If Belhadj has gone over to Islamic State, it will represent a major boost to Islamic State’s efforts to co-opt and bring in Libya’s existing jihadist forces under their banner, which now reportedly includes as many as 3,000 fighters. Belhadj’s forces play a significant role in the Islamist “Libyan Dawn” coalition (which includes the Muslim Brotherhood and al Qaeda’s Ansar al-Sharia), which currently holds Tripoli, and which claims to be the rightful government in opposition to the U.N. recognized government of Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni.
"Several videos allegedly showing supporters of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi being tortured have recently been posted on the Internet. These images have reignited a debate amongst Libyan web users as to the dubious methods used by the country’s security forces. The first video, published on December 20, shows a man, Ali Fezzani, who was arrested in Benghazi after having killed a security official in an attack on November 21. This attack was, as is often the case, blamed on Gaddafi supporters who allegedly are trying to get revenge on the city of Benghazi for starting the revolution that led to the downfall of their former leader. In the video, Fezzani denies any implication in the murder and swears, with his hand on the Koran, that his earlier confession of guilt was obtained by torture. ..."
"LONDON (AlertNet) - From the crisis in the Middle East to the arrest of Russian performers Pussy Riot, executions in the United States, Japan and other countries, and forced evictions across the globe, human rights have taken another battering in 2012.
Amnesty International said events in the past year should make leaders, companies and individuals the world over resolve to join the battle for human rights, as it published a timeline on Monday surveying some of the key human rights moments in 2012 to mark Human Rights Day.
"Across the world we see millions of individuals who have achieved extraordinary change against the odds," Salil Shetty, secretary general at Amnesty International, said in a statement. "These people stand in stark contrast to the governments which all too frequently stand by in the face of terrible violations from Syria to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
“Crimes such as torture, disappearances and violence against women remain commonplace in parts of the world even though progress elsewhere is there to be seen. What we want in 2013 is more action and commitment to ensure everyone can enjoy their dignity and freedom.”
Below are some of the key human rights events in the past 12 months, according to Amnesty. The list is not meant to be exhaustive but gives an overview of human rights trends and events around the world. "
Foreign nationals without proper documentation are being exploited, indefinitely detained or even tortured, Amnesty International reports. According to Amnesty the conditions for undocumented foreigners are worse than in the Gaddafi era.
"The following post will discuss a disturbing trend among Libya's rebel fighters, revealed in videos they themselves recorded and shared on social media sites, especially Youtube and Facebook. These have persisted despite a general ban on violent and gory images, perhaps for the posters' stated aims of supporting the rebel cause and freedom. Consider the inset screen capture from a video of at least four dead government soldiers being driven around Misrata, chased and insulted by the crowd.
Almost universally, the victims of these crimes are called "mercenaries," usually (black) African, though it now seems that probably none of them were. Their very presence on videos labeled as that, however, went far towards convincing the world when it mattered most. (...)
Multilingual interface of the UN Official Documents System...
"United Nations A/RES/66/11 General Assembly Distr.: General 8 December 2011 Sixty-sixth session Agenda item 120 11-45948 *1145948* Please recycle Resolution adopted by the General Assembly [without reference to a Main Committee (A/66/L.9 and Add.1)]
66/11. Restoration of the rights of membership of Libya in the Human Rights Council The General Assembly, Recalling its resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006, Recalling also its resolution 65/265 of 1 March 2011, in which it decided to suspend the rights of membership of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in the Human Rights Council, Recalling further its resolution 66/1 A of 16 September 2011, in which it accepted the credentials of the representatives to the sixty-sixth session of the General Assembly, including the credentials of the delegation of Libya, Taking note of Human Rights Council resolution 18/9 of 29 September 2011, 1 Welcoming the commitments made by Libya to uphold its obligations under international human rights law, to promote and protect human rights, democracy and the rule of law, and to cooperate with relevant international human rights mechanisms, as well as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the International Commission of Inquiry established by the Human Rights Council in its resolution S-15/1 of 25 February 2011, 2 Decides to restore the rights of membership of Libya in the Human Rights Council. 60th plenary meeting 18 November 2011 _______________ 1 See Official Records of the General Assembly, Sixty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 53A and corrigendum (A/66/53/Add.1 and Corr.1), chap. I. 2 Ibid., Supplement No. 53 (A/66/53), chap. I. "
Un groupe d’experts internationaux ont présenté jeudi soir, à la presse, dans la capitale française, un ouvrage collectif dont ils sont co-auteurs et qui dévoile les manipulations et traitements politiques et médiatiques abusifs des mouvements...
"(...) This is not the first time that Mr. Ocampo has played the role of front man for the US empire. In fact, in every instance during the last nine years when the ICC, under his leadership, became involved with political leaders, the leaders indicted were always African and at odds with the foreign policy goals of the USA. Among them were Omar Al-Bashir of Sudan, Muammar Gaddafi of Libya, and his son, Saif. It should be noted that the USA has not accepted the jurisdiction of the the court over its citizens. In other words, the ICC is a one-way street along which the racist and neo-colonial goals of US foreign policy are driven in Africa, but the crimes of racism and neo-colonialism go unpunished.
During his nine years in office, however, Ocampo was not very successful as a prosecutor. Twenty-nine Africans were indicted but only one was convicted and not on the original charges contained in the indictment.2 Ocampo was also ridiculous for announcing that he was taking his lead from US Ambassador to the UN, Susan Rice, and launching an investigation into the outrageous slander that the Gaddafi government of Libya was distributing Viagara to soldiers loyal to the state in order to promote mass rapes of women civilians.3 (...) "
UPDATE 3:35 AM EST. - The Lebanon report on the murdered U.S. ambassador, Christopher Stevens, in Libya remains unconfirmed by the AFP.
"According to the Lebanese news organization Tayyar.org, citing AFP news sources, U.S. ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens, who was killed by gunmen that stormed the U.S. consulate in Benghazi on Tuesday, was reportedly raped before being murdered. A google translation of the report says: ... "
"After nearly a year and a half of civil war and political turmoil, a Libyan criminal justice system that has barely begun to come to terms with the country’s past may be in danger of emulating its old mistakes, jurists and human rights activists warn.
Scores of former deputies of Colonel Muammer Gaddafi’s regime are held in special prisons and languish without trial or access to legal counsel. An estimated 9,000 other lower-ranking suspected war criminals are also being held in militia-run detention centres awaiting referral to a court system just beginning to get on its feet.
“After the judiciary system is back and running then they are ready to hand over prisoners so they can go through trials,” said Ali Sallabi, a leading Muslim cleric who has tried to foster reconciliation efforts between former regime supporters and the current authorities.
But the emergence of special courts for former regime insiders has lead to fears among some jurists that a parallel, politically-motivated special court system overseen by carefully vetted judges is already beginning to rise from the ashes of the former regime.
A prison and courtroom complex in Tripoli – known simply as the Rehabilitation Facility – is one of three in the country housing and trying high profile members of Col Gaddafi’s former regime. So far, only one of the defendants held here, Abuzeid Dorda, former external intelligence chief, has been brought to trial.
On a recent Tuesday, armed security officials escorted Mr Dorda to a defendants’ cage in front of a panel of judges. Prosecutors claimed they had witness testimony and wiretap recordings showing Mr Dorda had supplied weapons and ammunitions to fellow tribesmen to crush a rebellion in the country’s western mountains.
“I haven’t had a chance to sit down with my attorneys so that we are on the same page on a defence,” Mr Dorda pleaded. “Seven months of incarceration, being moved from one place to another, and I’ve still not had a chance to sit with my attorneys.”
His case was quickly adjourned until August 28.
Prison officials insist the rehabilitation facilities – the other two are in Benghazi and Misurata – protect former officials from harm and prevent the need to drive them in armed convoys along city streets.
“We’re dealing with very clear-cut cases of crimes during the revolution,” insists Othman al-Gilani, a former car dealer turned revolutionary who is now a spokesman at the Rehabilitation Facility. “In most cases, they carry these crimes on their backs.”
But some worry that former revolutionaries are creating separate tribunals which abide by their own rules, just as they have created parallel security forces under the ministries of defence and interior.
Judges trying cases at the Rehabilitation Facility must be vetted by a special “integrity” commission of the supreme court to make sure they were not former regime supporters.
There are also indications that standards of evidence for the defendants may be lower at the rehabilitation facilities than at other courts, which are sometimes unable to try cases against former regime insiders because documents were damaged during last year’s conflict.
“We are against the formation of special courts,” said Mohamed Abdul-Salaam Enwaji, chief judge of the North Tripoli Court of First Instance. “The defendants don’t have confidence in these courts. It’s as if the judges were chosen specifically to go after them.”
Libya’s legal system came under heightened international scrutiny after officials of the International Criminal Court were detained for nearly a month on charges of passing sensitive materials to Seif al-Islam Gaddafi during a recent visit.
Despite the doubts of international legal experts, Libyans insist they can try former regime stalwarts, including Seif al-Islam, on their own soil and have sought the extradition of former officials hiding abroad.
Libyan jurists say their government is unlikely to emulate the justice system of Col Gaddafi’s regime, which featured several layers of parallel justice, including a “People’s Court” and a “Revolutionary Court”.
But there is growing concern about the way the mechanism for trying the former regime stalwarts could mushroom, especially if authorities decide to expand its mandate to include crimes committed during Col Gaddafi’s rule or by low-level offenders.
“The right thing to do is to try these guys in the normal court, with each case assigned to the judge whose turn it happens to be, not to form special courts,” said Saleh Merghani, a celebrated Libyan human rights lawyer.
Despite the destruction of court buildings and police stations, and the documentary evidence they contained, legal experts say the ordinary criminal justice system is creaking back to life.
But it has so far refrained from taking up politically sensitive cases, including crimes by revolutionary militias. This may be because judges have been threatened and are scared to oversee controversial cases. “Some judges have had their homes burnt down,” Mr Enjawi said. “They have been attacked, threatened.”
There are also fears that some judges are Gaddafi loyalists. A purge of former regime remnants would bolster the revolutionaries’ confidence in the justice system, but many wonder who would adjudicate such cases.
Mr Merghani, who has sought justice for torture victims of the revolutionary militias as well as those killed by former regime operatives, says the Libyan legal system needs reform not dismantling. “It needs inspection and some repair,” he said. “We need to get better judges, to make the judges feel secure and independent. What Libya needs is a careful restructuring, not a full-scale purge.” »
((( Just if case FT see this ~~> [ PS.: Sorry FT I Copy-Paste - I can pay it with a Poem if U ask 4 a "Gratification" ] ))
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