The Semantic Web not only covers ontology definitions, but also their relationships and instances. This work describes an adaptable tool for the visualization of all these Semantic Web elements. The tool includes a set of interfaces to enable the inclusion of different visualization tools as plug-ins. Thus, it is divided into four views: ontology groups, ontology mappings, ontologies and instances. Some algorithms are included but we are planning to develop new ones to improve the tool capabilities. The tool has also been successfully applied to develop a graphical query interface that takes advantage of the ontology and instance levels.
Amid a blizzard of announcements at its I/O conference, Google unveiled a major change to its core search product in singularly low-key fashion.
Amit Singhal, a senior Google executive in charge of its search efforts, said that Google search, starting today, wouldn't just answer the question implied in the words we type into that ubiquitous search box. Google, Singhal said, would display results that "anticipate the next question."
Singhal gave the example of a search for "the population of India." The searcher wants a number, yes—but it's likely that they're on the hunt for more information about India after that. There's no reason why Google shouldn't get a jump start on answering those questions.
That word Singhal used—"anticipate"—is a powerful one in the field of artificial intelligence. Anticipatory systems, as we've written, are a hot field that's been moving from theory to practice. There are apps today that will recommend a restaurant, a purchase, even a date. And we've noted how anticipatory systems are the future of search.
But with this latest update, Google is launching the biggest real-world experiment in anticipatory systems ever, with hundreds of millions of its search users getting a glimpse of the anticipatory future today.
Google Maps, too, is getting an anticipatory update. Search for the "Walt Disney Family Museum," a popular San Francisco institution, and you might get another kid-friendly museum suggested, like the Exploratorium, based on the reasonable assumption that you're looking for a place to go with your family.
Yahoo has partnered with Broadway Video and NBC Entertainment to become the exclusive home for Saturday Night Live archives from 1975-2013, expanding Yahoo
Jan Bergmans's insight:
Yahoo has partnered with Broadway Video and NBC Entertainment to become the exclusive home for Saturday Night Live archives from 1975-2013, expanding Yahoo’s premium comedy content that already includes Burning Love and upcoming web series like the Jack Black-Shine collaboration Ghost Ghirls, which will premiere this year.
Ce débat des "Dossiers de l'écran" porte sur le mouvement contestataire de mai 1968, en France, et sur les autres épisodes de contestation dans le monde cette année-là, des Etats-Unis jusqu'en Extrême Orient, en passant par les pays socialistes...
The Software Freedom Law Center provides legal representation and other law related services to protect and advance Free and Open Source Software.
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Managing Copyright Information within a Free Software ProjectSeptember 17, 2012Posted at 12:17 PM
Today, the Software Freedom Law Center published Managing Copyright Information within a Free Software Project, a guide to help developers maintain the license and copyright notices associated with their projects.
Bitcoin is a currency, a protocol, and a software that enables
Instant peer to peer transactionsWorldwide paymentsLow or zero processing feesAnd much more!
Bitcoin uses peer to peer technology to operate with no central authority; managing transactions and issuing Bitcoins are carried out collectively by the network. Through many of its unique properties, Bitcoin allows exciting uses that could not be covered by any previous payment systems.
The software is a community-driven free open source project, released under the MIT license.
How rapidly does programming knowledge really become out-of-date? Do things change so frequently that it has become unreasonable to expect programmers to keep up with the pace of technology? I’m not so sure the pace is really that fast.
A few days ago, Half Sigma posted an article claiming that a career in programming sucks. I responded that no, it doesn’t. In turn, I got quite a few comments supporting Sigma. Several of them were centered around Sigma’s first argument, that programming knowledge becomes obsolete too quickly.
Rapid Obsoletion of Programming Knowledge
In an attempt to prove that programming knowledge has a very short expiration date, it’s easy — and common — to drag out an expired technology (Punchcards, Z80, Turbo Pascal, etc.) and then point at it and say, “Look! Look! How does any of that still apply?”
Quite frankly, if you have to drag out punch cards to make your point, you don’t have one. Punch cards died 30 years ago. If that’s the best you can do, the computer science field must not be moving very quickly at all. The Z80 died in the mid-1980s. Even Turbo Pascal was gone before Windows 95 hit the streets. Each of those technologies had more than a 10-year lifespan before it became obsolete. Is it so unreasonable to tell programmers that they need to learn a new technology at least once every ten years?
Hey, remember when plumbers used to use lead-based solder? Plumbing knowledge is obsoleted so fast!
Just like the basics of soldering are partially independent of any specific solder compound, so are the basics of computer science separate from any specific technology. Punch cards are just a storage medium, like hard disks, so much of the knowledge gained during the punch card era is still relevant. Similarly, a programmer who has good knowledge of the Z80 should be able to map much of his knowledge to modern processors. And a skilled programmer who used Turbo Pascal should still be a skilled programmer in a new language, given a brief acclimation period.
If tomorrow morning we all switch to PowerPC computers, programmed in Python, using some funky crystal matrix for storage, my knowledge will not all be obsolete. Certainly, my knowledge of the more quirky aspects of C++ won’t be useful anymore, but the basics won’t have changed. It’s still a Von Neumann machine. Algorithms are still important. Software design practices are still relevant.
Nothing fundamental really changes very quickly. The superficial stuff evolves rapidly, but if your knowledge is only superficial, that’s a different problem altogether.
Think Ron Paul is the only person asking questions about the actual gold supposedly backing the currency in circulation.
Jan Bergmans's insight:
Think Ron Paul is the only person asking questions about the actual gold supposedly backing the currency in circulation. Think again: the "ask your central banker where his gold is" tour just went global after the Dutch the Dutch Socialists Party (SP)’s spokesman for financial affairs, Mr. Ewout Irrgang, asked the Dutch Secretary of the Treasury 10 detailed questions about the gold supposedly held by the Dutch Central Bank. Questions vary from: where is the gold? why are gold and gold receivables one line item? how much gold is loaned out? As Dutch website Vrijspreker.nl points out, "This is potentially a big breakthrough for global awareness on how central banks hide crucial info from the public and the disastrous effects central banks have on society." Is Belgium next to ask the same question in a vain attempt to understand just how much of its gold is permanently "lent out"? And after Belgium, everyone else with a central bank perhaps?
1 Did the Dutch Central Bank (DNB) loan part of their gold? If yes, how much and to whom?
2 Why are gold and gold loans stated as one line item in the annual report 2010 instead of mentioned as 2 separate items?
3 Can you give an overview of the yearly yields of the gold loans during the past years?
4 Where IS the physical gold of DNB? At which locations and how much is where? What is the reason that the gold is still at these locations?
5 What was the most important reason for DNB to sell the gold in the past? Are the storage costs a reason? What are the actual costs to store the gold?
6 Can you confirm that since 1991 of the 1700 tons of gold about 1100 tons have been sold? Is the remark of journalist Peter de Waard correct that because of these historic sales there is a loss of about 30 billion euro? If not correct, what is the right amount?
7 How much of the National Debt has during the past 20 years been paid off with the proceeds of the gold sales? Are you of opinion that the sustainability of the national debt will be improved by paying off the debt and at the same time selling the gold?
8 What is in your opinion the present function of the gold stock?
9 What is the relation between the size of the market of the gold stock and the size of the market of gold derivates? What are the possible consequences of this?
10 Can you confirm that recently a number of countries have even enlarged their physical gold stock? Do you have an explanation for this development?
A scientific base for conflict prevention?: Sustainable peace, development and sciencesOn August 17, 1997 · Leave a Comment · In Ruddy Doom
The end of the cold war and the aftermath of the Gulf War gave birth to an overoptimistic view on peace and stability. From an ethical point of view, a pacifist tradition is in place chanting the theoretical merits of peace. Politicians, using phrases like “The New World Order”, with references to “the End of History” were now fostering the impression that peace was practically feasible. Action researchers engaged in conflict and peace studies were eager to take up the scientific gauntlet. Early warning systems and conflict prevention became serious issues, if not fashionable language. As we are engaged at our institute for quite some time with problems of conflict prevention, the main aim of this article is to save the scientific concept from expectations which cannot be fulfilled. If, for reasons of high ethics, we place voluntarism above realism and emotions above aseptic scientific standards, we could end with politics lacking any moral standards.
Google today broke Google Chat by forcing Hangouts on all of us. David Gewirtz gets all cranky about the change. It's not pretty.
Jan Bergmans's insight:
Thank you Google for the new homework assignment: Hangouts vs. Chat
Summary: Google today broke Google Chat by forcing Hangouts on all of us. David Gewirtz gets all cranky about the change. It's not pretty.
By David Gewirtz for DIY-IT |May 16, 2013 -- 15:19 GMT (08:19 PDT)
Google I/OGoogle I/O 2013: Building better e-commerce experiences on AndroidGoogle presses algorithm, cloud advantage vs. Apple, rivalsGoogle developer tool releases include new Maps, Games, Google+ APIsGoogle CEO Page: 'We're only at one percent of what's possible'Samsung Galaxy S4 gets Android Nexus treatment for $649Google sets up to challenge Amazon Web ServicesI/O 2013: Google's location APIs likely to fuel Google Glass apps
I really dislike software updates. It didn't used to be that way. It used to be I looked forward to the new features, new capabilities, new toys.
But that was before I had a life and responsibilities. Now I have both, and I find myself to be somewhat more change-averse.
Today, a day I had a lot of other more important things to do, Google decided to break one of my most-relied-upon resources: Google Chat.
Let me be clear: I use Google Chat for work. I talk to many of my colleagues about work-related activities, about ZDNet editorial, and about projects I'm working on.
I don't hang out.
I don't use Google Chat to make new friends or to share small details about the danish I had for breakfast or hear about new TV shows. I use it to coordinate meeting schedules, deliverables, titles, abstracts, article drop times, and the like.
My Google Chat list is carefully curated. There are about 30 people on it, all of whom have something to do with work
My Google Chat list is carefully curated. There are about 30 people on it, all of whom have something to do with work. Robert Scoble, as much as I like Robert, has never been on my Google Chat list, because I don't work with him.
Today, all that changed. My Chat list is gone. In fact, my nice little Google Chrome extension for Chat is gone as well. Poof. Stolen, like the time stolen from me today trying to recover my work messaging system.
In its place is Hangouts (and Robert is on the list). I had a British professor who used to titter every time someone mentioned hanging out, because to him, hanging out meant, well, something very inadvisable in public.
I don't want to hang out (either using my professor's definition or the more mundane one) with my work associates. I want to send a quick chat and get back to work. So do they.
This morning, however, I have to figure out what happened to my list of work associates, figure out how to get Chat back, figure out how to stop everyone in my Google Plus (which today is such a minus!) from hanging out on my desktop, and then wonder if every other work associate I've got has the same issue and whether all our productivity for the next week has just gone down the chute.
Welkom op onze vernieuwde site, MKW Directeurendag 16 mei 2013 over crisiscommunicatie, MKW Kijk bij elkaar!dag donderdag 13 juni 2013,
Jan Bergmans's insight:
De site van MKW Platform is ‘lean and mean’ vernieuwd. Het doel: onze informatie beter ontsluiten. Centraal op de homepage vindt u het nieuws; In plaats van uw mening met uw collega’s te delen in het deelnemersforum is het nu mogelijk om op de nieuwsberichten te reageren; In de bovenste menubalk vindt u de
LinkedIn Corp. ( LNKD ) has adopted the acquisition for growth strategy. The company recently agreed to acquire a news reading and mobile content.
Jan Bergmans's insight:
LinkedIn Corp. ( LNKD ) has adopted the acquisition for growth strategy. The company recently agreed to acquire a news reading and mobile content distribution company, Pulse.
Pulse is a well-known platform for content gathering from the Internet. This platform has more than 30 million users across 190 countries, accessible through iOS and Android-based newsreader applications. Available in 9 languages, Pulse has more than 9 million users throughout the United States. 750 leading publishers worldwide distribute their content using the Pulse platform.
The Pulse acquisition will bring in new talent, technology, and products, which will add to the company's growing portfolio. Moreover, it will also enhance LNKD's ability to deliver its services.
LinkedIn takes the acquisition for growth strategy seriously, which is evident from its past acquisition of SlideShare for $119 million in cash and stock, in May 2012.
Although acquisitions have added to the current portfolio of products and services, integration with the company's current business model remains an issue.
Moreover, competition is also intensifying, with companies such as Facebook ( FB ), Google ( GOOG ) and Twitter. Similar to LinkedIn's business model, these companies have started offering services that can cater to the professional world. Apart from hiring, the services include buying, selling and sales leads.
Linkedln currently carries a Zacks Rank #3 (Hold). The company is trying to hedge itself from the intense competition by adding new products and services to its professional networking space. However, the emergence of companies like ValueClick Inc. ( VCLK ), offering innovative interactive solution could change the scenario rapidly over the next few years.
FACEBOOK INC-A (FB): Free Stock Analysis Report
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By encouraging employees to both seek and provide help, rewarding givers, and screening out takers, companies can reap significant and lasting benefits. A McKinsey Quarterly Organization article.
Jan Bergmans's insight:
After the tragic events of 9/11, a team of Harvard psychologists quietly “invaded” the US intelligence system. The team, led by Richard Hackman, wanted to determine what makes intelligence units effective. By surveying, interviewing, and observing hundreds of analysts across 64 different intelligence groups, the researchers ranked those units from best to worst.
Then they identified what they thought was a comprehensive list of factors that drive a unit’s effectiveness—only to discover, after parsing the data, that the most important factor wasn’t on their list. The critical factor wasn’t having stable team membership and the right number of people. It wasn’t having a vision that is clear, challenging, and meaningful. Nor was it well-defined roles and responsibilities; appropriate rewards, recognition, and resources; or strong leadership.
Rather, the single strongest predictor of group effectiveness was the amount of help that analysts gave to each other. In the highest-performing teams, analysts invested extensive time and energy in coaching, teaching, and consulting with their colleagues. These contributions helped analysts question their own assumptions, fill gaps in their knowledge, gain access to novel perspectives, and recognize patterns in seemingly disconnected threads of information. In the lowest-rated units, analysts exchanged little help and struggled to make sense of tangled webs of data. Just knowing the amount of help-giving that occurred allowed the Harvard researchers to predict the effectiveness rank of nearly every unit accurately.
The anarchist virtual currency may be a hoax. It could also be the wave of the future
Jan Bergmans's insight:
One of the oddest bits of news to emerge from the economic collapse of Cyprus is a corresponding rise in the value of Bitcoin, the Internet’s favorite, media-friendly, anarchist crypto-currency. In Spain, Google (GOOG) searches for “Bitcoin” and downloads of Bitcoin apps soared. The value of a Bitcoin went up to $78. Someone put out a press release promising a Bitcoin ATM in Cyprus. Far away, in Canada, a man said he’d sell his house for BTC5,362.
Bitcoin was created in 2009 by a pseudonymous hacker who calls him or herself Satoshi Nakamoto (and who might be several people). It’s a form of virtual cash used to buy goods and services online. Even by Web standards, it’s a strange and supergeeky phenomenon. This is what happens when software and networks meet the concept of currency, when you take peer-to-peer networks and advanced cryptography and ask, “How can I make a new economy?”
There are 10,952,975 Bitcoins in circulation. (With a digital currency you can be specific.) Bitcoin isn’t about to replace hard currency—with a market cap of $864 million, all of it is worth less than what Facebook (FB) paid for Instagram—but it’s bigger than anyone expected. And many people will tell you that the emergence of a virtual global money supply beyond the reach and control of any government is very real and that it’s time we take it seriously. As long as the Internet remains turned on, Bitcoin will be there—to its adherents, it’s the Platonic currency.
A dollar bill has a serial number and travels from buyer to seller. A Bitcoin’s not so much a thing as an understanding, a balance in a decentralized general ledger, or “account log.” Bitcoins are created as the side effect of a great deal of meaningless computational work. That is, the computer could be working on protein-folding, or processing images, or doing something else with its time, but instead it’s being used to “mine” Bitcoins—searching for mathematical needles in a networked haystack. Once the needle is found, a “block” of Bitcoins is born. Bitcoins live in a bit of software known as your “wallet.”
How did they get there? Perhaps you minted them by mining, or bought them on an exchange, or received them as part of a barter transaction. Now those Bitcoins are burning a bithole in your bitpocket, and you want to buy something. How do you spend them? Clicking around your wallet app, you set up a payment and put in the Bitcoin address of the recipient—something memorable and fun, like 1Ns17iag9jJgTHD1VXjvLCEnZuQ3rJDE9L. A few minutes later, after the peer-to-peer network has authorized the transaction as legitimate, the recipient’s wallet, wherever it is, will show that you’ve paid up.
How is this different from PayPal (EBAY)? In theory anyone could run his own version of PayPal on a server and use that to transfer funds between parties. But he’d also need to handle world currencies, deal with security, and handle regulations. Similarly, physical banks promise protections above and beyond stuffing cash in a mattress or dropping it off in paper bags. Financial institutions commodify trust—it’s not their money, after all. It’s yours. Yet you trust them more than you trust yourself.
Bitcoin shrugs all this off. It’s not pegged to anything, and there are no regulations. It’s a supercomputer-size chore to counterfeit. The key thing to understand is that there’s no bank, no Federal Reserve, in the middle. It’s not unlike an exchange-traded fund (for example, FORX, from Pimco)—a mix of non-U.S. currencies—designed as a hedge against the dollar. Bitcoin is a hedge against the entire global currency system. And no exchange is needed, unless you want to convert your Bitcoin into an actual hard currency.
Bitcoin is no more arbitrary than derivatives or credit default swaps. Given that regular folks, if they’re nerdy and interested in Bitcoins, can use the currency for all manner of things, including illegal things, it’s arguably a far less arbitrary instrument.
Maybe Bitcoin’s devotees are right, and it’s the currency of the future. Or perhaps it’s a ridiculous joke—a speculative, hilarious enterprise taken to its most insane conclusion. Given that the founder is nowhere to be found, it feels like a hoax, a parody of the global economy. That the technology used to implement it has, so far, shown itself to be impeccable and completely functional, and that it’s actually being exchanged, just makes it a better joke. The truth is, it doesn’t much matter if it’s a joke or not. It works.
Welcome to Anima. This name was chosen because it means "Soul". No matter what your color faith or belief. The vast majority of the people in this world belief we have a soul.
Jan Bergmans's insight:
Welcome to Anima. This name was chosen because it means "Soul". No matter what your color faith or belief. The vast majority of the people in this world belief we have a soul. The soul is something that everyone feel something that’s leads you too findout more about the world and yourself despite your destination or belief Those shared understandings that bind us together as humans and citizen of this world. The whole world is fighting about religion. But i created this gallery to be a place where you can show the light of peace, a place that brings all the good in faith together. Here on this map you can find the countries that have visited Anima webgallery so far
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). It criminalizes production and dissemination of technology, devices, or services intended to circumvent measures (commonly known as digital rights management or DRM) that control access to copyrighted works. It also criminalizes the act of circumventing an access control, whether or not there is actual infringement of copyright itself. In addition, the DMCA heightens the penalties for copyright infringement on the Internet. Passed on October 12, 1998, by a unanimous vote in the United States Senate and signed into law by President Bill Clinton on October 28, 1998, the DMCA amended Title 17 of the United States Code to extend the reach of copyright, while limiting the liability of the providers of on-line services for copyright infringement by their users.
The DMCA's principal innovation in the field of copyright, the exemption from direct and indirect liability of internet service providers and other intermediaries, was adopted by the European Union in the Electronic Commerce Directive 2000. The Copyright Directive 2001 implemented the 1996 WIPO Copyright Treaty in the EU.
HP Labs has joined the race to build an infrastructure for the emerging Internet of Things. The giant computing and IT services company has announced a project that aims to be a "Central Nervous System for the Earth" (CeNSE).
Jan Bergmans's insight:
HP Labs has joined the race to build an infrastructure for the emerging Internet of Things. The giant computing and IT services company has announced a project that aims to be a "Central Nervous System for the Earth" (CeNSE). It's a research and development program to build a planetwide sensing network, using billions of "tiny, cheap, tough and exquisitely sensitive detectors."
The technology behind this is based on nano-sensing research done by HP Labs. The sensors are similar to RFID chips, but in this case they are tiny accelerometers which detect motion and vibrations.
The first CeNSE sensor to be put into the field by HP Labs is, according to the company, "about 1,000 times more sensitive than accelerometers used in a Wii, an iPhone or an automobile's airbag system." Other sensors planned in future include ones for light, temperature, barometric pressure, airflow and humidity.