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China to increase efforts to alleviate poverty |Nation and Digest |chinadaily.com.cn

China to increase efforts to alleviate poverty |Nation and Digest |chinadaily.com.cn | Poverty | Scoop.it

China will allocate more funds to lift its rural population out ofpoverty this year, with efforts focused on making education moreaccessible for the poor, said a top poverty relief official.

 

"Although pressured by the economic slowdown, povertyalleviation efforts should not be affected," said Fan Xiaojian,director of the State Council's Poverty Alleviation Leading GroupOffice. "The increase in funding this year is very likely tosurpass the growth of 

last year."

 

In 2012, the central government allocated 299.6 billion yuan ($48.2 billion) to povertyalleviation, an increase of about 32 percent compared with the previous year.

 

Over the past 12 months, China's rural population considered to be in poverty declined toabout 99 million from 122 million - the first time the country has started to consider those with ayearly net income of less than 2,300 yuan as "destitute".

 

Fan, also a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference NationalCommittee, said poverty reduction work is more than just injecting money into impoverishedrural areas. Support for education and access to educational resources are even more crucial.

"I firmly believe education can change a person's life," he said. "Financial subsidies can onlysolve the poverty problem in the short term, while education is a more sustainable way to helpget rid of poverty."

Measures include raising the quota for students from poverty-stricken areas to be enrolled atkey high schools and universities, he said, adding that the government will also continueproviding subsidized meals for students to boost their nutrition.

 

In recent years, China has worked hard to rid its education system of inequality to eliminatepoverty in a more profound way. Last year the central government spent more than 16 billionyuan to subsidize meals for around 20 million students in about 680 cities and counties in someof the leastdeveloped areas, Fan said. The measures included giving 10,000 quotas forstudents from poverty-stricken areas to get enrolled at key universities.

The government also plans to roll out a policy to provide living allowances and exempt tuitionfees for students in secondary vocational schools in poorer areas.

 

"This policy alone requires an additional outlay of more than 20 billion yuan annually, includingthe canteen and dormitory upgrade program," he said.

 

Wu Tan, deputy director of the Poverty Alleviation and Development Office of Guizhouprovince, said: "The crux of poverty lies in people, so we have tried all means to improve thepoverty-stricken parts of the population's capacity to survive and to change their financialsituation by themselves."


Christophe Bahuet, country director of the United Nations Development Programme in China,said an economic downturn has several negative effects, including reducing employmentopportunities, commercial activities and investment.

 

"The economic downturn makes poverty reduction efforts even more crucial," he said.

Kaili Tan's insight:

In my opinion, the government's action to help the poorer rural people to receive education is a good decision. Making education possible for children living in poverty will definitely help to decrease the country's percentage of people living in poverty. It might also help the country to discover more talents that would help boost the country's development. With education, the children can then serve their country better. The more talents there are in a country, the better the country will advance and thus this action of helping the poorer children to receive education is surely beneficial to the country. I believe all children, whether poor or rich, deserves a chance to receive education and as there should be a equal and fair chance for all.

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Steffi Quah's comment, January 27, 2014 8:28 PM
Education is a good way of getting out of poverty. With education, the citizens in the country will have more job opportunities in future as they are educated. I also believe that meritocracy and equality is important for a country to prosper.
Daryl Koh's comment, January 29, 2014 6:41 AM
Yes. Education is a really important factor in determining weather you get a good job and future or just going around doing nothing. It really pains me to see that students of my age and below and above do not have a good education as me. This is because if they do not learn how to read and write, they might not know what is going on around the world and might just be left uninformed. China will allocate more funds to lift its rural population out of poverty year, with efforts focused on making education more accessible for the poor. This then will improve the countries meritocracy, equality, rights, and prosperity.<br><br>
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The Final Countdown: Prospects for Ending Extreme Poverty by 2030 (Interactive)

The Final Countdown: Prospects for Ending Extreme Poverty by 2030 (Interactive) | Poverty | Scoop.it
Over one billion people around the world live in extreme poverty, surviving on less than $1.25 a day. A new Brookings study examines the prospects for ending poverty by 2030 and the factors that will determine progress toward this goal.

 

Between 1990 and 2010, the share of the population of the developing world living in extreme poverty (under $1.25 a day) was cut in half. This would appear to bring the end of extreme poverty within reach.

In a new paper, we assess the prospects for ending extreme poverty by 2030. We begin by developing a range of plausible poverty outcomes based on alternative scenarios for how mean consumption and the distribution of consumption in each country might evolve.

Our range of poverty outcomes for 2030 is large, implying that the future trajectory of global poverty is highly uncertain. Getting to the “zero zone”, defined here as a poverty rate of under 3 percent, by 2030 is unlikely to occur through stronger than expected consumption growth or an improving distribution alone. Both factors are needed simultaneously.

Kaili Tan's insight:

I feel that poverty is a major problem widely faced in certain parts of the world, for instance, Africa. In these parts of the world, people die of hunger daily because they cannot afford to get food. I believe the problem of poverty is caused by the uneven distribution of wealth in the world. For example, well-developed countries own multi-national corporations which collects a lot of income for the country and these income comes from some of the poorer countries. Thus, it results in some country being richer than others and the people in the poorer countries would be living in poverty. I sincerely hope that this problem might be resolved in the upcoming centuries so that lees people suffer but this problem cannot be solved by a couple of people. Instead, I believe only by the effort of everyone to spread awareness and increasing the number poverty-fighting associations then can the problem be resolved.

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The Impact of Poverty on Educational Opportunities by Michelle Wilkinson | Education Space 360

The Impact of Poverty on Educational Opportunities by Michelle Wilkinson | Education Space 360 | Poverty | Scoop.it

Poverty continues to have a profound impact on the educational opportunities available to young people, even in societies where there is public provision of education. In societies where children are able to go to school without their parents having to pay fees, those from disadvantaged backgrounds have fewer opportunities than their wealthier peers. Children whose parents are poor may not have the educational or material resources to be able to offer the support needed for their children to achieve educational success.

 

The impact of poverty on educational opportunities is obviously starker in countries where there is only a patchwork of fee-paying schools and no state-funded educational system. In the developing world, there are children whose parents cannot afford to send them to school who then grow up unable to read or write. This clearly limits the options these children have in life and it becomes extremely difficult for them to escape the poverty trap. Many children are forced to work from an early age and would love the opportunity to get an education.

 

In the Western world, children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds are sometimes less keen on the prospect of going to school. Schools located in areas where there are high levels of poverty are often beset by problems such as truancy and teenage pregnancy. It can be difficult for these schools to recruit the most capable staff who would have a better chance of dealing with the behavioural and emotional issues which many of the students bring with them into school. It can be hard for students to find any motivation to study when their peers are not interested in learning and they don’t have the right kind of support they need at home or school.

 

Poverty means that children usually do not get the best education, since they often live in areas where they only have access to the most rundown schools, where teachers are too busy struggling to keep control of the classroom to actually teach anything. Parents may not know how to offer their children the right kind of encouragement, especially if they left school before graduating. If children leave high school before finishing their exams or they fail, they probably will decide not to go on to college or university. Even those who do decide to continue with their education may have a harder time getting into the most prestigious institutions.

 

It is unfortunate that poverty has such a negative impact on young people’s educational opportunities, especially when education offers the best escape route out of poverty. It would appear that the education system simply fails to meet the needs of those who could most benefit from a decent education.

Kaili Tan's insight:

Poverty has a tremendous impact on eduaction. Children from families facing poverty are unable to receive education or appropriate education. In my point of view, the lack of education of children results in the prevention of the children to develop towards their potential. Talents of the children cannot be discovered, much more to say developed. This might in turn affect the country. Education for the younger generation is important as they are the ones who will lead the country in the future. Education provides knowledge and skills. If the children are not well-educated, the country will not have potential leaders to lead the country and the country will not be able to develop and advance. Thus, I find that a country will not be able to develop into a second or first world country if the people cannot afford education. I agree that poverty has a lot of impact on education.

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Joey Yeo's comment, January 27, 2014 8:41 PM
I strongly agree with you that education affects the growth and development of the country but I feel that having access to education most importantly, helps the poor to get out of poverty. As they will have a wider range of job opportunities, with the skills and knowledge they get from education. However, education given to the poor might not be treasured by some of them, because some poor children might face lots of difficulty, thus, causing them to give up hope. Only children with determination and willingness to hard work would successfully get out of poverty
Joey Tan's comment, January 29, 2014 9:45 AM
I totally agree that poverty had a huge impact for education in countries. Most children who are living in poverty are most probably influenced by their parents or families. Their parents might be living in poverty since young or rather not know that they are born in poverty without knowing and this will lead to future generations. Education is a platform for children to realise their potential, strength and weakness and serve as a way to allow them to have a better knowledge of the world. With this, they are able to apply a more wide variety of jobs in future and improve poverty in their country. Children without proper education usually do the wrong things and might cause over-population living in poverty. If a country is lack of education, the country will be developing slowly as they do not have educated or potential leaders to lead and improve the country. Hence, I feel that education is very important for children when they are young as they must be educated and knowledged in order to make changes to their condition.