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Video Archive Of The Singularity University

Video Archive Of The Singularity University | Science-Videos | Scoop.it

"The Singularity University aims to assemble, educate and inspire a cadre of leaders who strive to understand and facilitate the development of exponentially advancing technologies and apply, focus and guide these tools to address humanity's grand challenges."


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Mass Extinctions: A Brief History Of Life's Worst Moments on Earth

Life on Earth has experienced at least five major events we call “mass extinctions,” during which a huge number of species have gone extinct in a short period of time. Paleontologist Phoebe Cohen explores how scientists decide which extinctions get to be considered “mass,” the ways in which these events have reshaped life as we know it, and how a deep understanding of past extinctions can help us see the future.

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Secrets of the Fibonacci Sequence and the Phi Vortex Based Mathematics Torus Array

Video Source - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kxuU8jYkA1k Music by Simon Mathewson.

 

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THE NEXT STEP IN THE SEARCH FOR HABITABLE PLANETS - NASA SCIENCE LECTURE

The Kepler Space Telescope was incredibly successful in its mission to search out and identify planets around other stars. But what comes next? A researcher from NASA Ames shares his work to develop new direct imaging technologies to study exoplanets in greater detail and discover habitable worlds outside of our solar system.
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Impossible Crystals — quasi-crystals with five-fold symmetry previously believed impossible

Physicist Paul Steinhardt discusses the creation of "Impossible crystals" – quasi-crystals with five-fold symmetry previously believed impossible.

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A Time-Lapse Map of Every Nuclear Explosion Since 1945 - by Isao Hashimoto

The Japanese artist Isao Hashimoto has created a beautiful, undeniably scary time-lapse map of the 2053 nuclear explosions which have taken place between 1945 and 1998, beginning with the Manhattan Project's "Trinity" test near Los Alamos and concluding with Pakistan's nuclear tests in May of 1998. This leaves out North Korea's two alleged nuclear tests in this past decade (the legitimacy of both of which is not 100% clear).


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The End of Space and Time? (by Prof. Robbert Dijkgraaf)

Robbert Dijkgraaf's focus is on string theory, quantum gravity, and the interface between mathematics and particle physics, bringing them together in an accessible way, looking at sciences, the arts and other matters.

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Gravity and Quantum Mechanics - The Quest for Unification

Quantum mechanics and relativity tell us that when we look at the very small, the very fast, or the very massive.

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The Extreme World of Ultra Intense Lasers

The most powerful lasers in the world can be used to make some of the most extreme conditions possible on earth, and are revolutionizing science.

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SETI Talks Series [196 videos]: How can we find intelligent life in the universe?

SETI Talks Series [196 videos]: How can we find intelligent life in the universe? | Science-Videos | Scoop.it

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL7B4FE6C62DCB34E1

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Quantum Origins of Space and Time

Renate Loll from Utrecht University's Institute for Theoretical Physics delivers a lecture on Searching for the Quantum Origins of Space and Time.

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MIT Forum: Molecular Manufacturing in 2017

Can industry as we know it be made obsolete? If so, then the problems of the 21st century, including climate disruption, are not as they seem. Dr. Andrew Ban gives his valuable insight.

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Dr. Eric Drexler - Remaking the 21st Century

Can industry as we know it be made obsolete? If so, then the problems of the 21st century, including climate disruption, are not as they seem. Physical principles indicate the feasibility of developing a high-throughput atomically precise manufacturing technology that operates at low cost, with common materials, and with an extraordinary scope of application. The prospective technology resembles 3D printing, but capable of producing, for example, photovoltaics, jet engines, and nanoscale digital electronics. Rapid progress in atomically precise fabrication, primarily in the molecular sciences, points the way to an incremental development path that leads to a genuinely revolutionary set of capabilities. This prospect calls for a multifaceted shift in today's research agenda.

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Google DeepMind's Demis Hassabis: AI's future and its unlimited capabilities

Watch the founder of Google DeepMind's Demis Hassabis' lecture about the future and capabilities of artificial intelligence.

 

Google's DeepMind's founder Demis Hassabis lecturs about the future and capabilities of artificial intelligence. Hassabis was born to a Greek father and a Chinese mother and grew up in North London. A child prodigy in chess, Hassabis reached master standard at the age of 13 with an Elo rating of 2300 (at the time the second highest rated player in the world Under-14 after Judit Polgár who had a rating of 2335) and captained many of the England junior chess teams. He is a pioneering British artificial intelligence researcher, neuroscientist, computer game designer, entrepreneur, and world-class Go games player.

 

Currently, there are over 250 PhDs and 400 research scientists working on DeepMind’s unlimited funding projects with two main goals in mind. The first is to try and solve intelligence and figure out how the human brain became capable of taking over the planet. The second is use that intelligence to do everything else. If this latter point can be achieved, Google will soon become the most powerful entity on Earth.

 

And you may laugh, but thus is not some crazy far fetched idea either. These goals are for real, and the company is more than happy to talk freely with anyone about it. To get an even deeper understanding of what their plans involve why not check out a recent presentation given by Demis Hassabis, founder of DeepMind, who will talk you through their ideas.

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Towards a Semantic Language of Mathematics

This film discusses the techniques, and outlines the vision of the future computerization of pure mathematics through interviews and talk segments from renowned mathematicians, meta-mathematicians, computational mathematicians, and theorem provers.

The interviews and talks were conducted at the Sloan Foundation sponsored "Semantic Representation of Mathematical Knowledge Workshop", held at the Fields Institute (Toronto) in February 2016.

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Leonard Susskind: Mysteries of DarkEnergy

Dark energy has a kind of "anti-gravity" effect, causing everything to repel from everything else. This force is inevitable in physicists' equations, but it is many, many, many orders of magnitude smaller than can be explained by standard theories.

 

Enter string theory, which Leonard Susskind and Yoichiro Nambu proposed in 1969. While we observe three dimensions of space and one of time, string theory posits 10 dimensions of space and one of time. The extra dimensions are balled up, or compactified, into dimensions too small to detect but whose structures are important to the laws of physics.

 

Describing compactified dimensions is very complex— to say the least. "We have examples of systems in nature which have thousands of degrees of freedom," Susskind says, citing a molecule made up out of a thousand atoms. "How many energy levels, how many quantum states, does such a molecule have? The answer can be as high as 10^1000 [ten raised to the power of one thousand]— and there are huge, huge numbers of possibilities for the ways the atoms organize themselves. In the same way, there are huge numbers of possibilities for the way that these—they're called compactification manifolds— organize themselves. And because there are so many ways, there are many, many energy levels. For the molecule, there are many, many possible values for the energy, 10^500 [ten raised to the power of five hundred] possible values of the vacuum energy."

 

Dark energy poses great challenges and opportunities in physics and cosmology and may hold the key to the long-sought unification of quantum mechanics and gravity, Susskind says.

"We're largely just beginning to get an overall view of how string theory and [the] incredibly many possibilities that appear to be inherent in it, are changing our view of what's natural, what's possible, what's probable."

 

Do 'pocket universes' exist?

In recent years, some physicists have suggested that rather than having one universe with one set of physical laws, string theory may lay the foundation for the possibility of the existence of innumerable ``pocket universes,`` each with its own landscape of physical laws.

 

"The word 'universe' is obviously not intended to have a plural, but science has evolved in such a way that we need a plural noun for something similar to what we ordinarily call our universe," Susskind explains. "Alan Guth coined the name 'pocket universe,' meaning a pocket of space, a region of space, over which the environment is uniform, the laws of nature are uniform, the constants of nature are uniform, and that these pockets of space are more or less identifiable with the things that we used to call the Universe, with a capital U. So we now need a plural for the concept if we believe that space is filled like a crazy quilt of environments with different properties and different laws of physics."

 

Today, string theory has become a serious controversy even within the physics mainstream. The number of possible energy states—10500 [ten raised to the power of five hundred]—inherent in string theory is "totally unexpected," Susskind says. "There was constantly a sense that there would only be one, or some very small number, of legitimate solutions of the theory. Ed Witten [a physicist famed for his mathematical prowess] worked very hard to show that there was only a very small number, and he failed completely."

 

The dust isn't likely to settle soon. Says Susskind: "More and more as time goes on, the opponents of the idea admit that they are simply in a state of depression and desperation. More and more people are starting to think about this possibility. But it's been a major sea change in the attitudes of theoretical physicists. … It means we have a mathematical framework to think about it. We have a basic set of precise concepts to think about it, and it means that in time we will know the truth."

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Juan Maldacena: The Symmetry and Simplicity of the Laws of Nature

Juan Maldacena’s work focuses on quantum gravity, string theory, and quantum field theory. He has proposed a relationship between quantum gravity and quantum field theories that elucidates various aspects of both theories. He is studying this relationship further in order to understand the deep connection between black holes and quantum field theories, and he is also exploring the connection between string theory and cosmology.

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Seth Lloyd on Quantum Life

Big Ideas presents Seth Lloyd of the Massachusetts Institute for Technology on Quantum Life, how organisms have evolved to make use of quantum effects.
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Suzanne Gildert on Kindred AI: Non-Biological Sentiences are on the Horizon

Dr. Suzanne Gildert is a founder and CTO of Kindred AI – a company pursuing the modest vision of “building machines with human-like intelligence.” Her startup just came out of stealth mode and I am both proud and humbled to say that this is the first ever long-form interview that Suzanne has done. Kindred AI has raised 15 million dollars from notable investors and currently employs 35 experts in their offices in Toronto, Vancouver and San Francisco. Even better, Suzanne is a long term Singularity.FM podcast fan, total tech geek, Gothic artist, PhD in experimental physics and former D-Wave Quantum Computer maker. Right now I honestly can’t think of a more interesting person to have a conversation with.

During our 100 min discussion with Suzanne Gildert we cover a wide variety of interesting topics such as: why she sees herself as a scientist, engineer, maker and artist; the interplay between science and art; the influence of Gothic art in general and the images of angels and demons in particular; her journey from experimental physics into quantum computers and embodied AI; building tools to answer questions versus intelligent machines that can ask questions; the importance of massively transformative purpose; the convergence of robotics, the ability to move large data across networks and advanced machine learning algorithms; her dream of a world with non-biological intelligences living among us; whether she fears AI or not; the importance of embodying intelligence and providing human-like sensory perception; whether consciousness is classical Newtonian emergent properly or a Quantum phenomenon; ethics and robot rights; self-preservation and Asimov’s Laws of Robotics; giving robots goals and values; the magnifying mirror of technology and the importance of asking questions…

 

Here are the 10 D-wave technology presentation videos - lectures given by Dr. Suzanne Gildert in 2009

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gV2syNxDfe0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fpvhRcIjGGU
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKLGlInKzk8
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTzLO2zQV2c
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rw1MmljlxWk
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdFEOsAdBeE
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AxzietDpTrI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b9uqO7q-v1g
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mpH8iOS8GwM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBNOAdfLX2I

or all together in a playlist:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gV2syNxDfe0&feature=results_main&playnext=1&list=PLBE82A43D0A71BAB7

and here are her talks on quantum computing - is the end near for silicon chips?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qyAndXYo9cA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K3SvZ7KCZdI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05FiZEjYB2A
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8essA5aUNgE
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PLk3vxi3_DY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gEv4ccFutcI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXWWx57Iv-8

and her adiabatic QC talks plus her QC and AI talks in a playlist:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLY0lBwUHWw&feature=results_main&playnext=1&list=PLA4945FDEFBD5D5ED

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A WISE search for large extraterrestrial civilizations: a complementary approach to traditional SETI

Speaker: Jason T. Wright, Penn. State University Slides: http://www2.astro.psu.edu/%7Ejtwright/Dyson/SETI.pdf 

 

If alien civilizations exist throughout the universe, many have had billions of years to develop technology, expand their population and energy supplies, and travel across their galaxies. Kardashev classified hypothetical advanced civilizations by the magnitude of their power supply, with Type II civilizations harnessing most of the energy output of their host star, and Type III civilizations using most of the power in their galaxy. As Dyson pointed out in 1960, the waste heat emitted by a such civilizations would easily overwhelm that of their host star or galaxy, distinguishing them from "normal" astrophysical sources. This approach to SETI makes few assumptions about the behavior of alien civilizations, primarily: conservation of energy, the laws of thermodynamics, and that given the age of the Universe aliens have had time to develop very large energy supplies.

The WISE all-sky mid-infrared survey has dramatically improved our ability to detect such civilizations and to distinguish them from "natural" astrophysical sources. I will discuss our team's efforts to identify candidate Type II civilizations in the Milky Way and Type III civilizations throughout the low-redshift universe. Because the scope and assumptions of this approach are complementary to those of telecommunication SETI, a null result has the potential to rule out broad classes of proposed resolutions to the Fermi-Hart Paradox, particularly those that invoke organization of advanced alien species across the Milky Way.

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Professor Sir Roger Penrose: Can we ever see signals before the Big Bang?

In 2005, Dr. Penrose proposed the unconventional scheme of conformal cyclic cosmology (CCC). This takes what is currently regarded as the entire history of the universe, from its Big-Bang origin (with no inflationary phase) to its final exponential expansion, to be but one aeon of a continual succession of such aeons. The big bang of each is taken to be an infinitely scaled down continuation of the exponentially expanding remote future of the previous one. A positive cosmological constant (dark energy) and some primordial scalar material (dark matter) are both essential to CCC's consistency. Supermassive black-hole encounters in the aeon previous to ours would have observational implications for CCC, detectable within the cosmic microwave background. Recent evidence of such signals in both the WMAP and Planck satellite data will be presented.

About the Speaker:
Sir Roger Penrose OM FRS, is a mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. He is the Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the Mathematical Institute of the University of Oxford, as well as an Emeritus Fellow of Wadham College. Penrose is known for his influential work in mathematical physics, in particular for his contributions to general relativity and cosmology. He has received a number of prizes and awards, including the 1988 Wolf Prize for physics, shared with Stephen Hawking for their contribution to our understanding of the universe. Popular science works include The Emperor's New Mind, Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness, and The Road To Reality.

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Life, the Universe, and Nothing: A Cosmic Mystery Story "

Lawrence Krauss' work has been primarily in theoretical (as opposed to experimental) physics, and he has published research on a great variety of topics within that field. Krauss is a renowned cosmologist and popularizer of modern science and director of the Origins Project at Arizona State University. Hailed by Scientific American as a rare public intellectual, he is the author of more than three hundred scientific publications and 8 books, including the bestselling The Physics of Star Trek, and the recipient of numerous international awards for his research and writing.

 

Dr. Krauss is an internationally known theoretical physicist with wide research interests, including the interface between elementary particle physics and cosmology, where his studies include the early universe, the nature of dark matter, general relativity and neutrino astrophysics. His soon to be published book, A Universe From Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather Than Nothing is already garnering strong reviews. Exploring the scientific advances that provide insight into how the universe formed, Krauss ultimately tackles the age-old assumption that something cannot arise from nothing by arguing that not only can something arise from nothing, but something will always arise from nothing.

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Weirdest planets discovered by NASA's Kepler satellite so far

Take a look at some of the strangest exoplanets discovered so far.

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Acidic Oceans: Why Should We Care? - Perspectives on Ocean Science

The ocean absorbs almost half of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activities, changing its chemistry in ways that may have significant effects on marine ecosystems. Join Scripps marine chemist Andrew Dickson as he explains what we know -- and what we don't -- about this emerging problem.

 

Collection of videos about tidal energy

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The Future of Robotics - Max Versace

Massimiliano Versace, director of the Boston University Neuromorphics Lab and CEO of Neurala, Inc., talks about the future of robotics. He specifically talks about the robot body, brain and mind. These three components are advancing rapidly to form the future of robots.

 

Though robotics seems the technology of the future, it actually has its roots in ancient history. The study and field of robotics can be traced back to approximately 300 B.C. in Ancient China. The Muslim inventor Al-Jazari is credited with inventing a humanoid robot in 1206. By the 20th century, the field of robotics was one that held great fascination and offered virtually limitless possibilities. As technology began to focus on the development of computers, so too did the study of robotics continue to move forward. The 60s was a time that both computers and robotics saw great advancement. In 1961, the first industrial robot was used at the General Motors plant. By the 21st century, the automotive industry and manufacturing plants saw widespread use of robots for commercial production.

When it comes to pinpointing the first robot created; there is a bit of confusion. In addition to the robot created in 1206 by Al-Jazari, Leonardo da Vinci is credited with building a mechanical man referred to as the anthrobat. In 1921, Karel Capek used the word “robota” to describe slave like labor in his play titled Rossum’s Universal Robots. The word became associated with the humanoid prototypes. During the 1940s, Missouri native, William Grey Walter developed a robot named Elise the tortoise. In 1961, while at MIT, Heinrich Ernst created a computer that operated a mechanical hand called the MH-1. By 1962, General Motors used the first industrial arm robot that would ensure people remained safe while performing difficult tasks on the assembly line. Several other robots and computer programs were created that helped advance the field of robotics.

 

It was not until the 1950s that industrial robotics really took off. As technological advancements were made in areas such as electronics and computers, so too, did robotics make vast strides. During the 50s, Alan Turing released the “Turing Test” which attempted to measure whether or not machines or robots could think for themselves.

In 1961, General Motors utilized the first industrial robot. The robot was named Unimate and Devol and Engelberger created it. The robot performed welding and die casting work at the New Jersey plant. As robotics made an impact on manufacturing and industry, its uses to assist humans were being explored. In 1963, the “Rancho Arm” was created to assist handicapped people. Today, robotics has revolutionized the way handicapped people can reclaim the use of lost limbs. More robotic arms were developed and by 1969, the Stanford Arm marked the first robotic arm controlled electrically via a computer. By 1973, industrial robots were controlled by computers and the T3, created by Richard Hohn was available for commercial sale. In 1976, robotic arms were used by both Viking 1 and Viking 2 for space exploration. By 1980, the official robotic age was underway. More robots were developed and perfected during the last part of the 20th century, with robots finding their way to the silver screen, in hospital rooms, in space, and in industries such as automotive and manufacturing. By the 21st century, the science behind Humanoid robots was developed with companies such as Hanson Robotics that developed the humanoid “Jules” and a realistic looking “Albert Einstein” that walks and talks.

 

The 21st century sees robotics in everyday use. The automotive industry is full of robots that complete tasks often too difficult for humans to accomplish. Many assembly lines and manufacturing companies are manned by robots instead of people. Television stations use robotics for video production and filming. Where once man stood behind a camera and filmed inside a studio, many of these tasks are now accomplished by robots. Robotics has revolutionized the medical industry, as robotic surgery is now a staple in hospital rooms. Amputees are now experiencing the power of robotics with newly designed limbs that can respond to sensations and pressure as human limbs complete with nerves would. The field of robotics continues to advance brining new technological advances to many factors of society.

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