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Polyamory and Sex Addiction

Polyamory and Sex Addiction | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it


"Although I wish sex addiction was never an issue in polyamory, the truth is that polyamory does provide a convenient cover story for addicts who are generally in denial about having an addiction."

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Curator comment: This is a fascinating and characteristically well-written piece about one aspect of the complex interplay between sexually addictive dynamics and alternative sexual lifestyles.  As is so often typical for these kinds of articles, many of the reader comments are themselves illuminating.


Author: Deborah Anapol, Ph.D.


Source: Psychologytoday.com "Love Without Limits", April 11, 2011.

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Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research
The following resources represent research findings and controversies related to the study of compulsive sexual behavior.  Note that there are two other curated sites that may be better places to start depending on your purposes.  One is for professionals seeking a comprehensive overview of this topic.  The other is designed for people dealing with this topic in their personal life.  See below for the links to both of those sites.
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READ THIS FIRST: Two Companion Sites May Be Best To Look At Before This One

Note: In addition to this site I have created two additional curated sites designed for specific audiences.  



  • "Professional Hypersexuality Resources" is a concise but comprehensive collection of resources about this topic that is primarily designed for people with a professional interest in the topic..  


Either of those sites will probably be better first choices than this site for most readers.  Where you are on right now is an opportunity to dig deeper into some advanced topics that may be of more interest to researchers or people with a specialized interest.


What Happened to the Site "Everything Sex Addiction?"


For several years I managed this site in which I gathered articles and inforamation from a wide variety of sources, all having to do with some aspect of the type of problematic sexual behavior known variously as "sex addiction", "sexual compulsivity", "hypersexuality" and other terms.


I have made the decision to drastically change the format of this site.  I have divided it into separate sections: one for the general public and two for professionals.  The section for the general public has been moved to my website under the heading Recommended Sex Addiction Resources,.  I also have a site with a deeper collection of Professional Hypersexuality Resources for looking for even more understanding of this complex topic.


I thank everybody who has supported this site over the last couple of years!

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This site is curated by Bill Herring, LCSW, CSAT, an Atlanta-based psychotherapist  who specializes in helping good people maintain consistent, safe and ethical sexual boundaries. 

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A Study on the "Natural Course" of Excessive Sexual Behavor

I recently came across "Natural Course of Behavioral Addictions: A 5-Year Longitudinal Study" in the journal BMC Psychiatry. The entire article is available at the above link, which is always a treat.


The aim of this study was to provide data on the prevalence, substance use comorbidity and five-year trajectories of six excessive behaviors (exercising, sexual behavor, shopping, online chatting, video gaming and eating).  4121 adults in Ontario were followed from 2006 to 2011.  


Subjects were asked "are there activities that you engage in where your over-involvement has caused significant problems for you in the past 12 months?" The severity of each identified problem was also assessed.


The following results seem relevant to the field of addictive/compulsive sexual behavior:


"The present results indicate that self-identified excessive....sexual behavior .....tend(s) to be fairly transient for most people."  (3.1% of males reported excessive sexual behavior over the past five years, almost four times higher than females).  

 

"The results concerning the trajectories of symptom severity over time shows that the excessive behaviors in this population were not steady: they were episodic rather than continuous in nature........The largest part of the change in symptom severity.....is to be considered as spontaneous and not professionally assisted recovery."


"Further research is needed to investigate whether the spontaneous recovery from problem behaviors is typically permanent or whether affected individuals 'switch' to other forms of dystunctional behaviors...."


Of the people who identified at least one problem related to their excessive sexual behavior over the previous five years, 5.4% reported that the problem spanned the entire five years.


So this seems to say that most individuals who self-identify as having problems with excessive sexual behavior remit naturally over time.  No surprise there: while most "past-year" incidents of excessive sexual behavior do not fit within commonly established addictive criteria, there is a subset of people with "chronic sexual over-involvement" severe enough to warrant consideration as a behavioral addiction.

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Another Controversial Article Regarding Pornography Use and Erectile Dysfunction

Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Recently an article appeared in the journal Sexual Medicine Open Access entitled Viewing Sexual Stimuli Associated With Greater Sexual Responsiveness, Not Erectile Dystunction.  This study was reported in popular media under headlines such as Study Finds No Link Between Viewing Porn and Erectile Dysfunction.


Several item-by-item criticism of this study quickly followed.  Here is one entitled "New Research on ED and Hours of Porn Use Inconclusive".


Another comprehensive rebuttal is "Nothing Adds up in Dubious Study".


Yet another rebuttal can be found here.


To date there does not appear to be any public response by the authors to these criticisms.


Although this topic is not specifically about sexual compulsivity it is important to include here becuse it does not control for compulsive use of pornography and therefore confuses rather than clarifies the issue, as these to critiques demonstrate.

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The "Emperor Has No Clothes" Controversy

A controversy erupted in 2014 regarding the notion of pornography addiction.  Here is the chronology and source material.

Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

In February 2014 an artice appeared in the journal Current Sexual Health Reports titled "The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Review of the Pornography Addiction Model".  The authors, David Ley, Nicole Prause and Peter Finn, were extremely critical of the concept of porn addiction, stating in part:


"The theory and research behind ‘pornography addiction’ is hindered by poor experimental designs, limited methodological rigor, and lack of model specification.......Individuals reporting ‘addictive’ use of visual sexual stimuli could be better conceptualized by considering issues such as gender, sexual orientation, libido, desire for sensation, with internal and external conflicts influenced by religiosity and desire discrepancy.......When faced with such complaints, clinicians are encouraged to address behaviors without conjuring addiction labels."


Note that this was a 'review' article, not a research article, which makes it more susceptible to the bias of its authors.  Their condemnation was sweeping, criticizing the use of any compoent of addiction theory to help people with out-of-control use of online pornography.  The authors challenged almost every notion that viewing online pornography can reach unhealthy levels for some people who find it difficult to stop or control despite their use negative consequences and a sincere desire. to do so.  However, the authors raised some arguments deserving of thoughtful discussion.  


The publishing company of the journal that printed this article released an accompanying press release about this review, in which it appears that the authors enthusiastically praise the positive benefits of pornography. They seemed to only grudgingly admit that some people "struggle" regulating their online porn use.  The relative reluctance to acknowledge problematic use of pornography, especially by David Ley, and the contention that unrestricted access to porn actually reduces rates of child molestation seems tenuous and counterintuitive. Prause seems more willing to acknowledge the legitimacy of the phenomena of dysregulated sexual behavior, a concept Ley rejects out of hand.  Prause co-wrote an article in Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology in the summer of 2013 (curated elsewhere on this site) that garnered a lot of attention among people interested in this topic. 


In March 2014, the rebuttal came in the form of an article entitled "The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Fractured Fairy Tale Posing as a Review" , which appeared on the website proncritiquestudies.com.  It was a hard-hitting, lengthy, point-by-point rebuttal to Ley, Prause and Finn. It is well worth reading, even though it unfortunately also stooped occasionally to a demeaning emotional tone that undercuts its potent arguments.  This rebuttal did  not list authorship, which is unusual. 
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‘High desire’, or ‘merely’ an addiction? A response to Steele et al.

‘High desire’, or ‘merely’ an addiction? A response to Steele et al. | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"To trivialize, minimize, and de-pathologize compulsive sexuality is to fail to understand the central biological role of sexuality in human motivation and evolution. It demonstrates a naiveté with regard to what is now an accepted understanding of current reward neuroscience, in that it pronounces sexual desire as inherent, immutable, and uniquely immune from the possibility of change either qualitatively or quantitatively......

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: This is Donald Hilton's scathing response to a 2013 article in  Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology.  The details may seem arcane to a casual reader but the issues go to the heart of what neuroscience is attempting to discern about just what is meant by "desire" and its relation to the concept of addiction.  Other material referencing the original study can be found on this site by clicking this link.


Published 21 February 2014.

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology 2014, 4: 23833 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/snp.v4.23833.  

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The Benefits and Limitations of the Phrase "Sex Addiction"

Bill says:


This article describes the difficulties devising commonly accepted, theory-neutral language capable of reliably describing this fprm of problematic sexual behavior.

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Sexual compulsivity and interpersonal functioning: sexual relationship quality and sexual health in gay relationships

Sexual compulsivity and interpersonal functioning: sexual relationship quality and sexual health in gay relationships | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"The present study examined the role of sexual compulsivity (SC) in four aspects of interpersonal functioning relevant to main partnerships......SC was associated with lower sexual relationship quality and increased potential for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission from a casual partner and subsequent transmission to (or reinfection with) a primary partner. Couples interventions for SC may be relevant to individual and public health. They provide a platform to practice communication skills, identify preferred sexual activities, and negotiate sexual safety."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Starks, Tyrel J.; Grov, Christian; Parsons, Jeffrey T.

Health Psychology, Vol 32(10), Oct 2013, 1047-1056.

Abstract only. 

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Nonparaphilic Hypersexual Behavior and Depressive Symptoms: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Literature

Nonparaphilic Hypersexual Behavior and Depressive Symptoms: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Literature | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"(T)he authors review the literature on the relation between nonparaphilic hypersexual behavior and depressive symptoms. There was a moderate, positive relation between nonparaphilic hypersexual behavior and depressive symptoms (r = .34). This relation was similar across gender, sexual orientation, and age. The authors discuss the implications for researchers and clinicians working with hypersexual individuals. Future research should work to elucidate the causal direction of the relation between nonparaphilic hypersexual behavior and depressive symptoms. The authors encourage clinicians who work with hypersexual patients to assess them for depressive symptoms and consider treatment options that address concurrent depressive symptoms."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: This study supports the common-sense notion that for some people  depression contributes to hypersexually disordered behavior as a coping mechanism, and the negative consequences of this behavior can intensity depressive symptoms, resulting in a never-ending cycle.


(2013). Nonparaphilic Hypersexual Behavior and Depressive Symptoms: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Literature. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy.  Published online: 29 Oct 2013. 


Abstract only.

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Sexual Compulsivity in Gay Men from a Jungian Perspective

Sexual Compulsivity in Gay Men from a Jungian Perspective | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"This paper offers an approach to the understanding and psychotherapeutic treatment from a Jungian perspective of gay men who seek treatment for sexual compulsivity......Jung's concept of a teleological or synthetic approach to treatment is explored and illustrated in a clinical case study. His concept of the numinous and how it possibly relates to sexual compulsivity is discussed. Shame as an important etio-logical factor is emphasized. The concept of the shadow, including its necessary integration in the course of treatment, is discussed. "

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

(2000). Sexual Compulsivity in Gay Men from a Jungian Perspective. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy: Vol. 3, No. 3-4, pp. 141-167. 

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Compulsive Sexual Behavior and its Relationship to Risky Sexual Behavior

"Our research has found that compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) influences multiple measures of HIV sexual risk and that the association between CSB and HIV sexual risk behavior is consistent across multiple populations..... .....Further, we have found that CSB can be characterized by disruptions of certain executive functions, impulsivity, and difficulties with emotional regulation. These factors are described within the context of HIV prevention and a model is proposed of how CSB leads to HIV sexual risk behavior."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: The role of compulsive sexual behavior in HIV/STI transmission is robust evidence of the importance of this topic to the field of sexual health.


(2013). Compulsive Sexual Behavior and its Relationship to Risky Sexual Behavior. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 20, Hypersexual Disorder, pp. 127-138.

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Looking for Attachment Solutions In All The Wrong Places: Out of Control Sexual Behavior As A Symptom of Insecure Attachment in Men

"Hypersexual behavior may be a particular manifestation of avoidant attachment and it is this underlying issue that must be addressed to effectively treat Hypersexual Disorder."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: This is a Doctorate in Social Work dissertation by Michael Crocker, downloadable in its entirety.




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BK's curator insight, September 25, 2013 9:43 AM

"The results yielded 13 characteristics related to OCSB: denial and dissociation, avoidance behavior, delusional omnipotence, narcissism, obsession and compulsion, risk taking, excessive fantasy, endangering professional/personal life, tolerating abusive relations, living a double life, desperate and irresponsible behavior, and a decline in one’s spiritual life."

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Sexual Addiction or Hypersexual Disorder: Different Terms for the Same Problem? A Review of the Literature

Sexual Addiction or Hypersexual Disorder: Different Terms for the Same Problem? A Review of the Literature | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"In our systematic review of the existing measures, 22 questionnaires were identified. As with other behavioral addictions, the appropriate treatment of sexual addiction should combine pharmacological and psychological approaches. Psychiatric and somatic comorbidities that frequently occur with sexual addiction should be integrated into the therapeutic process. Group-based treatments should also be attempted."


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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: Since only the abstract is available it's difficult to determine the quality of this literature review.


Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2012 Aug 29. (Epub ahead of print)
Sexual Addiction or Hypersexual Disorder: Different Terms for the Same Problem? A Review of The Literature.

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Sexual compulsivity among heterosexual college students

Sexual compulsivity among heterosexual college students | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it


"Although we found support for construct validity of the Sexual Compulsivity Scale in our sample (of 876 heterosexual college students), it is not clear whether the scale distinctly measures sexual compulsivity or taps into other constructs, such as sexual desire and sexual exploration."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment:  It can seem so very basic to an understanding of the nature of compulsivity, but many professionals in the field struggle to account for variable levels of desire when considering reasons for problematic sexual excesses. To say that some people aren't classically "addicted" or "compulsive" but instead have high levels of sexual desire that can get them in trouble doesn't dismiss the severity of their problem.  This explains some of the negative reaction generated by journal titles such as "Sexual desire, not hypersexuality, is related to neurophysiological response elicited by sexual images


Dodge, et. al., J Sex Res. 2004 Nov;41(4):343-50.

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The Psychological Context of Sexual Compulsivity Among Men Who Have Sex with Men

The authors selected two indicators of the construct of sexual compulsivity: the frequency of sexual thoughts and urges (i.e., sexual preoccupation), and the perception that sexual behavior is difficult to control (i.e., sexual impulsivity).


Among the MSM population of this study, sexual preoccupation was found to be associated with dissociative experiences in response to stressful life circumstances. The authors conjecture that:


“(s)exual thoughts and urges shift one’s attention to immediate sensations and proximal goals, (which) may facilitate escape or avoidance of stressful life circumstances. More specifically, those who experience dissociation in response to stress may utilize sexual thoughts and urges as a method of avoidant-oriented coping, which is positively reinforced because it increases the likelihood of having sexual experiences that serve as a source of physical pleasure or emotional validation (as well as) a sense of psychological cohesion in the face of painful fragmentation of the self.”


The study also found that among ths MSM population the perception that sexual behavior is difficult to control was independently associated with increased anger arousal. The authors conjecture that:


“anger-related increases in appetitive motivation may lead individuals to seek out sexual partners via processes that require little conscious, effortful self-regulation. It is also plausible that individuals interpret the physiologic arousal of anger as sexual arousal, which has been linked to sexual risk taking behavior among MSM. Consequently, perceptions that sexual behavior is difficult to control may reflect an underlying, dual vulnerability to experiencing hyperarousal in response to negative emotions coupled with decreased awareness of negative affective states.”


In other words, some people may react to stress with increased sexual thoughts and urges which provide “immediate sensations and proximal goals” such as “physical pleasure .... emotional validation and .... “psychological cohesion”.  Additionally, some people who perceive their sexual behavior as difficult to control may have trouble recognizing anger and responding to it with “conscious, effortful self-regulation”.  A "dual vulnerability" associated with perceived lack of sexual self-control may include inadequate awareness of negative emotional states coupled with “hyperarousal in response to negative emotions.” 


Note that the sample as taken from a 202-2003 collection of data.  The last dozen years has seen a transformation in sexual hook-up apps and readily available streaming pornography.  This probably does not negate these findings but it's well woth noting.


AIDS Behav. 2015 May 10. [Epub ahead of print]

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Sexual Compulsion - Relationship With Sex, Attachment and Sexual Orientation

Sexual Compulsion - Relationship With Sex, Attachment and Sexual Orientation | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it
"........lesbian women showed higher rates of sexual compulsivity than heterosexual women. This is a finding that to the best of our knowledge has not been shown before and it should be investigated further. The lack of difference in sexual compulsivity between homosexual and heterosexual men is also surprising......"
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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Bill's comment: This finding seems contrary to conventional wisdom, especially the non-significant differences in sexual compulsivity between heterosexual and homosexual subjects (apart from the fact that this binary distinction seems to me to be a false and outdated dichotomy, i.e. where are the bisexual/pansexual subjects?)


The entire article is available here:

"Sexual Compulsion -- Relationship With Sex, Attachment and Sexual Orientation"


Journal of Behavioral Addictions 4(1), pp. 22–26 (2015) DOI: 10.1556/JBA.4.2015.1.6

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Hypersexual, Sexually Compulsive, or Just Highly Sexually Active? Investigating Three Distinct Groups of Gay and Bisexual Men and Their Profiles of HIV-Related Sexual Risk

Hypersexual, Sexually Compulsive, or Just Highly Sexually Active? Investigating Three Distinct Groups of Gay and Bisexual Men and Their Profiles of HIV-Related Sexual Risk | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"Emerging research supports the notion that sexual compulsivity (SC) and hypersexual disorder (HD) among gay and bisexual men (GBM) might be conceptualized as comprising three groups—Neither SC nor HD; SC only, and Both SC and HD—that capture distinct levels of severity across the SC/HD continuum."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

What immediately caught my eye here is the athor's contention that there may be a distinction between "hypersexual" and "sexually compulsive" behavor.  They are suggesting a three-group classification for people who engage in similarly high levels of sexual activity, so that (a) some people may be sexually compulsive but not hypersexual, (b) others may be hypersexual but not sexually compulsive, (c) some may be both and (d) some may be neither.


Note that just last month the same basic group of authors published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine their findings comparing the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS) and the Hypersexul Disorder Screening Inventory (HDSI).  Those findings seem to be central to their distinctions between the two concepts.  Apparently they determined that there is a lot of correspondence between the two instruments but that they don't capture exactly the same features.


Finally, this same group of researchers published a study last year in the Archives of Sexual Behavior titled "The Role of Maladaptive Cognitions in Hypersexuality Among HIghly Sexually Active Gay and Bisexual Men."  I found that article very provocative (see my review of it here) and would love to be able to engage one or more of the authors in some discussion about their conclusions.

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The Relationship Between Online Sexual Compulsivity, Dissociation and Past Child Abuse Among Men Who Have Sex with Men

The Relationship Between Online Sexual Compulsivity, Dissociation and Past Child Abuse Among Men Who Have Sex with Men | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

The objective of this study was to measure the relationships between online sexual compulsivity, three dimensions of dissociation.....and past child abuse among men who have sex with men (MSM). A total of 517 MSM, recruited from Internet chat rooms, completed the survey. Results indicated that past child abuse was significantly related to dissociation but not online sexual compulsivity. It was also found that the amount of time MSM spent online in a one-week period, in general and specifically engaged in sexual activity, was significantly related to online sexual compulsivity and three dimensions of disssociation....."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

(2014).  Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling: Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 146-163. doi: 10.1080/15538605.2014.895663

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Calming the tempest, bridging the gorge: healing in couples ruptured by “sex addiction”

Calming the tempest, bridging the gorge: healing in couples ruptured by “sex addiction” | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"The current paper proposes precise definition and diagnostic language regarding a range of compulsive sexual behaviors. It maps a model for understanding and treating compulsive sexual activity in marital therapy in a stepwise sequence, beginning with careful history taking and diagnostics of both partners, identification of the mutually reinforcing relationship dynamics keeping destructive behaviors in play, processing of underlying psychological and developmental roots of such behaviors, cultivation of empathy and trust, and revitalizing of the couple's sexual relationship."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

(2014). Calming the tempest, bridging the gorge: healing in couples ruptured by “sex addiction”. Sexual and Relationship Therapy: Vol. 29, pp. 76-86. doi: 10.1080/14681994.2013.869314


Abstract only.

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Shame, Sexual Compulsivity, and Eroticizing Flirtatious Others: An Experimental Study

Shame, Sexual Compulsivity, and Eroticizing Flirtatious Others: An Experimental Study | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it


"The present study tested whether experimental induction of shame leads to increased interest in erotically suggestive targets among more sexually compulsive individuals............Shame appears to increase sexualization (i.e., reduces salience of agentic features and increases appeal of physical attributes) of erotically suggestive targets among more sexually compulsive individuals." 

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment:  This appears to be an intriguing study, as a complete reading of the abstract will demonstrate.  Shame is an esential component of this topic.  See also, for example,  "The Role of Shame and Guilt in Hypersexual Behavior"


Authors: Petrican, R., Burris, C.T. & Moscovitch, M.

Source: The Journal of Sex Research. Published online 03 Dec 2013. doi: 10.1080/00224499.2013.829796


Abstract only.

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Mentalization-based therapy for sexual addiction: foundations for a clinical model

Mentalization-based therapy for sexual addiction: foundations for a clinical model | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

".....In our model of mentalization-based therapy for sexual addiction (MBT-SA) we hold that out-of-control sexual behaviour may often be a maladaptive psychological strategy to defend the individual against difficult or problematic thoughts and feelings......MBT, which can be used conjunctively alongside other therapeutic modes and techniques, provides a means for understanding and working with the client's unique and subjective experience of out-of-control sexual behaviour......"

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment:  This is the only article that applies the specific treatment protocol of mentalization-based therapy to this issue.


Authors: Michael Berry and Philip Berry


(2013). Sexual and Relationship Therapy.

Published online 11 Nov 2013


Abstract only.

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Hypersexual Behavior and HIV Sex Risk among Young Gay and Bisexual Men

Hypersexual Behavior and HIV Sex Risk among Young Gay and Bisexual Men | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"We examined the psychometric properties of the Hypersexual Behavior Inventory......in a sample of young men who self-identified as gay or bisexual and assessed its association with unprotected receptive anal intercourse partners and occasions.........In light of our findings, we discuss the importance of reexamining the theoretical assumptions of hypersexual behavior and propose HIV prevention strategies that may reduce young GBM's vulnerability to HIV infection."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

(2013). Hypersexual Behavior and HIV Sex Risk among Young Gay and Bisexual Men. Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 50:8.  Published online 10 October 2013.


Abstract only.

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The Sex Addiction Debate- A Dialectic

The Sex Addiction Debate- A Dialectic | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"All of the theories that we use to describe, represent, and interpret the complex dynamics of human behavior are only arbitrary mental constructs at best. As such, they are subject to all of the flaws to which any human behavior is subject, despite our best efforts to prevent such flaws."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: It's delightful to come across a reasoned and gentle essay devoted to a topic that often the subject of controversy and unfounded certainty.

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Lon Woodbury's curator insight, October 10, 2013 3:27 PM

A lot of common sense in this discussion on what we currently see as truth, diagnostics etc. -Lon

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The Relationship Between the FFM Personality Traits, State Psychopathology, and Sexual Compulsivity in a Sample of Male College Students

The Relationship Between the FFM Personality Traits, State Psychopathology, and Sexual Compulsivity in a Sample of Male College Students | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between stable traits of personality, state psychopathology, and sexual compulsivity in a sample of male college students. Furthermore, the potential mediating role of state psychopathology in the relationship between personality traits and sexual compulsivity was tested."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: The "FFM" in the title refers to the "Five Factor Model" to describe five broad domains or dimensions of personality.  The five factors are openness, conscientiousnessextraversionagreeableness, and neuroticism


Pinto, J., Carvalho, J. and Nobre, P. J. (2013), The Relationship Between the FFM Personality Traits, State Psychopathology, and Sexual Compulsivity in a Sample of Male College Students. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 10: 1773–1782. doi: 10.1111/jsm.12185

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Problematic internet use and other risky behavior in college students: an application of problem-behavior theory

Problematic internet use and other risky behavior in college students: an application of problem-behavior theory | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"The present study examined college students' problematic Internet use (PIU) behaviors within the framework of Jessor and Jessor's (1977) problem-behavior theory. Its specific aim was to investigate the links between PIU with both internalizing (depression, social anxiety) and externalizing (substance use and other risky behaviors) problems......PIU did not share the characteristics typically associated with the traditional problem-behavior syndrome consistent with problem-behavior theory, but showed correlates more consistent with internalizing rather than externalizing problems."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: Although this article (note only the abstract is available) does not reference that the "PIU" of its subjects contained a sexual dimension, that can be pretty much assumed.  It is included here in part to introduce the concept of "problem-behavior theory", which is not referenced in any journal article typically read by professionals who self-identify as specializing in treating people with chronically problematic sexual behavior.


Citation: Problematic Internet use and other risky behaviors in college students: An application of problem-behavior theory. De Leo, Joseph Anthony; Wulfert, Edelgard Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol 27(1), Mar 2013, 133-141. doi: 10.1037/a0030823

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Compulsive sexual behavior in young adults

Compulsive sexual behavior in young adults | Current Topics in Sexual Compulsivity Research | Scoop.it

"This epidemiological study aims to estimate the prevalence and health correlates of compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) using a large sample of students.The estimated prevalence of CSB was 2.0%. Compared with respondents without CSB, individuals with CSB reported more depressive and anxiety symptoms, higher levels of stress, poorer self-esteem, and higher rates of social anxiety disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, compulsive buying, pathological gambling, and kleptomania."


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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:


Curator comment: Prevalence studies remain few and far between.  


Annals of Clinical Psychiatry 2013;25(3):193-200.


Abstract only.

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