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World's largest particle detector IceCube detects first high-energy neutrinos from the cosmos

World's largest particle detector IceCube detects first high-energy neutrinos from the cosmos | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, a particle detector buried in the Antarctic ice, is a demonstration of the power of the human passion for discovery, where scientific ingenuity meets technological innovation.
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#fyi #Ernie:The first high-energy neutrinos from the cosmos. #IceCube Neutrino Observatory @ the South Pole

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Space: The Final Frontier of Environmental Disasters? - Wired Science

Space: The Final Frontier of Environmental Disasters? - Wired Science | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
Allemaos's insight:

"Most of space exploration deals with problems that have a specific right answer. Want to land a spaceship on the moon? Just engineer it to the optimal specifications given how much time and money you have. But as we move out into space, we will start to run into issues in which there is no exact right answer, just the best one we can all agree upon."

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MIT Develops Meltdown-Proof, Nuclear Waste-Eating Reactor

MIT Develops Meltdown-Proof, Nuclear Waste-Eating Reactor | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
a spin-off company from MIT called Transatomic, has been developing a new nuclear reactor which cannot meltdown, and can use up spent fuel used by other nuclear reactors. The
Allemaos's insight:

The new reactor design called the Waste-Annihilating Molten Salt Reactor (WAMSR) so far exists only on paper.  Ray Rothrock says the company will face many challenges. “The technology doesn’t bother me in the least,” he said. “I have confidence in the people.


TEDxNewEngland: http://youtu.be/AAFWeIp8JT0

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Watch These Quadcopters Flip A Reverse Pendulum Into The Air And Catch It | TechCrunch

Watch These Quadcopters Flip A Reverse Pendulum Into The Air And Catch It | TechCrunch | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
While I hate using Buzzfeed-style headlines, this video warrants the hyperbole. We're all familiar with the magic of quadcopters - they can fly in formation, roll around obstacles, and even interact with each other.
Allemaos's insight:

"To achieve this feat, Dario and his supervisors Markus Hehn and Raffaello D’Andrea started with a 2D mathematical model. The goal of the model was to understand what motion a quadrocopter would need to perform to throw the pendulum. In other words, what is required for the pendulum to lift off from the quadrocopter and become airborne?"

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Scientists pinpoint how deep brain stimulation eases OCD

Scientists pinpoint how deep brain stimulation eases OCD | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
(HealthDay)—Deep brain stimulation has helped people with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder, and new research begins to explain why.
Allemaos's insight:

The nucleus accumbens "is part of a greater brain network," explained study author Dr. Martijn Figee. "This network is involved in motivation and the processing of rewards, and its activity is disturbed in [obsessive-compulsive disorder], probably explaining why [patients] are stuck in pathological behaviors at the cost of healthy ones."

Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-02-scientists-deep-brain-eases-ocd.html#jCp

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The Earth as You've Never Seen it Before: Atmosphere, Airglow and Aurora

A truly powerful image generates questions. The incredible night photos and time-lapse movies NASA has been sharing with us provoke questions about our planet.

 

Awesome movie! 


Via Patrice AFRIAT, Guillaume Decugis, Demetrios Georgalas
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Artificial pollinators: New project aims to upload a honey bee’s brain into a flying insectobot by 2015

Artificial pollinators: New project aims to upload a honey bee’s brain into a flying insectobot by 2015 | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it

Every once in a while, there's news which reminds us that we're living in the age of accelerating change and an upcoming singularity. This is one of those times: A new project has been announced in which scientists at the Universities of Sheffield and Sussex are hoping to create the first accurate computer simulation of a honey bee brain — and then upload it into an autonomous flying robot. Now, while this might sound like some kind of outlandish futurist joke, there are some serious players — and money — involved. Called the "Green Brain Project," it was recently given £1 million (USD $1,614,700) by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), as well as hardware donations from the NVIDIA corporation. And indeed, the researchers are going to need all the computational power they can get; it may appear that insects have simple minds — but their brains can be extremely complex.

 

Should this project be successful, it would mark an important moment in technological history: The first robot brain ever that can perform complex tasks as proficiently as the animal its trying to emulate.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, Demetrios Georgalas
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Engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA

Engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
Similar to using Python or Java to write code for a computer, chemists soon could be able to use a structured set of instructions to 'program' how DNA molecules interact in a test tube or cell.
Allemaos's insight:

A team led by the University of Washington has developed a programming language for chemistry that it hopes will streamline efforts to design a network that can guide the behavior of chemical-reaction mixtures in the same way that embedded electronic controllers guide cars, robots and other devices. In medicine, such networks could serve as "smart" drug deliverers or disease detectors at the cellular level.

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New mathematical model links space-time theories

New mathematical model links space-time theories | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
Southampton, UK (SPX) Jun 03, 2013 - Researchers at the University of Southampton have taken a significant step in a project to unravel the secrets of the structure of our Universe.
Allemaos's insight:

"This black hole phenomenon has previously been shown to exist through computer simulations and this work provides a deeper theoretical explanation."

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Physicists Say They Have Found a Higgs Boson

Physicists Say They Have Found a Higgs Boson | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
The search is all but over for a subatomic particle that is a crucial building block of the universe.
Allemaos's insight:

Whether or not it is a Higgs boson is demonstrated by how it interacts with other particles and its quantum properties, CERN said in the statement. After checking, scientists said the data "strongly indicates that it is a Higgs boson."

The results were announced in a statement by the Geneva-based CERN and released at a physics conference in the Italian Alps.

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'Network' analysis of the brain may explain features of autism

'Network' analysis of the brain may explain features of autism | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
A look at how the brain processes information finds a distinct pattern in children with autism spectrum disorders.
Allemaos's insight:

"We examined brain networks as a whole in terms of their capacity to transfer and process information," says Jurriaan Peters, MD, of the Department of Neurology at Boston Children's Hospital, who is co-first author of the paper with Maxime Taquet, a PhD student in Boston Children's Computational Radiology Laboratory. "What we found may well change the way we look at the brains of autistic children."

Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-02-network-analysis-brain-features-autism.html#jCp

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Mechanical Turk changing the defaults: The game has changed | A Computer Scientist in a Business School

Mechanical Turk changing the defaults: The game has changed | A Computer Scientist in a Business School | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it
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Prof. Panos Ipeirotis describes what changed in Crowdsourcing Market and Amazon's Mechanical Turk. Pros and cons of Machanical Turk "Masters" qualification process.

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Two black holes in star cluster surprise scientists | COSMOS magazine

Two black holes in star cluster surprise scientists | COSMOS magazine | Scientific Reports | Scoop.it

Two black holes discovered lurking inside a 12-billion-year-old cluster of tightly packed stars in our Milky Way galaxy have astonished astronomers who never expected the finding.

The international team was taken by surprise when noting what appeared to be two black holes, each about 10 to 20 times more massive than our Sun, near the core of a star cluster named Messier 22 (M22), they wrote in the journal Nature.


Via Demetrios Georgalas
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