The earliest naturalization records in Indiana date to 1807. Throughout the years various county courts handled naturalization proceedings. Even the Indiana Supreme Court naturalized people for a time. The process required foreign born peoples to follow a two-step process. They first had to file a declaration of intent to become naturalized, then file a petition for naturalization. Once their petition was approved, they received a certificate that granted them citizenship. The entire process took several years.
Before 1906, only men were required to file for naturalization. Women were not required to file until 1922. Before this time, they either became citizens automatically when their husbands were naturalized or by marrying a U.S. citizen. Likewise, children were automatically granted citizenship along with their fathers.
Slovenian Girls. Second-generation Slovenian girls in traditional costumes, via the Indiana Historical Society. Before 1906, only men were required to file for naturalization. Women were not required to file until 1922.