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The Relationship Between the FFM Personality Traits, State Psychopathology, and Sexual Compulsivity in a Sample of Male College Students

The Relationship Between the FFM Personality Traits, State Psychopathology, and Sexual Compulsivity in a Sample of Male College Students | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

"The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between stable traits of personality, state psychopathology, and sexual compulsivity in a sample of male college students. Furthermore, the potential mediating role of state psychopathology in the relationship between personality traits and sexual compulsivity was tested."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: The "FFM" in the title refers to the "Five Factor Model" to describe five broad domains or dimensions of personality.  The five factors are openness, conscientiousnessextraversionagreeableness, and neuroticism


Pinto, J., Carvalho, J. and Nobre, P. J. (2013), The Relationship Between the FFM Personality Traits, State Psychopathology, and Sexual Compulsivity in a Sample of Male College Students. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 10: 1773–1782. doi: 10.1111/jsm.12185

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Personality Disorder Comorbidity in Treatment-Seeking Men with Hypersexual Disorder

Personality Disorder Comorbidity in Treatment-Seeking Men with Hypersexual Disorder | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

"This study examines the presence of confirmed personality disorder (PD) diagnoses among 132 men seeking treatment for Hypersexual Disorder, as diagnosed by the criteria proposed for DSM-5. The SCID-II Personality Questionnaire.......suggested potential disorders in 92% of the sample. However, only 17% of the sample met full criteria for a PD based on the SCID-II interview. Thus, whereas personality-based difficulty appears commonplace in these men, the broad, severe dysfunction required for a PD diagnosis does not. This prevalence is higher than expected for community samples, but lower than for either general clinic samples or that found in previous studies."

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Authors: Carpenter, BN, Reid, Rc, Garos, S. & Najavits, LM


Source: (2013). Personality Disorder Comorbidity in Treatment-Seeking Men with Hypersexual Disorder. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 20, No. 1-2, pp. 79-90.


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Borderline Personality Traits in Individuals with Compulsive Sexual Behavior

"The evidence does not suggest a strong relationship between BPD and CSB."


Martin Lloyd, Nancy C. Raymond, Michael H. Miner & Eli Coleman

 Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2007).


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Childhood Characteristics and Personal Dispositions to Sexually Compulsive Behavior Among Young Adults

Childhood Characteristics and Personal Dispositions to Sexually Compulsive Behavior Among Young Adults | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

This study explored possible associations between two personal tendencies “sexual compulsivity” and “sexual sensation seeking,” and self-esteem, family environmental conditions and sexual abuse experiences during childhood in a sample of 539 young adults in a mid-western university. A cross-sectional survey design was employed and data were collected using self-report, anonymous questionnaires. Men scored higher on the measures of sexual compulsivity and sexual sensation seeking than women. Mean scores on the measure of sexual compulsivity and sexual sensation seeking in this young adult college sample were lower when compared with high risk groups such as men living with HIV. Sex abuse experiences and poor family environment during childhood were associated with sexual sensation seeking and sexual compulsive tendencies. Neither sexual compulsivity nor sexual sensation seeking was associated with childhood self-esteem. Further, the results of this study suggest that sexual compulsive behavior compared to sexual sensation seeking, has much stronger connection with childhood etiological factors investigated in this study. Thus, as suggested by other sex researchers, those who are challenged by compulsive behaviors may need long-term treatment, but sensation seekers could possibly be effectively treated with short-term behavioral interventions. Causal relationships between childhood etiological factors and out-of-control behaviors, and subsequent risky sexual behaviors, as well as their implications for health promotion programs targeted at young adults, need to be investigated using longitudinal and qualitative research methods.


Authors: Bilesha Perera, Michael Reece, Patrick Monahan, Robert Billingham & Peter Finn


(2009). Childhood Characteristics and Personal Dispositions to Sexually Compulsive Behavior Among Young Adults. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 16, No. 2, pages 131-145.


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Childhood Characteristics and Personal Dispositions to Sexually Compulsive Behavior Among Young Adults

Childhood Characteristics and Personal Dispositions to Sexually Compulsive Behavior Among Young Adults | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

This study explored possible associations between two personal tendencies “sexual compulsivity” and “sexual sensation seeking,” and self-esteem, family environmental conditions and sexual abuse experiences during childhood in a sample of 539 young adults in a mid-western university. A cross-sectional survey design was employed and data were collected using self-report, anonymous questionnaires. Men scored higher on the measures of sexual compulsivity and sexual sensation seeking than women........Sex abuse experiences and poor family environment during childhood were associated with sexual sensation seeking and sexual compulsive tendencies. Neither sexual compulsivity nor sexual sensation seeking was associated with childhood self-esteem. Further, the results of this study suggest that sexual compulsive behavior compared to sexual sensation seeking, has much stronger connection with childhood etiological factors investigated in this study. Thus, as suggested by other sex researchers, those who are challenged by compulsive behaviors may need long-term treatment, but sensation seekers could possibly be effectively treated with short-term behavioral interventions......


Authors: Bilesha Perera, Michael Reece, Patrick Monahan, Robert Billingham & Peter Finn


(2009). Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 16, No. 2, pages 131-145

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Characteristics and Behaviors of Sexual Compulsives Who Use the Internet for Sexual Purposes

This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of those who engage in online sexual activities and who are sexually compulsive according to the Kalichman sexual compulsivity scale. It also aimed to investigate if online sexual activities had changed the sexually compulsive respondents’ offline sexual behaviors. Data were collected in 2002 through an online questionnaire in Swedish.


Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 13:53–67, 2006


This article is accessible online at the website of the Hawai'i AIDS Education and Training Center and AIDS Education Project.

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Abstract: Problems of Self-Concept in a Patient Sample of Hypersexuality With Attention-Deficit Disorder

This 2011 article from the Journal of Addiction Medicine examines which facets of ADHD symptoms are most strongly associated with hypersexual behavior among a patient sample of men.


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Dishonest Deeds Lead to ‘Cheater’s High,’ as Long as No One Gets Hurt

Dishonest Deeds Lead to ‘Cheater’s High,’ as Long as No One Gets Hurt | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it


"People who get away with cheating when they believe no one is hurt by their dishonesty are more likely to feel upbeat than remorseful afterward, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: This seems like a potentially extremely important contribution to our understanding of why some people continually try to "get away with" deceptive behavior rather than admit what they are doing.  It may not simply be shame that keeps some behavior secretive but the "cheater's high" they feel as long as they are successfully able to convince themselves that nobody gets hurt by their behavior.


Note that the entire article. "The Cheater's High: The Unexpected Affective Benefits of Unethical Behavior"  is fully available online (at least for now).  This, along with the above press release, shows the importance the APA is assigning to these findings. 

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Are nonparaphilic sexual addictions a variant of obsessive-compulsive disorder? A pilot study

Are nonparaphilic sexual addictions a variant of obsessive-compulsive disorder? A pilot study | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

"Nonparaphilic sexual addictions (NPSAs)........have been proposed as an obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder. In the present study we examined the functional differences in repetitive sexual thoughts and compulsive behaviors between patients with OCD (n = 6) and with NPSAs (n = 6). Compared to patients with NPSAs, those with OCD reported significantly more fear and avoidance related to their sexual thoughts. Individuals with NPSAs reported higher levels of sexual arousal associated with their thoughts and a greater degree of sexual pleasure from performing compulsive behaviors. These preliminary findings challenge the notion that NPSAs are related to OCD......."

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Bill Herring LCSW, CSAT's insight:

Curator comment: Some people are keen to recast descriptions of sex addiction as a variant of obsessive-compulsive disorder.  This study disputes that assumption, although the relevance of its findings may be diminished by its small sample size.


Schwartz, SA & Abromowitz, JS, Are nonparaphilic sexual addictions a variant of obsessive-compulsive disorder? A pilot study. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 10(4) 372-377 (2003).


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Attachment Styles and Male Sex Addiction

Attachment Styles and Male Sex Addiction | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it
This study addresses the adult romantic attachment styles of sexually addicted men. The Sexual Addiction Screening Test and the Experiences in Close Relationships Revised were used to determine the presence of a sexual addiction and the participants' style of romantic attachment. ANOVA revealed that sexually addicted men are more likely to relate with insecure attachment styles. Specifically, sexually addicted men were found to have higher anxiety F(1, 38) = 6.122, p < .05 and avoidance F(1, 37) = 4.685, p < .05 in their romantic relationships. Treatment for male sexual addicts should address both addiction and relationship insecurity.


Authors: James L. Zapf. Jay Greiner and James Caroll


(2008). Attachment Styles and Male Sex Addiction. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 15, No. 2, pages 158-175


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Demoralization, Hypomanic Activation, and Disconstraint Scores on MMPI-2 Scales as Significant Predictors of Hypersexual Behavior

Demoralization, Hypomanic Activation, and Disconstraint Scores on MMPI-2 Scales as Significant Predictors of Hypersexual Behavior | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

This article reports the findings of a study investigating which facets of psychopathology are most strongly associated with hypersexual behavior among a patient sample (N = 151). Psychopathology was measured using the Restructured Clinical scales and the PSY-5 scales of the MMPI-2, and hypersexual behavior was measured using the Sexual Compulsivity Scale. Regression analysis revealed that Demoralization was the strongest predictor of scores on a measure of hypersexuality, with Hypomanic Activation on the RC scales and Disconstraint on the PSY-5 scales making additional modest, but statistically significant, contributions. Although some MMPI-2 scales were significantly elevated, an important finding of the current investigation is the lack of elevations across many MMPI-2 scales. The results of these findings are addressed and recommendations for future research are discussed.


Authors: Rory C, Reid and Bruce N. Carpenter


(2009). Demoralization, Hypomanic Activation, and Disconstraint Scores on MMPI-2 Scales as Significant Predictors of Hypersexual Behavior. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 16, No.


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Women's Sexual Addiction and Family Dynamics, Depression and Substance Abuse

Women's Sexual Addiction and Family Dynamics, Depression and Substance Abuse | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

"This study utilized a stepwise multiple regression analysis to investigate predictors of women's sexual addiction, including an initial investigation of father bonding. It contains the largest sample of sexually addicted women in an empirical study utilizing the W-SAST. Participants included 99 self-identified sexual addicts, who completed numerous scales. A significant positive correlation was found between sexual addiction and childhood abuse, depression and substance abuse. Perceived family cohesion and adaptability were inversely correlated. Father care was inversely correlated and father protection was positively correlated. Depression accounted for 28.5% of the variance, while family adaptability and drug abuse accounted for 13.8 and 4%, respectively. Additional analyses supported mediating variables."


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(2009). Women's Sexual Addiction and Family Dynamics, Depression and Substance Abuse. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 16, No. 4, pages 324-340.

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Exploring Relationships of Masculinity and Ethnicity as At-Risk Markers for Online Sexual Addiction in Men

Exploring Relationships of Masculinity and Ethnicity as At-Risk Markers for Online Sexual Addiction in Men | Sex  Addiction | Scoop.it

"Relationships of ethnicity and traditional masculinity as at-risk markers for online sexual addiction were explored in this study through the use of descriptive and correlational statistics of 1,441 men."


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Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: Vol. 18, No. 4, pages 243-260. (2011).

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