ScienceDaily (May 24, 2012) — Researchers in Spain have developed a new analytical system that allows them to assess the gender gap in the adoption of information and communications technology (ICT). They have used their approach to publish a ranking of 31 European nations in the International Journal of Society Systems Science.
Juan Martín Fernández and José Luis Martínez Cantos of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, explain that while policies aimed at improved gender equality have moved forward in recent years, little research exists as to whether there is a gender gap to coincide with the digital divide between those who use and benefit from ICT and those who do not. With this in mind, the team has developed the Gender & ICT Indicators System, GICTIS, to allow a quantitative and a qualitative assessment of ICT use to be made and so reveal any gender inequalities that might be addressed by new policy at the national and European level.
The well-known Global Gender Gap Index (GGGI) developed by the World Economic Forum highlights four specific areas for assessing and addressing gender inequality: economic participation and opportunities, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment. There are various other indices that add and combine many other factors to put a figure on inequality, even in the area of ICT, but the latter has not been seriously considered in the context of gender until now.