Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children?
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Gender Identity Disorder in children: an expert's view - Telegraph

Gender Identity Disorder in children: an expert's view - Telegraph | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it
A five year-old boy is living as a girl after being diagnosed with the
youngest case of gender identity disorder by the NHS. Here an expert writes
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Canada AM: Kids and gender identities

Canada AM: Kids and gender identities | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it
Kris Wells of the Institute for Sexual Minority Studies offers advice for parents on gender identities in children.

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Girls Are Good At "Wearing High Heels And Lots Of Pink"

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A recent gender survey performed on young children give a frightening perspective of gender roles.


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Gender Transition in Children: A Dialogue Continued - Huffington Post

Gender Transition in Children: A Dialogue Continued - Huffington Post | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it

Gender Transition in Children: A Dialogue Continued Huffington Post I had a very poignant experience in May when I taught Penn Med students during their first course on trans health, touching because 38 years earlier I had sat where they were...


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Gender Identity Issues More Likely Among Children with Autism or ADHD

Gender Identity Issues More Likely Among Children with Autism or ADHD | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it
Study finds gender identity issues more likely among children with autism, attention deficit and hyperactivity problems and related disorders.

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"Gender-fluid" children - one more thing to be anxious about? - Newsworks.org

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"Gender-fluid" children - one more thing to be anxious about?Newsworks.orgA recent article in the New York Times Magazine on "gender-fluid children" has gotten a lot of attention.

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10 Controversial Stories Of Transgender Kids (transgender, kids, boy, girl, trans, LGBT) - ODDEE

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Meet 10 young people that are fighting for their gender identity. (transgender, kids, boy, girl, trans, LGBT)

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Gender Identity Disorder in children: an expert's view - Telegraph

Gender Identity Disorder in children: an expert's view - Telegraph | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it
A five year-old boy is living as a girl after being diagnosed with the
youngest case of gender identity disorder by the NHS. Here an expert writes
about Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood.

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Gender Identity Issues Linked to Autism, ADHD

Gender Identity Issues Linked to Autism, ADHD

 

Kathleen LoudenMarch 17, 2014

 

Children and teens with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are much more likely to express a wish to be the opposite sex compared with their typically developing peers, new research shows. But at least 1 expert is sceptical.

The single-center study showed that compared with normally developing children, young people with ASD were nearly 8 times more likely to express a desire to be other than their biological sex — a phenomenon the authors describe as "gender variance." Those with a diagnosis of ADHD had more than 6 times the odds of communicating gender variance, according to parent-reported data.

"Doctors, whether general care or specialists in autism or gender identity, should be aware that a co-occurrence of these conditions is not uncommon," John Strang, PsyD, the study's lead author and a pediatric neuropsychologist at Children's National Medical Center in Washington, DC, told Medscape Medical News.

These findings, said Dr. Strang, confirm previous research suggesting that autism is overrepresented among children referred for management of gender identity disorder and gender dysphoria.

According to the investigators, the study is the first to compare the occurrence of gender identity issues in children with neurodevelopmental disorders against typically developing children and is the first report of a possible connection between ADHD and gender variance.

The research was published online March 12 in Archives of Sexual Behavior.

No Prevalence Difference in Males and Females

Through a chart review of patients in a hospital's pediatric neuropsychology program, the researchers tracked the parents' responses to the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) item "wishes to be the opposite sex."

Responses of "sometimes" or "often" were compared with responses of "never." The investigators excluded participants from the study if the hospital's gender identity clinic had referred the child.

Included in the study were 389 patients aged 6 to 18 years who had 1 of 4 neurodevelopmental disorders: ASD (n = 147), ADHD (n = 126), epilepsy (n = 62), or neurofibromatosis 1 (n = 54). The latter 2 conditions made up the medical neurodevelopmental disorder group. Each of these groups was compared with 165 control individuals from the local community who had no identified neurodevelopmental disorders and with normative data of 1605 nonreferred participants in the CBCL standardization sample.

Approximately 5% of the children with either an autism disorder or ADHD expressed gender variance to their parents. Significantly more patients with ASD (P = .003) or ADHD (P = .005) had parent-reported gender variance than local control individuals, whose parents reported no gender variance. Both groups also showed significant differences compared with the CBCL comparison group (0.7% gender variance).

Table. Child's Wish to Be the Opposite Sex as Reported by Parent

GroupPercent EndorsementOdds Ratioa 95% Confidence IntervalP -valueEpilepsy or neurofibromatosis1.70.520.10 - 10.53Not significantAttention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder4.86.642.45 - 17.99< .001Autism spectrum disorder5.47.593.05 - 18.87< .001

aPeto odds ratio compared with the standardization sample of the Child Behavior Checklist.

 

Gender variance reportedly occurred equally in male and female patients after the investigators controlled for the high male-to-female ratios in the ASD and ADHD groups.

Dr. Strang said they were initially surprised to find an overrepresentation of gender variance among children with ADHD. However, they later realized that prior studies have shown increased levels of disruptive behavior and other behavioral problems among young people with gender variance.

Despite the overlap the investigators found with regard to gender variance and ADHD or autism, Dr. Strang cautioned that a child's expressing a desire to be the opposite sex does not imply a diagnosis of persistent gender dysphoria or gender identity disorder.

He did recommend, however, that healthcare professionals who treat children and adolescents with ASD or ADHD ask parents whether their child has expressed a wish to be the other sex, as part of the CPCL or another questionnaire.

"We want to help kids who struggle with both [gender variance and a neurodevelopmental disorder] get the help and support they need," Dr. Strang said.

The study findings underscore the need for more research into gender variance in neurodevelopmental disorders, including obtaining self-reports from children and adolescents, he added.

High Prevalence Disputed

Commenting on the study for Medscape Medical News, Eric Butter, PhD, a psychologist and associate director of the Child Development Center at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, said, "I'm not ready to say that kids with autism spectrum disorder have a higher prevalence of gender variance. We don't know that from this research."

A study limitation was the use of parent-reported data, according to Dr. Butter, who was not involved with the research.

"Parents will respond to that question ["wishes to be the opposite sex"] from their own experience and their own cultural expectations of gender," he said. "Does a response of 'wishes to be the opposite sex' mean a little girl likes to play with trucks and a boy likes playing with dolls, or does it mean a child is uncomfortable with his or her gender and wants to be the opposite sex?"

That ambiguity may account for the high prevalence — 5.4% — of combined gender variance and ASD found in the study, Dr. Butter suggested.

"At our large regional clinic," he said, "some children presenting with ASD also present with gender variance, but it's a very small percentage, not anywhere near what the authors found."

On the basis of this single-center, chart-review study, Dr. Butter said he could not recommend acting clinically or changing practice at this time.

"This research is interesting and important because it opens a conversation about gender identity. We should make sure we are treating the whole child, no matter what the neurodevelopmental disorder is."

 

Dr. Strang and Dr. Butter have reported no relevant financial relationships.

Arch Sex Behav. Published online March 12, 2014. Abstract

 

 

 


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Would You Let Your Children Choose Their Own Gender?

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A Toronto couple is trying to protect their children from gender expectations, and refuses to reveal the sex of their youngest child.

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Dr. Phil Show on gender identity disorder - Does reparative therapy fit

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National Geographic, Part 3 Sex, Lies, And Gender

A documentray on gender variant and transgender children. Part three


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Gender Stereotyping Effects On Children - BoldSky

Gender Stereotyping Effects On Children - BoldSky | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it

It has been well-established that gender stereotypes have an overwhelmingly negative impact on our young children.


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Do you think your children would like to play with 'gender neutral' toys?

Do you think your children would like to play with 'gender neutral' toys? | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it

Hannah Webster said pink for girls and blue for boys is 'pernicious'; She said colour-coding reinforces gender stereotypes; Leads to children playing with different toys and reading different books; When they grow up, they will ...


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children and gender identity

children and gender identity | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it

I am who I am: children and gender identity in Salon. Referencing the feature film Tomboy


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Who Needs Gender Norms? Not Children -- That's For Sure - Huffington Post

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In the last couple years there has been a lot of attention paid to sex and gender and children.


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Jo Paoletti's curator insight, August 24, 2013 7:29 PM
Tell me about it! As always, the comments run the gamut from WTF to OMG. Nothing brings out the crazy like an article about children and gender.
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Core Gender Identity: The Transgender Child and the Inversion of ...

Core Gender Identity: The Transgender Child and the Inversion of ... | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it

The clinic also, crucially, involved itself in all manners of what it considered “gender identity disorders,” primarily visible forms of effeminacy in children assigned as male at birth. The centrality of childhood and the obsession ...


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Children and Adolescents With Gender Identity Disorder Referred to a Pediatric Medical Center | Public health and other interests

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Studies in the Netherlands show that pubertal blockade at Tanner 2/3 prevents unwanted sex characteristics and improves psychological functioning.

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Pediatricians see growing number of cross-gender kids like Coy Mathis - Denver Post

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children and gender identity

children and gender identity | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it

I am who I am: children and gender identity in Salon. Referencing the feature film Tomboy


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Should parents be able to choose their baby's gender?

Should parents be able to choose their baby's gender? | Should parents be allowed to choose the sex of their children? | Scoop.it
The British public is to be given a say about whether parents should be able to choose their baby's gender. Have YOUR say here
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