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"Economic, demographic and social changes in Mexico are suppressing illegal immigration as much as the poor economy or legal crackdowns in the United States."
I look at this article and think, "perfect timing". Within the last few decades, the United States was a destination to make dreams come true and raise a family with a healthy income. That was a time where jobs and opportunities were arising within the states, so in an immigrants perspective, why not make the trip? Now, in 2013, things are a little different. The middle class is not as affluent as before, and people tend to be struggling compared to previous years. Instead of saving for a summer vacation, it's saving to make the car payments and inevitable bills at the end of each month. Immigrants obviously recognize this and making the trip becomes less and less appealing, and then there's a curveball... The economy is improving south of the border as well as the ability to raise a family. Why risk criminal activity and especially one's life when there are opportunites right at home? Another issue to note is the severe risk when crossing the border. The United States has cracked down on it's boundaries with the advancement in technology and manpower, but that's only a problem if the extremely powerful cartels are bypassed on the Mexican side.
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I often hear people say that Mexicans are crossing the border because they want to take all the things we have in the states, like it is some kind of 'greed' on their part. I have always said that people do not leave a place unless they are forced to, whether it is forced by other people or because their life is at stake. If there are not enough resources in an area, people will move to the nearest place with adequate resources. Instead of starving and living in the dirt, these people chose to risk their lives for the possibility of having their basic needs met. It is nice to see that Mexico is finally becoming a self-sustaining country that can offer its citizens enough to keep them from risking their lives for survival.
This article discusses how there is a significant decline of undocumented migration from Mexico into the United States. Illegal immigration is becoming less attractive to Mexicans and they are deciding to stay in their country instead of coming to U.S. because Mexico is making some changes. It is expanding economic and educational opportunities in the cities. There is rising border crime, a major deterrent from emigrating, it is dangerous and expensive because of cartel controlled borders. Another change is the shrinking families. The manufacturing sector at the border is rising, democracy is better established, incomes have risen and poverty has declined. Also a tequila boom has taken place and has created new jobs for farmers cutting agave and for engineers at the stills.
One out of four Swedes are immigrants or have a parent with an immigrant background.
Demographic shifts leading to political and cultural tensions. Europe, which historically has been a source of migrants, is relatively new to be a destination for migrants and that has heightened some of the conflicts.
Sweden is currently one of the most prosperous countries in the world. Being so close and accessible to many neighboring European countries makes it that much more appealing and even easier for people to travel there. The birth rates have slowed in recent years, meaning people of working age are slowly decreasing; less workers and less jobs can lower the economy. After the conflicts in Syria, Sweden has even volunteered to house refugees to start new and in turn can help put the demographic shift on the upswing. With such an inviting atmosphere in the Scandinavian region, it's no wonder why there are so many citizens with immigrant backgrounds.
The Swedish identity is much different than the American identity. America is constantly being referred to and referring to itself as a melting pot; therefore, it is easier for non-whites to feel "American." I was very surprised to learn that 25% of Swedes have immigrant backgrounds.
This video is shows the changing demographics of Sweden. Sweden and several other wealthier countries of Europe are now destinations for immigrants where they were once the origin of them. The change is difficult for these nations as they are somewhat unprepared economically and politically for significant immigration.
The immigrants end up feeling unwanted in their new country and their old. This feeling of being unwanted is possibly worse than it would be in the United States, a country more accustomed to immigration.
This growingly intense immigration situation parallels that of our own here in the U.S. and in many other countries throughout the world. World citizens, refugees, don't feel at home in their birth country nor do they feel welcomed in their current home or host country. This puts a lot of stress and pressure on these already punished populations. That's not to say that the host countries concerned citizens don't have a reason to be worried, but are their responses appropriate or productive?