This talk builds on insights into how humans cope with emotion to guide the design of virtual humans. Although coping is increasingly viewed in the psychological literature as having a central role in human adaptive behavior, it has been largely ignored in computational models of emotion. In this talk, I show how psychological research on the interplay between human emotion, cognition and coping behavior can serve as a central organizing principle for the behavior of human-like autonomous agents. A detailed domain-independent model of coping is presented based on this framework that significantly extends our previous work. We argue that this perspective provides novel insights into realizing adaptive behavior.