A key premise of the Visible Thinking approach is to seek ways to uncover and document students thinking so it can be discussed, reflected upon, and pushed further. Consequently, teachers employ various strategies for documenting the thinking students do. In doing so, teachers develop and use a language of thinking, they make the classroom environment rich with the documents of thinking (both processes and products, they look for opportunities for student thoughtfulness, they use thinking routines to support and nurture students thinking, they model and make their own thinking visible, and they send clear expectations about the importance and role of thinking in learning.
We refer to these components--language, environment, opportunities, routines, modeling, and expectations--as cultural forces. These forces, shape a classroom and a school to give it its unique feel.
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