Being in green spaces makes you physically and mentally healthier. But how long do you have to stay out there? And what even counts as nature, anyway? Doctors and researchers are now realizing that getting outside is more and more important to our physical, mental, and emotional health. It’s why we flock to beaches, mountains, and forests for vacations—and feel better after (the not working may also help). There is now even an informal term—"nature deficit disorder"—that describes the growing absence of nature in our lives and the damage it does.
As the number of cancer survivors grows and expected survival time increases, the health behaviors of these individuals is becoming an important focus of attention. Adoption or maintenance of healthy lifestyles after cancer has the potential to reduce both cancer- and non-cancer-related morbidity. Tracking these behaviors permits evaluation of how well cancer control efforts are working to reduce unnecessary disability and death among those with a history of cancer.
To enhance the length and health-related quality of life of cancer survivors, efforts are needed to encourage adequate physical activity. Physical activity may reduce the risk of several types of cancer, including breast, colon, endometrium (lining of the uterus), and advanced prostate cancers, and it may also lower a person’s risk of other health problems such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and osteoporosis (bone thinning). Being active may also help to prevent weight gain and obesity, which can reduce the risk of developing cancers that have been linked to excess body weight.
Examination of survivors’ physical activity is new to the Cancer Trends Progress Report this year.
Background: This study examined trends in adolescent weekly alcohol use between 2002 and 2010 in 28 European and North American countries. Methods: Analyses were based on data from 11-, 13- and 15-year-old adolescents who participated in the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study in 2002, 2006 and 2010. Results: Weekly alcohol use declined in 20 of 28 countries and in all geographic regions, from 12.1 to 6.1% in Anglo-Saxon countries, 11.4 to 7.8% in Western Europe, 9.3 to 4.1% in Northern Europe and 16.3 to 9.9% in Southern Europe. Even in Eastern Europe, where a stable trend was observed between 2002 and 2006, weekly alcohol use declined between 2006 and 2010 from 12.3 to 10.1%. The decline was evident in all gender and age subgroups. Conclusions: These consistent trends may be attributable to increased awareness of the harmful effects of alcohol for adolescent development and the implementation of associated prevention efforts, or changes in social norms and conditions. Although the declining trend was remarkably similar across countries, prevalence rates still differed considerably across countries.
In women who have both breast cancer and the BRCA1 mutation, having surgery to remove the ovaries can significantly lower their risk of dying from the disease, suggests a new study published in the journal JAMA Oncology. Women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 genetic mutations have up to a 70% risk of getting breast cancer and a high risk for ovarian cancer. Like actress Angelina Jolie, these women will often consider undergoing preventative surgeries to remove the breasts and ovaries to keep that risk at bay. Now, a new study shows that for women who already have cancer and have a BRCA1 mutation, surgery to remove ovaries—called oophorectomy—could lower the risk of dying of breast cancer by 62%.
We know that too much sugar is bad for our waistlines and our heart health, but now there's mounting evidence that high levels of sugar consumption can also have a negative effect on brain health -- from cognitive function to psychological wellbeing.
While sugar is nothing to be too concerned about in small quantities, most of us are simply eating too much of it. The sweet stuff -- which also goes by names like glucose, fructose, honey and corn syrup -- is found in 74 percent of packaged foods in our supermarkets. And while the Word Health Organization recommends that only 5 percent of daily caloric intake come from sugar, the typical American diet is comprised of 13 percent calories from sugar.
This cross-sectional observational study does not support that “an apple a day keeps the doctor away”; however, the small fraction of US adults who eat an apple a day do appear to use fewer prescription medications. See also the Editor’s Note by Redberg.
Recently, bioethicist Ezekiel Emanuel, MD, PhD, MSc, of the University of Pennsylvania, stirred up some controversy by suggesting in the New York Times that yearly checkups are a waste of time (http://nyti.ms/193cv6J). As part of his argument, he cited a Cochrane Collaboration systematic review...
The tobacco giant Philip Morris is suing Uruguay for having some of the best anti-smoking laws in the world, and there’s a good chance it could win, unless we strengthen the fight in court.
It's a scary reality that one company, whose product kills, could overturn laws that protect our public health. But if our community's voices are brought into court by a world class legal team, we could fight back with a force no judge could ignore, showing how this sets an unacceptable precedent for the world.
Let’s tell the court that this doesn’t just affect Uruguay -- if Big Tobacco gets their way it opens the door for challenges everywhere -- companies already have at least 4 other countries in their crosshairs, and many more have anti-smoking laws at risk.
We have to move fast -- the court is already hearing arguments.Sign to protect our public health and our democracies from corporate greed -- each of our names will be submitted to the court.
The first legally approved HIV self testing kit has gone sale in the UK. The BioSURE HIV Self Test will enable people to test themselves when and where they like, with a 99.7 per cent accuracy rate.An estimated 26,000 people in the UK have HIV but are unaware of it, making them unknowingly responsible for the majority of onwards transmissions.
Due to developments in treatments available, HIV is now a manageable disease but late diagnosis can have a devastating impact on health and life expectancy.
The self test kit uses a small amount of blood from a finger prick sample to detect the presence of HIV antibodies and offers a result in just 15 minutes.
BioSure founder Brigette Bard said its launch is a significant step towards normalising HIV testing
L’exercice physique aide les femmes atteintes d’un cancer du sein à mieux supporter les effets secondaires engendrés par la chimiothérapie. Et selon une étude récemment publiée dans le Journal of Clinical Oncology, le bénéfice est tel qu’il n’est ...
Teenage girls in Britain are more likely to be binge drinkers than anywhere else in Europe, according to a devastating dossier on our nation’s problems with alcohol.
More than half of girls aged 15 and 16 say they drink to excess at least once a month.
The shocking figure also means the UK is one of the few countries where the girls binge-drink more than boys.
The paper, drawn up by the Department of Health, also revealed that the debilitating effects of drink cost the UK economy more than £21billion a year.
The NHS now spends £3.5billion a year dealing with drink – up 30 per cent in just three years – thanks to a relentless rise in the number of alcohol-related hospital admissions. In 2003, our death rate from chronic liver disease overtook that of France for the first time.
Estrogen and progestin therapy to treat menopause has led to controversial and confusing recommendations. But in the latest and longest term look at the data, experts say the risks of the hormones may last long after women stop taking them
Rising inequality is one of the most pressing political issues. In an interview with EUROPP’s editor Stuart Brown, Danny Dorling discusses the problems posed by inequality, the situation within the UK, and why the current trends are likely to prove unsustainable.
Although many social scientists, most notably Thomas Piketty, have provided evidence of rising inequality across Europe and the rest of the world, there is little consensus on how the problem can be addressed. Is a solution to social and economic inequality feasible?
The best analogy I can give to the current debate over inequality is that it’s a bit like talking about population growth in 1968. Around about 1968 was the point in human history when population growth had never been faster. The human population was growing by about 2-2.2 per cent a year. If that had continued then within 300 years the planet would have been unable to sustain our species and life as we know it would have ended.
A whole series of books were written between 1968 and 1970, the most famous of which was ThePopulation Bomb, predicting famines, mass starvation and the general disintegration of human society. Now at the time these books were entirely rational because there was absolutely no way that kind of population growth could have continued. But what these authors didn’t know was that we’d actually hit a peak – at least in terms of accelerating growth.
Il 13-14 aprile si è tenuta una conferenza, organizzata dal Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine dell’Università di Oxford in partnership con il BMJ, molto interessante. È il proposito esplicito di EvidenceLive a catturare la mia attenzione “We seek answers to the question: how can we transform healthcare for the better?“. Il mondo della medicina Evidence Based si interroga sul cambiamento e su se stessa.
Author Katherine Johnson argues for a psychosocial approach that rethinks the relationship between psychic and social realms in the field of sexuality, without reducing it to either. Weaving through an expanse of theoretical and empirical examples drawn from sociology, psychology, queer and cultural studies, she produces an innovative, transdisciplinary perspective on sexual identities, subjectivities and politics. Alexander Blanchard argues that any student of sexuality will appreciate the vast wealth of sources which Johnson has compiled in this book.
Sexuality: A Psychosocial Manifesto. Katherine Johnson. Polity. November 2014.
So far as sexuality plays a significant and intrinsic part in our lives (and the gradual permeation of feminism and queer theory into everyday ‘mainstream’ discourses should testify to this continued significance) then a manifesto which charts the psychological and the social aspects of sexuality is to be recommended reading for anyone who, so to speak, wishes to ‘know thyself’. However, within the academy the study of sexuality has reached something of a ‘conceptual impasse’ and has remained at that impasse for some time now. Briefly, there has been a “polarization between psychological and socio-historical accounts” of sexuality. Sexologists and psychologists tend to locate sexuality in biological origins, such as hormones or genetics, whilst historians and sociologists have taken sexuality as something originating from, and ascribed by, society.
As the polarization between these two positions has increased, so the communication between the two has been impeded (there has, in the past, been shared ground). In Sexuality: A Psychosocial Manifesto, Katherine Johnson deftly locates and weaves together the multifarious and complex positions found within both social constructivist and psychological approaches to sexuality. With a masterful grasp of the literature, a lucid, analytical prose, and considered self-awareness, Johnson challenges this conceptual impasse, imploring us to rethink the relationship between the psychic and social study of sexuality – all to excellent effect.
Si chiama Lives on the line ed è una mappa delle linee della metropolitana che racconta Londra con due statistiche fondamentali:l’aspettativa di vita e la povertà infantile (l’indice IDACI – Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index). Confrontando i due indici si ha un quadro di come, senza i margini per una aspirazione all’ascesa sociale, le sorti dei bambini che vivono nelle zone più povere di Londra potrebbero essere già segnate.
Epidemiological data provide the metrics from which burdens attributable to different diseases and conditions causing ill health can be estimated. Comprehensive, consistent, and coherent health estimates, together with information about any associated uncertainties, are indispensable for decision making by governments, non-governmental organisations, practitioners, and national and international funders in helping to gauge and track the changing demands and challenges presented by poor health. Estimates of disease burden are an essential platform for public health policy and priority setting, and for evaluating intervention programmes.
In this book, Katherine Smith offers an insightful analysis of evidence-based policy, providing an interesting typology with which to deepen our exploration of the relationship between research and policy. Lee Gregory finds it a rare book which captures the reader, inviting self-reflection upon how one can engage with research either as an academic, an advocate, or policymaker, and their own research.
Beyond Evidence-Based Policy in Public Health: The Interplay of Ideas. Katherine Smith. Palgrave Macmillan. October 2013.
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The advocacy of evidence-based policy (EBP) has grown in prominence for more than a decade, whilst attention to health inequalities in the UK has intensified somewhat since the publication of The Spirit Level. In this book Katherine Smith explores the relationship between the two, not only providing an interesting exploration of the role of EBP within public health, but also insight in the plight of the contemporary academic in a world of research impact.
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