Social Foraging
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Social Foraging
Dynamics of Social Interaction
Curated by Ashish Umre
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WASA 2013 - 3rd Workshop on Applications of Software Agents

WASA 2013 - 3rd Workshop on Applications of Software Agents | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

Sinaia, Romania, October 11-13, 2013

 

Software agent technologies reached a certain level of maturity that allows development of applications spanning from lab prototypes to mature real-life systems, in domains that could have not been imagined before. Furthermore, software agent technologies proved their usefulness in synergy with methods of intelligent computing and artificial intelligence.

 

The aim of the WASA series of workshops is to contribute to the advancement of technologies and applications of software agents' with a special interest in intelligent computing including, but not limited to reasoning, semantics, pattern recognition, learning and cognition, etc.

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Multilateral Workshop on Computational Awareness and Active Participation in Autonomic Power Grids

The Workshop on Computational Awareness and Active Participation in Autonomic Power Grids shall bring together ten researchers from Imperial College London, University of Barcelona and the University of Strathclyde. The aim is to address fundamental issues in the application of computational awareness to the visualisation of complex domain data, according to the roles occupied by the user and subject to principles of common resource management. The target application is autonomic power grids, with the specific aim of leveraging demand-side management to increase consumer participation and enhance user engagement to promote sustainability. As well as offering some innovative insight into the application of computational awareness to active participation in SmartGrids, the workshop shall consolidate and clarify research plans for several PhD students, and identified several pairwise opportunities for joint research, as well as a strategic vision which unifies the work of all three workshop partners.

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ASSCI: Analytical Sociology, Social Coordination and Informatics Workshop

During 2013 and 2014, the Social coordination working group of the European network for social intelligence (SINTELNET) will organize a number of workshops. Besides their scientific agenda, these workshops will be used to report back to the commission in 2014 on the current and future research challenges in the area of social coordination for their use in defining future research topics. More specifically, Sintelnet aims to re-explore basic concepts of Philosophy, Humanities and Social Sciences given that traditional distinctions between the natural, the social and the artificial are becoming more and more blurred as radically new forms of Information Technology-enabled social environments are created. In other words, Sintelnet aims: • To look into those IT-enabled domains as a means for the critical examination of those basic concepts and, • To propose new approaches to understand and develop future IT-enabled social situations, by adapting and applying traditional concepts. The series of workshops on social coordination will bridge the communities of computer science, philosophy, humanities and social sciences. One research area of interest is Analytical Sociology. So, we are looking for participants from Social.PATH to attend a discussion workshop on the connections between analytical sociology, social coordination, and computer science and artefacts. The workshop will precede INAS2013 (International network on Analytical Sociology) organized in Stockholm June 7-8. Previous workshops include: • Formal Methods for the Informal World  (Lorentz Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands, 4-8 March 2013) • Social.PATH (AISB 2013 Convention, University of Exeter, UK, 3-5 April 2013)

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Challenge accepted: Build a robot for $10

Challenge accepted: Build a robot for $10 | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

You can now make robots using off-the-shelf parts for $10. TheAfrican Robotics Network has just proven the feat is possible when it announced the winners of its $10 robot challenge. Most of the 28 entries hit the price target or somewhere near it.

 

“The designs far exceeded our expectations,” Ken Goldberg, a professor of robotics, art and new media at the University of California, Berkeley, told E4C. “We set the $10 as a kind of inspirational goal and we had no idea anybody would get even close to it,” Goldberg says.

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Complex brain function depends on flexibility - The importance of mixed selectivity in complex cognitive tasks; Neurons that can multitask greatly enhance the brain’s computational power

Complex brain function depends on flexibility - The importance of mixed selectivity in complex cognitive tasks; Neurons that can multitask greatly enhance the brain’s computational power | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

Over the past few decades, neuroscientists have made much progress in mapping the brain by deciphering the functions of individual neurons that perform very specific tasks, such as recognizing the location or color of an object. 

However, there are many neurons, especially in brain regions that perform sophisticated functions such as thinking and planning, that don’t fit into this pattern. Instead of responding exclusively to one stimulus or task, these neurons react in different ways to a wide variety of things. MIT neuroscientist Earl Miller first noticed these unusual activity patterns about 20 years ago, while recording the electrical activity of neurons in animals that were trained to perform complex tasks. 

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Lisa Murray's curator insight, June 6, 2013 2:54 AM

What if creating and innovating is all about flexibility rather than linear, logical planning?

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Theories of Learning

Theories of Learning | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

Via Viktor Markowski
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, February 10, 2014 2:13 PM

We treat social constructivism as if it is new. Dewey and Montessori wrote about it over a century ago although they did not call it constructivism. The idea of using digital technologies and social media add a new twist to old ideas and it is important to inquire into what that means.

Helen Teague's curator insight, February 11, 2014 1:03 PM

nicely succinct infographic on learning theories

Tom Short's curator insight, February 12, 2014 7:58 PM

Nice overview of various learning theories; positioned against some new thinking about Networked learning theory.

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Explaining the Computational Mind: Marcin Milkowski

Explaining the Computational Mind

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In this book, Marcin Milkowski argues that the mind can be explained computationally because it is itself computational -- whether it engages in mental arithmetic, parses natural language, or processes the auditory signals that allow us to experience music. Defending the computational explanation against objections to it -- from John Searle and Hilary Putnam in particular -- Milkowski writes that computationalism is here to stay but is not what many have taken it to be. It does not, for example, rely on a Cartesian gulf between software and hardware, or mind and brain. Milkowski's mechanistic construal of computation allows him to show that no purely computational explanation of a physical process will ever be complete. Computationalism is only plausible, he argues, if you also accept explanatory pluralism. Milkowski sketches a mechanistic theory of implementation of computation against a background of extant conceptions, describing four dissimilar computational models of cognition. He reviews other philosophical accounts of implementation and computational explanation and defends a notion of representation that is compatible with his mechanistic account and adequate vis à vis the four models discussed earlier. Instead of arguing that there is no computation without representation, he inverts the slogan and shows that there is no representation without computation -- but explains that representation goes beyond purely computational considerations. Milkowski's arguments succeed in vindicating computational explanation in a novel way by relying on mechanistic theory of science and interventionist theory of causation.

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A Balance Equation Determines a Switch in Neuronal Excitability

A Balance Equation Determines a Switch in Neuronal Excitability | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

We use the qualitative insight of a planar neuronal phase portrait to detect an excitability switch in arbitrary conductance-based models from a simple mathematical condition. The condition expresses a balance between ion channels that provide a negative feedback at resting potential (restorative channels) and those that provide a positive feedback at resting potential (regenerative channels). Geometrically, the condition imposes a transcritical bifurcation that rules the switch of excitability through the variation of a single physiological parameter. Our analysis of six different published conductance based models always finds the transcritical bifurcation and the associated switch in excitability, which suggests that the mathematical predictions have a physiological relevance and that a same regulatory mechanism is potentially involved in the excitability and signaling of many neurons.

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IBM's Vision For Cognitive Computing Era

IBM's Vision For Cognitive Computing Era | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

Computers won't replace doctors, traffic analysts or meteorologists anytime soon, but their real-time analytical capabilities can provide essential information, and that will help humans employed in these (and many other) fields make smarter decisions.

 

That's the big data gospel from IBM, which is testing its powerful cognitive computer systems – computers modeled on the human brain -- around the world. Like many industry players, the tech giant sees a confluence of four factors -- social, mobile, analytics and cloud, or "SMAC" -- that will combine with cognitive systems to have a major impact on 21st-century business, government and society in general.

 

In a phone interview with InformationWeek, IBM research fellow Kerrie Holley provided a high-level overview of Big Blue's take on SMAC, machine learning and the sensor-driven Internet of Things, all of which are expected to play starring roles in the new era IBM calls cognitive computing.

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Texas Advanced Computing Center - Hip-Hip-Hadoop: Data Mining for Science

Texas Advanced Computing Center - Hip-Hip-Hadoop: Data Mining for Science | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

The model of distributed calculations, where a problem is broken down into distinct parts that can be solved individually on a computer and then recombined, has been around for decades. Divide-and-conquer techniques allow scientists to predict complex phenomenon from tornado formation to the qualities of nanomaterials to tomorrow's weather forecast.

 

But when Google developed the MapReduce algorithm, it added a distinct wrinkle to this method of distributed computing and opened new doors for commercial and scientific endeavors.

 

Apache Hadoop is an open-source software framework that evolved from Google's MapReduce algorithm. Many Internet giants — Facebook, Yahoo, eBay, Twitter — rely on Hadoop to crunch data across thousands of computer servers in order to quickly identify and serve customized data to consumers.

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Cambridge University Linguists Use Twitter To Study How Welsh Language Use Is Changing

Cambridge University Linguists Use Twitter To Study How Welsh Language Use Is Changing | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

Another reason Twitter is awesome: Cambridge University linguists are using it to track how the usage of one of the U.K.’s Celtic languages,Welsh, is changing. Welsh is only spoken by around a sixth of the population of Wales — or some 562,000 people — but enough of those Welsh speakers are tweeting in Welsh to have allowed the researchers to compile a database of source material to use as a jumping off point for more detailed field research.

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Edukart Raises $500K To Bring Better Online Education To India And The Developing World

Edukart Raises $500K To Bring Better Online Education To India And The Developing World | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

Launched in late 2011 by Stanford grad and ex-Facebooker Ishan Gupta and Indian Institute of Management grad Mayank Gupta, Delhi-basedEduKart is on a mission to bring online education to India and the developing world. Today, the startup announced that it has raised $500K in seed capital from a handful of institutional and angel investors. Participants include Kima Ventures, AKM Systems, Vibhor Mehra and Stanford alumni. The investment adds to the $500K the startup had previously raised from One97 Communications founder Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Providence Capital Director Manish Kheterpal.

 

With broadband penetration and smartphone adoption exploding around the world, particularly in India, Gupta sees a big opportunity for education. Over the last few years, he tells us, “we’ve seen enormous growth in the number of people in India making transactions online, the number of debit cards and, overall, a huge uptick in broadband penetration.” The convergence of these three trends has led to increasing demand for web-based learning applications and, while this demand (and the online education market itself) are still nascent, Gupta believes India is at an inflection point.

 

Unlike the hot MOOC platforms in the U.S., EduKart is pursuing a slightly different model as part of its approach to the Indian market. Every course on the platform comes with a price tag, which ranges from $20 to $2,400, depending on the level. EduKart is open enrollment, allowing students to pay for the course online and begin studying immediately, while providing them with phone and email-based support and an alumni group.

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A Dynamical Systems Account of Sensorimotor Contingencies

A Dynamical Systems Account of Sensorimotor Contingencies | Social Foraging | Scoop.it
According to the sensorimotor approach, perception is a form of embodied know-how, constituted by lawful regularities in the sensorimotor flow or in sensorimotor contingencies (SMCs) in an active and situated agent. Despite the attention that this approach has attracted, there have been few attempts to define its core concepts formally. In this paper, we examine the idea of SMCs and argue that its use involves notions that need to be distinguished. We introduce four distinct kinds of SMCs, which we define operationally. These are the notions of sensorimotor environment (open-loop motor-induced sensory variations), sensorimotor habitat (closed-loop sensorimotor trajectories), sensorimotor coordination (reliable sensorimotor patterns playing a functional role), and sensorimotor strategy (normative organization of sensorimotor coordinations). We make use of a minimal dynamical model of visually guided categorization to test the explanatory value of the different kinds of SMCs. Finally, we discuss the impact of our definitions on the conceptual development and empirical as well as model-based testing of the claims of the sensorimotor approach.
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Gossip and the management of reputation at the intersection between the Social, the Natural and the Computational Sciences

Gossip and the management of reputation at the intersection between the Social, the Natural and the Computational Sciences | Social Foraging | Scoop.it
Gossip and reputation management are essential features of our world.Their investigation is part of the frontiers of research in at least three scientific domains: the social, the natural and the computational sciences. Understanding the dynamics, evolution and change of social information transmission requires a truly inter-disciplinary scientific effort. Aim of this workshop is to define an “atlas” of research on gossip and reputation, in which mainland, i.e., shared concepts that overcome disciplinary boundaries, and detached territories, i.e., field-specific aspects, are explored and defined. The resulting map will be used to lay the foundation for new models and theories of gossip and reputation management, and to test their validity across boundaries between disciplines.The workshop will be highly interactive and it will be structured around working groups which are expected to work towards the definition of “work packages” which will cover the different levels (individual, inter-individual, group, intergroup, societal), the relation between the levels (micro-macro links), as well as data, methods and tools.
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African Robotics Network (AFRON)

African Robotics Network (AFRON) | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

The African Robotics Network (AFRON) is a community of institutions, organizations and individuals engaged in robotics in Africa. AFRON seeks to promote communication and collaborations that will enhance robotics-related education, research, and industry on the continent.

 

To achieve this, AFRON organizes projects, meetings and events in Africa and at robotics and automation conferences abroad. Established in April 2012, AFRON hosts a website, Facebook page, and moderated "robotics-africa" email list: http://groups.google.com/group/robotics-africa/

 

For the purposes of AFRON, "Robotics" is broadly defined to include related areas such as automation, computer vision, signal processing, machine learning, and other related topics.

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The Future of Communications as Aid

The Future of Communications as Aid | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

What does communications in humanitarian and crisis response look like in 5 years time? This was the question I posed to the panel session I moderated at the Aid and International Development Forum on the issue of social media in humanitarian response.

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Seven prototypes from the Gandhian Technological Innovation Awards

Seven prototypes from the Gandhian Technological Innovation Awards | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

A cutting machine for turning old sarees into floor mats, an epoxy nanocomposite for manufacturing helmets made out of bamboo, and an e-diagnoser wearable patient monitor number among the new technologies honored at the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Awards based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

 

The turnout was huge. Teams from 110 Indian universities and tech institutes submitted a total of 1840 designs and projects for consideration at this second annual event held by the Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable Technologies and Institutions (SRISTI). One-hundred seventy-five expert evaluators pared the entries down to 43 award winners and appreciations.

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Does brain stimulation make you better at maths?

Does brain stimulation make you better at maths? | Social Foraging | Scoop.it
Kids won’t be getting brain shocks in classrooms any time soon. woodleywonderworksThe HeadlinesBrain stimulation promises “long-lasting” maths boostMild electric shocks to brain may help students…

 

Researchers led by Roi Cohen Kadosh at the University of Oxford trained people on two kinds of maths skills, rote learning simple arithmetic problems and practicing more varied calculations.

 

During this learning process they applied small and continually varying electrical currents to the scalp, above the temples. A control group wore the electrodes but didn’t receive any current. Compared to the controls, the people who practiced with the current turned on performed faster on the maths problems.

 

Even more amazing, when a subset of the participants were brought back six months later, those who had received the electrical treatment were still significantly faster, albeit only for the harder, more varied, calculations.

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Modeling Trust Context in Networks: Sibel Adali (SpringerBriefs in Computer Science)

Modeling Trust Context in Networks (SpringerBriefs in Computer Science)

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We make complex decisions every day, requiring trust in many different entities for different reasons. These decisions are not made by combining many isolated trust evaluations. Many interlocking factors play a role, each dynamically impacting the others.  In this brief, "trust context" is defined as the system level description of how the trust evaluation process unfolds. Networks today are part of almost all human activity, supporting and shaping it. Applications increasingly incorporate new interdependencies and new trust contexts. Social networks connect people and organizations throughout the globe in cooperative and competitive activities. Information is created and consumed at a global scale. Systems, devices, and sensors create and process data, manage physical systems, and participate in interactions with other entities, people and systems alike.  To study trust in such applications, we need a multi-disciplinary approach.  This book reviews the components of the trust context through a broad review of recent literature in many different fields of study. Common threads relevant to the trust context across many application domains are also illustrated.

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Swarm Intelligence In Marketing!

Swarm Intelligence In Marketing! | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

New concept is emerging, that marketing strategies should be based on swarm intelligence. Swarm intelligence is the offshoot of artificial intelligence. In simple terms, we can describe this field of study as “Collective Wisdom”.

 

Ant Colonies inspire this subject, which exhibits fascinating behavior of teamwork and intelligence. In individual capacity, they are raw but when they socialize and work as team then they become intelligent. In Ant colonies, there is no leader and no one dictates any rules to the masses, rather everyone is doing very simple tasks of sensing scents of the preceding ant and just thinks about the obstacle in front of them. They interact with the obstacle in a collective manner for example by making bridges of ants over obstacle or following shortest routes etc.

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Usman Tahir's comment, June 15, 2013 2:34 PM
Thanks for scooping this post and its a learning curve visiting your page due to diversity of the topics you have covered! In the meanwhile i have posted another post on creating Digital Pheromone for digital marketing at http://wp.me/p3zzEe-4M.
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Consciousness: Why we need to build sentient machines

FROM C-3PO of Star Wars to Wall-E, the sentient garbage collector, the prevalence of conscious machines in the stories we tell seems to reflect humanity's deep desire to turn creator and design an artificial intelligence.

 

It might seem as if we stand little chance of making an artificial consciousness when the natural variety remains such an enigma. But in fact the quest for machine consciousness may be key to solving the mystery of human consciousness, as even scientists outside AI research are starting to acknowledge. "The best way of understanding something is to try and replicate it," says psychologist Kevin O'Regan of Descartes University in Paris, France. "So if you want to understand what consciousness is, well make a machine that's conscious.

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Consciousness: The what, why and how

Consciousness: The what, why and how | Social Foraging | Scoop.it
THERE are a lot of hard problems in the world, but only one of them gets to call itself "the hard problem". And that is the problem of consciousness – how a kilogram or so of nerve cells conjures up the seamless kaleidoscope of sensations, thoughts, memories and emotions that occupy every waking moment.

The intractability of this problem prompted British psychologist Stuart Sutherland’s notorious 1989 observation: "Consciousness is a fascinating but elusive phenomenon… Nothing worth reading has been written on it."

The hard problem remains unsolved. Yet neuroscientists have still made incredible progress understanding consciousness, from the reasons it exists to the problems we have when it doesn’t work properly.
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Everything.me Android Content Search App Launches In UK And Spain

Everything.me Android Content Search App Launches In UK And Spain | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

Everything.me is a clever app that lets users search for specific content across both native and mobile apps. The app, available in beta, is a replacement app launcher and home screen for Android devices. It simply makes apps appear that are relevant to your request. From there you can download the relevant content or apps. It’s launching its app in the UK and Spain tomorrow.

 

The company also announced that the platform has reached 350,000 downloads in just over a month of availability on the Google Play store. Not astounding, but clearly showing traction.

 

Last year, Everything.me pulled in $25 million in a round led by Telefonica Digital, with participation from Mozilla, Singtel and existing investors, which include Draper Fisher Jurvetson, BRM Group and Horizon Ventures. The company has now raised $37 million to date. Telefonica and Mozilla will implement Everything.me into their mobile services.

 

The app’s integration with Firefox mobile platform, might well give it an edge over Android, iOS, Windows Phone and others. Everything.me currently has no revenue model, but it could be used to offer better placement to advertisers for instance.

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The Double Robotics iPad-Equipped Teleconferencing Robot Is Shipping

The Double Robotics iPad-Equipped Teleconferencing Robot Is Shipping | Social Foraging | Scoop.it

It’s impossible to be in two places at once. ButDouble Robotics, a wheel-equipped robot with an iPad for a face, has finally made that possible.

 

The company has begun shipping units of the Double to customers who pre-ordered and coughed up the $2,000 to get one. In fact, the first hundred are already safely in the homes and lives of their new owners.

 

By September, the company will have shipped another 1,000 units, showing that even with a high price tag, hardware startups can still rake in the cash and run a sustainable business. But of course, this has to do with the fact that the Double has all kinds of valuable use-case scenarios that span across various industries.

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