Science ouverte - Open science
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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
Curated by Florence Piron
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Massive, open, online appraisals

Massive, open, online appraisals | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Martha Kanter, the US undersecretary of education, came by the other day and made three points about massive open online courses that are worth elaborating
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Video: the move towards open access by governments and funders

Video: the move towards open access by governments and funders | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
(This is part 4 of a series of posts featuring speakers from “Challenging the Science Publishing Status Quo”, an evening of talks about peer review, data sharing, and open access.

Previously: Lawrence Kane on rapid publication, Keith Flaherty on publishing negative results , Steven Hyman on sharing datasets, Sue Griffin on transparent peer review)

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Tous les tweets du colloque La révolution de la science ouverte - #scienceouv

Tous les tweets du colloque La révolution de la science ouverte - #scienceouv | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The latest and best tweets on #scienceouv. Read what people are saying and join the conversation.
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Maison d'édition ZONES

ZONES - UN ESPACE DE RÉSISTANCE ÉDITORIALE

 

Lyber Zones

Vous avez ici gratuitement accès au contenu des livres publiés par Zones. Nous espérons que ces lybers vous donneront envie d’acheter nos livres, disponibles dans toutes les bonnes librairies. Car c’est la vente de livres qui permet de rémunérer l’auteur, l’éditeur et le libraire, et… de vous proposer de nouveaux lybers… et de nouveaux livres.

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Panorama des licences libres

20 slides pour bien cerner la richesse des licences libres existantes.

Via Michel Briand
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Pascal Barrielle's curator insight, April 29, 2013 3:32 AM
#opendata #cloud #unicamp_mlv @unicamp_mlv
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Panel proposes 'radical changes' to culture of scientific research | Inside Higher Ed

Panel proposes 'radical changes' to culture of scientific research | Inside Higher Ed | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

n the face of rising global competition and increased funding for science, mathematics, engineering and technology, researchers across the spectrum need to develop interdisciplinary collaborations to tackle pressing societal challenges, a conglomerate of scientists declares in a new report.

“What is both possible and necessary is a true conceptual leap from interdisciplinary collaboration to a powerful transdisciplinarity, sweeping together the physical sciences and engineering (PSE) and the life sciences and medicine (LSM),” the report reads.

The report from the Advancing Research in Science and Engineering (ARISE) committee, which includes about 30 representatives from the private sector and universities across the country, acknowledges the “daunting task” of reforming how the U.S. approaches research. It suggests “radical changes” that would affect every stakeholder in the process, from institutions of higher education to government agencies and corporations. The project is overseen by the American Academy of Arts & Sciences.


Read more: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2013/05/02/panel-proposes-radical-changes-culture-scientific-research#ixzz2SBAUj94d
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Medical Science: Time to Remove the Blinders

Medical Science: Time to Remove the Blinders | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Around the globe, medicines regulators approve new drugs after reviewing data from clinical trials. It is these trial data that underlie assuring determinations, like those made by the US Food and ...
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Can open peer review work? Biology Direct suggests it can…

Peer review is a process integral to the scientific research cycle, and, for the majority of biology journals, one that takes place behind closed doors.
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4 ways open access enhances academic freedom

4 ways open access enhances academic freedom | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Curt Rice examines the tension between academic freedom and open access policies. Coercive requirements to publish in open access journals could restrict academic freedom and this must be monitored...
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Major Players in the MOOC Universe - The Digital Campus 2013 - The Chronicle of Higher Education

Major Players in the MOOC Universe - The Digital Campus 2013 - The Chronicle of Higher Education | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Explore connections among the major players.

Via Jim Lerman, Dominique Demartini
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Kim Flintoff's curator insight, April 29, 2013 7:28 PM

Who's driving the MOOC juggernaut?  Who's interests are served by the developments in this area?  Somewhere a price is being paid - what is it and who's paying?

Dennis T OConnor's curator insight, April 30, 2013 2:53 PM

I think MOOCs have an enormous potentinal to educate the disenfranchised.  The potential for good in this open resource oriented sharing of knowledge is enormous.  The potential for immediate dollar profit?... no so much.  In the US most students simply don't have the discipline or desire to educate themselves using the remarkable resources gathered in any Mooc.  I don't see this as displacing traditional Hire Ed in the U.S.   


I think of MOOCs as bread upon the waters, the ripple effect of educating the world will take awhile to build, but should eventually create significant waves of improvement for all.  (Call me PollyAnna, but I see Moocs as a manefestation of abundance that can do real good in the real world.)

Watus Solis's curator insight, May 2, 2013 10:16 PM

Movers and shakers who changed the world!

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Science Europe Position Statement: Principles on the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications (April 2013)

Science Europe Position Statement: Principles on the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications (April 2013) | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

 

Open Access, as defined in the Berlin Declaration, means unrestricted, online access to peer-reviewed, scholarly research papers for reading and productive re-use, not impeded by any financial, organisational, legal or technical barriers. Ideally, the only restriction on use is an obligation to attribute the work to the author..

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The Tyee – How Activism Drives Citizen Science

The Tyee – How Activism Drives Citizen Science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
For people pushing change, data can be precious. But scientists are unbiased, right?

While the "muzzling" of Canadian government scientists is worrying to some democracy advocates, citizen science activism is one movement that is providing greater transparency.

"I think there's definitely an opportunity for citizens concerned in this area to speak up and speak out," says Tyler Sommers, coordinator at Democracy Watch.

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Published Guides to Licensing | Open Data Institute

Published Guides to Licensing | Open Data Institute | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

We have now published two guides to open data licensing:

a Publisher's Guide to Open Data Licensinga Reuser's Guide to Open Data Licensing

These guides were produced with great help from Francis Davey, Leigh Dodds, Tony Hirst, and the anonymous commenters who contributed comments on the draft versions of the publisher's guide and reuser's guide on Crocodoc.

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OuiShareFest : 3 jours magiques et inspirant pour HackYourPhd | HackYourPhD

OuiShareFest : 3 jours magiques et inspirant pour HackYourPhd | HackYourPhD | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Du 2 au 4 mai 2013, le OuiShareFest s’est déroulé à Paris. L’organisation par OuiShare de ces 3 jours consacrés à l’économie collaborative est la preuve de la puissance d’une communauté agissant ensemble autour de valeurs qui les portent. Sans OuiShare, HackYourPhd n’aurait jamais vu le jour… Un grand merci à ce collectif qui permet juste de dire haut et fort “Oui, c’est possible!”


Via Bernard BRUNET
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Science Europe adopte des principes pour accroître l’accès aux résultats scientifiques

08.05.2013

Science Europe, une association qui regroupe plus de cinquante organisations de recherche réparties dans 26 pays européens, a dévoilé un énoncé de principes visant à faciliter la transition vers un accès libre (open access) des résultats de la recherche scientifique.

Le document Principles for the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications  (PDF) énonce dix principes afin de garantir la cohérence des efforts des organisations pour donner accès à leurs résultats scientifiques.

Entre autres, les membres de Science Europe préconisent que les publications de recherche soient publiées dans une revue à accès ouvert ou mises le plus tôt possible dans un dépôt (repository). Ils suggèrent également que les éditeurs accordent des réductions de tarifs d’abonnement à des clientèles spécifiques (universités et organismes de recherche) ou sur une base territoriale (régions, pays).

Pour plus de détails : Communiqué de presse de Science Europe (

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[Ouvrir les pratiques scientifiques! (with images, tweets) · HackYourPhd

Mercredi 8 mai 2013 : Dernier jour du colloque "La révolution de la Science ouverte". Ouvrons la recherche avec de nouvelles pratiques scientifiques!
Florence Piron's insight:

Notre magnifique colloque!

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Connaissez-vous la science citoyenne? | Agence Science-Presse

Florence Piron's insight:

Connaissez-vous la science citoyenne?

Je vote pour la science, le 30 avril 2013, 10h47

(Agence Science-Presse) Il y a un siècle et demi, ça se serait résumé à l’amateur d’oiseaux qui prenait minutieusement des notes dans son petit carnet. Aujourd’hui, la «science citoyenne» regroupe des activités si disparates que ses promoteurs sentent le besoin de la diviser en plusieurs catégories. Pourtant, l’expression reste méconnue du grand public —et même, malmenée. Survol en trois intervenants.

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PLOS ONE: Remarkable Growth of Open Access in the Biomedical Field: Analysis of PubMed Articles from 2006 to 2010

PLOS ONE: Remarkable Growth of Open Access in the Biomedical Field: Analysis of PubMed Articles from 2006 to 2010 | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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Survey finds presidents are skeptical on MOOCs | Inside Higher Ed

Survey finds presidents are skeptical on MOOCs | Inside Higher Ed | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

It would be easy to think that the leaders of American higher education are all in when it comes to MOOCs. Dozens of colleges and universities -- many of them among the elites -- have rushed to offer massive open online courses. Top foundations back the effort. The American Council on Education has moved quickly to certify some of the courses as credit-worthy. Many other colleges are considering plans to award credit for MOOCs or to use them in instruction.

But it turns out that -- when asked privately -- most presidents don't seem sure at all that MOOCs are going to transform student learning, or reduce costs to students -- two of the claims made by MOOC enthusiasts and an increasing number of politicians and pundits.


Read more: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2013/05/02/survey-finds-presidents-are-skeptical-moocs#ixzz2SBAJX9KQ
Inside Higher Ed

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Pharma vs The European Medicines Agency – the case of InterMune

Pharma vs The European Medicines Agency – the case of InterMune | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Like AbbVie, described in my last post, a second American company, InterMune, has taken legal action to prevent or restrict the European Medicines Agency from disclosing certain clinical trial data after a medicine is approved for marketing.

On 4th March a federal appeals court upheld the conviction of the former chief executive of InterMune, W. Scott Harkonen, relating to the dissemination of false and misleading statements about the results of a clinical trial of the medicine Actimmune. (Mr Harkonen may launch further appeals.)

Florence Piron's insight:

Voir aussi : http://recent-ecl.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/interim-injunctions-to-stop-ema-from.html

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White Paper : Making Sense of MOOCs

White Paper : Making Sense of MOOCs | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Making Sense of MOOCs: Musings in a Maze of Myth, Paradox and Possibility
by Sir John Daniel
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Open-access policies and academic freedom | The Occasional Pamphlet

I very occasionally hear expressed a concern about the Harvard open-access policy that it violates some aspect of academic freedom. The argument seems to be that by granting a prior license to Harvard, faculty may be forced to forgo publication in certain venues.  Our rights as scholars to determine the disposition of particular articles would thus be assailed by the policy.

A requirement to publish or refrain from publishing in particular venues would certainly infringe on academic freedom. But the Harvard policy leaves choice of whether and where to publish fully in the hands of authors. The policy allows for the license to be waived for any article at the sole discretion of the author. (Obtaining a waiver involves filling out a web form at the OSC web site with some metadata about the article. The process takes about 20 seconds.) This “opt-out” provision makes the policy consistent with libertarian principles. The policy manifests “libertarian paternalism” in the sense of Sunstein and Thaler.

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California Pushes for Public Access to Taxpayer Funded Research - Creative Commons

California Pushes for Public Access to Taxpayer Funded Research - Creative Commons | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

As we mentioned last week, California has introduced AB 609, the California Taxpayer Access to Publicly Funded Research Act. The bill, sponsored by Assembly Member Brian Nestande, would require that research articles funded through California tax dollars be made available online for free no later than 12 months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal. A letter from the University of California may have prompted the Assembly to modify the text of the draft bill to extend the embargo to 12 months (instead of six), and to include a provision exempting the University of California and California State University from the state agencies that must comply with the legislation, if enacted.

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Can citizen science activism come to the rescue? | rabble.ca

Can citizen science activism come to the rescue? | rabble.ca | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

A group of 36 students in Western University's Master of Arts in Journalism class has spent three months studying and reporting on citizen science. Over the next three weeks, we will be sharing our citizen science stories -- how it emerged and evolved, where it stands now and where it's going. We will be tackling scepticism about whether or not it is indeed science, looking at the effectiveness of gathering "big data" and introducing activists who are using citizen science to bring attention to their causes. To view all of the articles in this special series thus far, visit our Citizen Science page.

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