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China's One-Child Policy

China's One-Child Policy | Sinica Geography 400 | Scoop.it

"In 1979, the National Population and Family Planning Commission in China enacted an ambitious program that called for strict population control. Families in various urban districts are urged to have only one child—preferably a son—in order to solve the problems related to overpopulation. What has happened since then and what are its implications for the future of China?"  This is an excellent infographic for understanding population dynamics in the world's most populous country. 


Via Seth Dixon
Brett Sinica's insight:

This was a cool graphic to explain the basics of the birth policies in China.  As a country, it is respectable for them to try and control their global footprint and growth within the country, yet some of the measures that are taken to achieve or sustain them are slightly questionable.  One of the graphics displayed having one child compared to more than one, which were have the chance of being followed by fines, confiscations of belongings, and even job loss.  In a sense, by having more (a child) they actually get less (money, goods, respect).  The goal of reducing the birth rates had actually worked since it was put in place, though it didn't come without some sort of an expense of the citizens.

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Don Brown Jr's comment, July 10, 2012 8:18 PM
The social repercussions of China’s one child policy may soon pose some new challenges to them in the following decades. Like other industrialized economies, as China’s population ages, the elderly will be supported by a smaller workforce. However, due to an unequal gender preference for boys because of the countries one child policy, the generation following the upcoming workforce may also be insufficient. How China will respond to the reality of dealing with an aging population and smaller workforce in the near future could possibly result in the country having a large immigrant work force or even suspending their one child policy.
Matt Mallinson's comment, November 19, 2012 11:11 AM
I agree with Don, couldn't have said it better.
Yuanyuan Kelly's curator insight, March 4, 2013 9:27 AM

A really cool infograph regarding China's one child policy!

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NYTimes video: Sweden's Immigrant Identity

NYTimes video: Sweden's Immigrant Identity | Sinica Geography 400 | Scoop.it
One out of four Swedes are immigrants or have a parent with an immigrant background.

 

Demographic shifts leading to political and cultural tensions.   Europe, which historically has been a source of migrants, is relatively new to be a destination for migrants and that has heightened some of the conflicts. 


Via Seth Dixon
Brett Sinica's insight:

Sweden is currently one of the most prosperous countries in the world.  Being so close and accessible to many neighboring European countries makes it that much more appealing and even easier for people to travel there.  The birth rates have slowed in recent years, meaning people of working age are slowly decreasing; less workers and less jobs can lower the economy.  After the conflicts in Syria, Sweden has even volunteered to house refugees to start new and in turn can help put the demographic shift on the upswing.  With such an inviting atmosphere in the Scandinavian region, it's no wonder why there are so many citizens with immigrant backgrounds.

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Paige McClatchy's curator insight, October 6, 2013 9:39 PM

The Swedish identity is much different than the American identity. America is constantly being referred to and referring to itself as a melting pot; therefore, it is easier for non-whites to feel "American." I was very surprised to learn that 25% of Swedes have immigrant backgrounds. 

Nathan Chasse's curator insight, March 17, 6:29 PM

This video is shows the changing demographics of Sweden. Sweden and several other wealthier countries of Europe are now destinations for immigrants where they were once the origin of them. The change is difficult for these nations as they are somewhat unprepared economically and politically for significant immigration.

 

The immigrants end up feeling unwanted in their new country and their old. This feeling of being unwanted is possibly worse than it would be in the United States, a country more accustomed to immigration.

Gregory S Sankey Jr.'s curator insight, March 29, 8:07 PM

This growingly intense immigration situation parallels that of our own here in the U.S. and in many other countries throughout the world. World citizens, refugees, don't feel at home in their birth country nor do they feel welcomed in their current home or host country. This puts a lot of stress and pressure on these already punished populations. That's not to say that the host countries concerned citizens don't have a reason to be worried, but are their responses appropriate or productive?  

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The Russian Cross

Natural Population Growth of Russia.PNG

English: Natural population growth trends of Russia. Data source: Demoscope death rates,Demoscope birth rates, Rosstat ru

The economic and social turmoil after the fall of the Soviet Union was profound enough to be seen in the demographic statistics.  Birth rates dropped as the death rates went up.  Typically when birth rates drop it is presented as an indicator of social development, but it clearly is not in this instance.  What explains these statistics?  


Via Seth Dixon
Brett Sinica's insight:

When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the statistics blatantly followed.  Russia's expansion and development has slowed extremely compared to Soviet rule, and the people have taken the same trend.  Citizens are moving away to find better opportunity, they are literally packing bags and simply leaving without a trace.  When the U.S.S.R. was in full swing, the economy and people were all tightly controlled.  In most cases the regime was strict, but there was controlled order and generally speaking, the people had organization and prosperity.  Though not politically free, there were jobs and workers to fulfill them.  Now, the economy has stooped, which led the social statistics to follow.  Russians are realizing that if they have children, how will they support them?  Their income shows it is hard to support others and therefore birth rates have dropped.  Ultimately, it's no wonder the overall natural growth of Russia has drastically dropped within the last 20 years.

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Al Picozzi's curator insight, October 13, 2013 12:28 PM

An increase in deaths can be seen because of the dramatic change of governments that would have a profouond psychological effect on the people.  The stress that the people went through must have great after being under the Soviet system since 1917.  What does this mean for Russia?  This combined with peole leaving Russia for what they see as a better chance can have sever destablizing effects in the country.  Worker shortages are the 1st thing that comes to mind, maybe even a return to stop people from leaving. With the EU growing NATO expaning, what is Russia goning to do escpecailly with its long history of suspicion of the "West?"

Paige McClatchy's curator insight, October 17, 2013 1:15 PM

Judging by this graphic, overall births have dropped, deaths have risen, and natural growth has plummented since the collapse of the USSR in 1991. Like we discussed in class, perhaps more people in Russia were happier under Communism. Even though they were living under a repressive regime and dissidents were violently silenced, more people had bread on their tables- and we can literally see the effects of better govt provided nutrition on the population in this chart.

Kenny Dominguez's curator insight, November 20, 2013 6:35 PM


This is just like Europe it is incredible how these big countries little by little are becoming much smaller in population because their citizens do not want to have more kids. Russia and Europe have a big problem in there hands that will affect them in the future.