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Les ténébrions et leurs larves : allergènes alimentaires du futur ?

Tenebrio Spp. and their mealworms: Food allergy of the futureG. Dutau Revue Française d'Allergologie

Volume 54, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 1–3

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Début du texte de l'Editorial :

"Dans le présent numéro, Van der Brempt et Moneret-Vautrin et al.attirent notre attention sur le « Risque allergique de Tenebrio molitor pour la consommation humaine ». En effet, la proposition de « nouveaux aliments » comme les insectes ou leurs larves n’est pas sans poser non seulement des problèmes d’acceptabilité liés aux habitudes culturelles alimentaires, mais aussi des questions sanitaires, en particulier allergiques. Prenant l’exemple des vers de farine, larves de T. molitor, les auteurs soulignent à juste titre l’importance d’études préalables sur le risque allergique de ces protéines même si, à leur connaissance, un seul cas d’anaphylaxie a été décrit, ce qui est peut-être très en dessous de la réalité, car l’analyse de la littérature est toujours limitée aux publications effectuées et aux allergènes reconnus. Or les allergènes des insectes sont très souvent des allergènes masqués."

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Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma
L'entomophagie et l'usage d'insectes dans l'alimentation animale, en pharmacopée et comme source d'énergie
Curated by Jacques Mignon
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More than just fish food: ecosystem services provided by freshwater insects

Insects And Ecosystem Services Special Issue

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"The identification of goods and services may bring greater appreciation and impetus to understanding the scale of their importance, economic value, and conservation. In the absence of freshwater insects, few other service providers could replicate the same level and degree of service."

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Determinants of willingness to eat insects in the USA and India

Determinants of willingness to eat insects in the USA and India | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Journal of Insects as Food and Feed 1(3)

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Nutritional value of two insect larval meals (Tenebrio molitor and Hermetia illucens) for broiler chickens: apparent nutrient digestibility, apparent ileal amino acid digestibility and apparent met...

De Marco, M., Mart´inez, S., Hernandez, F., Madrid, J., Gai, F., Rotolo, L., Belforti, M., Bergero, D., Katz, H., Dabbou, S.,Kovitvadhi, A., Zoccarato, I., Gasco, L., Schiavone, A.

 

Nutritional value of two insect larval meals (Tenebrio molitor and Hermetia illucens) for broiler chickens: apparent nutrient digestibility, apparent ileal amino acid digestibility and apparent metabolisable energy

Animal Feed Science and Technology (2015).

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"We reported updated information on the use of processed insects as feed ingredient for broiler chickens."

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Simultaneous detection of fungal, bacterial, and viral pathogens in insects by multiplex PCR and capillary electrophoresis

International Journal of Industrial Entomology, 30(2), 64-74

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Beetles Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis Kolbe (Coleoptera: Cetoniidae) and Allomyrina dichotoma Linn. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) are widely used in traditional medicine, and the number of insect-rearing farms is increasing in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to establish a multiplex PCR-based assay for rapid simultaneous detection of multiple pathogens causing insect diseases."

 

 

 

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Biomedical Applications of Silkworm Pupae Proteins

This book is intended as a reference guide for graduate students, postgraduate students and researchers with a basic knowledge of protein chemistry who would like to know more about the biomedical applications of natural proteins to promote healthier lives. The book is divided into ten chapters, each of which explains different natural proteins and their established biomedical applications. The first chapter extensively deals with protein based natural fibers and provides an overview of all protein based fibers currently available. In turn, chapter two mainly focuses on the biomedical applications of a special class of proteins called Heat Shock Proteins; the biomedical applications of silkworm pupae proteins are dealt in chapter three. Chapter four examines an interesting use of Eri silk fibroin as a biomaterial for Tissue Engineering, while chapter five discusses the key experimental details involved in converting Tasar silk sericin into self-assembled nanoparticles. Chapter six offers brief descriptions of bioactive proteins with respect to their sources, synthesis and applications. Chapter seven is dedicated to Interleukine-8 and its role in human life, while chapter eight addresses the importance of natural proteins in infectious diseases. Chapter nine explores the issue of excess intake of dietary proteins and its adverse effects, and finally, chapter ten discusses the efficiency of drug delivery systems made up of gelatin nanocomposites. The book is above all intended as a valuable resource for students and researchers alike, sparking their curiosity with regard to the applications of natural proteins and motivating them to focus their own energies on the discovery or identification of additional natural proteins for diverse biomedical uses.
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in

Biomedical Applications of Natural Proteins:

An Emerging Era in Biomedical Sciences

Editors: Kumar, Dhiraj, R. Kundapur, Rajesh (Eds.)

Sept 2015

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Monografia XXVI - Gli insetti: UNA RISORSA SOSTENIBILE PER L’ALIMENTAZIONE

Tavole Rotonde sui maggiori problemi riguardanti l’Entomologia Agraria in Italia

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Tavola Rotonda su:
GLI INSETTI: UNA RISORSA SOSTENIBILE PER L’ALIMENTAZIONE
STEFANO TURILLAZZI, BARBARA GIORDANA
Gli insetti: una risorsa sostenibile per l’alimentazione - Introduzione . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PAUL VANTOMME
Farming insects as a viable and global source of animal proteins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SIMONE BELLUCO, ALBERTO MANTOVANI, ANTONIA RICCI
Il consumo di insetti dal punto di vista della sicurezza alimentare: inquadramento normativo e valutazione dei
rischi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ROBERTO VALVASSORI
Gli insetti: una risorsa sostenibile per l’alimentazione. Le iniziative in Italia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MARIO COLOMBO
L’allevamento degli insetti per l’alimentazione: problematiche, cautele e prospettive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SILVIA CAPPELLOZZA, ALESSIO SAVIANE
Allevamento su larga scala d’insetti e filiere produttive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MORENA CASARTELLI, GIANLUCA TETTAMANTI
Utilizzo di insetti come biotrasformatori: dallo scarto alimentare alla produzione di proteine animali per la mangimistica
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ANNA MARIA FAUSTO, ROMOLO FOCHETTI, MARZIO ZAPPAROLI, PIER PAOLO DANIELI
Costi e benefici dell’entomofagia: sostenibilità ambientale dell’allevamento su larga scala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Potential biodiesel and biogas production from corncob by anaerobic fermentation and black soldier fly

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Li et al (2015): "This study reported biogas and biodiesel were produced from corncob by a two-step bioprocess, biogas was produced from corncob by anaerobic fermentation, then biogas residue was converted by black soldier fly larvae, and then biodiesel was produced from larvae grease. "

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Quality Characteristics of Muffins Containing Mealworm (Tenebrio molitor)

Quality Characteristics of Muffins Containing Mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it
This study investigated the quality of muffins prepared with various concentrations of mealworm. Samples of muffins were prepared with the addition of 0, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8% mealworm powder to the flour of basic formulation.
Jacques Mignon's insight:

In Korean

"Muffins containing 1~8% mealworm powder had acceptable sensory properties, such as flavor, taste, and overall acceptability."

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Insects as Food – Something for the Future

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Anna Jansson is a professor at the Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, SLU, and Åsa Berggren is a professor at the Department of Ecology, SLU. They are currently supervising a PhD project in Cambodia about cricket farming for human consumption.

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Protein quality of insects as potential ingredients for dog and cat foods

Journal of Nutritional Science (2014), vol. 3, e29, page 1 of 4

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Insect substrates were housefly pupae, adult house cricket, yellow mealworm larvae, lesser mealworm larvae, Morio worm larvae, black soldier fly larvae and pupae, six spot roach, death’s head cockroach and Argentinean cockroach. Reference substrates were poultry meat meal, fish meal and soyabean meal. Substrates were analysed for DM, N, crude fat, ash and amino acid (AA) contents and for in vitro digestibility of organic matter (OM) and N."

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Edible Non-Crustacean Arthropods in Rural Communities of Madagascar

Edible Non-Crustacean Arthropods in Rural Communities of Madagascar | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it
Maminirina Randrianandrasana and May R. Berenbaum (2015) Edible Non-Crustacean Arthropods in Rural Communities of Madagascar. Journal of Ethnobiology: Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 354-383. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2993/etbi-35-02-354-383.1
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Entomophagy, the practice of eating insects, is not new in many countries, including Madagascar, where insects have long been part of culinary traditions. Promoting this practice would help in enhancing food security as insects are nutritious and affordable for the majority of the population. Because eating insects is also associated with rural life, we conducted a survey in rural communities of Madagascar from April to June 2013. Diversity of edible, non-crustacean arthropods was assessed for each site using the number of times names of arthropods consumed were mentioned by each household. "

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Conversion of organic wastes into fly larval biomass: bottlenecks and challenges

Conversion of organic wastes into fly larval biomass: bottlenecks and challenges | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it

"The insects associated with manure and organic waste can play a key role for the sustainable valorisation of organic waste streams as high add value products as they could be used as feed."

Jacques Mignon's insight:

This review is an overview of the research related with intensive insect farming of saprophagous dipteran species (flies) on manure and other organic wastes and the by-products obtained after the process.

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Effects of Larval Density and Feeding Rates on the Bioconversion of Vegetable Waste Using Black Soldier Fly Larvae Hermetia illucens (L.), (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)

Effects of Larval Density and Feeding Rates on the Bioconversion of Vegetable Waste Using Black Soldier Fly Larvae Hermetia illucens (L.), (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it

Waste and Biomass Valorization

Angela Sofía Parra Paz,Nancy Soraya Carrejo,Carlos Humberto Gómez Rodríguez

 

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"The exploitation of fast degradation organic solid waste through the use of black soldier fly larvae Hermetia illucens constitutes a promising alternative in waste management given that it generates several products of added value (animal feed, larval compost, biofuels)."

...

"The results show that both variables have a significant influence on the bioconversion process, with larval density the most influential element.".

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Markets, money and maggots

Markets, money and maggots | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Journal of Insects as Food and Feed, 1(3), 227-231

 

Part abstract:

"This opinion paper focuses on the AgriProtein experience of the mass rearing of insects for feed with specific reference to the development of a mass rearing facility aimed at the use of organic waste for the rearing of larvae destined for the animal feed industry. The paper discusses the market related issues of producing such a product as well as consumer acceptance, finances, scale and the future prospects for such mass rearing systems. "

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Insect larvae meal as an alternative source of nutrients in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) postsmolt

Insect larvae meal as an alternative source of nutrients in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) postsmolt | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it

Lock - 2015 - Aquaculture Nutrition - Wiley Online Library

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Two insect meal (IM) products were tested as ingredient in diets for Atlantic salmon weighing ~250 g. The modern control diet contained 200 g kg−1 fish meal (FM100), which was stepwise replaced by insect meal A (IM A) as a 25% (A25), 50% (A50) or 100% (A100) FM replacement or insect meal B (IM B) as a 25% (B25) or 100% (B100) FM replacement. Selected nutrient parameters and contaminants were measured in the diets."

...

" Histology did not show any differences between any of the dietary groups, and sensory testing of fillets from FM100, A100 and B25 did not reveal any significant differences in odour, flavour/taste or texture between groups. IM A was suitable to replace up to 100% of dietary FM, whilst IM B did not perform equally well."

 

 

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The mineral composition of five insects as sold for human consumption in Southern Africa

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract: "We present data describing the mineral content of five edible insects as sold in South Africa and
Zimbabwe. We report high variation between and within species, and note that these insects contain
significant quantities of potentially beneficial, and potentially harmful, micronutrients."

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Il progetto Edible Insects della Società Umanitaria di Milano presenta a Expo Milano 2015 il Libro bianco sugli insetti commestibili

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"NUTRIRE IL PIANETA CON NUOVE FONTI SOSTENIBILI"

 

3.1 Nutrire Il Pianeta In Modo Sostenibile
3.2 Allevamento Di Insetti Commestibili: Ricerca, Opportunità
E Cautele
3.3 Aspetti Alimentari e Nutrizionali
3.4 Legislazione e Valutazione Del Rischio
3.5 Comunicazione e Informazione

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Yellow mealworm larvae (Tenebrio molitor, L.) as possible alternative to soybean meal in broiler diets

Yellow mealworm larvae (Tenebrio molitor, L.) as possible alternative to soybean meal in broiler diets | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it
Yellow mealworm larvae (Tenebrio molitor, L.) as possible alternative to soybean meal in broiler diets. . . doi: 10.1080/00071668.2015.1080815
Jacques Mignon's insight:

F. Bovera, G. Piccolo, L. Gasco, S. Marono, R. Loponte, G. Vassalotti, V. Mastellone, P. Lombardi, Y. A. Attia & A. Nizza (2015)

 

Part of conclusions :

"Tenebrio molitor larvae meal can be used to completely replace soybean meal in broiler diets during the growing period without negative effects on diet palatability. In addition, positive effects can be observed on feed conversion ratio and European Efficiency Factor due to the use of TML diet. The lower albumin to globulin ratio found in blood samples of broilers fed on the TML diet, suggests a better disease resistance and immune response of birds, probably due to the prebiotic effects of chitin."

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Edible insects in Lao PDR: building on tradition to enhance food security

Jacques Mignon's insight:
Publication; (2014/12),  Bangkok:FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific,2014,ix + 55 pp.

"The percentage of the Lao population that regularly consumes insects is among the highest in the world."
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In vitro crude protein digestibility of Tenebrio molitor and Hermetia illucens insect meals

Jacques Mignon's insight:

"The coefficients chitin is the main constituent of insect body able to affect the crude protein digestibility of Tenebrio molitor and Hermetia illucens larvae meals estimated by an in vitro enzymatic method."

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Potential of using non-conventional animal protein sources for sustainable intensification of scavenging village chickens: A review

C.N. Ncobela,M. Chimonyo

"NCAP sources are the potential renewable feed resources to meet the protein requirement for chickens."

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"Earthworms, maggots, termites and silkworms have a huge potential to be used as protein supplement for scavenging village. Seasonal availability of NCAP sources necessitates innovative and appropriate methods for collecting, propagating, harvesting, processing and storing them to ensure their ready availability for chickens."

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Environmental impact of insect rearing for food and feed: state of the art and perspectives

ASPA 21st Congress Milano, June 9-12, 2015

Prandini, A., Pier Paolo, D., Francesca, T., Giuliana, P., Giovanni, P., Paolo, B., Antonella, D.Z., Genciana, T., Anna, D.A., Riccardo, F., Luciano, P., Rosaria, M., Achille, S., Alessandra, R., Gabriele, A., Laura, G

 

Milano.

 
Jacques Mignon's insight:

Part abstract:

"The demand for feed and animal food products is expected to rise
sharply until 2050. In addition, livestock production plays a role in the overall anthropogenic impact. Thus, valuable protein alternatives such as edible insects are welcome. Edible insects have an excellent protein value, low feed conversion ratio (FCR) and can be massively reared on low-value substrates. Based on the
available literature, this paper is aimed at reviewing the environmental performances of insect rearing and drawing the perspectives for future investigations. To date, few papers focused on the environmental impact of insects farming and used the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as standardized methodology. Impacts such as Global Warming Potential (GWP), energy use (EU) and land use (LU) have been estimated for the mealworm meal (MM) production. If compared to some animal food products, the GWP of MM ranges from about a half (pork) to less than a tenth (beef) (Tab.
1), mainly due to the weak climate-relevant emissions of this insect."

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Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens and effects on its life cycle

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens and effects on its life cycle | Entomophagy, insects for feed and pharma | Scoop.it

"Organic waste, however, often contains persistent pollutants, such as heavy metals, that may accumulate in the larvae and prepupae of black soldier flies and consequently in the food chain."

Jacques Mignon's insight:

Diener et al. :

" In this study, we fed black soldier fly larvae chicken feed spiked with heavy metals (cadmium, lead and zinc at three concentrations each) to examine the extent of metal accumulation in the different life stages and the effect of heavy metal concentration in the feed on the life cycle determinants of the flies. "

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