Science ouverte - Open science
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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
Curated by Florence Piron
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Maison d'édition ZONES

ZONES - UN ESPACE DE RÉSISTANCE ÉDITORIALE

 

Lyber Zones

Vous avez ici gratuitement accès au contenu des livres publiés par Zones. Nous espérons que ces lybers vous donneront envie d’acheter nos livres, disponibles dans toutes les bonnes librairies. Car c’est la vente de livres qui permet de rémunérer l’auteur, l’éditeur et le libraire, et… de vous proposer de nouveaux lybers… et de nouveaux livres.

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Panorama des licences libres

20 slides pour bien cerner la richesse des licences libres existantes.

Via Michel Briand
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Pascal Barrielle's curator insight, April 29, 2013 8:32 AM
#opendata #cloud #unicamp_mlv @unicamp_mlv
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Panel proposes 'radical changes' to culture of scientific research | Inside Higher Ed

Panel proposes 'radical changes' to culture of scientific research | Inside Higher Ed | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

n the face of rising global competition and increased funding for science, mathematics, engineering and technology, researchers across the spectrum need to develop interdisciplinary collaborations to tackle pressing societal challenges, a conglomerate of scientists declares in a new report.

“What is both possible and necessary is a true conceptual leap from interdisciplinary collaboration to a powerful transdisciplinarity, sweeping together the physical sciences and engineering (PSE) and the life sciences and medicine (LSM),” the report reads.

The report from the Advancing Research in Science and Engineering (ARISE) committee, which includes about 30 representatives from the private sector and universities across the country, acknowledges the “daunting task” of reforming how the U.S. approaches research. It suggests “radical changes” that would affect every stakeholder in the process, from institutions of higher education to government agencies and corporations. The project is overseen by the American Academy of Arts & Sciences.


Read more: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2013/05/02/panel-proposes-radical-changes-culture-scientific-research#ixzz2SBAUj94d
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Medical Science: Time to Remove the Blinders

Medical Science: Time to Remove the Blinders | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Around the globe, medicines regulators approve new drugs after reviewing data from clinical trials. It is these trial data that underlie assuring determinations, like those made by the US Food and ...
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Can open peer review work? Biology Direct suggests it can…

Peer review is a process integral to the scientific research cycle, and, for the majority of biology journals, one that takes place behind closed doors.
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4 ways open access enhances academic freedom

4 ways open access enhances academic freedom | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Curt Rice examines the tension between academic freedom and open access policies. Coercive requirements to publish in open access journals could restrict academic freedom and this must be monitored...
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Major Players in the MOOC Universe - The Digital Campus 2013 - The Chronicle of Higher Education

Major Players in the MOOC Universe - The Digital Campus 2013 - The Chronicle of Higher Education | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Explore connections among the major players.

Via Jim Lerman, Dominique Demartini
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Kim Flintoff's curator insight, April 30, 2013 12:28 AM

Who's driving the MOOC juggernaut?  Who's interests are served by the developments in this area?  Somewhere a price is being paid - what is it and who's paying?

Dennis T OConnor's curator insight, April 30, 2013 7:53 PM

I think MOOCs have an enormous potentinal to educate the disenfranchised.  The potential for good in this open resource oriented sharing of knowledge is enormous.  The potential for immediate dollar profit?... no so much.  In the US most students simply don't have the discipline or desire to educate themselves using the remarkable resources gathered in any Mooc.  I don't see this as displacing traditional Hire Ed in the U.S.   


I think of MOOCs as bread upon the waters, the ripple effect of educating the world will take awhile to build, but should eventually create significant waves of improvement for all.  (Call me PollyAnna, but I see Moocs as a manefestation of abundance that can do real good in the real world.)

Watus Solis's curator insight, May 3, 2013 3:16 AM

Movers and shakers who changed the world!

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Science Europe Position Statement: Principles on the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications (April 2013)

Science Europe Position Statement: Principles on the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications (April 2013) | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

 

Open Access, as defined in the Berlin Declaration, means unrestricted, online access to peer-reviewed, scholarly research papers for reading and productive re-use, not impeded by any financial, organisational, legal or technical barriers. Ideally, the only restriction on use is an obligation to attribute the work to the author..

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The Tyee – How Activism Drives Citizen Science

The Tyee – How Activism Drives Citizen Science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
For people pushing change, data can be precious. But scientists are unbiased, right?

While the "muzzling" of Canadian government scientists is worrying to some democracy advocates, citizen science activism is one movement that is providing greater transparency.

"I think there's definitely an opportunity for citizens concerned in this area to speak up and speak out," says Tyler Sommers, coordinator at Democracy Watch.

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MOOC Mania: Debunking the hype around massive open online courses - The Digital Shift

MOOC Mania: Debunking the hype around massive open online courses - The Digital Shift | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

That’s when the enormous hype began about massive open online courses, better known as “MOOCs.” Since then, Thrun and his fellow lab professors Daphne Koller and Andrew Ng have founded education organizations that offer free online classes. Thrun’s start-up is called Udacity (in part, a takeoff on the word “audacious”), and Koller and Ng’s is Coursera. In December 2011, in response to Stanford’s initiatives, MIT launched its own effort, called MITx (short for “Massachusetts Innovation & Technology Exchange”), and a few months later joined forces with Harvard, drolly changing the name of the organization to edX. A consortium of British universities has also created its own MOOC platform, Futurelearn. So far, more than 90 universities worldwide have teamed up with one or more of these MOOC providers, prompting the New York Times to crown 2012 as “The Year of the MOOC.”

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U-M collaborates on new open access scientific journal

U-M collaborates on new open access scientific journal | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

A new online journal born of a multi-institutional effort, which includes U-M, is set to tackle issues of sustainability on two fronts.

Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene will publish timely, scientifically sound, peer-reviewed articles, all free and open to the public, that address interactions between human and natural systems, with the aim of fostering sustainable solutions to the challenges presented by our current era.

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Opening up and sharing | Chemistry World

Opening up and sharing | Chemistry World | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Openly sharing information and research is changing chemistry, says Jean-Claude Bradley. Be first, or be forgotten
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What’s love got to do with Open Access? Un débat sur l’accès libre aux revues de sciences sociale

What’s love got to do with Open Access? Un débat sur l’accès libre aux revues de sciences sociale | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Par Sabine Partouche et François Siino - En février dernier, plusieurs messages se sont croisés dans les boîtes mail autour des questions de l’Open Access (accès ouvert), reflétant visiblement des positions contradictoires face à une recommandation européenne. Celle-ci datait de juillet 2012 et allait dans le sens d’un accès ouvert aux résultats de la recherche scientifique financée sur fonds publics. Le premier appel, émanait du portail Cairn, inquiet des conséquences d’une mise à disposition gratuite trop rapide, et plaidait pour un régime spécial pour les revues de sciences humaines et sociales leur permettant de différer aussi longtemps que nécessaire cette ouverture. Au moment de sa diffusion, cette motion avait recueilli les signatures de 85 revues de SHS. Quelques jours plus tard, une tribune intitulée « Qui a peur de l’open access ? » était publiée dans Le Monde tandis qu’un deuxième appel lancé par Open Edition invitait les revues à ne pas signer la première motion, arguant qu’il s’agissait là d’ « un calcul à trop court terme face aux potentiels gains scientifiques, pédagogiques et, in fine, à la démocratisation de l’accès au savoir ». Le site « I love Open Access » recueillait à son tour des signatures[1]…

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Connaissez-vous la science citoyenne? | Agence Science-Presse

Florence Piron's insight:

Connaissez-vous la science citoyenne?

Je vote pour la science, le 30 avril 2013, 10h47

(Agence Science-Presse) Il y a un siècle et demi, ça se serait résumé à l’amateur d’oiseaux qui prenait minutieusement des notes dans son petit carnet. Aujourd’hui, la «science citoyenne» regroupe des activités si disparates que ses promoteurs sentent le besoin de la diviser en plusieurs catégories. Pourtant, l’expression reste méconnue du grand public —et même, malmenée. Survol en trois intervenants.

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PLOS ONE: Remarkable Growth of Open Access in the Biomedical Field: Analysis of PubMed Articles from 2006 to 2010

PLOS ONE: Remarkable Growth of Open Access in the Biomedical Field: Analysis of PubMed Articles from 2006 to 2010 | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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Survey finds presidents are skeptical on MOOCs | Inside Higher Ed

Survey finds presidents are skeptical on MOOCs | Inside Higher Ed | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

It would be easy to think that the leaders of American higher education are all in when it comes to MOOCs. Dozens of colleges and universities -- many of them among the elites -- have rushed to offer massive open online courses. Top foundations back the effort. The American Council on Education has moved quickly to certify some of the courses as credit-worthy. Many other colleges are considering plans to award credit for MOOCs or to use them in instruction.

But it turns out that -- when asked privately -- most presidents don't seem sure at all that MOOCs are going to transform student learning, or reduce costs to students -- two of the claims made by MOOC enthusiasts and an increasing number of politicians and pundits.


Read more: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2013/05/02/survey-finds-presidents-are-skeptical-moocs#ixzz2SBAJX9KQ
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Pharma vs The European Medicines Agency – the case of InterMune

Pharma vs The European Medicines Agency – the case of InterMune | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Like AbbVie, described in my last post, a second American company, InterMune, has taken legal action to prevent or restrict the European Medicines Agency from disclosing certain clinical trial data after a medicine is approved for marketing.

On 4th March a federal appeals court upheld the conviction of the former chief executive of InterMune, W. Scott Harkonen, relating to the dissemination of false and misleading statements about the results of a clinical trial of the medicine Actimmune. (Mr Harkonen may launch further appeals.)

Florence Piron's insight:

Voir aussi : http://recent-ecl.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/interim-injunctions-to-stop-ema-from.html

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White Paper : Making Sense of MOOCs

White Paper : Making Sense of MOOCs | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Making Sense of MOOCs: Musings in a Maze of Myth, Paradox and Possibility
by Sir John Daniel
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Open-access policies and academic freedom | The Occasional Pamphlet

I very occasionally hear expressed a concern about the Harvard open-access policy that it violates some aspect of academic freedom. The argument seems to be that by granting a prior license to Harvard, faculty may be forced to forgo publication in certain venues.  Our rights as scholars to determine the disposition of particular articles would thus be assailed by the policy.

A requirement to publish or refrain from publishing in particular venues would certainly infringe on academic freedom. But the Harvard policy leaves choice of whether and where to publish fully in the hands of authors. The policy allows for the license to be waived for any article at the sole discretion of the author. (Obtaining a waiver involves filling out a web form at the OSC web site with some metadata about the article. The process takes about 20 seconds.) This “opt-out” provision makes the policy consistent with libertarian principles. The policy manifests “libertarian paternalism” in the sense of Sunstein and Thaler.

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California Pushes for Public Access to Taxpayer Funded Research - Creative Commons

California Pushes for Public Access to Taxpayer Funded Research - Creative Commons | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

As we mentioned last week, California has introduced AB 609, the California Taxpayer Access to Publicly Funded Research Act. The bill, sponsored by Assembly Member Brian Nestande, would require that research articles funded through California tax dollars be made available online for free no later than 12 months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal. A letter from the University of California may have prompted the Assembly to modify the text of the draft bill to extend the embargo to 12 months (instead of six), and to include a provision exempting the University of California and California State University from the state agencies that must comply with the legislation, if enacted.

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Can citizen science activism come to the rescue? | rabble.ca

Can citizen science activism come to the rescue? | rabble.ca | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

A group of 36 students in Western University's Master of Arts in Journalism class has spent three months studying and reporting on citizen science. Over the next three weeks, we will be sharing our citizen science stories -- how it emerged and evolved, where it stands now and where it's going. We will be tackling scepticism about whether or not it is indeed science, looking at the effectiveness of gathering "big data" and introducing activists who are using citizen science to bring attention to their causes. To view all of the articles in this special series thus far, visit our Citizen Science page.

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Appui à la publication scientifique dans le domaine des technologies de l’information et de la communication pour l’enseignement (TICE) et de la formation ouverte et à distance (FOAD) -

Appui à la publication scientifique dans le domaine des technologies de l’information et de la communication pour l’enseignement (TICE) et de la formation ouverte et à distance (FOAD) - | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

La recherche en technologies de l’information et de la communication pour l’enseignement (TICE) et en formation ouverte et à distance (FOAD) est pluridisciplinaire. Elle fait notamment appel aux sciences de l’éducation, aux sciences de l’information et de la communication, à l’informatique, à la psychologie (en particulier à la psychologie cognitive), à la sociologie, aux sciences politiques, aux sciences économiques (en particulier à l’économie du développement), aux sciences juridiques et à la philosophie. Ce multi-référencement est source de richesse mais aussi de fragmentation. S’il existe des laboratoires de recherche capables en Europe et au Canada de faire vivre ces croisements disciplinaires, le constat est qu’au Sud, la recherche a du mal à se structurer, la multi-disciplinarité devenant, faute de moyens, un handicap.

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The four pillars of scholarly publishing: The future and a foundation

With the rise of electronic publishing and the inherent paradigm shifts for so many other scientific endeavours, it is time to consider a change in the practices of scholarly publication in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
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La politique Open Access de l’Université de Liège fait des bébés - MyScienceNews

La politique Open Access de l’Université de Liège fait des bébés - MyScienceNews | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Le 22 avril les Universités de Luxembourg et de Liège annonçaient la naissance de ORBilu, le nouveau serveur d’archivage des publications de l’université luxembourgeoise.
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Sciences : quand les citoyens s'en mêlent / France Inter

Sciences : quand les citoyens s'en mêlent / France Inter | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Des OGM à l'atome, les questions scientifiques sont devenues politiques et citoyennes. La science est désormais chose trop sérieuse pour être abandonnée aux savants. Voilà pourquoi l'idée de science citoyenne se fait jour.
Florence Piron's insight:

Des opposants farouches à la science citoyenne et des défenseurs. Les commentaires sont très intéressants.

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