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Bacon was an english philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, author born on 22 January 1561 ( died at age 65 on 9 April 1626 in london). He died of Pneumonia, which is an inflammatory condition of the lung.
He served as Lord Chancellor and Attorney Genaral of England. Although his politcal career ended in a disgrace.
Bacon had three goals: to serve his country, to uncover truth, and to serve his church.
In 1560, through his uncle, Lord Burghley, he applied for a post at court which had a chance to enable gim to pursue a life of learning, but his application failed. in 1584 his career in the parliament has begun. At this time, he began to worite on the condition of parties in the church, he wrote the topic of philosophical reform in the lost tract, Temporis Partus Maximus.
He tought he would gain a higher position in the parliament that would lead to succes, but yet he failed.
Franci’s Ideas were influential in the early middle of 1600’s
3 of his famous quotes:
“To be ignorant of causes is to be frustrated in action.” - Francis bacon
“The sovereignty of man lieth hid in knowledge” - Francis bacon
“Men fear death as children fear to go in the dark; and as that natural fear in children is increased with tales, so is the other.” - Francis bacon
Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelliwas born in Florence in Italy, 3 May 1469 and he died 21 June 1527, that means he died when he was 58 years old.
He was a author, political scientist, philosopher, historians, politicians.
The book The Prince was his most famous, he wrote the book around 1513 but it released in 1532. So the book released five years after his dead.
He wrote his masterpice when he no longer held in a position in Florence. A responsibillity in Florence.
In the book The Prince, Machiavelli wanted to say that monarchies have an advantage over republics.