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20 amazing facts about the human body

20 amazing facts about the human body | shubush augment | Scoop.it
Many of the most exciting discoveries in science are being played out in the human body, writes Brian Clegg
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'Pepper' the emotional robot, sells out within a minute - CNN.com

'Pepper' the emotional robot, sells out within a minute - CNN.com | shubush augment | Scoop.it
(CNN)Pepper the humanoid robot is so hot that he sold out within a minute, according to his Japanese creator, SoftBank Robotics Corp.

Only 1,000 models were available for the consumer launch on Saturday in Japan. The base price was set at ¥198,000 ($1,600) with an additional ¥24,600 ($200) monthly data and insurance fees.

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Movie: Julian Melchiorri on the first synthetic biological leaf

Movie: Julian Melchiorri on the first synthetic biological leaf | shubush augment | Scoop.it
Julian Melchiorri claims the synthetic biological leaf he developed, which absorbs water and carbon dioxide to produce oxygen, could enhance space travel.
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Muay Thai Fighter Suspended For Illegal Titanium Shin Implants in Chiang Mai

Muay Thai Fighter Suspended For Illegal Titanium Shin Implants in Chiang Mai | shubush augment | Scoop.it
Chiang Mai, May 22 – Muay Thai fighter Bandasak Chaiyasan was suspended by the World Muay Thai Council today when X-Ray images surfaced showing that he...
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Crispr: is it a good idea to ‘upgrade’ our DNA?

Crispr: is it a good idea to ‘upgrade’ our DNA? | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ Last year Tony Perry made mice that would have been brown-furred grow up white instead. That Perry, a molecular embryologist at the University of Bath, tweaked their coat colour isn’t new – scientists have been making so-called knock-out mice, in which certain genes are disabled, since the technique was invented in 1989. It is a long and cumbersome procedure that involves combining pieces of DNA in embryonic stem cells and mouse breeding. But Perry, who published his study in December, didn’t use this method. Instead he used a new genome-editing technology that has been taking the scientific world by storm since it was first developed from the bacterial immune system in 2012, and shown to work in human cells in 2013. The powerful tool, known as Crispr, allows the precise and easy manipulation of the DNA in the nucleus of any cell. Make the manipulations in sperm, egg or a one-cell embryo, which is just about to start replicating its DNA, and they can become permanently sealed in the so-called germ line, to be inherited by future generations. Using the procedure on the germ line, Perry inactivated a key gene for mouse coat colour. But Perry’s work added a unique flourish. He did the editing not in a one-cell mouse embryo – which is how most animal germ-line editing by Crispr has been done to date – but earlier, during the process of fertilisation, by injecting the Crispr components and the mouse sperm into the mouse egg at the same time. It is the same technique – intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – widely used in IVF. And it worked. “This or analogous approaches may one day enable human genome targeting or editing during very early development,” notes the paper published in the journal Scientific Reports. If human germ-line editing were ever to be used clinically, incorporating Crispr into the ICSI phase of IVF is how it might be.”
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Posthumanisms: A Carnapian Experiment - disinformation

Posthumanisms: A Carnapian Experiment - disinformation | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ In his article, “What is the Difference between Posthumanism and Transhumanism?”, Kevin LaGrandeur sets out to clarify the meaning of the terms “posthuman”, “transhuman” and “posthumanism”.”
Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET, arslog
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Neuroscientists Are Making an Artificial Brain for Everyone | WIRED

Neuroscientists Are Making an Artificial Brain for Everyone | WIRED | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ An artificially intelligent algorithm told me I’d enjoy both these things. I’d like the restaurant, the machine told me, because I prefer Mexican food and wine bars “with a casual atmosphere,” and the movie because “drama movies are in my digital DNA.” Besides, the title shows up around the web next to Boyhood, another film I like. Nara Logics, the company behind this algorithm, is the brainchild (pun intended) of its CTO and cofounder, Nathan Wilson, a former research scientist at MIT who holds a doctorate in brain and cognitive science. Wilson spent his academic career and early professional life immersed in studying neural networks—software that mimics how a human mind thinks and makes connections. Nara Logics’ brain-like platform, under development for the past five years, is the product of all that thinking..”
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Augmentation in the Bedroom: Biohacking and the Inevitability of Cyborg Sex -

Augmentation in the Bedroom: Biohacking and the Inevitability of Cyborg Sex - | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“Rich Lee wants to give you a superhuman penis. Have you ever wanted to upgrade your body? Make improvements to all those physical limitations? Build a better version of yourself? How about augmenting your sex life?”
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Is memory needed in a digital age? - BBC News

Is memory needed in a digital age? - BBC News | shubush augment | Scoop.it
How many of your family or friends' phone numbers can you remember off the top of your head?

I only ask because increasingly we all rely on our electronic devices to remember such information for us.

But when the idea of allowing students to use search engines in exams was suggested recently, the immediate fear was "dumbing down".

Only a few years ago, there was a similar debate about the use of calculators.

For the 11-year-olds sitting their national curriculum tests, often known as Sats, in England this week, the emphasis is on mental arithmetic.

Calculators are no longer permitted.

Their use will also be limited in the new GCSE maths exams, for which students will start studying this autumn.
No dictionaries

Dictionaries have had a similarly chequered track record in foreign language exams.

They were banned 15 years ago, after research suggested they gave the brightest students a greater advantage.

Newly redrafted GCSEs in French, Spanish and German will be introduced in 2016.

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Ocumetics Bionic Lens could give you vision 3x better than 20/20

Ocumetics Bionic Lens could give you vision 3x better than 20/20 | shubush augment | Scoop.it
Ocumetics Bionic Lens could give you vision 3x better than 20/20

Via Andrea Graziano
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Google’s new robot project is all about your body

Google’s new robot project is all about your body | shubush augment | Scoop.it
The company is teaming up with Johnson & Johnson to improve robotic surgery.
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MHOX envisions a future of bioprinted human eyes

MHOX envisions a future of bioprinted human eyes | shubush augment | Scoop.it
Italian studio MHOX has released a concept that imagines the use of bioprinting technology to replace natural eyes with upgraded digital-compatible versions
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The Artificial Womb Is Born: Welcome To The WORLD Of The MATRIX

The Artificial Womb Is Born: Welcome To The WORLD Of The MATRIX | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ The artificial womb exists. In Tokyo, researchers have developed a technique called EUFI — extrauterine fetal incubation. They have taken goat fetuses, threaded catheters through the large vessels in the umbilical cord and supplied the fetuses with oxygenated blood while suspending them in incub”
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Revolutionizing Prosthetics: Climbing to New Heights - YouTube

“ An Army volunteer amputee tries out the DEKA Arm System on a rock climbing wall at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. The advanced prosthesis was ...”
Via Andrea Graziano
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CTD Institute's curator insight, February 12, 10:27 AM

Allowing individuals with physical disabilities to reach new hights!

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Will head transplants create an entirely new person?

Will head transplants create an entirely new person? | shubush augment | Scoop.it
The world’s first full head transplant could take place as soon as 2017 if the controversial plans by Italian neuroscientist Dr Sergio Canavero come to pass. Wheelchair-bound Valery Spiridonov, who has the muscle-wasting Werdnig Hoffman disease, has volunteered to have his head transplanted onto a healthy body in a day-long operation.

The proposed surgery is highly controversial and its feasibility has been questioned by experts. But Dr Canavero’s plans also raise complex philosophical and ethical issues. A natural question is whether a living person with Spridinov’s head and someone else’s body would be the same person as Spridinov. In interviews, Spridinov has made it clear that he sees the proposed procedure as a way for him to live on with a new and healthy body.
A different perspective would be that Spridinov is a head-donor rather than the recipient of a new body. He is donating his head to someone else who will live the rest of his life with Spridinov’s head but won’t be the same person as Spridinov. On this account, Spridinov is signing his own death warrant by volunteering for the surgery.

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Hacking the Human OS

Hacking the Human OS | shubush augment | Scoop.it
Medicine has always sought to understand the human body’s operating system. Now, with biometric sensors and big data analytics, we’re learning how to fix the bugs
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Blueprint for a Better Human Body

Blueprint for a Better Human Body | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ When Elizabeth Wright smacks her right leg on a table, she says “ow.” That’s only interesting if you know one more thing: that her right leg is made out of carbon fiber and metal. It’s also part of her. “It is my right leg, just as my left leg is my left leg, and just as your right leg is your right leg.” Wright was born with something called congenital limb deficiency—neither her right arm or right leg grew to their full length in the womb. At 2 years old, she was fitted with a prosthetic leg, something she describes as “a revelation.” Around the time she was 6 years old the doctors decided it was time for her to try a prosthetic arm. That didn’t go as well. “This was in the 80s,” Wright says, “before the fancy hands you can use to pick up eggs and not break them. The arm that I got it was purely for aesthetic reasons, it just hung there like some kind of weird dead arm, and I couldn’t do anything with it. I could actually do less. So I think it lasted two or three days and then it got relegated to the cupboard. I refused to wear it.” And it stayed there. Today, Wright still uses a prosthetic leg, one that is wholly hers, entirely a part of her identity, and she still rejects the use of a prosthetic arm. She says she’s learned how to do things without it.”
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Meet the latest phase of genetic engineering: synthetic biology - The Globe and Mail

Meet the latest phase of genetic engineering: synthetic biology - The Globe and Mail | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“Concrete that can repair its own cracks. A lamp powered by bacteria grown from the skin of an octopus.”
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Researchers take Vital Step toward Creating Bionic Brain

Researchers take Vital Step toward Creating Bionic Brain | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ Researchers have mimicked the way the human brain processes information with the development of an electronic long-term memory cell, which mirrors the brain’s ability to simultaneously process and store multiple strands of information. The development brings them closer to imitating key electronic aspects of the human brain — a vital step toward creating a bionic brain and unlocking treatments for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.”
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Breakthrough bionic leg prosthesis controlled by subconscious thoughts

Breakthrough bionic leg prosthesis controlled by subconscious thoughts | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ Biomedical engineering company Össur has announced the successful development of a thought controlled bionic prosthetic leg. The new technology uses implanted sensors sending wireless signals to the artificial limb's built-in computer, enabling subconscious, real-time control and faster, more natural responses and movements. Prosthetics controlled by muscle impulses have been around since the late 1960s, but the technology has severe limitations. It works by laying sensors on the skin of the vestigial limb, which picks up electrical impulses that control, for example, an artificial arm. The trouble is, these sensors pick up electric impulses from more than one muscle. This degrades performance, requires a lot of practice to operate properly, and makes the prosthesis slow, Imprecise, and frustrating to use. One answer to this is to use more precise sensor arrangements that make the limb, for all practical purposes, mind-controlled. The method is already used with great success on upper limbs and even artificial hands, but, paradoxically, it's been less successful with lower limbs.”
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Humans to become 'God-like cyborgs' within 200 years as they 'upgrade themselves'

Humans to become 'God-like cyborgs' within 200 years as they 'upgrade themselves' | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“Professor Yuval Noah Harari claims human dissatisfaction will lead us to become cyborgs.”
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A softer, gentler robot controlled by light | KurzweilAI

A bio-inspired prototype “soft robot” material with greater dexterity and mobility than conventional hard robots has been created by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh’s Swanson School of Engineering.

“In biology, directed movement involves some form of shape changes, such as the expansion and contraction of muscles,” said Anna C. Balazs, PhD, the Swanson School’s Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. “So we asked whether we could mimic these basic interconnected functions in a synthetic system so that it could simultaneously change its shape and move.”

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Remarkably Limber Bionic Arm That Connects To Your Smartphone

Remarkably Limber Bionic Arm That Connects To Your Smartphone | shubush augment | Scoop.it
As time goes by and technology improves, we are constantly seeing prices for previously groundbreaking technology fall to levels which allow for the adoption of this technology by the masses. 3D pr...
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Open-Source Robotic Arm Now Within Reach

Open-Source Robotic Arm Now Within Reach | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ For anyone looking for a capable robotic arm for automation of an industrial process, education, or just a giant helping hand for a really big soldering project, most options available can easily brea...”
Via Andrea Graziano
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Magnetic sense for humans? Electronic skin with magneto-sensory system enables 'sixth sense'

Magnetic sense for humans? Electronic skin with magneto-sensory system enables 'sixth sense' | shubush augment | Scoop.it
“ Magnetic sense for humans? Electronic skin with magneto-sensory system enables 'sixth sense'”
Via Andrea Graziano
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