Performing a spirometry test and providing information on pulmonary function may increase awareness of the effect of smoking among smokers who are asymptomatic or have few symptoms and make them decide to quit. Specifically, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease it might increase levels of motivation to quit smoking in early stages of the disease. If this strategy were to be effective, it could be included in the health promotion activities offered in primary care.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01821885.
Modern medicine and research continue to increase life expectancy, but there are still many preventable deaths that take our loved ones away from us. The U.S. has the worst preventable death rate in the world. Though it is improving, this is happening at a rate far slower than other countries like France, Germany, and the UK.
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable mortality in the world (1). Article 14 of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) states that countries should promote cessation of tobacco use and adequate treatment for tobacco dependence (2). Health-care providers asking all patients about their tobacco use and advising tobacco users to quit are evidence-based strategies that increase tobacco abstinence (3).
The National Library of Medicine (NLM), the world’s largest biomedical library is now collecting information from social media channels such as Twitter and Facebook with the hope of using that data to study changes in health behavior.
As you listen to the rigorous discussions that occur within these programs, and witness the passion of the participants, you come away with the sense that while the challenges ahead are significant, the need is great, the opportunity is...
Join us for the Annual Art and Science of Health Promotion Conference bringing together the leaders in health promotion, who represent some of the largest and most successful workplace, clinical, educational and community programs in the nation.
Overall, there is limited evidence suggesting that HRLAs are cost-effective in terms of changing health-related knowledge, behaviours or health outcomes. The evidence that does exist indicates that HRLAs are only cost-effective when they target behaviours likely to have a large impact on overall health-related quality of life. Further development of HRLA interventions needs to target specific population health needs where potential exists for significant improvement, and include rigorous evaluation to ensure that HRLAs provide sufficient value for money.
Motivating example: planning a clinical trialHaving reviewed the existing evidence, you believe that β blockers might improve lung function and so reduce hospital admissions in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), although...
The NHS is to establish a patient feedback website, styled after the popular travel site TripAdvisor, to allow patients to post complaints online – including those containing potentially derogatory comments about medical staff – and show hospitals' responses to them in real time.