Self-organizing and Systems Mapping
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Social Evolution: New Horizons

Cooperation is a widespread natural phenomenon yet current evolutionary thinking is dominated by the paradigm of selfish competition. Recent advanced in many fronts of Biology and Non-linear Physics are helping to bring cooperation to its proper place. In this contribution, the most important controversies and open research avenues in the field of social evolution are reviewed. It is argued that a novel theory of social evolution must integrate the concepts of the science of Complex Systems with those of the Darwinian tradition. Current gene-centric approaches should be reviewed and complemented with evidence from multilevel phenomena (group selection), the constrains given by the non-linear nature of biological dynamical systems and the emergent nature of dissipative phenomena.


Social Evolution: New Horizons
Octavio Miramontes, Og DeSouza

http://arxiv.org/abs/1404.6267


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Fascinating article suggesting a new evolutionary theory that recognizes the critical importance of cooperation and mutualism.

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Jose Ali Vivas's curator insight, May 3, 2014 9:56 AM

Cooperation is a widespread natural phenomenon... sure!

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Government ‘nudges’ prove their worth

Important to move people to a Network Mindset. People need real time reminders.

 

"Over the past 5 years, on behalf of state governments, nearly 100,000 Americans were gently manipulated by a team of social scientists. In 15 randomized, controlled trials, people in need of social services either encountered the standard application process or received a psychological nudge, in which the information was presented slightly differently—a postcard reminded them of deadlines, for example, or one choice was made easier than another. In 11 of the trials, the nudge modestly increased a person's response rate or influenced them to make financially smarter choices. The results, presented this week at a meeting in Chicago, add to the growing evidence that nudges developed by psychologists can make a real difference in the success of government programs."

 

Government ‘nudges’ prove their worth
John Bohannon
Science  27 May 2016:
Vol. 352, Issue 6289, pp. 1042
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.352.6289.1042


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Future of work / toolsets (linkorama)

Future of work / toolsets (linkorama) | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
Future of work / toolsets (linkorama) Short URL: https://goo.gl/MCHNj8 Apps/platforms, etc. Asana “is a web and mobile application designed to help teams track their work” (Wikipedia) Basecamp “is a web-based project management tool” (Wikipedia) Draw.io is a “free online diagram softwar
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Participatory City

Participatory City | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
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Liz Rykert's curator insight, May 22, 9:47 AM

Looks like a great study from the UK on the value of engaging local citizens in neighbourhoods and communities. Thanks June Holley for the scoop!

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Open source data reveals connection between online and on-street protest activity

There is enormous interest in inferring features of human behavior in the real world from potential digital footprints created online - particularly at the collective level, where the sheer volume of online activity may indicate some changing mood within the population regarding a particular topic. Civil unrest is a prime example, involving the spontaneous appearance of large crowds of otherwise unrelated people on the street on a certain day. While indicators of brewing protests might be gleaned from individual online communications or account content (e.g. Twitter, Facebook) societal concerns regarding privacy can make such probing a politically delicate issue. Here we show that instead, a simple low-level indicator of civil unrest can be obtained from online data at the aggregate level through Google Trends or similar tools. Our study covers countries across Latin America during 2011-2014 in which diverse civil unrest events took place. In each case, we find that the combination of the volume and momentum of searches from Google Trends surrounding pairs of simple keywords, tailored for the specific cultural setting, provide good indicators of periods of civil unrest. This proof-of-concept study motivates the search for more geographically specific indicators based on geo-located searches at the urban level.

 

Open source data reveals connection between online and on-street protest activity
Hong Qi, Pedro Manrique, Daniela Johnson, Elvira Restrepo and Neil F Johnson

EPJ Data Science20165:18
http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjds/s13688-016-0081-5


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Creating Culture: Promising Practices of Successful Movement Networks

Creating Culture: Promising Practices of Successful Movement Networks | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
AN NPQ CLASSIC: This remarkable, must-read article looks at the dynamics that make for successful movement networks. It is informed by those who live and lead in the experience of making social change through networks, and it was researched and written by Management Assistance Group, a thought leader in this field. NPQ would like to thank the Barr Foundation for its support of our work on the emergence of networks as a primary driver of successful social impact.
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An Evolutionary Game Theoretic Approach to Multi-Sector Coordination and Self-Organization

Coordination games provide ubiquitous interaction paradigms to frame human behavioral features, such as information transmission, conventions and languages as well as socio-economic processes and institutions. By using a dynamical approach, such as Evolutionary Game Theory (EGT), one is able to follow, in detail, the self-organization process by which a population of individuals coordinates into a given behavior. Real socio-economic scenarios, however, often involve the interaction between multiple co-evolving sectors, with specific options of their own, that call for generalized and more sophisticated mathematical frameworks. In this paper, we explore a general EGT approach to deal with coordination dynamics in which individuals from multiple sectors interact. Starting from a two-sector, consumer/producer scenario, we investigate the effects of including a third co-evolving sector that we call public. We explore the changes in the self-organization process of all sectors, given the feedback that this new sector imparts on the other two.

 

An Evolutionary Game Theoretic Approach to Multi-Sector Coordination and Self-Organization
Fernando P. Santos, Sara Encarnação, Francisco C. Santos, Juval Portugali and Jorge M. Pacheco

Entropy 2016, 18(4), 152; http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/e18040152


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The Science of Teams — Several People Are Typing — The Official Slack Blog

The Science of Teams — Several People Are Typing — The Official Slack Blog | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
How Gigster designed a system to build the perfect team on demand
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Competition Analysis? Why not Cooperation Analysis? — Medium

Competition Analysis? Why not Cooperation Analysis? — Medium | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
Look at your typical business plan. Somewhere in there is an analysis of the competition. And a maybe a list of key principals inside the…

 

 

I love this post from Jean Russell!  

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Dynamics of beneficial epidemics

Pathogens can spread epidemically through populations. Beneficial contagions, such as viruses that enhance host survival or technological innovations that improve quality of life, also have the potential to spread epidemically. How do the dynamics of beneficial biological and social epidemics differ from those of detrimental epidemics? We investigate this question using three theoretical approaches as well as an empirical analysis of concept propagation. First, in evolutionary models, we show that a beneficial horizontally-transmissible element, such as viral DNA, spreads super-exponentially through a population, substantially more quickly than a beneficial mutation. Second, in an epidemiological social network approach, we show that infections that cause increased connectivity lead to faster-than-exponential fixation in the population. Third, in a sociological model with strategic rewiring, we find that preferences for increased global infection accelerate spread and produce super-exponential fixation rates, while preferences for local assortativity halt epidemics by disconnecting the infected from the susceptible. Finally, in an investigation of the Google Ngram corpus, we find that new words and phrases spread super-exponentially, as anticipated by our models. We conclude that the dynamics of beneficial biological and social epidemics are characterized by the remarkably rapid spread of beneficial elements, which can be facilitated in biological systems by horizontal transmission and in social systems by active spreading strategies of infected individuals.

 

Andrew Berdahl, Christa Brelsford, Caterina De Bacco, Marion Dumas, Vanessa Ferdinand, Joshua A. Grochow, Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Yoav Kallus, Christopher P. Kempes, Artemy Kolchinsky, Daniel B. Larremore, Eric Libby, Eleanor A. Power, Caitlin A. Stern, Brendan Tracey (Santa Fe Institute Postdocs)

http://arxiv.org/abs/1604.02096


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How social tools can reshape the organization | McKinsey & Company

How social tools can reshape the organization | McKinsey & Company | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
Not all social technologies bring equal benefits. In a new survey, respondents say the most valuable tools make it easier for employees to collaborate--and could even transform the way organizations work.
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Bootstrapping a bossless organisation in 3 easy steps ;-) — Enspiral Tales — Medium

Bootstrapping a bossless organisation in 3 easy steps ;-) - Enspiral Tales - Medium
My first impression at OuiShare Fest was a weird utopian blockchain mania: a poorly understood but massively hyped technology that will…
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Twelve principles for open innovation 2.0

Twelve principles for open innovation 2.0 | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
Evolve governance structures, practices and metrics to accelerate innovation in an era of digital connectivity, writes Martin Curley.
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Next-gen “intranets” for the gig economy — Work Futures

Next-gen “intranets” for the gig economy — Work Futures | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it
Contingent workers are a significant and growing segment of the working population. However, the intranet as it exists today doesn’t serve…
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The evolution of cooperation within the gut microbiota

I LOVE THIS!

Little is known about cooperative behaviour among the gut microbiota; here, limited cooperation is demonstrated for Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, but Bacteroides ovatus is found to extracellularly digest a polysaccharide not for its own use, but to cooperatively feed other species such as Bacteroides vulgatus from which it receives return benefits.

 

The evolution of cooperation within the gut microbiota
Seth Rakoff-Nahoum, Kevin R. Foster & Laurie E. Comstock

Nature 533, 255–259 (12 May 2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature17626


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Arjen ten Have's curator insight, May 14, 3:17 PM
This is cool stuff, and once again is shows the basics of evolution: all you need is an Evolutionary Stable Strategy and it will evolve. Unclear yes is what the benefit is (or was?).
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THE
PURSUIT
OF
LEGIBLE
POLICY:
Encouraging Agency and Participation
in the Complex Systems
of the Contemporary Megalopolis

THE<br/>PURSUIT<br/>OF<br/>LEGIBLE<br/>POLICY:<br/>Encouraging Agency and Participation<br/>in the Complex Systems<br/>of the Contemporary Megalopolis | Self-organizing and Systems Mapping | Scoop.it

Given the complexity of urban landscapes, legible policy has emerged as an important aim for urban laboratories, suggesting ways to increase citizen participation, heighten impact of policy decisions, allow for greater inclusion in political processes and stimulate citizens' agency.


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Untangling performance from success

Fame, popularity and celebrity status, frequently used tokens of success, are often loosely related to, or even divorced from professional performance. This dichotomy is partly rooted in the difficulty to distinguish performance, an individual measure that captures the actions of a performer, from success, a collective measure that captures a community’s reactions to these actions. Yet, finding the relationship between the two measures is essential for all areas that aim to objectively reward excellence, from science to business. Here we quantify the relationship between performance and success by focusing on tennis, an individual sport where the two quantities can be independently measured. We show that a predictive model, relying only on a tennis player’s performance in tournaments, can accurately predict an athlete’s popularity, both during a player’s active years and after retirement. Hence the model establishes a direct link between performance and momentary popularity. The agreement between the performance-driven and observed popularity suggests that in most areas of human achievement exceptional visibility may be rooted in detectable performance measures.

 

Untangling performance from success
Burcu Yucesoy and Albert-László Barabási
EPJ Data Science20165:17
http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjds/s13688-016-0079-z


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Distributed power and movements coming of age

While
spontaneous movements such as Occupy Wall Street may have been too autonomous
for their own good, leaving more freedom up to local groups has
its benefits for cause-based organizations.
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Why we need democracy 2.0 and capitalism 2.0 to survive

The world is running into great trouble. 

The anthropocene challenges (including climate change, impending resource shortages, demographic change, conflict, financial and economic crises) call for entirely new answers. 

As a result, we are now seeing the emergence of data-driven societies around the globe. Feudalism 2.0, fascism 2.0, communism 2.0, socialism 2.0, democracy 2.0 and capitalism 2.0 can now be built. 

What framework should we choose? What would be the implications?

 

http://futurict.blogspot.ch/2016/04/why-we-need-democracy-20-and-capitalism.html


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