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On Managing Complexity | The Drucker Exchange | Daily Blog by ...

On Managing Complexity | The Drucker Exchange | Daily Blog by ... | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Drucker on the Dial” chats with participants of the Global Peter Drucker Forum on "Managing Complexity."
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Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems
Exploring the self-organizing dynamics of interactive entities
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War: Origins and Effects

The International System is a self-organized system and shows emergent behavior. During the timeframe (1495 - 1945), a finite-time singularity and four accompanying accelerating log-periodic cycles shaped the dynamics of the International System. The accelerated growth of the connectivity of the regulatory network of the International System, in combination with its anarchistic structure, produce and shape the war dynamics of the system. Accelerated growth of the connectivity of the International system is fed by population growth and the need for social systems to fulfill basic requirements. The finite-time singularity and accompanying log-periodic oscillations were instrumental in the periodic reorganization of the regulatory network of the International System, and contributed to a long-term process of social expansion and integration in Europa. The singularity dynamic produced a series of organizational innovations. At the critical time of the singularity (1939) the connectivity of the system reached a critical threshold, resulting in a critical transition. This critical transition caused a fundamental reorganization of the International System: Europe transformed from an anarchistic system to cooperative security community. This critical transition also marks the actual globalization of the International System. During the life span of cycles, the war dynamics show chaotic characteristics. Various early-warning signals can be identified, and can probably be used in the current International System. These findings have implications for the social sciences and historical research.

 

War: Origins and Effects
Ingo Piepers

http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.6163


Via Complexity Digest
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Eli Levine's curator insight, September 26, 11:31 AM

Thus we delve closer into the hidden language of our social world.

 

Way cool science!

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A Magna Carta for the web

A Magna Carta for the web | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web 25 years ago. So it’s worth a listen when he warns us: There’s a battle ahead. Eroding net neutrality, filter bubbles and centralizing corporate control all threaten the web’s wide-open spaces. It’s up to users to fight for the right to access and openness. The question is, What kind of Internet do we want?

 

http://on.ted.com/h0Pgm


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Sand Pile Model of the Mind Grows in Popularity

Sand Pile Model of the Mind Grows in Popularity | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Support is growing for a decades-old physics idea suggesting that localized episodes of disordered brain activity help keep the overall system in healthy balance

Via Claudia Mihai
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HISTORY: First World War had complex beginnings

HISTORY: First World War had complex beginnings | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
“Vienna, 28 July 1914 — The Royal Serbian Government not having answered in a satisfactory manner the note of July 23, 1914, presented by the Austro-Hungarian Minister at Belgrade, the Imperial and Royal Government are themselves compelled to see to the safeguarding of their rights and interests, and, with this object, to have recourse to force of
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Fractal free energy landscapes in structural glasses : Nature Communications : Nature Publishing Group

Fractal free energy landscapes in structural glasses : Nature Communications : Nature Publishing Group | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
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The éToile Platform offers registration to 10 students at ECCS'14, Lucca 22-26 Sept

The éToile Platform offers registration to 10 students at ECCS'14, Lucca 22-26 Sept | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

The éToile Platform supports students aiming to participate in the ECCS14 - European Conference in Complex Systems, Lucca, Sept 22-26, 2014 ( http://eccs14.eu ). 10 registrations will be offered to students according to their contributions to the platform.

 

Master and PhD students, from any university, are invited to register in the platform and improve their reputation within the new éToile community.

 

Reputation is related to each one contribution to the "Curriculum in Complex Systems Sciences". See the éToile help on "How to increase your reputation" at http://www.etoileplatform.net/helpincreasereputation

 

The 10 students with more reputation on the 20th May at 11:00am CET will be awarded a registration to ECCS'14 (value of one student registration: € 265).

 

Grab this opportunity and participate !


Via Jorge Louçã, NESS
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Ants Swarm Like Brains Think

Ants Swarm Like Brains Think | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Both ants and brains actually rely on two types of feedback, held in a delicate balance: negative (or inhibitory) feedback, and positive (or excitatory) feedback. “Negative feedback tends to cause stability. Positive feedback tends to cause runaway behavior,” said Tomer Czaczkes, an ant biologist at the University of Regensburg in Germany. “These two simple rules make something very powerful.”

 

http://nautil.us/issue/12/feedback/ants-swarm-like-brains-think ;


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Eli Levine's curator insight, May 1, 10:14 AM

Small changes in behavior, thought or action can lead to dramatic changes, in time and with persistence, in the overall quality and function of the brain.

 

Imagine if we worked to heal each other and ourselves of our delusions, illusions, false perceptions, misconceptions, anger, depression, anxiety, etc?  What if we invented machines that could help us correct our brains' function, must like how we use glasses or hearing aids to correct our senses?

 

Consciousness must flow through the biological infrastructure of the brain.  You alter that in a majority of the people of this planet, you technically alter the entirety of the universe (although, I would add, that theoretically that higher level of conscious state had always been present, and that it is we who are arriving at it in our perceptions, while the essential universe itself remains unchanged).  This means that we'd simply be adapting to the universe in a more positive fashion, rather than actually altering it; conforming more to its natural law than shifting the paradigm of our existence on this planet, in this place.

 

Cool cool stuff here.

 

Think about it.

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SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer

SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer

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How Can the Study of Complexity Transform Our Understanding of the World?

How Can the Study of Complexity Transform Our Understanding of the World? | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
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▶ Alessandro Vespignani on theoretical developments for complex networks and systems

This interview with Alessandro Vespignani is about the future of modelling and forecasting of epidemics and is part of the Futurium Talking Futures interview series. More information is available here:

https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/futurium/en/interviews


Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET, Complexity Digest
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The Heart as a Complex Adaptive System

The Heart as a Complex Adaptive System | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

There is mounting evidence that the heart is a system onto itself and that it is intimately intertwined with the nervous and endocrine system residing within its borders. The capacity of self-organized systems to adapt is embodied in the functional organization of the intrinsic control mechanisms. How these regulatory subsystems communicate and how uncoupling of the hierarchical organization results in loss of adaptive "fitness"remains a challenge in human biology. The principles by which "emergent properties" and functional order of a self-organizingsystem, such as the heart, achieve (homeo)dynamic stability provide a non-reductionist framework for understanding how biological system adapts to imposed internal and external stresses, e.g., ischemia, organ/tissue transplantation. In particular, the newly emergent dynamics of cardiac rhythm observed after the heart is transplanted may reflect a more stable,versatile and adaptive (as per "law of requisite variety") bipartite whole. The integrative action of the living organism can not be gotten from their concatenated fractions but is evolved "relationally", i.e., it emanates from emergent internal requirements of the constitutive parts.

J. Yasha Kresh, Igor Izrailtyan, Andrew S. Wechsler 
Depts. of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Medicine 
MCP-Hahnemann School of Medicine / Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA


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John Symons's curator insight, December 19, 2013 12:23 PM

deeply interesting study of the dynamics of the heart.  

june holley's curator insight, January 7, 8:09 AM

The heart can help us understand self-organization.

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Eric Berlow: Simplifying complexity

Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. He knows that more information can lead to a better, simpler solution.

Via NESS, Eugene Ch'ng
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António F Fonseca's curator insight, January 1, 7:16 AM

"Complexity is not allways complicated"

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Physicists discover 'clearest evidence yet' that the Universe is a hologram

Physicists discover 'clearest evidence yet' that the Universe is a hologram | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
A team of physicists have provided what has been described by the journal Nature as the “clearest evidence yet” that our universe is a hologram.

Via Eugene Ch'ng
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The World after Big Data: Building the Self-Regulating Society

The World after Big Data: Building the Self-Regulating Society. Dirk Helbing, ETH Zurich.

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▶ Self-organizing Intelligent Network of UAVs - YouTube

This video explains our research on autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The research team at the Alpen-Adria University and Lakeside Labs developing a multi-UAV system by four key components: - the multiple UAV platforms,

 

http://youtu.be/QX2UPkd6yIc


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How bird flocks are like liquid helium

How bird flocks are like liquid helium | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Mathematical model shows how hundreds of starlings coordinate their movements in flight.

A flock of starlings flies as one, a spectacular display in which each bird flits about as if in a well-choreographed dance. Everyone seems to know exactly when and where to turn. Now, for the first time, researchers have measured how that knowledge moves through the flock—a behavior that mirrors certain quantum phenomena of liquid helium.


Via Claudia Mihai
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Interview: Prof Geoffrey West on complexity science

CLC interviewed Prof. Geoffrey West, Distinguished Professor and Past President of Sante Fe Institute, at the World Cities Summit 2014 on the study of cities in relation to complexity science....

Via Roger D. Jones, PhD, Complexity Digest
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Non c'è vetro senza frattali - Le Scienze

Non c'è vetro senza frattali - Le Scienze | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Nella vetrificazione, il processo nel quale il vetro allo stato liquido, raffreddandosi, diventa solido, l'insieme delle configurazioni possibili per le molecole ha una struttura frattale. Lo ha dimostrato un nuovo studio di fisica matematica i cui risultati sono stati confermati da una simulazione numerica
Complexity Institute's insight:

"In termini matematici, un frattale è uno oggetto geometrico dotato di una invarianza di scala: in pratica, esso sembra avere la stessa struttura a qualunque scala dimensionale lo si consideri. Le strutture frattali si ritrovano spesso in natura, e accomunano oggetti incredibilmente diversi tra loro, quali possono essere per esempio un broccolo romanesco, un tratto di costa e il bordo di una foglia." 

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Morte annunciata di un sistema economico - Pagina99.it

Morte annunciata di un sistema economico  - Pagina99.it | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Qualsiasi sistema vivente o sociale, se isolato dall’ambiente esterno, degrada, si decompone e scompare: dalle teorie dei sistemi complessi adattativi emerge un’analisi scientifica allarmante della crisi economica attuale.
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Obesity

Obesity | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

The best way to lose weight is to eat less and exercise more. But as a strategy to combat obesity at the population level, this common-sense prescription is proving ineffective over the long term. Tailored treatment programmes that factor in the stresses and temptations of the real world, using insights from behavioural research, are showing some success. Drugs may also form part of the solution. Or perhaps the pharmaceutical option should be a last resort, and society should instead use the power of government regulation to encourage healthier lifestyle options.

 

Obesity
• Tony Scully
Nature 508, S49 (17 April 2014) http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/508S49a


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Applications to organize a satellite meeting at ECCS'14 are open

Applications to organize a satellite meeting at ECCS'14 are open | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Prospective organizers are invited to submit an informal proposal (less than 1000 words) by email to satellites@eccs14.eu with subject line 'Satellite proposal'. In the message header, please specify the satellite title, as well as the names and institutions of the members of the organizing committee.
The proposal should include detailed information regarding the subjects covered by the satellite meeting and their relevance to the conference main tracks, relation to previous such meetings, duration of the meeting (from 1/2 day to 2 days), a preliminary schedule
(including a list of invited speakers), paper selection standards, and a budget assessment*.
Also bear in mind that all the participants to a satellite meeting *must be* registered to the main conference.
The deadline for applications for satellite meetings has been now extended to *15 March 2014*.  Official notification of acceptance will be sent on *30 March 2014* at the latest.


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Complexity Explorer -- Course Syllabi

The Course Syllabi database contains a collection of annotated links to course syllabi related to complex systems. These syllabi can be searched according to class topics, institution, instructor, education level, and several other attributes. These syllabi will be useful for instructors developing their own courses on various topics, as well as serving as guides to people who want to learn on their own.


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Robot costruttori che imitano le termiti - Le Scienze

Robot costruttori che imitano le termiti - Le Scienze | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Adottando la strategia di coordinamento delle termiti, gruppi di robot-manovali, autonomi e interscambiabili, sono stati in grado di costruire strutture complesse senza aver bisogno di una precedente pianificazione complessiva delle azioni da eseguire per concludere con successo i diversi progetti 
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Steven Strogatz - Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos: Part 5 - YouTube

Synchronized Chaos and Private Communications, with Kevin Cuomo, MIT Lincoln Laboratory

Via Claudia Mihai, Marinella De Simone
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The Use of Haiku to Convey Complex Concepts in Neuroscience

The Use of Haiku to Convey Complex Concepts in Neuroscience | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Conveying scientific content with accuracy and fluency takes practice and requires deep understanding of the concepts being conveyed. This depth of knowledge comes from internalizing information and constructing it into a form that is unique and coherent to the individual. Often in science classrooms there is little or no opportunity for students to practice this type of thinking, activities that we believe are fundamental to effective science communication. This article describes the use of haiku – a 17 syllable poem – as a means for students to convey neurobiological concepts in a succinct manner by forcing them to focus on the most salient features of the observed processes. In our assignments haiku writing was successfully paired with explanations of the students’ thought processes (Addiction course) or the scientific evidence to support claims (Neurodegenerative Disease course). We provide examples of student haiku and explanations as evidence of the power of this approach. The coupling of poetry and prose together create rich, accurate descriptions of scientific phenomena by encouraging higher-order thinking. Poetry writing can thus be used across the curriculum to forge comprehension of complex ideas in any discipline and to bridge the arts and the sciences.


Via Bernard Ryefield
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