Sexual violence often goes unnoticed or ignored in situations of conflict or security breakdown. In recent years there has been more awareness of issues such as rape as a weapon of war and much research and campaigning has been focused on the issue. This is the Eldis collection of key resources on gender, conflict and emergencies.
In this article from the Canadian Journal of Human Rights, the author explores the crime of forced marriage in conflict situations and argues that the practices referred to as forced marriage in war ought to be charged instead as enslavement in international law. The various debates around the issue are presented through African case studies from Liberia, Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), with a focus on Sierra Leone.
This report focuses on the deadly conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The authors of this report spoke to more than 100 children in camps and communities in North and South Kivu to gather their views as leaders come together to design a new roadmap for peace in 2014.
Stop Rape Now is a campaign from UN Action against Sexual Violence in Conflict (UN Action). It works to unite the work of 12 UN entities to prevent all forms of gender based violence, including sexual violence in conflict. The aim is to improve coordination and accountability, amplify programming and advocacy, and support national efforts to prevent sexual violence and respond effectively to the needs of survivors.
Bosco Ntaganda has recently been confronted with his alleged war crimes in the DRC by prosecutors at The Hague. He is accused of ordering fighters to shoot and behead civilians, rape women and recruit child soldiers (story from The Guardian UK: February, 2014).
The International Rescue Committee conducted a rapid assessment on the situation faced by Syrian women and girl refugees in Lebanon, and came up with a number of key findings related to violence. These included frequent reports of rape and sexual violence, including torture and rape, an increase in early marriage, as a way to 'protect' girls and an increase in intimate partner violence since the conflict.
This report from Human rights Watch highlights the issue of sexual violence in Somalia, in a context of two decades of civil conflict and a large population of displaced persons and other people vulnerable to sexual violence. The key recommendations focus on: physical prevention, emergency health services, access to justice, legal and policy reform and promotion of women’s equality.
This report analyses statistical information on women, peace and security in country-specific decisions of the Security Council with a particular focus in the case study on the nexus between sexual violence in conflict and sanctions imposed by the Security Council. The overarching observation of the report is that there has been significant pushback on women, peace and security issues.
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