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Science ouverte - Open science
Cinq thèmes sont suivis dans ce scoop.it : le libre accès (Open Access), la science citoyenne (citizen science), la science en ligne (Open Science), la science 2.0 et les cours en ligne gratuits (MOOCs).
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The verdict: is blogging or tweeting about research papers worth it?

The verdict: is blogging or tweeting about research papers worth it? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Eager to find out what impact blogging and social media could have on the dissemination of her work, Melissa Terras took all of her academic research, including papers that have been available online for years, to the web and found that her audience responded with a huge leap in interest in her work. In October […]
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“Passer des connaissances à l’action” : retour sur l’Open Knowledge Festival 2014 | Centre Virchow-Villermé

“Passer des connaissances à l’action” : retour sur l’Open Knowledge Festival 2014 | Centre Virchow-Villermé | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

L’Open Knowledge Festival se tenait pour sa deuxième édition, du 15 au 18 juillet, à Berlin. Il a réuni les membres de l’Open Knowledge Foundation qui fêtait ses 10 ans en 2014. D’origine anglaise, cette organisation qui mène des projets autour de l’ouverture et du partage des connaissances a connu une rapide extension internationale notamment durant ces cinq dernières années. Elle compte aujourd’hui plus de 45 groupes à l’international.

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Célya Gruson-Daniel: “Open Access is the Tip of the Iceberg”

Célya Gruson-Daniel: “Open Access is the Tip of the Iceberg” | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
The nature of research today demands collaboration, explains Célya Gruson-Daniel, co-founder of the community Hack Your PhD. And traditional practices are evolving: open data, open-source software, action research… With the interactions emerging today, research is a black box no more!
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Whose ideas are they anyway? Academic work as a form of public action, rather than possession.

Whose ideas are they anyway? Academic work as a form of public action, rather than possession. | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Do our academic creations belong to us? Should we think of them as property? Amidst debates about how to cite properly and circulating fears of ideas being stolen, do we risk losing touch with wide...
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, October 3, 7:16 PM

Teaching and learning are public work that reveals the private.

 

@ivon_ehd1

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Scientific publishing : Grand openings - The Economist

Scientific publishing : Grand openings - The Economist | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Information wants to be free IN 2001 a meeting on scientific publishing held in Budapest by what was then called the Open Society Institute (now the Open Society...

Some researchers just don’t care, though. A survey by Taylor & Francis, a publishing firm, asked American and British scientists if they had published under open-access policies; 44% and 32%, respectively, did not know. More than half responded they did not know if they would in future. But many do know, and resist.

The point about prestige is not mere snobbery. The league table of journals is as finely graded as that of football, and, at the moment, has far less scope for promotion and demotion. Grant-awarding bodies and appointment committees know this and, in a wonderful display of doublethink, promote open access but also promote those who eschew it by publishing in top-notch, non-open journals.

Only when that changes will open access’s victory be complete. This could happen either by new open-access journals acquiring the necessary kudos, or by old ones, seeing the game is up, becoming open access themselves. Though Nature Communications is a successful and well-regarded publication, it is not NPG’s top product. And Royal Society Open Science is untested. At the moment, then, both the Royal Society and NPG seem to be hedging their bets. When the society’s Proceedings, and NPG’s eponymous flagship, Nature, are both free for anyone to read, then open access’s partisans really will be able to declare victory and go home.

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Ouvrir pour faire société : la bibliothèque reprogrammée | Bulletin des bibliothèques de France

Ouvrir pour faire société : la bibliothèque reprogrammée | Bulletin des bibliothèques de France | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

La pétition Ouvrons + les bibliothèques2 focalise le projecteur sur l’ouverture des bibliothèques samedi et dimanche soit au moins 70h par semaine. C’est un véritable enjeu de société car, discrètement, les bibliothèques répondent plus aux problèmes sociétaux qu’elles n’en posent. Cette pétition connait un certain écho médiatique au-delà de la presse professionnelle3. Elle s’est invitée dans la campagne des élections municipales de Paris. Elle a déclenché une réaction en chaîne comme en témoigne la Lettre ouverte aux candidat(e)s aux élections municipales de l’ABF4. La clôture des élections municipales n’annule pas l’actualité de la question.

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Putting open science into practice: A social dilemma?

Putting open science into practice: A social dilemma? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Digital technologies carry the promise of transforming science and opening up the research process. We interviewed researchers from a variety of backgrounds about their attitudes towards and experiences with openness in their research practices. We observe a considerable discrepancy between the concept of open science and scholarly reality. While many researchers support open science in theory, the individual researcher is confronted with various difficulties when putting open science into practice. We analyse the major obstacles to open science and group them into two main categories: individual obstacles and systemic obstacles. We argue that the phenomenon of open science can be seen through the prism of a social dilemma: what is in the collective best interest of the scientific community is not necessarily in the best interest of the individual scientist. We discuss the possibilities of transferring theoretical solutions for social dilemma problems to the realm of open science.

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School of Open : to train everyone in Open science

School of Open : to train everyone in Open science | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Welcome to the School of Open!

 

We are a global community of volunteers providing free online courses, face-to-face workshops, and innovative training programs on the meaning, application, and impact of “openness” in the digital age. Learn how to add a Creative Commons license to your work, find free resources for classroom use, open up your research, remix a music video, and more!
 
Start by navigating the projects below. You can also start your own.

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New Statesman | Scientists criticise new “open access” journal which limits research-sharing with copyright

New Statesman | Scientists criticise new “open access” journal which limits research-sharing with copyright | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Restrictive copyright licenses and expensive submission fees have led to a significant number of scientists to criticise Science Advances, a new journal due to launch next year, for failing to live up to its open access principles.
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What Is the Future of Scholarly Journals in an Open Access Environment?

What Is the Future of Scholarly Journals in an Open Access Environment? | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Article Citation: Michael P. O'Donnell (2014) What Is the Future of Scholarly Journals in an Open Access Environment?. American Journal of Health Promotion: September/October 2014, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. v-vi. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.29.1.v
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How academic libraries may change when Open Access becomes the norm

How academic libraries may change when Open Access becomes the norm | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Assuming open access is inevitable, I feel it is only  a slight exaggeration that the upcoming disruption to academic libraries will potentially be bigger than the shift from print to digital for librarians. For good or ill, in the last 20-30 years or so providing access to journal articles behind paywalls was the major purpose of academic libraries as seen by faculty and students and open access will change that.

In a way, I suppose none of the consequences in this blog post is particularly earthshaking assuming open access occurs, but is there sufficient reason to believe that open access is inevitable? I know many librarians who disagree and think it's not so simple.

Even if it does occur, how fast will the transition occur? Will it be gradual allowing academic libraries to slowly transition operations and competencies or will be it a dramatic shift catching us off-guard?

What would be some signals are signs that open access is gaining ground and it might be time to scale back on traditional activities? Downloads per FTE for subscribed journals start to trend downloads? Decreasing library homepage hits? At what percentage of annual output that is open access, do you start scaling back?

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The case against privatising knowledge

The case against privatising knowledge | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

"If universities get their knowledge production function right in the contemporary context, they will be able to improve learning in their teaching and that will be their most important contribution in terms of service," said Dr Rajesh Tandon during his Vice-Chancellor's Open Lecture.

Speaking at UCT on 26 August, Tandon said, "For me, engaged scholarship is about co-construction of knowledge which is relevant to society's challenges of our time, like the four strategic initiatives that the Vice-Chancellor has presented to all of us at UCT.

"It is this pillar on which I would like to propose engaged scholarship rests."

Tandon's lecture, titled 'Knowledge Democracy: Reclaiming Voice for All', proposed that society should interrogate the idea of the knowledge economy in a way that allows for democratic and equitable production, dissemination, and use of knowledge.

In his introduction, Vice-Chancellor Dr Max Price had already alluded to the concept of knowledge democracy, saying: "We talk about knowledge economy, but is there something parallel to that that might be called knowledge democracy?"

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Open Access : Les bibliothèques académiques freinées par les budgets

Open Access : Les bibliothèques académiques freinées par les budgets | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Les coûts d'intégration et la gestion des publications Open Access inquiètent les bibliothécaires

Via MyScienceWork
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Creative Commons au Centre Virchow-Villermé | Centre Virchow-Villermé

Creative Commons au Centre Virchow-Villermé | Centre Virchow-Villermé | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Le 2 juillet, nous avons accueilli Puneet Kishor, responsable des “Science et Data” à Creative Commons. Après une brève introduction du projet Creative Commons, y compris sa mission et sa vision, Puneet nous a expliqué en détail et avec patience les différentes licences Creative Commons dont le but est de faciliter le partage des connaissances, notamment  dans les sciences et l’éducation.

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Science journal Nature Communications joins the open access movement

Science journal Nature Communications joins the open access movement | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Nature Communications will be the first Nature-branded open access-only journal - a huge step in the right direction for the progression of scientific communication.
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OpenScience, quand la recherche s'ouvre | Celya Gruson Daniel et Guillaume Dumas | TEDxDijon

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. Celya Gruson-Daniel Ancienne étudiante en neurosciences, elle est tombée dans le bain du Web et...
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Les grands classiques scientifiques en libre accès !

Les grands classiques scientifiques en libre accès ! | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Les "rats de bibliothèque" vont être aux anges.
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Libre Accès, j'écris ton nom, par Hélène Bosc

Cette question posée par un chercheur sur la liste de discussion « accesouvert » me permet de revenir en arrière et de faire un rappel sur le libre accès tel qu’il s’est développé depuis plus de 20 ans, ainsi que sur ma propre expérience.

En 2001, j’ai publié un article dans le bulletin de liaison de l’INRA, la revue INRA mensuel , un article de sensibilisation au libre accès par les archives ouvertes. Cet article était sans doute un des tous premiers publiés en France sur ce sujet. Partager et utiliser des connaissances scientifiques : de la responsabilité individuelle à la responsabilité collective. http://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_00493624 . Voici des extraits de ma conclusion :

Que faire ?

Ces mots célèbres de Lénine au moment la révolution russe, nous renvoient à une autre révolution dans les sciences : les Archives Ouvertes ou OAI [...] Nous sommes dans une période de transition : les articles en ligne voisinent avec les articles sur papier et la documentation gratuite avec la documentation payante. Aujourd’hui les OAI n’assurent pas une meilleure distribution de l’information que celle donnée par les sources traditionnelles. Mais il faut prendre conscience que nous avons la possibilité, oserais-je dire le devoir, de bâtir désormais, avec tous les autres chercheurs un réseau de distribution gratuite de la connaissance universelle […]
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Deciding who should pay to publish peer-reviewed scientific research

Deciding who should pay to publish peer-reviewed scientific research | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
John Abraham: How open-access journals are changing the field of peer-reviewed science
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Nicholas Rowe's curator insight, September 19, 1:26 AM

Very good article that de-bunks the myth that those who 'pay to publish' are producing inferior work.  It also talks about the differences of impact factor between specialities, showing that 'all pigs are not equal'.  Read it  :-)

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IHEST - Rapport d’étonnement - Les cours en ligne ouverts et massifs

"... Les MOOC : vers une troisième révolution de l’enseignement supérieur ? (...) Les MOOC, avec leur dimension « Massive », sont issus d’une version élargie et interactive du e-learning déjà connu...
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The Transnational and the Text-Searchable: Digitized Sources and the Shadows They Cast

Abstract

This working paper explores the consequences for historians' research practice of the twinned transnational and digital turns. The accelerating digitization of historians' sources (scholarly, periodical, and archival) and the radical shift in the granularity of access to information within them has radically changes historians' research practice. Yet this has incited remarkably little reflection regarding the consequences for individual projects or collective knowledge generation. What are the implications for international research in particular? This essay heralds the new kinds of historical knowledge-generation made possible by web access to digitized, text-searchable sources. It also attempts an accounting of all that we formerly, unwittingly, gained from the frictions inherent to international research in an analog world. What are the intellectual and political consequences of that which has been lost?

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Open and Shut?: Guest Post: Charles Oppenheim on who owns the rights to scholarly articles

Open and Shut?: Guest Post: Charles Oppenheim on who owns the rights to scholarly articles | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

The approaches authors should be taking, in order of preference, are:

1.      Offer the article only to an OA journal or some other OA vehicle
2.      Offer the article to a subscription-based journal which is happy that you give the publisher a sole licence to publish, leaving you free to put F on a repository, possibly after an embargo period
3.      Offer the article to a subscription-based journal, which nominally requires assignment, but will back off and let you insist on a licence if you stick to your guns. (Elsevier is a good example)
4.      Agree to assign copyright to the publisher, and then use the Harnad-Oppenheim solution.
5.      Agree to assign copyright and don’t do anything more.
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Open and Shut?: The Open Access Interviews: Paul Royster, Coordinator of Scholarly Communications, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Open and Shut?: The Open Access Interviews: Paul Royster, Coordinator of Scholarly Communications, University of Nebraska-Lincoln | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
How could this strange state of affairs have arisen? And why has it only really become an issue now, over a decade after the BOAI definition was penned? To answer these questions one needs to re-examine the history of the OA movement.
That is what I try to do in the first part of the attached PDF file, where I also attempt to explain why CC BY has become what Royster calls “the shibboleth for the OA in-group”. The second part of the PDF consists of a Q&A with Royster in which he explains in greater detail why he no longer describes himself as an advocate for open access. 
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Bibliodiversité et accès ouvert | Blogo-numericus

Bibliodiversité et accès ouvert | Blogo-numericus | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it
Si les investissements publics dans ce domaine sont nécessaires, c’est une condition de base, mais non suffisante : il faut dès à présent se mettre au travail pour améliorer la lisibilité, la compréhension et la perception de l’apport des sciences humaines et sociales. Dans ce domaine, les pistes sont nombreuses[27]. On compte parmi elles des orientations diverses, liées à des objets, des publics ou des temporalités spécifiques. Le systèmes d’information géographiques et la cartographie constituent des atouts permettant de produire de nouveaux savoirs synthétiques et lisibles facilement. De même, les Digital humanities dans leur ensemble expérimentent depuis quelques années des outils de visualisation et d’écriture plus accessibles. Les géographes ont montré la voie en développant une expertise dans le domaine du langage cartographique. D’une façon plus générale, c’est l’éditorialisation qui sera au coeur de chacune de ces stratégies, pour que la médiation scientifique réussisse à dépasser les seuls spécialistes d’un champ, c’est-à-dire pour que, dans le domaine des sciences humaines et sociale, le couple science et société ressemble plus à un mariage qu’à un divorce[28].
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Les MOOC incontournables de la rentrée

Les MOOC incontournables de la rentrée | Science ouverte - Open science | Scoop.it

Parmi les innombrables formations en ligne ouvertes à tous (MOOC) qui font leur apparition à la rentrée, Le Monde en a sélectionné une dizaine susceptible de plaire aux étudiants.

  • Découvrir la science politique

« De nombreux paradoxes brouillent la vision que nous avons de la politique », estiment les professeurs de l'Université catholique de Louvain-La-Neuve (Belgique) qui animent le MOOC « Découvrir la science politique », à partir du 25 septembre. Ce cours en ligne permet de comprendre les enjeux politiques actuels, de distinguer le rôle de l'Etat et des organisations internationales et de mieux cerner l'impact des décisions publiques sur notre quotidien.

Découvrir la science politique. Formation : 25 septembre - 13 novembre. Effort estimé : 4 à 5 heures hebdomadaires. Cours en français.

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