM
Though we typically think of flocking as a behavioral trait of birds and fish, a closer look shows humans exhibit a tendency to flock in many situations that we mistake as an individual choice.
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Bullying doesn't just hurt your feelings - it can make you ill, say researchers

Bullying doesn't just hurt your feelings - it can make you ill, say researchers | Social Neuroscience Advances | Scoop.it
Jenny Tung from Duke University in North Carolina studied rhesus macaques and found that social stress resulted in their immune systems suffering.

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