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Using Chaos Theory to Predict and Prevent Catastrophic 'Dragon King' Events - Wired

Using Chaos Theory to Predict and Prevent Catastrophic 'Dragon King' Events - Wired | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Using Chaos Theory to Predict and Prevent Catastrophic 'Dragon King' Events Wired By looking at a simple experimental chaotic system, Gauthier and his co-authors have been able to detect telltale signs that a dragon king event was approaching and,...
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Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems
Exploring the self-organizing dynamics of interactive entities
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Complicated or complex - knowing the difference is important

Complicated or complex - knowing the difference is important | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Understanding the difference between complex and complicated systems is becoming important for many aspects of management and policy. With complicated problems or issues one can define the problem ...

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Keith Hamon's curator insight, June 3, 2014 7:28 AM

Discusses management & policy implications for dealing with complex issues rather than complicated issues.

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Economic complexity: A different way to look at the economy — Foundations & Frontiers — Medium

Economic complexity: A different way to look at the economy - Foundations & Frontiers - Medium
By W. Brian Arthur; External Professor, Santa Fe Institute; Visiting Researcher, Palo Alto Research Center

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Keith Hamon's curator insight, February 23, 9:28 PM

We need a different way to look at education, a complex way.

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What Isn't Complexity?

The question What is Complexity? has occupied a great deal of time and paper over the last 20 or so years. There are a myriad different perspectives and definitions but still no consensus. In this paper I take a phenomenological approach, identifying several factors that discriminate well between systems that would be consensually agreed to be simple versus others that would be consensually agreed to be complex - biological systems and human languages. I argue that a crucial component is that of structural building block hierarchies that, in the case of complex systems, correspond also to a functional hierarchy. I argue that complexity is an emergent property of this structural/functional hierarchy, induced by a property - fitness in the case of biological systems and meaning in the case of languages - that links the elements of this hierarchy across multiple scales. Additionally, I argue that non-complex systems "are" while complex systems "do" so that the latter, in distinction to physical systems, must be described not only in a space of states but also in a space of update rules (strategies) which we do not know how to specify. Further, the existence of structural/functional building block hierarchies allows for the functional specialisation of structural modules as amply observed in nature. Finally, we argue that there is at least one measuring apparatus capable of measuring complexity as characterised in the paper - the human brain itself.

 

What Isn't Complexity?
Christopher R. Stephens

http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.03199


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Complexity Theory: A short film (5')

A short film about complexity theory and the shift in paradigm from the Newtonian clockwork universe to complex systems. Enjoy : ) From http://www.fotonlabs.com

Via Philippe Vallat
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Philippe Vallat's curator insight, January 14, 10:47 AM

Nicely done

Leadership Learning Community's curator insight, January 23, 11:31 AM

Visualizes complex systems and networks in a powerful way, brings clarity and a much deeper understanding to very abstract concepts

Jamie Billingham's curator insight, February 25, 12:24 AM

Learning and the education system(s) are incredibly complex. 

 

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Topology: The Secret Ingredient In The Latest Theory of Everything

Topology: The Secret Ingredient In The Latest Theory of Everything | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Combine topology with symmetry and add a sprinkling of quantum mechanics. The result? A powerful new theory of everything


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The World after Big Data: Building the Self-Regulating Society

The World after Big Data: Building the Self-Regulating Society. Dirk Helbing, ETH Zurich.

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▶ Self-organizing Intelligent Network of UAVs - YouTube

This video explains our research on autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The research team at the Alpen-Adria University and Lakeside Labs developing a multi-UAV system by four key components: - the multiple UAV platforms,

 

http://youtu.be/QX2UPkd6yIc


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How bird flocks are like liquid helium

How bird flocks are like liquid helium | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Mathematical model shows how hundreds of starlings coordinate their movements in flight.

A flock of starlings flies as one, a spectacular display in which each bird flits about as if in a well-choreographed dance. Everyone seems to know exactly when and where to turn. Now, for the first time, researchers have measured how that knowledge moves through the flock—a behavior that mirrors certain quantum phenomena of liquid helium.


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Interview: Prof Geoffrey West on complexity science

CLC interviewed Prof. Geoffrey West, Distinguished Professor and Past President of Sante Fe Institute, at the World Cities Summit 2014 on the study of cities in relation to complexity science....

Via Roger D. Jones, PhD, Complexity Digest
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Non c'è vetro senza frattali - Le Scienze

Non c'è vetro senza frattali - Le Scienze | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Nella vetrificazione, il processo nel quale il vetro allo stato liquido, raffreddandosi, diventa solido, l'insieme delle configurazioni possibili per le molecole ha una struttura frattale. Lo ha dimostrato un nuovo studio di fisica matematica i cui risultati sono stati confermati da una simulazione numerica
Complexity Institute's insight:

"In termini matematici, un frattale è uno oggetto geometrico dotato di una invarianza di scala: in pratica, esso sembra avere la stessa struttura a qualunque scala dimensionale lo si consideri. Le strutture frattali si ritrovano spesso in natura, e accomunano oggetti incredibilmente diversi tra loro, quali possono essere per esempio un broccolo romanesco, un tratto di costa e il bordo di una foglia." 

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Morte annunciata di un sistema economico - Pagina99.it

Morte annunciata di un sistema economico  - Pagina99.it | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Qualsiasi sistema vivente o sociale, se isolato dall’ambiente esterno, degrada, si decompone e scompare: dalle teorie dei sistemi complessi adattativi emerge un’analisi scientifica allarmante della crisi economica attuale.
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Obesity

Obesity | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

The best way to lose weight is to eat less and exercise more. But as a strategy to combat obesity at the population level, this common-sense prescription is proving ineffective over the long term. Tailored treatment programmes that factor in the stresses and temptations of the real world, using insights from behavioural research, are showing some success. Drugs may also form part of the solution. Or perhaps the pharmaceutical option should be a last resort, and society should instead use the power of government regulation to encourage healthier lifestyle options.

 

Obesity
• Tony Scully
Nature 508, S49 (17 April 2014) http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/508S49a


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Applications to organize a satellite meeting at ECCS'14 are open

Applications to organize a satellite meeting at ECCS'14 are open | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Prospective organizers are invited to submit an informal proposal (less than 1000 words) by email to satellites@eccs14.eu with subject line 'Satellite proposal'. In the message header, please specify the satellite title, as well as the names and institutions of the members of the organizing committee.
The proposal should include detailed information regarding the subjects covered by the satellite meeting and their relevance to the conference main tracks, relation to previous such meetings, duration of the meeting (from 1/2 day to 2 days), a preliminary schedule
(including a list of invited speakers), paper selection standards, and a budget assessment*.
Also bear in mind that all the participants to a satellite meeting *must be* registered to the main conference.
The deadline for applications for satellite meetings has been now extended to *15 March 2014*.  Official notification of acceptance will be sent on *30 March 2014* at the latest.


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Only ten midges needed to make a swarm

Only ten midges needed to make a swarm | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
High-speed cameras reveal when insects become self-organizing.

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Keith Hamon's curator insight, September 24, 2014 10:29 PM

So how many students does it take to make a swarm, a self-organizing collective? Only 10?

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Self-Organization, Emergence, and Constraint in Complex Natural Systems

Contemporary complexity theory has been instrumental in providing novel rigorous definitions for some classic philosophical concepts, including emergence. In an attempt to provide an account of emergence that is consistent with complexity and dynamical systems theory, several authors have turned to the notion of constraints on state transitions. Drawing on complexity theory directly, this paper builds on those accounts, further developing the constraint-based interpretation of emergence and arguing that such accounts recover many of the features of more traditional accounts. We show that the constraint-based account of emergence also leads naturally into a meaningful definition of self-organization, another concept that has received increasing attention recently. Along the way, we distinguish between order and organization, two concepts which are frequently conflated. Finally, we consider possibilities for future research in the philosophy of complex systems, as well as applications of the distinctions made in this paper.

 

Self-Organization, Emergence, and Constraint in Complex Natural Systems
Jonathan Lawhead

http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.01476


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Eli Levine's curator insight, February 14, 9:23 PM

We are naturally constrained by many natural laws in our universe.  Our governments are likewise constrained by physical laws of nature as well as the natural laws behind people, societies, economies, and ecosystems.  Where the constraints came from in nature, I don't know.  But what I do see, is that like the natural laws of the universe, societies impose other constraints upon our actions, behaviors, perceptions, chosen courses of action, abilities to frame issues and topics, abilities to define conditions within our social systems.  Governments can likewise make and define constraints for behaviors or willingness and ability to behave on the part of the citizenry, either by offering incentives to get people to behave in a particular way or to penalize and possibly limit some actions and chosen patterns of behavior. 

 

It should be noted that the laws and chosen constraints and incentives of the government on this level of existence can only be as good as the people who sit within them and make choices.  They are also limited by the physical laws of the universe and the natural laws, conditions, desires, and motives of the general public that composes the whole of society in aggregate and as that which is greater than the aggregate; the combined whole of human thought, behavior, and sentiment. 

 

These human-made constraints (created by governments and social authority figures) are also imperfect in their ability to contain and constrain the society, since the society and its members have autonomy from the government.  Humans and human societies are more constrained by the natural laws and the limitations of knowledge and perception that are present in our brains and neural systems.  Therefore, it can be said that human-made social constraints are less important than the natural ones that exist amongst ourselves and within the universe that we are apart of.

 

Therefore, I think that in order to continue to advance humanity and contribute to our potential to survive, endure, and thrive, we should be constantly and safely pushing at the constraints of what we already know and can do as individuals and as a species.  Our government(s) should focus on studying the universal natural laws of societies, economies, human behavior, and environmental functions in addition to the particular laws of their own societies, making laws and legal systems that work better and better with the natural laws of their own societies and amongst all human societies.  We should capitalize on our differences of perspective and opinion, sifting out those that don't fall into line with discovered reality while using that which is accurate to complete the puzzles of our universe in order to produce something greater than what we've presently got and to continue to advance ourselves safely and in accordance with what is actually helpful, healthful, and ethical for all sentient life in the universe.  Study, research, observation, and exploration are what will make tomorrow better than today, even as the natural laws and some conditions remain the same.  Health, well-being, quality of life, sustainability, and the ability to thrive for all are what we need to prioritize and produce as a society over financial profits and short term economic gains for a few.  Some constraints can be pushed, some can't, and some really shouldn't from the perspective of health, well-being, quality of life, and the ability to thrive for all.  Welcome to nature.

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Scenari complessi - Come si organizzano le cellule terroristiche?

Scenari complessi - Come si organizzano le cellule terroristiche? | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Scenari complessi - Come si organizzano le cellule terroristiche? La scorsa settimana, dopo i tragici eventi di Parigi, Marinella De Simone, Claudio Bergamini e Valerio Eletti - docenti della Compl...
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Applause is Contagious Like a Disease - D-brief

Applause is Contagious Like a Disease - D-brief | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Applause spreads linearly, like a disease. The amount of time an individual feels like clapping is a factor, but not nearly as much as peer pressure.

Via Sakis Koukouvis
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Cat Perrin's curator insight, July 12, 2013 6:11 AM

La foule.. et son effet de masse...

robyns tut's curator insight, October 14, 2013 1:04 PM

This is interesting, how peer pressure can factor into little things. Would be good to see what makes the brain do these things and what chemical reactions occure.

-Tanah

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War: Origins and Effects

The International System is a self-organized system and shows emergent behavior. During the timeframe (1495 - 1945), a finite-time singularity and four accompanying accelerating log-periodic cycles shaped the dynamics of the International System. The accelerated growth of the connectivity of the regulatory network of the International System, in combination with its anarchistic structure, produce and shape the war dynamics of the system. Accelerated growth of the connectivity of the International system is fed by population growth and the need for social systems to fulfill basic requirements. The finite-time singularity and accompanying log-periodic oscillations were instrumental in the periodic reorganization of the regulatory network of the International System, and contributed to a long-term process of social expansion and integration in Europa. The singularity dynamic produced a series of organizational innovations. At the critical time of the singularity (1939) the connectivity of the system reached a critical threshold, resulting in a critical transition. This critical transition caused a fundamental reorganization of the International System: Europe transformed from an anarchistic system to cooperative security community. This critical transition also marks the actual globalization of the International System. During the life span of cycles, the war dynamics show chaotic characteristics. Various early-warning signals can be identified, and can probably be used in the current International System. These findings have implications for the social sciences and historical research.

 

War: Origins and Effects
Ingo Piepers

http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.6163


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Eli Levine's curator insight, September 26, 2014 11:31 AM

Thus we delve closer into the hidden language of our social world.

 

Way cool science!

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A Magna Carta for the web

A Magna Carta for the web | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web 25 years ago. So it’s worth a listen when he warns us: There’s a battle ahead. Eroding net neutrality, filter bubbles and centralizing corporate control all threaten the web’s wide-open spaces. It’s up to users to fight for the right to access and openness. The question is, What kind of Internet do we want?

 

http://on.ted.com/h0Pgm


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Sand Pile Model of the Mind Grows in Popularity

Sand Pile Model of the Mind Grows in Popularity | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
Support is growing for a decades-old physics idea suggesting that localized episodes of disordered brain activity help keep the overall system in healthy balance

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HISTORY: First World War had complex beginnings

HISTORY: First World War had complex beginnings | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
“Vienna, 28 July 1914 — The Royal Serbian Government not having answered in a satisfactory manner the note of July 23, 1914, presented by the Austro-Hungarian Minister at Belgrade, the Imperial and Royal Government are themselves compelled to see to the safeguarding of their rights and interests, and, with this object, to have recourse to force of
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Fractal free energy landscapes in structural glasses : Nature Communications : Nature Publishing Group

Fractal free energy landscapes in structural glasses : Nature Communications : Nature Publishing Group | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
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The éToile Platform offers registration to 10 students at ECCS'14, Lucca 22-26 Sept

The éToile Platform offers registration to 10 students at ECCS'14, Lucca 22-26 Sept | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

The éToile Platform supports students aiming to participate in the ECCS14 - European Conference in Complex Systems, Lucca, Sept 22-26, 2014 ( http://eccs14.eu ). 10 registrations will be offered to students according to their contributions to the platform.

 

Master and PhD students, from any university, are invited to register in the platform and improve their reputation within the new éToile community.

 

Reputation is related to each one contribution to the "Curriculum in Complex Systems Sciences". See the éToile help on "How to increase your reputation" at http://www.etoileplatform.net/helpincreasereputation

 

The 10 students with more reputation on the 20th May at 11:00am CET will be awarded a registration to ECCS'14 (value of one student registration: € 265).

 

Grab this opportunity and participate !


Via Jorge Louçã, NESS
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Ants Swarm Like Brains Think

Ants Swarm Like Brains Think | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it

Both ants and brains actually rely on two types of feedback, held in a delicate balance: negative (or inhibitory) feedback, and positive (or excitatory) feedback. “Negative feedback tends to cause stability. Positive feedback tends to cause runaway behavior,” said Tomer Czaczkes, an ant biologist at the University of Regensburg in Germany. “These two simple rules make something very powerful.”

 

http://nautil.us/issue/12/feedback/ants-swarm-like-brains-think ;


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Eli Levine's curator insight, May 1, 2014 10:14 AM

Small changes in behavior, thought or action can lead to dramatic changes, in time and with persistence, in the overall quality and function of the brain.

 

Imagine if we worked to heal each other and ourselves of our delusions, illusions, false perceptions, misconceptions, anger, depression, anxiety, etc?  What if we invented machines that could help us correct our brains' function, must like how we use glasses or hearing aids to correct our senses?

 

Consciousness must flow through the biological infrastructure of the brain.  You alter that in a majority of the people of this planet, you technically alter the entirety of the universe (although, I would add, that theoretically that higher level of conscious state had always been present, and that it is we who are arriving at it in our perceptions, while the essential universe itself remains unchanged).  This means that we'd simply be adapting to the universe in a more positive fashion, rather than actually altering it; conforming more to its natural law than shifting the paradigm of our existence on this planet, in this place.

 

Cool cool stuff here.

 

Think about it.

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SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer

SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer | Complexity & Self-Organizing Systems | Scoop.it
SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer

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