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Scientists show how thoughts cause molecular changes to your genes -- Michael Forrester

Scientists show how thoughts cause molecular changes to your genes -- Michael Forrester | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

With evidence growing that training the mind or inducing certain modes of consciousness can have positive health effects, researchers have sought to understand how these practices physically affect the body. A new study by researchers in Wisconsin, Spain, and France reports the first evidence of specific molecular changes in the body following a period of intensive mindfulness practice. 

The study investigated the effects of a day of intensive mindfulness practice in a group of experienced meditators, compared to a group of untrained control subjects who engaged in quiet non-meditative activities. After eight hours of mindfulness practice, the meditators showed a range of genetic and molecular differences, including altered levels of gene-regulating machinery and reduced levels of pro-inflammatory genes, which in turn correlated with faster physical recovery from a stressful situation.   "To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that shows rapid alterations in gene expression within subjects associated with mindfulness meditation practice," says study author Richard J. Davidson, founder of the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds and the William James and Vilas Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  
"Most interestingly, the changes were observed in genes that are the current targets of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs," says Perla Kaliman, first author of the article and a researcher at the Institute of Biomedical Research of Barcelona, Spain (IIBB-CSIC-IDIBAPS), where the molecular analyses were conducted.  
The study was published in the Journal Psychoneuroendocrinology.  
Mindfulness-based trainings have shown beneficial effects on inflammatory disorders in prior clinical studies and are endorsed by the American Heart Association as a preventative intervention. The new results provide a possible biological mechanism for therapeutic effects. 


Gene Activity Can Change According To Perception 

 According to Dr. Bruce Lipton, gene activity can change on a daily basis. If the perception in your mind is reflected in the chemistry of your body, and if your nervous system reads and interprets the environment and then controls the blood's chemistry, then you can literally change the fate of your cells by altering your thoughts. 

 In fact, Dr. Lipton's research illustrates that by changing your perception, your mind can alter the activity of your genes and create over thirty thousand variations of products from each gene. He gives more detail by saying that the gene programs are contained within the nucleus of the cell, and you can rewrite those genetic programs through changing your blood chemistry. 

 In the simplest terms, this means that we need to change the way we think if we are to heal cancer. "The function of the mind is to create coherence between our beliefs and the reality we experience," Dr. Lipton said. "What that means is that your mind will adjust the body's biology and behavior to fit with your beliefs. If you've been told you'll die in six months and your mind believes it, you most likely will die in six months. That's called the nocebo effect, the result of a negative thought, which is the opposite of the placebo effect, where healing is mediated by a positive thought." 

 That dynamic points to a three-party system: there's the part of you that swears it doesn't want to die (the conscious mind), trumped by the part that believes you will (the doctor's prognosis mediated by the subconscious mind), which then throws into gear the chemical reaction (mediated by the brain's chemistry) to make sure the body conforms to the dominant belief. (Neuroscience has recognized that the subconscious controls 95 percent of our lives.) 

 Now what about the part that doesn't want to die - the conscious mind? Isn't it impacting the body's chemistry as well? Dr. Lipton said that it comes down to how the subconscious mind, which contains our deepest beliefs, has been programmed. It is these beliefs that ultimately cast the deciding vote. 

 "It's a complex situation," said Dr. Lipton. People have been programmed to believe that they're victims and that they have no control. We're programmed from the start with our mother and father's beliefs. So, for instance, when we got sick, we were told by our parents that we had to go to the doctor because the doctor is the authority concerning our health. We all got the message throughout childhood that doctors were the authority on health and that we were victims of bodily forces beyond our ability to control. The joke, however, is that people often get better while on the way to the doctor. That's when the innate ability for self-healing kicks in, another example of the placebo effect. 


Mindfulness Practice Specifically Affects Regulatory Pathways 

 The results of Davidson's study show a down-regulation of genes that have been implicated in inflammation. The affected genes include the pro-inflammatory genes RIPK2 and COX2 as well as several histone deacetylase (HDAC) genes, which regulate the activity of other genes epigenetically by removing a type of chemical tag. What's more, the extent to which some of those genes were downregulated was associated with faster cortisol recovery to a social stress test involving an impromptu speech and tasks requiring mental calculations performed in front of an audience and video camera. 

 Biologists have suspected for years that some kind of epigenetic inheritance occurs at the cellular level. The different kinds of cells in our bodies provide an example. Skin cells and brain cells have different forms and functions, despite having exactly the same DNA. There must be mechanisms - other than DNA - that make sure skin cells stay skin cells when they divide. 

 Perhaps surprisingly, the researchers say, there was no difference in the tested genes between the two groups of people at the start of the study. The observed effects were seen only in the meditators following mindfulness practice. In addition, several other DNA-modifying genes showed no differences between groups, suggesting that the mindfulness practice specifically affected certain regulatory pathways. 

 The key result is that meditators experienced genetic changes following mindfulness practice that were not seen in the non-meditating group after other quiet activities - an outcome providing proof of principle that mindfulness practice can lead to epigenetic alterations of the genome. 

 Previous studies in rodents and in people have shown dynamic epigenetic responses to physical stimuli such as stress, diet, or exercise within just a few hours. 

 "Our genes are quite dynamic in their expression and these results suggest that the calmness of our mind can actually have a potential influence on their expression," Davidson says. 

 "The regulation of HDACs and inflammatory pathways may represent some of the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential of mindfulness-based interventions," Kaliman says. "Our findings set the foundation for future studies to further assess meditation strategies for the treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions." 


Subconscious Beliefs Are Key 

 Too many positive thinkers know that thinking good thoughts - and reciting affirmations for hours on end - doesn't always bring about the results that feel-good books promise. 

 Dr. Lipton didn't argue this point, because positive thoughts come from the conscious mind, while contradictory negative thoughts are usually programmed in the more powerful subconscious mind. 

 "The major problem is that people are aware of their conscious beliefs and behaviors, but not of subconscious beliefs and behaviors. Most people don't even acknowledge that their subconscious mind is at play, when the fact is that the subconscious mind is a million times more powerful than the conscious mind and that we operate 95 to 99 percent of our lives from subconscious programs. 

 "Your subconscious beliefs are working either for you or against you, but the truth is that you are not controlling your life, because your subconscious mind supersedes all conscious control. So when you are trying to heal from a conscious level - citing affirmations and telling yourself you're healthy - there may be an invisible subconscious program that's sabotaging you." 

 The power of the subconscious mind is elegantly revealed in people expressing multiple personalities. While occupying the mind-set of one personality, the individual may be severely allergic to strawberries. Then, in experiencing the mind-set of another personality, he or she eats them without consequence. 

 The new science of epigenetics promises that every person on the planet has the opportunity to become who they really are, complete with unimaginable power and the ability to operate from, and go for, the highest possibilities, including healing our bodies and our culture and living in peace. 


Via Jim Manske, Jose Mejia R
Jose Mejia R's insight:

Wow!. I am so happy reading this awesome  news. It is so trascendent for mankind! Probably right now it is not thoroughly understood yet completely its implications and its influence in humankind's life will be shown in a very near future. It is what it was expected   to be listened from the scientific investigators for so long time and evidences  are now so clear. Of course it will take some more time for skeptics and  materialistic researchers to admit it, however the golden gate is being open. JMR

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Jose Mejia R's curator insight, January 17, 2014 8:08 AM

Wow!. I am so happy reading this awesome  news. It is so trascendent for mankind! Probably right now it is not thoroughly understood yet completely its implications and its influence in humankind's life will be shown in a very near future. It is what it was expected   to be listened from the scientific investigators for so long time and evidences  are now so clear. Of course it will take some more time for skeptics and  materialistic researchers to admit it, however the golden gate is being open. JMR

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Voids & Supervoids in the Universe

Voids & Supervoids in the Universe | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

Vacíos cósmicos, y supervacíos, son grandes volúmenes de espacio que están desprovistos de la materia. Esto incluye la materia normal, en la forma de las galaxias y la materia oscura. Inicialmente, los astrónomos no estaban seguros de si los huecos contenían materia oscura, a pesar de que no existían galaxias, pero observaciones recientes muestran que los halos de materia oscura no están presentes. La estructura filamentosa de supercúmulos galácticos rodea los huecos. Mientras que el espacio está casi vacío, los huecos son grandes volúmenes, decenas de megaparsecs todo. Los mayores supervacíos confirmados son unos 100 Mpc (325 millones de años luz) o más de diámetro. Los vacíos más grandes conocidos incluyen el Boyero supervacío, y el norte y el sur supervacíos Local. Para explicar el punto frío en el fondo cósmico de microondas (CMB), algunos astrónomos proponen una enorme supervacío, llamado tentativamente el Eridanus o Gran supervacío. El vacío Capricornus es otro vacío en disputa, pero sería de alrededor de 230 Mpc de ancho. Este enlace tiene parte de la información más reciente sobre los vacíos cósmicos.

 

The Void local es muy grande, aproximadamente 60 Mpc de largo, y se encuentra dentro del supercúmulo de Virgo. Nuestro propio Cluster Local de galaxias se encuentra en el borde del vacío. La galaxia enana Eso 461-36 se encuentra dentro de la nada, pero parece que se mueve hacia la frontera en torno a 216 kilometros / segundo (135 millas / seg). Además, la Vía Láctea se ha encontrado que tienen tres componentes principales en su movimiento; dos son atractivos, hacia el "Gran Atractor" a 455 km / segundo y el cúmulo de Virgo a 185 km / segundo, y una repulsiva, lejos del vacío local en unos 260 km / segundo.

 

El centro de las Boötes vacío, también conocido como el Gran Vacío, es alrededor de 215 Mpc lejos de la Vía Láctea. Es una región casi esférica de espacio, algunos de 75 a 100 Mpc de ancho. Contiene una densidad mucho menor de las galaxias de lo esperado, y hasta la fecha, sólo alrededor de 60 galaxias se han encontrado en el vacío, aunque es probable que haya más galaxias enanas aún no detectados. Tenga en cuenta que la distancia a la galaxia grande más cercana, Andrómeda, está a sólo un 1% del diámetro de los huecos del Boyero, que razonablemente cabría esperar encontrar muchas más galaxias en ese volumen de espacio. Suponiendo un espaciamiento galaxia promedio de 10 millones de años luz, cuatro veces la distancia a Andrómeda, habría aproximadamente 2000 galaxias en un volumen de espacio del tamaño del vacío del Boyero. Es interesante el hecho de que las galaxias que se encuentran están en un "tubo" como área que se ejecuta a través del vacío, dando lugar a la hipótesis de que se formó como la fusión de una serie de huecos pequeños. El astrónomo Greg Aldering ha dicho: "Si la Vía Láctea había estado en el centro de las Boötes vacío, no habríamos sabido que había otras galaxias hasta la década de 1960" es la baja densidad. Sin embargo, las galaxias que se han encontrado son más brillantes, en promedio, que las galaxias encontradas fuera de los huecos, que es desconcertante.

 

El Eridanus supervacío o Gran Vacío, es conjetural, y se ha sugerido como una manera de explicar el "punto frío" en la radiación del fondo cósmico de microondas o CMB. Este sería un extraordinario grande región del universo, al menos 150 Mpc, o 500 millones de años luz de diámetro, y posiblemente el doble de esta cifra. También es muy distante entre 1,8 y 3 Gpc Gpc (6 a 10 millones de años luz). Muchos astrónomos y cosmólogos no aceptan la teoría supervacío para la aberración en el CMB, pero muchas de las alternativas son aún más sorprendente que incluye texturas cósmicas y universos paralelos. Así que el jurado sigue siendo hacia fuera en éste.

 

The Void Tauro es circular, alrededor de 30 Mpc de ancho, y al lado del Perseus-Pisces Supercluster. Algunas galaxias se han encontrado en su interior incluyendo UGC 2627 y UGC 2629, que son aproximadamente 185 millones de años luz de distancia.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, LEONARDO WILD, Jose Mejia R
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Keith Wayne Brown's curator insight, May 18, 2014 10:26 AM

The  emptiness of empty 

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Voids & Supervoids in the Universe

Voids & Supervoids in the Universe | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

Vacíos cósmicos, y supervacíos, son grandes volúmenes de espacio que están desprovistos de la materia. Esto incluye la materia normal, en la forma de las galaxias y la materia oscura. Inicialmente, los astrónomos no estaban seguros de si los huecos contenían materia oscura, a pesar de que no existían galaxias, pero observaciones recientes muestran que los halos de materia oscura no están presentes. La estructura filamentosa de supercúmulos galácticos rodea los huecos. Mientras que el espacio está casi vacío, los huecos son grandes volúmenes, decenas de megaparsecs todo. Los mayores supervacíos confirmados son unos 100 Mpc (325 millones de años luz) o más de diámetro. Los vacíos más grandes conocidos incluyen el Boyero supervacío, y el norte y el sur supervacíos Local. Para explicar el punto frío en el fondo cósmico de microondas (CMB), algunos astrónomos proponen una enorme supervacío, llamado tentativamente el Eridanus o Gran supervacío. El vacío Capricornus es otro vacío en disputa, pero sería de alrededor de 230 Mpc de ancho. Este enlace tiene parte de la información más reciente sobre los vacíos cósmicos.

 

The Void local es muy grande, aproximadamente 60 Mpc de largo, y se encuentra dentro del supercúmulo de Virgo. Nuestro propio Cluster Local de galaxias se encuentra en el borde del vacío. La galaxia enana Eso 461-36 se encuentra dentro de la nada, pero parece que se mueve hacia la frontera en torno a 216 kilometros / segundo (135 millas / seg). Además, la Vía Láctea se ha encontrado que tienen tres componentes principales en su movimiento; dos son atractivos, hacia el "Gran Atractor" a 455 km / segundo y el cúmulo de Virgo a 185 km / segundo, y una repulsiva, lejos del vacío local en unos 260 km / segundo.

 

El centro de las Boötes vacío, también conocido como el Gran Vacío, es alrededor de 215 Mpc lejos de la Vía Láctea. Es una región casi esférica de espacio, algunos de 75 a 100 Mpc de ancho. Contiene una densidad mucho menor de las galaxias de lo esperado, y hasta la fecha, sólo alrededor de 60 galaxias se han encontrado en el vacío, aunque es probable que haya más galaxias enanas aún no detectados. Tenga en cuenta que la distancia a la galaxia grande más cercana, Andrómeda, está a sólo un 1% del diámetro de los huecos del Boyero, que razonablemente cabría esperar encontrar muchas más galaxias en ese volumen de espacio. Suponiendo un espaciamiento galaxia promedio de 10 millones de años luz, cuatro veces la distancia a Andrómeda, habría aproximadamente 2000 galaxias en un volumen de espacio del tamaño del vacío del Boyero. Es interesante el hecho de que las galaxias que se encuentran están en un "tubo" como área que se ejecuta a través del vacío, dando lugar a la hipótesis de que se formó como la fusión de una serie de huecos pequeños. El astrónomo Greg Aldering ha dicho: "Si la Vía Láctea había estado en el centro de las Boötes vacío, no habríamos sabido que había otras galaxias hasta la década de 1960" es la baja densidad. Sin embargo, las galaxias que se han encontrado son más brillantes, en promedio, que las galaxias encontradas fuera de los huecos, que es desconcertante.

 

El Eridanus supervacío o Gran Vacío, es conjetural, y se ha sugerido como una manera de explicar el "punto frío" en la radiación del fondo cósmico de microondas o CMB. Este sería un extraordinario grande región del universo, al menos 150 Mpc, o 500 millones de años luz de diámetro, y posiblemente el doble de esta cifra. También es muy distante entre 1,8 y 3 Gpc Gpc (6 a 10 millones de años luz). Muchos astrónomos y cosmólogos no aceptan la teoría supervacío para la aberración en el CMB, pero muchas de las alternativas son aún más sorprendente que incluye texturas cósmicas y universos paralelos. Así que el jurado sigue siendo hacia fuera en éste.

 

The Void Tauro es circular, alrededor de 30 Mpc de ancho, y al lado del Perseus-Pisces Supercluster. Algunas galaxias se han encontrado en su interior incluyendo UGC 2627 y UGC 2629, que son aproximadamente 185 millones de años luz de distancia.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, LEONARDO WILD
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Keith Wayne Brown's curator insight, May 18, 2014 10:26 AM

The  emptiness of empty 

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Can You Choose Happiness? Elisha Goldstein

Can You Choose Happiness? Elisha Goldstein | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it
The notion of choosing happiness can be a controversial topic, but understanding what it behind it can give us the power for real happiness.

Via Jim Manske
Jose Mejia R's insight:

TRADUCCION:
La noción de la elección de la felicidad puede ser un tema controversial, pero la comprensión de lo que hay detrás de esta noción nos puede dar el poder de la verdadera felicidad.

 

"¿Qué día es hoy"? pregunta Pooh.

"Es hoy" musita Piglet

"Mi día favorito" dice Pooh.

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Jim Manske's curator insight, March 5, 2014 2:35 PM

Aloha!  We are back home, refreshed after a wonderful retreat in the Bay Area.

 

Who doesn't want to be happy?

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The Surprising Benefits Of Having An 'Optimism Bias'~Farnam Street

The Surprising Benefits Of Having An 'Optimism Bias'~Farnam Street | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

In "The Optimism Bias: A Tour of the Irrationally Positive Brain," Tali Sharot argues that we have a neurobiological basis for imagining a positive future.

 

"Humans," she writes, "do not hold a positivity bias on account of having read too many self-help books. Rather, optimism may be so essential to our survival that it is hardwired into our most complex organ, the brain."

 

From modern-day financial analysts to world leaders, newlyweds, the Los Angeles Lakers, and even birds, optimism biases human and nonhuman thought. It takes rational reasoning hostage, directing our expectations toward a better outcome without sufficient evidence to support such a conclusion.

 

Sharot argues the root of optimism starts with mental time travel.

 

Optimism starts with what may be the most extraordinary of human talents: mental time travel. That is, the ability to move back and forth through time and space in one’s mind. To think positively about our prospects, it helps to be able to imagine ourselves in the future. Although most of us take this ability for granted, our capacity to envision a different time and place is critical for our survival. It allows us to plan ahead, to save food and resources for times of scarcity, and to endure hard work in anticipation of a future reward.

 

While mental time travel has clear survival advantages, conscious foresight came to humans at an enormous price — the understanding that somewhere in the future, death awaits. This knowledge that old age, sickness, decline of mental power, and oblivion are somewhere around the corner, can be devastating.

 

Close your eyes for a second. Imagine five years from now. What pops into your head? How do you see your family life? How do you see yourself professionally?

 

Though each of us may define happiness in a different way, it remains the case that we are inclined to see ourselves moving happily toward professional success, fulfilling relationships, financial security, and stable health. Unemployment, divorce, debt, Alzheimer’s, and any number of other regrettably common misfortunes are rarely factored into our projections.

 

These (likely) unrealistic predictions of an amazing future extend to everything. We expect to do more work this week than last. Today was a bad day? No worries, tomorrow will be better.

 

Challenging the assertion that the key to life is low expectations:

 

Some people believe the secret to happiness is low expectations. If we don’t expect greatness or find love or maintain health or achieve success, we will never be disappointed. If we are never disappointed when things don’t work out and are pleasantly surprised when things go well, we will be happy. It’s a good theory — but it’s wrong. Research shows that whatever the outcome, whether we succeed or we fail, people with high expectations tend to feel better. At the end of the day, how we feel when we get dumped or win an award depends mostly on how we interpret the event.

 

Maybe that’s why most of us wear rose-colored glasses:

 

We wear rose-tinted glasses whether we are eight or eighty. Schoolchildren as young as nine have been reported to express optimistic expectations about their adult lives, and a survey published in 2005 revealed that older adults (ages sixty to eighty) are just as likely to see the glass half full as middle-aged adults (ages thirty-six to fifty-nine) and young adults (ages eighteen to twenty-five). Optimism is prevalent in every age group, race, and socioeconomic status.

 

Sharot argues that one of the reasons the optimism bias is so powerful is precisely because, similar to our other biases, we’re largely unaware of its existence.

 

Yet data clearly shows that most people overestimate their prospects for professional achievement; expect their children to be extraordinarily gifted; miscalculate their likely life span (sometimes by twenty years or more); expect to be healthier than the average person and more successful than their peers; hugely underestimate their likelihood of divorce, cancer, and unemployment; and are confident overall that their future lives will be better than those their parents put up with. This is known as the optimism bias — the inclination to overestimate the likelihood of encountering positive events in the future and to underestimate the likelihood of experiencing negative events.

 

Having an overly positive sense of the future can be destructive. So what benefit does it serve?

 

Although the belief in a better future is often an illusion, optimism has clear benefits in the present. Hope keeps our minds at ease, lowers stress, and improves physical health. This is probably the most surprising benefit of optimism. All else being equal, optimists are healthier and live longer. It is not just that healthy people are more optimistic, but optimism can enhance health. Expecting our future to be good reduces stress and anxiety, which is good for our health. Researchers studying heart attack patients have found that optimists were more likely than non-optimistic patients to take vitamins, eat low-fat diets, and exercise, thereby reducing their overall coronary risk. A study of cancer patients revealed that pessimistic patients under the age of 60 were more likely to die within eight months than non-pessimistic patients of the same initial health, status, and age.

She concludes:

 

Yes, optimism is on one level irrational and can also lead to unwanted outcomes. But the bias also protects and inspires us: It keeps us moving forward, rather than to the nearest high-rise ledge. To make progress, we need to be able to imagine alternative realities, and not just any old reality but a better one; and we need to believe that we can achieve it.

Such faith helps motivate us to pursue our goals.

 

"The Optimism Bias" explores the optimism bias by investigating when it works for us and when it is destructive and gives examples of how it promotes well-being. If you’re not in the mood for a full book but still want to know more, read the shorter edition (Kindle only), "The Science of Optimism: Why We’re Hard-Wired for Hope," which, in addition to the book, I quoted from above.



Read more: http://www.farnamstreetblog.com/2014/02/the-optimism-bias/#ixzz2t3Lir1NV


Via Jim Manske
Jose Mejia R's insight:

It is imperative a positive bias on thinking and acting no matter how dark  is shown the scenery

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Jim Manske's curator insight, February 11, 2014 5:00 PM

I imagine this will inspire you (he said in his optimistic way)...;)

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The Myth of Cognitive Decline: Elderly Know More and Use it Better: Jeremy Dean

The Myth of Cognitive Decline: Elderly Know More and Use it Better:  Jeremy Dean | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

Linguistic experts argue in new research that people’s brains do not slow down with age, but actually show the benefits of experience.

Tests that had previously been taken to show cognitive decline as people age, they maintain, are actually showing the effects of having more information to process.

 

The linguists, from the German University of Tübingen, publish their findings in the journal Topics in Cognitive Science (Ramscar et al., 2014).

While accepting that physiological diseases of old age clearly exist, they say that the usual cognitive changes associated with age are exactly what you’d expect as the brain gathers more experience.

 

Remembering names

 

As linguists, they decided to test their theory using words–specifically the number of words that a person learns across their lifetime.

They set up a computer simulation to model this. As the simulation got ‘older’, it began to slow down as it learnt more words–exactly as people do with ageing.

 

The lead author of the study, Michael Ramscar, explained it like this :  “Imagine someone who knows two people’s birthdays and can recall them almost perfectly. Would you really want to say that person has a better memory than a person who knows the birthdays of 2000 people, but can ‘only’ match the right person to the right birthday nine times out of ten?”

 

It’s not that people are forgetting words with age, it’s that there are more words competing for attention.

 

People face a similar problem with names: as they age, they learn more names, so one name is harder to recall because it is competing with a larger pool of alternate names in memory.

 

On top of this, names have become varied.

 

The authors give the example that in the 1880s, when trying to recall a woman’s first-name, there were about 100 equally possible alternatives.

Due to the greater variety in first-names now, however, you’d be trying to choose between 2,000 likely alternatives.

 

Age and experience

 

Even better news for the ageing population, the linguists argue, is that older people are actually making better use of the extra information that comes with experience.

 

On some tests, related to learning pairs of works, older people do better as they have access to more words which have been learnt over a lifetime.

 

Biology

 

What, you might wonder, about all the neurobiological evidence that the brain’s cognitive powers decline with age?

 

Well, excepting real diseases like Alzheimer’s, scientists have only discovered that the brain changes with age, not that these changes are the cause of any cognitive decline.

 

It has only been assumed that neurobiological changes in the brain are related to cognitive declines, since these two were thought to be happening simultaneously.

 

Now that there are questions over whether cognitive declines are really there, these neurobiological changes may have to be reassessed.

Is cognitive decline a myth?

 

If cognitive decline with age really is a myth then, the authors worry, simply being told that your brain slows down with age is damaging.

That’s because when people are told they are getting more stupid, they behave as though this were true.

 

The authors conclude by saying: “…population aging is seen as a problem because of the fear that older adults will be a burden on society; what is more likely is that the myth of cognitive decline is leading to an absurd waste of human potential and human capital. It thus seems likely that an informed understanding of the cognitive costs and benefits of aging will benefit all society, not just its older members.” (Ramscar et al., 2014).

 


Via Jim Manske
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Liz Read's curator insight, January 25, 2014 4:56 AM

There are hints here on how to treat older workers. If you suggest they are slowing down, they slow down. Probably a better idea to factor in the extra processing time and praise them for their experience. 

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Scientists show how thoughts cause molecular changes to your genes -- Michael Forrester

Scientists show how thoughts cause molecular changes to your genes -- Michael Forrester | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

With evidence growing that training the mind or inducing certain modes of consciousness can have positive health effects, researchers have sought to understand how these practices physically affect the body. A new study by researchers in Wisconsin, Spain, and France reports the first evidence of specific molecular changes in the body following a period of intensive mindfulness practice. 

The study investigated the effects of a day of intensive mindfulness practice in a group of experienced meditators, compared to a group of untrained control subjects who engaged in quiet non-meditative activities. After eight hours of mindfulness practice, the meditators showed a range of genetic and molecular differences, including altered levels of gene-regulating machinery and reduced levels of pro-inflammatory genes, which in turn correlated with faster physical recovery from a stressful situation.   "To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that shows rapid alterations in gene expression within subjects associated with mindfulness meditation practice," says study author Richard J. Davidson, founder of the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds and the William James and Vilas Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  
"Most interestingly, the changes were observed in genes that are the current targets of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs," says Perla Kaliman, first author of the article and a researcher at the Institute of Biomedical Research of Barcelona, Spain (IIBB-CSIC-IDIBAPS), where the molecular analyses were conducted.  
The study was published in the Journal Psychoneuroendocrinology.  
Mindfulness-based trainings have shown beneficial effects on inflammatory disorders in prior clinical studies and are endorsed by the American Heart Association as a preventative intervention. The new results provide a possible biological mechanism for therapeutic effects. 


Gene Activity Can Change According To Perception 

 According to Dr. Bruce Lipton, gene activity can change on a daily basis. If the perception in your mind is reflected in the chemistry of your body, and if your nervous system reads and interprets the environment and then controls the blood's chemistry, then you can literally change the fate of your cells by altering your thoughts. 

 In fact, Dr. Lipton's research illustrates that by changing your perception, your mind can alter the activity of your genes and create over thirty thousand variations of products from each gene. He gives more detail by saying that the gene programs are contained within the nucleus of the cell, and you can rewrite those genetic programs through changing your blood chemistry. 

 In the simplest terms, this means that we need to change the way we think if we are to heal cancer. "The function of the mind is to create coherence between our beliefs and the reality we experience," Dr. Lipton said. "What that means is that your mind will adjust the body's biology and behavior to fit with your beliefs. If you've been told you'll die in six months and your mind believes it, you most likely will die in six months. That's called the nocebo effect, the result of a negative thought, which is the opposite of the placebo effect, where healing is mediated by a positive thought." 

 That dynamic points to a three-party system: there's the part of you that swears it doesn't want to die (the conscious mind), trumped by the part that believes you will (the doctor's prognosis mediated by the subconscious mind), which then throws into gear the chemical reaction (mediated by the brain's chemistry) to make sure the body conforms to the dominant belief. (Neuroscience has recognized that the subconscious controls 95 percent of our lives.) 

 Now what about the part that doesn't want to die - the conscious mind? Isn't it impacting the body's chemistry as well? Dr. Lipton said that it comes down to how the subconscious mind, which contains our deepest beliefs, has been programmed. It is these beliefs that ultimately cast the deciding vote. 

 "It's a complex situation," said Dr. Lipton. People have been programmed to believe that they're victims and that they have no control. We're programmed from the start with our mother and father's beliefs. So, for instance, when we got sick, we were told by our parents that we had to go to the doctor because the doctor is the authority concerning our health. We all got the message throughout childhood that doctors were the authority on health and that we were victims of bodily forces beyond our ability to control. The joke, however, is that people often get better while on the way to the doctor. That's when the innate ability for self-healing kicks in, another example of the placebo effect. 


Mindfulness Practice Specifically Affects Regulatory Pathways 

 The results of Davidson's study show a down-regulation of genes that have been implicated in inflammation. The affected genes include the pro-inflammatory genes RIPK2 and COX2 as well as several histone deacetylase (HDAC) genes, which regulate the activity of other genes epigenetically by removing a type of chemical tag. What's more, the extent to which some of those genes were downregulated was associated with faster cortisol recovery to a social stress test involving an impromptu speech and tasks requiring mental calculations performed in front of an audience and video camera. 

 Biologists have suspected for years that some kind of epigenetic inheritance occurs at the cellular level. The different kinds of cells in our bodies provide an example. Skin cells and brain cells have different forms and functions, despite having exactly the same DNA. There must be mechanisms - other than DNA - that make sure skin cells stay skin cells when they divide. 

 Perhaps surprisingly, the researchers say, there was no difference in the tested genes between the two groups of people at the start of the study. The observed effects were seen only in the meditators following mindfulness practice. In addition, several other DNA-modifying genes showed no differences between groups, suggesting that the mindfulness practice specifically affected certain regulatory pathways. 

 The key result is that meditators experienced genetic changes following mindfulness practice that were not seen in the non-meditating group after other quiet activities - an outcome providing proof of principle that mindfulness practice can lead to epigenetic alterations of the genome. 

 Previous studies in rodents and in people have shown dynamic epigenetic responses to physical stimuli such as stress, diet, or exercise within just a few hours. 

 "Our genes are quite dynamic in their expression and these results suggest that the calmness of our mind can actually have a potential influence on their expression," Davidson says. 

 "The regulation of HDACs and inflammatory pathways may represent some of the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential of mindfulness-based interventions," Kaliman says. "Our findings set the foundation for future studies to further assess meditation strategies for the treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions." 


Subconscious Beliefs Are Key 

 Too many positive thinkers know that thinking good thoughts - and reciting affirmations for hours on end - doesn't always bring about the results that feel-good books promise. 

 Dr. Lipton didn't argue this point, because positive thoughts come from the conscious mind, while contradictory negative thoughts are usually programmed in the more powerful subconscious mind. 

 "The major problem is that people are aware of their conscious beliefs and behaviors, but not of subconscious beliefs and behaviors. Most people don't even acknowledge that their subconscious mind is at play, when the fact is that the subconscious mind is a million times more powerful than the conscious mind and that we operate 95 to 99 percent of our lives from subconscious programs. 

 "Your subconscious beliefs are working either for you or against you, but the truth is that you are not controlling your life, because your subconscious mind supersedes all conscious control. So when you are trying to heal from a conscious level - citing affirmations and telling yourself you're healthy - there may be an invisible subconscious program that's sabotaging you." 

 The power of the subconscious mind is elegantly revealed in people expressing multiple personalities. While occupying the mind-set of one personality, the individual may be severely allergic to strawberries. Then, in experiencing the mind-set of another personality, he or she eats them without consequence. 

 The new science of epigenetics promises that every person on the planet has the opportunity to become who they really are, complete with unimaginable power and the ability to operate from, and go for, the highest possibilities, including healing our bodies and our culture and living in peace. 


Via Jim Manske
Jose Mejia R's insight:

Wow!. I am so happy reading this awesome  news. It is so trascendent for mankind! Probably right now it is not thoroughly understood yet completely its implications and its influence in humankind's life will be shown in a very near future. It is what it was expected   to be listened from the scientific investigators for so long time and evidences  are now so clear. Of course it will take some more time for skeptics and  materialistic researchers to admit it, however the golden gate is being open. JMR

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Jose Mejia R's curator insight, January 17, 2014 8:16 AM

Wow!. I am so happy reading this awesome  news. It is so trascendent for mankind! Probably right now it is not thoroughly understood yet completely its implications and its influence in humankind's life will be shown in a very near future. It is what it was expected   to be listened from the scientific investigators for so long time and evidences  are now so clear. Of course it will take some more time for skeptics and  materialistic researchers to admit it, however the golden gate is being open. JMR

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The Art Of Negative Thinking: How Negativity Can Make You Happier

The Art Of Negative Thinking: How Negativity Can Make You Happier | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it
Everything you need to know about The Art Of Negative Thinking: How Negativity Can Make You Happier

Via Jim Manske
Jose Mejia R's insight:

Good things in bad moods.

 

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Jim Manske's curator insight, December 4, 2013 2:42 PM

All thoughts, perceptions, sensations and emotions are beacons to Life, the vital energy of universal needs!

 

We will be on retreat for a week in LA.  Wish you were there!  More News to Feed your Inspiration and Aspiration next week!

Liz Read's curator insight, December 5, 2013 9:30 AM

As a tester, I'm feeling a whole lot more comfortable now I've read this.

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Books - Paul Ekman Group, LLC

Books - Paul Ekman Group, LLC | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

Culture of Empathy Builder Page:  Paul Ekman
http://j.mp/JJDMc4
 

 

Why isn’t everyone concerned about the welfare of all people, everywhere?Is global compassion a gift, like musical talent, a virtue of the few?

 

Or might we all have the potential for global compassion within us, dormant?

 

 

======================

Moving Toward Global Compassion explores
these possibilities, and offers a new take
on empathy and altruism.

==========

 

In the closing chapter the Dalai Lama discusses these ideas with Ekman.


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Esperemos que pronto sea traducido al español y otros idiomas. Importante aporte sobre un tema que  necesita saber y practicar la humanidad. 

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What Neuroscience Can Teach Us About Compassion

What Neuroscience Can Teach Us About Compassion | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

Mounting evidence of the impact of contemplative practices like meditation (which we now know can, quite literally,rewire the brain) are finally bringing modern science up to speed with ancient wisdom.

 

Mindfulness and compassion -- the practices of cultivating a focused awareness on the present moment, and extending a loving awareness to others -- are part of every religion and wisdom tradition, and we're at last beginning to understand the profound impact that they have on the brain, says psychiatrist and mindfulness expert Dr. Dan Siegel.

 

A pioneer in the field of interpersonal neurobiology and executive director of the Mindsight Institute, Siegel discussed the neuroscience of mindfulness and compassion during a keynote address to the Nalanda Institute for Contemplative Science's Mind Science in Action Benefit Weekend earlier this month.

 

Seigel highlighted findings in the field of interpersonal neurobiology and from his own "mindsight approach" to psychiatry -- both systems revolve around the principle of "integration," which suggests that the linking of different aspects of a system, such as the brain, is at the heart of well-being, resilience, mindfulness and compassion.

 

"Integration is seen as the essential mechanism of health as it promotes a flexible and adaptive way of being that is filled with vitality and creativity," Siegel writes on his website. "The ultimate outcome of integration is harmony."

 

Through this interdisciplinary form of inquiry into the brain and mind, Siegel says, we can "build a framework thats based on science but goes beyond what science says, and looks more deeply at what it means to be human."

 

Compassion is a central component of what it means to be human, but we don't necessarily know how it works in the brain or why we're wired to be compassionate towards others -- and interpersonal neurobiology may be a particularly helpful framework for examining the importance of this quality in our lives and relationships.

 

Here's what recent findings in neuroscience and neurobiology can teach us about compassion.

We can change the brain through changing the mind.

 

As Siegel explained, the concept of "neural integration" refers to the interaction between various disparate parts of the brain. And through mindfulness practices like meditation, we can actually grow integrative fibers in the brain -- studies have shown that mindful awareness increases the connectivity of separate areas of the brain.

 

"We now know... that you can use your mind to change the function and structure of your brain," Siegel said at the Nalanda benefit. "That's a fact. So, you want to awaken the mind because it can transform the brain in very important ways and transform our relationships."

 

And how the mind transforms the brain is by training the regulation of our attention through mindfulness practices.

"The mind can actually get the brain to do something very specific to the brain -- integration," said Siegel. "A mindful brain is an integrated brain."

 

We can increase our capacity for compassion through integration.

 

What does an integrated brain look like? It's mindful, present and compassionate. We can increase integration in the brain through mindfulness and compassion practices, and by increasing integration, we naturally become more mindful and compassionate.

 

The most integrated the brain has ever been measured to be, which is measured using Gamma wave electrical signals, is found in Tibetan Buddhist monks doing compassion, or lovingkindness, meditation, Siegel explains.

 

University of Wisconsin professor Richard Davidson's research on Tibetan Buddhist monks has found that meditation on compassion can produce powerful changes in the brain. When the monks were asked to meditate on "unconditional loving-kindness and compassion," their brains generated powerful Gamma waves that may have indicated a compassionate state of mind, Wired reported.

 

The study is powerful evidence that empathy may be able to be cultivated by "exercising" the brain with lovingkindness meditation.

 

Being mindful can help us become more compassionate.

 

Research done by Siegel and others has shown that mindfulness meditation stimulates the growth of integrative fibers in the brain. But can compassion have the same effect?

"What we know for sure is that through lovingkindness meditation, woven in with mindfulness meditation, you stabilize the attention and then you open it up," said Siegel. "You can build the gateway of empathy and compassion through mindfulness meditation."

 

A 2013 study from Harvard and Northeastern University reinforced this finding, demonstrating that meditation can improve compassion and altruistic behavior. The researchers found that participants who had meditated were more likely than non-meditators to lend a helping hand to an actor with crutches who was pretending to be in pain. A 2012 Emory University study suggested that compassion training derived from ancient Tibetan mindfulness practices may boost empathy, and other research has found that loving-kindness meditation could increase positive emotions and lead to more positive relationships over time.

 

The bottom line? Mindfulness and loving compassion are the techniques that integrate our mental systems.

 

"Those are the research-proven traditions from thousands of years ago that integrate within and between -- now we know that."

 

Healthy relationships can boost your brain power.

 

One way to build integration in the brain is through healthy, caring relationships with others. These relationships can make us more mindful and more compassionate, facilitating greater integration in the brain.

Siegel explained:"Integrative communication in a relationship stimulates the growth of integrative fibers in the brain. You're going to say, That's too weird -- how would a relationship shape the brain and why would it be that simple? Well, what they share in common is energy and information flow. So a relationship can be defined as the sharing of energy and information flow. And when we understand how that energy and information flow is happening -- it could be with words, with the body, with an attitude -- we can feel it, and we feel it with each other. It's not some weird unknown thing. It's fantastic and it's real. Energy is absolutely a part of this world, and energy can be shared between us." 

 

But unhealthy relationships can have just the opposite effect on the brain, Siegel noted. Abuse and neglect impair the integrative regions of the brain -- as a treatment for individuals recovering from abusive relationships, adding mindfulness to a psychotherapy practice could be beneficial.

 

Compassion is integration of the mind made visible.

 

When the brain is operating in a state of harmony and integration, that harmony is reflected externally in the way we engage with the world. It manifests, according to Siegel, as compassion towards ourselves, others, and our world.

 

"Integration, when it is made visible, is kindness and compassion," said Siegel. "That's really the fundamental teaching of all the world's major religions, the wisdom traditions of this world.. Integration is well-being. Integration is the kindness that the planet deserves."


Via Jim Manske
Jose Mejia R's insight:

Brain can operate in a peaceful stage when heart is also calm and when desires are under control.

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Permian extinction happened within 60,000 years—much faster than previously thought

Permian extinction happened within 60,000 years—much faster than previously thought | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

The largest mass extinction in the history of animal life occurred some 252 million years ago, wiping out more than 96 percent of marine species and 70 percent of life on land—including the largest insects known to have inhabited the Earth. Multiple theories have aimed to explain the cause of what's now known as the end-Permian extinction, including an asteroid impact, massive volcanic eruptions, or a cataclysmic cascade of environmental events. But pinpointing the cause of the extinction requires better measurements of how long the extinction period lasted.

 

Now researchers at MIT have determined that the end-Permian extinction occurred over 60,000 years, give or take 48,000 years—practically instantaneous, from a geologic perspective. The new timescale is based on more precise dating techniques, and indicates that the most severe extinction in history may have happened more than 10 times faster than scientists had previously thought.

 

"We've got the extinction nailed in absolute time and duration," says Sam Bowring, the Robert R. Shrock Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at MIT. "How do you kill 96 percent of everything that lived in the oceans in tens of thousands of years? It could be that an exceptional extinction requires an exceptional explanation."

 

In addition to establishing the extinction's duration, Bowring, graduate student Seth Burgess, and a colleague from the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology also found that, 10,000 years before the die-off, the oceans experienced a pulse of light carbon, which likely reflects a massive addition of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. This dramatic change may have led to widespread ocean acidification and increased sea temperatures by 10 degrees Celsius or more, killing the majority of sea life.

 

But what originally triggered the spike in carbon dioxide? The leading theory among geologists and paleontologists has to do with widespread, long-lasting volcanic eruptions from the Siberian Traps, a region of Russia whose steplike hills are a result of repeated eruptions of magma. To determine whether eruptions from the Siberian Traps triggered a massive increase in oceanic carbon dioxide, Burgess and Bowring are using similar dating techniques to establish a timescale for the Permian period's volcanic eruptions that are estimated to have covered over five million cubic kilometers.

 

The new timeline adds weight to the theory that the extinction was triggered by massive volcanic eruptions from the Siberian Traps that released volatile chemicals, including carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere and oceans. With such a short extinction timeline, Bowring says it is possible that a single, catastrophic pulse of magmatic activity triggered an almost instantaneous collapse of all global ecosystems.

 

To confirm whether the Siberian Traps are indeed the extinction's smoking gun, Burgess and Bowring plan to determine an equally precise timeline for the Siberian Traps eruptions, and will compare it to the new extinction timeline to see where the two events overlap. The researchers will investigate additional areas in China to see if the duration of the extinction can be even more precisely determined.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, LEONARDO WILD
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Could Reincarnation Be Real? | GhostlyCast

Could Reincarnation Be Real? | GhostlyCast | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it
As a writer, I am always researching one thing or another for a project. For several of my books, I've looked into the concept of reincarnation and past lives. It's a fascinating subject, even for a skeptic like me, and there is just ...
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For skeptical to move a bit forward. JMR.

 

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Scientists show how thoughts cause molecular changes to your genes -- Michael Forrester

Scientists show how thoughts cause molecular changes to your genes -- Michael Forrester | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it

With evidence growing that training the mind or inducing certain modes of consciousness can have positive health effects, researchers have sought to understand how these practices physically affect the body. A new study by researchers in Wisconsin, Spain, and France reports the first evidence of specific molecular changes in the body following a period of intensive mindfulness practice. 

The study investigated the effects of a day of intensive mindfulness practice in a group of experienced meditators, compared to a group of untrained control subjects who engaged in quiet non-meditative activities. After eight hours of mindfulness practice, the meditators showed a range of genetic and molecular differences, including altered levels of gene-regulating machinery and reduced levels of pro-inflammatory genes, which in turn correlated with faster physical recovery from a stressful situation.   "To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that shows rapid alterations in gene expression within subjects associated with mindfulness meditation practice," says study author Richard J. Davidson, founder of the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds and the William James and Vilas Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  
"Most interestingly, the changes were observed in genes that are the current targets of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs," says Perla Kaliman, first author of the article and a researcher at the Institute of Biomedical Research of Barcelona, Spain (IIBB-CSIC-IDIBAPS), where the molecular analyses were conducted.  
The study was published in the Journal Psychoneuroendocrinology.  
Mindfulness-based trainings have shown beneficial effects on inflammatory disorders in prior clinical studies and are endorsed by the American Heart Association as a preventative intervention. The new results provide a possible biological mechanism for therapeutic effects. 


Gene Activity Can Change According To Perception 

 According to Dr. Bruce Lipton, gene activity can change on a daily basis. If the perception in your mind is reflected in the chemistry of your body, and if your nervous system reads and interprets the environment and then controls the blood's chemistry, then you can literally change the fate of your cells by altering your thoughts. 

 In fact, Dr. Lipton's research illustrates that by changing your perception, your mind can alter the activity of your genes and create over thirty thousand variations of products from each gene. He gives more detail by saying that the gene programs are contained within the nucleus of the cell, and you can rewrite those genetic programs through changing your blood chemistry. 

 In the simplest terms, this means that we need to change the way we think if we are to heal cancer. "The function of the mind is to create coherence between our beliefs and the reality we experience," Dr. Lipton said. "What that means is that your mind will adjust the body's biology and behavior to fit with your beliefs. If you've been told you'll die in six months and your mind believes it, you most likely will die in six months. That's called the nocebo effect, the result of a negative thought, which is the opposite of the placebo effect, where healing is mediated by a positive thought." 

 That dynamic points to a three-party system: there's the part of you that swears it doesn't want to die (the conscious mind), trumped by the part that believes you will (the doctor's prognosis mediated by the subconscious mind), which then throws into gear the chemical reaction (mediated by the brain's chemistry) to make sure the body conforms to the dominant belief. (Neuroscience has recognized that the subconscious controls 95 percent of our lives.) 

 Now what about the part that doesn't want to die - the conscious mind? Isn't it impacting the body's chemistry as well? Dr. Lipton said that it comes down to how the subconscious mind, which contains our deepest beliefs, has been programmed. It is these beliefs that ultimately cast the deciding vote. 

 "It's a complex situation," said Dr. Lipton. People have been programmed to believe that they're victims and that they have no control. We're programmed from the start with our mother and father's beliefs. So, for instance, when we got sick, we were told by our parents that we had to go to the doctor because the doctor is the authority concerning our health. We all got the message throughout childhood that doctors were the authority on health and that we were victims of bodily forces beyond our ability to control. The joke, however, is that people often get better while on the way to the doctor. That's when the innate ability for self-healing kicks in, another example of the placebo effect. 


Mindfulness Practice Specifically Affects Regulatory Pathways 

 The results of Davidson's study show a down-regulation of genes that have been implicated in inflammation. The affected genes include the pro-inflammatory genes RIPK2 and COX2 as well as several histone deacetylase (HDAC) genes, which regulate the activity of other genes epigenetically by removing a type of chemical tag. What's more, the extent to which some of those genes were downregulated was associated with faster cortisol recovery to a social stress test involving an impromptu speech and tasks requiring mental calculations performed in front of an audience and video camera. 

 Biologists have suspected for years that some kind of epigenetic inheritance occurs at the cellular level. The different kinds of cells in our bodies provide an example. Skin cells and brain cells have different forms and functions, despite having exactly the same DNA. There must be mechanisms - other than DNA - that make sure skin cells stay skin cells when they divide. 

 Perhaps surprisingly, the researchers say, there was no difference in the tested genes between the two groups of people at the start of the study. The observed effects were seen only in the meditators following mindfulness practice. In addition, several other DNA-modifying genes showed no differences between groups, suggesting that the mindfulness practice specifically affected certain regulatory pathways. 

 The key result is that meditators experienced genetic changes following mindfulness practice that were not seen in the non-meditating group after other quiet activities - an outcome providing proof of principle that mindfulness practice can lead to epigenetic alterations of the genome. 

 Previous studies in rodents and in people have shown dynamic epigenetic responses to physical stimuli such as stress, diet, or exercise within just a few hours. 

 "Our genes are quite dynamic in their expression and these results suggest that the calmness of our mind can actually have a potential influence on their expression," Davidson says. 

 "The regulation of HDACs and inflammatory pathways may represent some of the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential of mindfulness-based interventions," Kaliman says. "Our findings set the foundation for future studies to further assess meditation strategies for the treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions." 


Subconscious Beliefs Are Key 

 Too many positive thinkers know that thinking good thoughts - and reciting affirmations for hours on end - doesn't always bring about the results that feel-good books promise. 

 Dr. Lipton didn't argue this point, because positive thoughts come from the conscious mind, while contradictory negative thoughts are usually programmed in the more powerful subconscious mind. 

 "The major problem is that people are aware of their conscious beliefs and behaviors, but not of subconscious beliefs and behaviors. Most people don't even acknowledge that their subconscious mind is at play, when the fact is that the subconscious mind is a million times more powerful than the conscious mind and that we operate 95 to 99 percent of our lives from subconscious programs. 

 "Your subconscious beliefs are working either for you or against you, but the truth is that you are not controlling your life, because your subconscious mind supersedes all conscious control. So when you are trying to heal from a conscious level - citing affirmations and telling yourself you're healthy - there may be an invisible subconscious program that's sabotaging you." 

 The power of the subconscious mind is elegantly revealed in people expressing multiple personalities. While occupying the mind-set of one personality, the individual may be severely allergic to strawberries. Then, in experiencing the mind-set of another personality, he or she eats them without consequence. 

 The new science of epigenetics promises that every person on the planet has the opportunity to become who they really are, complete with unimaginable power and the ability to operate from, and go for, the highest possibilities, including healing our bodies and our culture and living in peace. 


Via Jim Manske, Jose Mejia R
Jose Mejia R's insight:

Wow!. I am so happy reading this awesome  news. It is so trascendent for mankind! Probably right now it is not thoroughly understood yet completely its implications and its influence in humankind's life will be shown in a very near future. It is what it was expected   to be listened from the scientific investigators for so long time and evidences  are now so clear. Of course it will take some more time for skeptics and  materialistic researchers to admit it, however the golden gate is being open. JMR

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Jose Mejia R's curator insight, January 17, 2014 8:08 AM

Wow!. I am so happy reading this awesome  news. It is so trascendent for mankind! Probably right now it is not thoroughly understood yet completely its implications and its influence in humankind's life will be shown in a very near future. It is what it was expected   to be listened from the scientific investigators for so long time and evidences  are now so clear. Of course it will take some more time for skeptics and  materialistic researchers to admit it, however the golden gate is being open. JMR

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BBC: Timeline of the far future — What we can expect in a billion and more years...

BBC: Timeline of the far future — What we can expect in a billion and more years... | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it
What do we expect will happen in one thousand years time? Or one million years? Or even one billion? As our amazing timeline shows, there may be trouble ahead.

 

The Earth's oceans will disappear in about one billion years due to increased temperatures from a maturing sun. However,  the Earth's problems may begin in half that time because of falling levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, according to a Penn State researcher.

 

"The sun, like all main sequence stars, is getting brighter with time and that affects the Earth's climate," says Dr. James F. Kasting, professor of meteorology and geosciences. "Eventually temperatures will become high enough so that the oceans evaporate." At 140 degrees Fahrenheit, water becomes a major constituent of the atmosphere. Much of this water migrates to the stratosphere where it is lost to the vacuum. Eventually, the oceans will evaporate into space.

 

"Astronomers always knew that the oceans would evaporate, but they typically thought it would occur only when the sun left the main sequence," Kasting told attendees today (Feb. 20) at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. "That will be in 5 billion years."

 

Stars leave the main sequence when they stop burning hydrogen. The sun, a yellow, G-2 star, will then become a red giant encompassing the orbit of Mercury. Mercury will disappear and Venus will lose its atmosphere and become a burnt out planet. The Earth will suffer the same fate, even though it is outside the red giant’s immediate reach. "However, the oceans may evaporate much earlier," says Kasting, a faculty member with the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences. "My calculations are somewhat pessimistic and present a worst case scenario that does not include the effects of clouds, but they say a billion years."

 

This model was developed with Ken Caldeira, now at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Things may go bad long before the Earth is a waterless desert. As the climate becomes warmer, the cycle of silicate rock weathering speeds up. This cycle removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequesters it in the oceans as calcium carbonate.

 

"The silicate weathering cycle stabilizes the Earth’s climate for a time," says Kasting. "Eventually, atmospheric carbon dioxide levels will become so low that it will not be able to do so, but before then, there will not be sufficient carbon dioxide to sustain most plants."

 

Plants use carbon dioxide in photosynthesis to convert the sun's energy to sugars and other carbohydrates. Two main kinds of photosynthesis exist, C3 and C4. In a half billion years, the models predict that carbon dioxide will be at the compensation point for C3 plants which make up 95 percent of all plants. Below the compensation point, carbon dioxide is not concentrated enough for these plants to photosynthesize. C3 plants include trees and most crops.

 

C4 plants, which include corn, sugar cane and other tropical grasses, can still photosynthesize because they have an internal mechanism to concentrate carbon dioxide, but these plants cannot sustain the biosphere as we know it today.

 

"If carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere continue to increase over the next few centuries, they could remain high for a very long time," says Kasting. "Then, after fossil fuels run out, it would take a million years or so for levels to return to present."

 

But even if there is a pulse of high carbon dioxide in the near future, by a half billion years, levels will be too low for productive plant life. "Obviously, a billion, even a half billion years, are a long way off in the future," says Kasting. "However, these models can help us refine our understanding of the time that a planet remains in an orbit where life can exist."

 

Only a narrow spherical shell of space exists at a distance from a star that is neither too cold nor too warm for life. As a sun matures and brightens, that spherical shell moves outward. A planet must remain in the livable shell for long enough for life to evolve, even while that band moves outward. If planets lose their water supply, a mandatory requirement for life, earlier than previously thought, then that creates a shorter window for livable planets.

 

"If we calculated correctly, Earth has been habitable for 4.5 billion years and only has a half billion years left," says Kasting.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, Leonardo Wild
Jose Mejia R's insight:

 I find it interesting that these assumptions , almost certainly based on scientific speculations indicate that if it is not consumed by a swollen sun after 5.4 billion years , the Earth's orbit would eventually collapse and plunge into the sun.

The doctrine of evolutionary creation states that in a solar system like ours , a myriad of primeval virgin spirits originates or emanates ' from the Central Sun, " discriminates evolutionarily in such generating means and then is ejected to different orbits at different periods time to adjust itself in vibrant radiant globes. Finally, in different cosmic periods each balloon will evolve into a more complex steps and become a planet as it is now known to and through a process of evolutionary creation, first regress to sink into the matterl in successive continuing times and then slowly evolve from matter as omnipotent and omniscient individual spiritual self-aware entities, thus returning to " the mansions of the Father ," whose visible symbol is the Sun, with respect to our planetary system. JMR


 

Me parece interesante que estas suposiciones, casi con toda seguridad basadas en especulaciones científicas, indican que si no es consumida por un Sol hinchado luego de 5,4 mil millones de años, la órbita de la Tierra finalmente colapsaría y sería zambullida en el sol.

 

 

 

La doctrina de la creación evolutiva afirma que en un sistema solar como el nuestro, una miríada de espíritus virginales primigenia proviene o es emanada ' en el Sol Central ', se discrimina evolutivamente en tales medios generatrices y luego es expulsada a órbitas diferentes en diferentes períodos de tiempo para ajustarse a sí misma en vibrante globos radiantes. Finalmente, en diferentes períodos cósmicos cada globo va a evolucionar a otro etapas más complejas y se convertirá en un planeta como es conocido ahora con el fin de y por medio de un proceso de creación evolutiva, primeramente involucionar al sumirse en la materia en sucesivas y continuas épocas y luego evolucionar lentamente desde la materia como omnipotentes y omniscientes entidades individuales espirituales, conscientes de sí mismas, volviendo así a " las mansiones del Padre", cuyo símbolo visible es nuestro Sol , en lo que respecta a nuestro sistema planetario . JMR .


 

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odysseas spyroglou's curator insight, January 13, 2014 2:44 AM

Is it any easier today with all the tools that we have at hand to predict future ?

Anne Fleischman's curator insight, January 13, 2014 10:12 AM

Un exercice de prospective à très très très long terme. Dommage on ne sera plus là pour vérifier...

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Love and Compassion are Necessities - Lifehack.org

Love and Compassion are Necessities - Lifehack.org | Science_spirituality | Scoop.it
Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Without them humanity cannot survive. - Dalai Lama.
Jose Mejia R's insight:

El ser humano es una célula cósmica que tiene que pasar por infinita cantidad de experiencias y vicisitudes, dolores, alegrías, amor y odio, belleza y fealdad, angustia y placidez, antes de avanzar hacia sendas diferentes. Los destinos individuales tienen casi siempre que ser equilibrados en función también de un destino colectivo. Pocas son las individualidades que se liberan de ese lastre, pues la libertad y el libre albedrío son dominio de pocos, lo que se consigue con el conocimiento de uno mismo a través del auto control y señorío, para que las estrellas no compelan.  Y el dominio del carácter por medio de la voluntad, a pesar de los recios collados y los negros abismos, es una tarea que de alguna u otra manera debe aprenderse y alcanzar alguna vez. Esa es la verdadera ascesis. Y la compasíon es la energía que mueve los procesos. Sembramos lo que cosechamos y qué mejor que aquietarse en la fragua de las inconveniencias u obstáculos y recabar sabiduría de su resolución. Todos atravesamos por ellos, de diferente manera e intensidad y la paz y armonía no yace en la abundancia ni en la opulencia tampoco ni son prerrogativa del santo. Si no hay esa armonía en un momento dado, hay que fabricarla, en el ayuno y carencia así como en la tempestad. Recordemos al Cristo durmiendo plácidamente en la barca de los pescadores escogidos, cuando el viento arreciaba.

 

Jose Mejia

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Jose Mejia R's comment, December 6, 2013 7:17 PM
Man is a cosmic cell having to go through endless amounts of experience and vicissitudes , pains, joys , love and hate , beauty and ugliness, anguish and serenity , before moving on to different paths. Individual locations are almost always to be well balanced in terms of a collective destiny. There are few individuals who are released from that burden , for freedom and free will are the domain of a few, which are achieved with the knowledge of oneself through self control and dominion, for stars not compel . And the domain of character through the will, despite the tough hills and the deep abysses, is a task that in some way or another to be learned and achieve ever . That is the true asceticism . And compassion is the energy that moves the process . We sow what we reap and what best to be still in the forge of the inconveniences and obstacles and collect wisdom of its decision. We all go through them differently and strength and peace and harmony lies not in the abundance or opulence neither nor are prerogative of the saints. If no such harmony in a given time , has to be manufactured in the fasting and lack well as in the storm . Remember Christ sleeping peacefully in the boat of fishermen chosen when the wind blew .<br><br>Jose Mejia